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/* Process declarations and variables for C compiler.
Copyright (C) 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
/* Process declarations and symbol lookup for C front end.
Also constructs types; the standard scalar types at initialization,
and structure, union, array and enum types when they are declared. */
/* ??? not all decl nodes are given the most useful possible
line numbers. For example, the CONST_DECLs for enum values. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "input.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "intl.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "function.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "expr.h"
#include "c-tree.h"
#include "toplev.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "tm_p.h"
#include "cpplib.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "opts.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "c-common.h"
#include "c-pragma.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "tree-mudflap.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "tree-iterator.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "tree-dump.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "hashtab.h"
#include "libfuncs.h"
#include "except.h"
#include "langhooks-def.h"
#include "pointer-set.h"
#include "gimple.h"
/* In grokdeclarator, distinguish syntactic contexts of declarators. */
enum decl_context
{ NORMAL, /* Ordinary declaration */
FUNCDEF, /* Function definition */
PARM, /* Declaration of parm before function body */
FIELD, /* Declaration inside struct or union */
TYPENAME}; /* Typename (inside cast or sizeof) */
/* States indicating how grokdeclarator() should handle declspecs marked
with __attribute__((deprecated)). An object declared as
__attribute__((deprecated)) suppresses warnings of uses of other
deprecated items. */
enum deprecated_states {
DEPRECATED_NORMAL,
DEPRECATED_SUPPRESS
};
/* Nonzero if we have seen an invalid cross reference
to a struct, union, or enum, but not yet printed the message. */
tree pending_invalid_xref;
/* File and line to appear in the eventual error message. */
location_t pending_invalid_xref_location;
/* True means we've initialized exception handling. */
bool c_eh_initialized_p;
/* The file and line that the prototype came from if this is an
old-style definition; used for diagnostics in
store_parm_decls_oldstyle. */
static location_t current_function_prototype_locus;
/* Whether this prototype was built-in. */
static bool current_function_prototype_built_in;
/* The argument type information of this prototype. */
static tree current_function_prototype_arg_types;
/* The argument information structure for the function currently being
defined. */
static struct c_arg_info *current_function_arg_info;
/* The obstack on which parser and related data structures, which are
not live beyond their top-level declaration or definition, are
allocated. */
struct obstack parser_obstack;
/* The current statement tree. */
static GTY(()) struct stmt_tree_s c_stmt_tree;
/* State saving variables. */
tree c_break_label;
tree c_cont_label;
/* Linked list of TRANSLATION_UNIT_DECLS for the translation units
included in this invocation. Note that the current translation
unit is not included in this list. */
static GTY(()) tree all_translation_units;
/* A list of decls to be made automatically visible in each file scope. */
static GTY(()) tree visible_builtins;
/* Set to 0 at beginning of a function definition, set to 1 if
a return statement that specifies a return value is seen. */
int current_function_returns_value;
/* Set to 0 at beginning of a function definition, set to 1 if
a return statement with no argument is seen. */
int current_function_returns_null;
/* Set to 0 at beginning of a function definition, set to 1 if
a call to a noreturn function is seen. */
int current_function_returns_abnormally;
/* Set to nonzero by `grokdeclarator' for a function
whose return type is defaulted, if warnings for this are desired. */
static int warn_about_return_type;
/* Nonzero when the current toplevel function contains a declaration
of a nested function which is never defined. */
static bool undef_nested_function;
/* True means global_bindings_p should return false even if the scope stack
says we are in file scope. */
bool c_override_global_bindings_to_false;
/* Each c_binding structure describes one binding of an identifier to
a decl. All the decls in a scope - irrespective of namespace - are
chained together by the ->prev field, which (as the name implies)
runs in reverse order. All the decls in a given namespace bound to
a given identifier are chained by the ->shadowed field, which runs
from inner to outer scopes.
The ->decl field usually points to a DECL node, but there are two
exceptions. In the namespace of type tags, the bound entity is a
RECORD_TYPE, UNION_TYPE, or ENUMERAL_TYPE node. If an undeclared
identifier is encountered, it is bound to error_mark_node to
suppress further errors about that identifier in the current
function.
The ->type field stores the type of the declaration in this scope;
if NULL, the type is the type of the ->decl field. This is only of
relevance for objects with external or internal linkage which may
be redeclared in inner scopes, forming composite types that only
persist for the duration of those scopes. In the external scope,
this stores the composite of all the types declared for this
object, visible or not. The ->inner_comp field (used only at file
scope) stores whether an incomplete array type at file scope was
completed at an inner scope to an array size other than 1.
The depth field is copied from the scope structure that holds this
decl. It is used to preserve the proper ordering of the ->shadowed
field (see bind()) and also for a handful of special-case checks.
Finally, the invisible bit is true for a decl which should be
ignored for purposes of normal name lookup, and the nested bit is
true for a decl that's been bound a second time in an inner scope;
in all such cases, the binding in the outer scope will have its
invisible bit true. */
struct c_binding GTY((chain_next ("%h.prev")))
{
tree decl; /* the decl bound */
tree type; /* the type in this scope */
tree id; /* the identifier it's bound to */
struct c_binding *prev; /* the previous decl in this scope */
struct c_binding *shadowed; /* the innermost decl shadowed by this one */
unsigned int depth : 28; /* depth of this scope */
BOOL_BITFIELD invisible : 1; /* normal lookup should ignore this binding */
BOOL_BITFIELD nested : 1; /* do not set DECL_CONTEXT when popping */
BOOL_BITFIELD inner_comp : 1; /* incomplete array completed in inner scope */
/* one free bit */
};
#define B_IN_SCOPE(b1, b2) ((b1)->depth == (b2)->depth)
#define B_IN_CURRENT_SCOPE(b) ((b)->depth == current_scope->depth)
#define B_IN_FILE_SCOPE(b) ((b)->depth == 1 /*file_scope->depth*/)
#define B_IN_EXTERNAL_SCOPE(b) ((b)->depth == 0 /*external_scope->depth*/)
#define I_SYMBOL_BINDING(node) \
(((struct lang_identifier *) IDENTIFIER_NODE_CHECK(node))->symbol_binding)
#define I_SYMBOL_DECL(node) \
(I_SYMBOL_BINDING(node) ? I_SYMBOL_BINDING(node)->decl : 0)
#define I_TAG_BINDING(node) \
(((struct lang_identifier *) IDENTIFIER_NODE_CHECK(node))->tag_binding)
#define I_TAG_DECL(node) \
(I_TAG_BINDING(node) ? I_TAG_BINDING(node)->decl : 0)
#define I_LABEL_BINDING(node) \
(((struct lang_identifier *) IDENTIFIER_NODE_CHECK(node))->label_binding)
#define I_LABEL_DECL(node) \
(I_LABEL_BINDING(node) ? I_LABEL_BINDING(node)->decl : 0)
/* Each C symbol points to three linked lists of c_binding structures.
These describe the values of the identifier in the three different
namespaces defined by the language. */
struct lang_identifier GTY(())
{
struct c_common_identifier common_id;
struct c_binding *symbol_binding; /* vars, funcs, constants, typedefs */
struct c_binding *tag_binding; /* struct/union/enum tags */
struct c_binding *label_binding; /* labels */
};
/* Validate c-lang.c's assumptions. */
extern char C_SIZEOF_STRUCT_LANG_IDENTIFIER_isnt_accurate
[(sizeof(struct lang_identifier) == C_SIZEOF_STRUCT_LANG_IDENTIFIER) ? 1 : -1];
/* The resulting tree type. */
union lang_tree_node
GTY((desc ("TREE_CODE (&%h.generic) == IDENTIFIER_NODE"),
chain_next ("TREE_CODE (&%h.generic) == INTEGER_TYPE ? (union lang_tree_node *) TYPE_NEXT_VARIANT (&%h.generic) : ((union lang_tree_node *) TREE_CHAIN (&%h.generic))")))
{
union tree_node GTY ((tag ("0"),
desc ("tree_node_structure (&%h)")))
generic;
struct lang_identifier GTY ((tag ("1"))) identifier;
};
/* Each c_scope structure describes the complete contents of one
scope. Four scopes are distinguished specially: the innermost or
current scope, the innermost function scope, the file scope (always
the second to outermost) and the outermost or external scope.
Most declarations are recorded in the current scope.
All normal label declarations are recorded in the innermost
function scope, as are bindings of undeclared identifiers to
error_mark_node. (GCC permits nested functions as an extension,
hence the 'innermost' qualifier.) Explicitly declared labels
(using the __label__ extension) appear in the current scope.
Being in the file scope (current_scope == file_scope) causes
special behavior in several places below. Also, under some
conditions the Objective-C front end records declarations in the
file scope even though that isn't the current scope.
All declarations with external linkage are recorded in the external
scope, even if they aren't visible there; this models the fact that
such declarations are visible to the entire program, and (with a
bit of cleverness, see pushdecl) allows diagnosis of some violations
of C99 6.2.2p7 and 6.2.7p2:
If, within the same translation unit, the same identifier appears
with both internal and external linkage, the behavior is
undefined.
All declarations that refer to the same object or function shall
have compatible type; otherwise, the behavior is undefined.
Initially only the built-in declarations, which describe compiler
intrinsic functions plus a subset of the standard library, are in
this scope.
The order of the blocks list matters, and it is frequently appended
to. To avoid having to walk all the way to the end of the list on
each insertion, or reverse the list later, we maintain a pointer to
the last list entry. (FIXME: It should be feasible to use a reversed
list here.)
The bindings list is strictly in reverse order of declarations;
pop_scope relies on this. */
struct c_scope GTY((chain_next ("%h.outer")))
{
/* The scope containing this one. */
struct c_scope *outer;
/* The next outermost function scope. */
struct c_scope *outer_function;
/* All bindings in this scope. */
struct c_binding *bindings;
/* For each scope (except the global one), a chain of BLOCK nodes
for all the scopes that were entered and exited one level down. */
tree blocks;
tree blocks_last;
/* The depth of this scope. Used to keep the ->shadowed chain of
bindings sorted innermost to outermost. */
unsigned int depth : 28;
/* True if we are currently filling this scope with parameter
declarations. */
BOOL_BITFIELD parm_flag : 1;
/* True if we saw [*] in this scope. Used to give an error messages
if these appears in a function definition. */
BOOL_BITFIELD had_vla_unspec : 1;
/* True if we already complained about forward parameter decls
in this scope. This prevents double warnings on
foo (int a; int b; ...) */
BOOL_BITFIELD warned_forward_parm_decls : 1;
/* True if this is the outermost block scope of a function body.
This scope contains the parameters, the local variables declared
in the outermost block, and all the labels (except those in
nested functions, or declared at block scope with __label__). */
BOOL_BITFIELD function_body : 1;
/* True means make a BLOCK for this scope no matter what. */
BOOL_BITFIELD keep : 1;
};
/* The scope currently in effect. */
static GTY(()) struct c_scope *current_scope;
/* The innermost function scope. Ordinary (not explicitly declared)
labels, bindings to error_mark_node, and the lazily-created
bindings of __func__ and its friends get this scope. */
static GTY(()) struct c_scope *current_function_scope;
/* The C file scope. This is reset for each input translation unit. */
static GTY(()) struct c_scope *file_scope;
/* The outermost scope. This is used for all declarations with
external linkage, and only these, hence the name. */
static GTY(()) struct c_scope *external_scope;
/* A chain of c_scope structures awaiting reuse. */
static GTY((deletable)) struct c_scope *scope_freelist;
/* A chain of c_binding structures awaiting reuse. */
static GTY((deletable)) struct c_binding *binding_freelist;
/* Append VAR to LIST in scope SCOPE. */
#define SCOPE_LIST_APPEND(scope, list, decl) do { \
struct c_scope *s_ = (scope); \
tree d_ = (decl); \
if (s_->list##_last) \
BLOCK_CHAIN (s_->list##_last) = d_; \
else \
s_->list = d_; \
s_->list##_last = d_; \
} while (0)
/* Concatenate FROM in scope FSCOPE onto TO in scope TSCOPE. */
#define SCOPE_LIST_CONCAT(tscope, to, fscope, from) do { \
struct c_scope *t_ = (tscope); \
struct c_scope *f_ = (fscope); \
if (t_->to##_last) \
BLOCK_CHAIN (t_->to##_last) = f_->from; \
else \
t_->to = f_->from; \
t_->to##_last = f_->from##_last; \
} while (0)
/* True means unconditionally make a BLOCK for the next scope pushed. */
static bool keep_next_level_flag;
/* True means the next call to push_scope will be the outermost scope
of a function body, so do not push a new scope, merely cease
expecting parameter decls. */
static bool next_is_function_body;
/* Forward declarations. */
static tree lookup_name_in_scope (tree, struct c_scope *);
static tree c_make_fname_decl (tree, int);
static tree grokdeclarator (const struct c_declarator *,
struct c_declspecs *,
enum decl_context, bool, tree *, tree *,
enum deprecated_states);
static tree grokparms (struct c_arg_info *, bool);
static void layout_array_type (tree);
/* T is a statement. Add it to the statement-tree. This is the
C/ObjC version--C++ has a slightly different version of this
function. */
tree
add_stmt (tree t)
{
enum tree_code code = TREE_CODE (t);
if (CAN_HAVE_LOCATION_P (t) && code != LABEL_EXPR)
{
if (!EXPR_HAS_LOCATION (t))
SET_EXPR_LOCATION (t, input_location);
}
if (code == LABEL_EXPR || code == CASE_LABEL_EXPR)
STATEMENT_LIST_HAS_LABEL (cur_stmt_list) = 1;
/* Add T to the statement-tree. Non-side-effect statements need to be
recorded during statement expressions. */
append_to_statement_list_force (t, &cur_stmt_list);
return t;
}
void
c_print_identifier (FILE *file, tree node, int indent)
{
print_node (file, "symbol", I_SYMBOL_DECL (node), indent + 4);
print_node (file, "tag", I_TAG_DECL (node), indent + 4);
print_node (file, "label", I_LABEL_DECL (node), indent + 4);
if (C_IS_RESERVED_WORD (node) && C_RID_CODE (node) != RID_CXX_COMPAT_WARN)
{
tree rid = ridpointers[C_RID_CODE (node)];
indent_to (file, indent + 4);
fprintf (file, "rid %p \"%s\"",
(void *) rid, IDENTIFIER_POINTER (rid));
}
}
/* Establish a binding between NAME, an IDENTIFIER_NODE, and DECL,
which may be any of several kinds of DECL or TYPE or error_mark_node,
in the scope SCOPE. */
static void
bind (tree name, tree decl, struct c_scope *scope, bool invisible, bool nested)
{
struct c_binding *b, **here;
if (binding_freelist)
{
b = binding_freelist;
binding_freelist = b->prev;
}
else
b = GGC_NEW (struct c_binding);
b->shadowed = 0;
b->decl = decl;
b->id = name;
b->depth = scope->depth;
b->invisible = invisible;
b->nested = nested;
b->inner_comp = 0;
b->type = 0;
b->prev = scope->bindings;
scope->bindings = b;
if (!name)
return;
switch (TREE_CODE (decl))
{
case LABEL_DECL: here = &I_LABEL_BINDING (name); break;
case ENUMERAL_TYPE:
case UNION_TYPE:
case RECORD_TYPE: here = &I_TAG_BINDING (name); break;
case VAR_DECL:
case FUNCTION_DECL:
case TYPE_DECL:
case CONST_DECL:
case PARM_DECL:
case ERROR_MARK: here = &I_SYMBOL_BINDING (name); break;
default:
gcc_unreachable ();
}
/* Locate the appropriate place in the chain of shadowed decls
to insert this binding. Normally, scope == current_scope and
this does nothing. */
while (*here && (*here)->depth > scope->depth)
here = &(*here)->shadowed;
b->shadowed = *here;
*here = b;
}
/* Clear the binding structure B, stick it on the binding_freelist,
and return the former value of b->prev. This is used by pop_scope
and get_parm_info to iterate destructively over all the bindings
from a given scope. */
static struct c_binding *
free_binding_and_advance (struct c_binding *b)
{
struct c_binding *prev = b->prev;
memset (b, 0, sizeof (struct c_binding));
b->prev = binding_freelist;
binding_freelist = b;
return prev;
}
/* Hook called at end of compilation to assume 1 elt
for a file-scope tentative array defn that wasn't complete before. */
void
c_finish_incomplete_decl (tree decl)
{
if (TREE_CODE (decl) == VAR_DECL)
{
tree type = TREE_TYPE (decl);
if (type != error_mark_node
&& TREE_CODE (type) == ARRAY_TYPE
&& !DECL_EXTERNAL (decl)
&& TYPE_DOMAIN (type) == 0)
{
warning (0, "array %q+D assumed to have one element", decl);
complete_array_type (&TREE_TYPE (decl), NULL_TREE, true);
layout_decl (decl, 0);
}
}
}
/* The Objective-C front-end often needs to determine the current scope. */
void *
objc_get_current_scope (void)
{
return current_scope;
}
/* The following function is used only by Objective-C. It needs to live here
because it accesses the innards of c_scope. */
void
objc_mark_locals_volatile (void *enclosing_blk)
{
struct c_scope *scope;
struct c_binding *b;
for (scope = current_scope;
scope && scope != enclosing_blk;
scope = scope->outer)
{
for (b = scope->bindings; b; b = b->prev)
objc_volatilize_decl (b->decl);
/* Do not climb up past the current function. */
if (scope->function_body)
break;
}
}
/* Nonzero if we are currently in file scope. */
int
global_bindings_p (void)
{
return current_scope == file_scope && !c_override_global_bindings_to_false;
}
void
keep_next_level (void)
{
keep_next_level_flag = true;
}
/* Identify this scope as currently being filled with parameters. */
void
declare_parm_level (void)
{
current_scope->parm_flag = true;
}
void
push_scope (void)
{
if (next_is_function_body)
{
/* This is the transition from the parameters to the top level
of the function body. These are the same scope
(C99 6.2.1p4,6) so we do not push another scope structure.
next_is_function_body is set only by store_parm_decls, which
in turn is called when and only when we are about to
encounter the opening curly brace for the function body.
The outermost block of a function always gets a BLOCK node,
because the debugging output routines expect that each
function has at least one BLOCK. */
current_scope->parm_flag = false;
current_scope->function_body = true;
current_scope->keep = true;
current_scope->outer_function = current_function_scope;
current_function_scope = current_scope;
keep_next_level_flag = false;
next_is_function_body = false;
}
else
{
struct c_scope *scope;
if (scope_freelist)
{
scope = scope_freelist;
scope_freelist = scope->outer;
}
else
scope = GGC_CNEW (struct c_scope);
scope->keep = keep_next_level_flag;
scope->outer = current_scope;
scope->depth = current_scope ? (current_scope->depth + 1) : 0;
/* Check for scope depth overflow. Unlikely (2^28 == 268,435,456) but
possible. */
if (current_scope && scope->depth == 0)
{
scope->depth--;
sorry ("GCC supports only %u nested scopes", scope->depth);
}
current_scope = scope;
keep_next_level_flag = false;
}
}
/* Set the TYPE_CONTEXT of all of TYPE's variants to CONTEXT. */
static void
set_type_context (tree type, tree context)
{
for (type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (type); type;
type = TYPE_NEXT_VARIANT (type))
TYPE_CONTEXT (type) = context;
}
/* Exit a scope. Restore the state of the identifier-decl mappings
that were in effect when this scope was entered. Return a BLOCK
node containing all the DECLs in this scope that are of interest
to debug info generation. */
tree
pop_scope (void)
{
struct c_scope *scope = current_scope;
tree block, context, p;
struct c_binding *b;
bool functionbody = scope->function_body;
bool keep = functionbody || scope->keep || scope->bindings;
c_end_vm_scope (scope->depth);
/* If appropriate, create a BLOCK to record the decls for the life
of this function. */
block = 0;
if (keep)
{
block = make_node (BLOCK);
BLOCK_SUBBLOCKS (block) = scope->blocks;
TREE_USED (block) = 1;
/* In each subblock, record that this is its superior. */
for (p = scope->blocks; p; p = BLOCK_CHAIN (p))
BLOCK_SUPERCONTEXT (p) = block;
BLOCK_VARS (block) = 0;
}
/* The TYPE_CONTEXTs for all of the tagged types belonging to this
scope must be set so that they point to the appropriate
construct, i.e. either to the current FUNCTION_DECL node, or
else to the BLOCK node we just constructed.
Note that for tagged types whose scope is just the formal
parameter list for some function type specification, we can't
properly set their TYPE_CONTEXTs here, because we don't have a
pointer to the appropriate FUNCTION_TYPE node readily available
to us. For those cases, the TYPE_CONTEXTs of the relevant tagged
type nodes get set in `grokdeclarator' as soon as we have created
the FUNCTION_TYPE node which will represent the "scope" for these
"parameter list local" tagged types. */
if (scope->function_body)
context = current_function_decl;
else if (scope == file_scope)
{
tree file_decl = build_decl (TRANSLATION_UNIT_DECL, 0, 0);
TREE_CHAIN (file_decl) = all_translation_units;
all_translation_units = file_decl;
context = file_decl;
}
else
context = block;
/* Clear all bindings in this scope. */
for (b = scope->bindings; b; b = free_binding_and_advance (b))
{
p = b->decl;
switch (TREE_CODE (p))
{
case LABEL_DECL:
/* Warnings for unused labels, errors for undefined labels. */
if (TREE_USED (p) && !DECL_INITIAL (p))
{
error ("label %q+D used but not defined", p);
DECL_INITIAL (p) = error_mark_node;
}
else
warn_for_unused_label (p);
/* Labels go in BLOCK_VARS. */
TREE_CHAIN (p) = BLOCK_VARS (block);
BLOCK_VARS (block) = p;
gcc_assert (I_LABEL_BINDING (b->id) == b);
I_LABEL_BINDING (b->id) = b->shadowed;
break;
case ENUMERAL_TYPE:
case UNION_TYPE:
case RECORD_TYPE:
set_type_context (p, context);
/* Types may not have tag-names, in which case the type
appears in the bindings list with b->id NULL. */
if (b->id)
{
gcc_assert (I_TAG_BINDING (b->id) == b);
I_TAG_BINDING (b->id) = b->shadowed;
}
break;
case FUNCTION_DECL:
/* Propagate TREE_ADDRESSABLE from nested functions to their
containing functions. */
if (!TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (p)
&& DECL_INITIAL (p) != 0
&& TREE_ADDRESSABLE (p)
&& DECL_ABSTRACT_ORIGIN (p) != 0
&& DECL_ABSTRACT_ORIGIN (p) != p)
TREE_ADDRESSABLE (DECL_ABSTRACT_ORIGIN (p)) = 1;
if (!DECL_EXTERNAL (p)
&& !DECL_INITIAL (p)
&& scope != file_scope
&& scope != external_scope)
{
error ("nested function %q+D declared but never defined", p);
undef_nested_function = true;
}
else if (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (p)
&& TREE_PUBLIC (p)
&& !DECL_INITIAL (p))
{
/* C99 6.7.4p6: "a function with external linkage... declared
with an inline function specifier ... shall also be defined
in the same translation unit." */
if (!flag_gnu89_inline)
pedwarn (input_location, 0,
"inline function %q+D declared but never defined", p);
DECL_EXTERNAL (p) = 1;
}
goto common_symbol;
case VAR_DECL:
/* Warnings for unused variables. */
if (!TREE_USED (p)
&& !TREE_NO_WARNING (p)
&& !DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (p)
&& DECL_NAME (p)
&& !DECL_ARTIFICIAL (p)
&& scope != file_scope
&& scope != external_scope)
warning (OPT_Wunused_variable, "unused variable %q+D", p);
if (b->inner_comp)
{
error ("type of array %q+D completed incompatibly with"
" implicit initialization", p);
}
/* Fall through. */
case TYPE_DECL:
case CONST_DECL:
common_symbol:
/* All of these go in BLOCK_VARS, but only if this is the
binding in the home scope. */
if (!b->nested)
{
TREE_CHAIN (p) = BLOCK_VARS (block);
BLOCK_VARS (block) = p;
}
/* If this is the file scope, and we are processing more
than one translation unit in this compilation, set
DECL_CONTEXT of each decl to the TRANSLATION_UNIT_DECL.
This makes same_translation_unit_p work, and causes
static declarations to be given disambiguating suffixes. */
if (scope == file_scope && num_in_fnames > 1)
{
DECL_CONTEXT (p) = context;
if (TREE_CODE (p) == TYPE_DECL)
set_type_context (TREE_TYPE (p), context);
}
/* Fall through. */
/* Parameters go in DECL_ARGUMENTS, not BLOCK_VARS, and have
already been put there by store_parm_decls. Unused-
parameter warnings are handled by function.c.
error_mark_node obviously does not go in BLOCK_VARS and
does not get unused-variable warnings. */
case PARM_DECL:
case ERROR_MARK:
/* It is possible for a decl not to have a name. We get
here with b->id NULL in this case. */
if (b->id)
{
gcc_assert (I_SYMBOL_BINDING (b->id) == b);
I_SYMBOL_BINDING (b->id) = b->shadowed;
if (b->shadowed && b->shadowed->type)
TREE_TYPE (b->shadowed->decl) = b->shadowed->type;
}
break;
default:
gcc_unreachable ();
}
}
/* Dispose of the block that we just made inside some higher level. */
if ((scope->function_body || scope == file_scope) && context)
{
DECL_INITIAL (context) = block;
BLOCK_SUPERCONTEXT (block) = context;
}
else if (scope->outer)
{
if (block)
SCOPE_LIST_APPEND (scope->outer, blocks, block);
/* If we did not make a block for the scope just exited, any
blocks made for inner scopes must be carried forward so they
will later become subblocks of something else. */
else if (scope->blocks)
SCOPE_LIST_CONCAT (scope->outer, blocks, scope, blocks);
}
/* Pop the current scope, and free the structure for reuse. */
current_scope = scope->outer;
if (scope->function_body)
current_function_scope = scope->outer_function;
memset (scope, 0, sizeof (struct c_scope));
scope->outer = scope_freelist;
scope_freelist = scope;
return block;
}
void
push_file_scope (void)
{
tree decl;
if (file_scope)
return;
push_scope ();
file_scope = current_scope;
start_fname_decls ();
for (decl = visible_builtins; decl; decl = TREE_CHAIN (decl))
bind (DECL_NAME (decl), decl, file_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/true);
}
void
pop_file_scope (void)
{
/* In case there were missing closebraces, get us back to the global
binding level. */
while (current_scope != file_scope)
pop_scope ();
/* __FUNCTION__ is defined at file scope (""). This
call may not be necessary as my tests indicate it
still works without it. */
finish_fname_decls ();
/* This is the point to write out a PCH if we're doing that.
In that case we do not want to do anything else. */
if (pch_file)
{
c_common_write_pch ();
return;
}
/* Pop off the file scope and close this translation unit. */
pop_scope ();
file_scope = 0;
maybe_apply_pending_pragma_weaks ();
cgraph_finalize_compilation_unit ();
}
/* Push a definition or a declaration of struct, union or enum tag "name".
"type" should be the type node.
We assume that the tag "name" is not already defined.
Note that the definition may really be just a forward reference.
In that case, the TYPE_SIZE will be zero. */
static void
pushtag (tree name, tree type)
{
/* Record the identifier as the type's name if it has none. */
if (name && !TYPE_NAME (type))
TYPE_NAME (type) = name;
bind (name, type, current_scope, /*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
/* Create a fake NULL-named TYPE_DECL node whose TREE_TYPE will be the
tagged type we just added to the current scope. This fake
NULL-named TYPE_DECL node helps dwarfout.c to know when it needs
to output a representation of a tagged type, and it also gives
us a convenient place to record the "scope start" address for the
tagged type. */
TYPE_STUB_DECL (type) = pushdecl (build_decl (TYPE_DECL, NULL_TREE, type));
/* An approximation for now, so we can tell this is a function-scope tag.
This will be updated in pop_scope. */
TYPE_CONTEXT (type) = DECL_CONTEXT (TYPE_STUB_DECL (type));
}
/* Subroutine of compare_decls. Allow harmless mismatches in return
and argument types provided that the type modes match. This function
return a unified type given a suitable match, and 0 otherwise. */
static tree
match_builtin_function_types (tree newtype, tree oldtype)
{
tree newrettype, oldrettype;
tree newargs, oldargs;
tree trytype, tryargs;
/* Accept the return type of the new declaration if same modes. */
oldrettype = TREE_TYPE (oldtype);
newrettype = TREE_TYPE (newtype);
if (TYPE_MODE (oldrettype) != TYPE_MODE (newrettype))
return 0;
oldargs = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (oldtype);
newargs = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (newtype);
tryargs = newargs;
while (oldargs || newargs)
{
if (!oldargs
|| !newargs
|| !TREE_VALUE (oldargs)
|| !TREE_VALUE (newargs)
|| TYPE_MODE (TREE_VALUE (oldargs))
!= TYPE_MODE (TREE_VALUE (newargs)))
return 0;
oldargs = TREE_CHAIN (oldargs);
newargs = TREE_CHAIN (newargs);
}
trytype = build_function_type (newrettype, tryargs);
return build_type_attribute_variant (trytype, TYPE_ATTRIBUTES (oldtype));
}
/* Subroutine of diagnose_mismatched_decls. Check for function type
mismatch involving an empty arglist vs a nonempty one and give clearer
diagnostics. */
static void
diagnose_arglist_conflict (tree newdecl, tree olddecl,
tree newtype, tree oldtype)
{
tree t;
if (TREE_CODE (olddecl) != FUNCTION_DECL
|| !comptypes (TREE_TYPE (oldtype), TREE_TYPE (newtype))
|| !((TYPE_ARG_TYPES (oldtype) == 0 && DECL_INITIAL (olddecl) == 0)
||
(TYPE_ARG_TYPES (newtype) == 0 && DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) == 0)))
return;
t = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (oldtype);
if (t == 0)
t = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (newtype);
for (; t; t = TREE_CHAIN (t))
{
tree type = TREE_VALUE (t);
if (TREE_CHAIN (t) == 0
&& TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (type) != void_type_node)
{
inform (input_location, "a parameter list with an ellipsis can%'t match "
"an empty parameter name list declaration");
break;
}
if (c_type_promotes_to (type) != type)
{
inform (input_location, "an argument type that has a default promotion can%'t match "
"an empty parameter name list declaration");
break;
}
}
}
/* Another subroutine of diagnose_mismatched_decls. OLDDECL is an
old-style function definition, NEWDECL is a prototype declaration.
Diagnose inconsistencies in the argument list. Returns TRUE if
the prototype is compatible, FALSE if not. */
static bool
validate_proto_after_old_defn (tree newdecl, tree newtype, tree oldtype)
{
tree newargs, oldargs;
int i;
#define END_OF_ARGLIST(t) ((t) == void_type_node)
oldargs = TYPE_ACTUAL_ARG_TYPES (oldtype);
newargs = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (newtype);
i = 1;
for (;;)
{
tree oldargtype = TREE_VALUE (oldargs);
tree newargtype = TREE_VALUE (newargs);
if (oldargtype == error_mark_node || newargtype == error_mark_node)
return false;
oldargtype = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (oldargtype);
newargtype = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (newargtype);
if (END_OF_ARGLIST (oldargtype) && END_OF_ARGLIST (newargtype))
break;
/* Reaching the end of just one list means the two decls don't
agree on the number of arguments. */
if (END_OF_ARGLIST (oldargtype))
{
error ("prototype for %q+D declares more arguments "
"than previous old-style definition", newdecl);
return false;
}
else if (END_OF_ARGLIST (newargtype))
{
error ("prototype for %q+D declares fewer arguments "
"than previous old-style definition", newdecl);
return false;
}
/* Type for passing arg must be consistent with that declared
for the arg. */
else if (!comptypes (oldargtype, newargtype))
{
error ("prototype for %q+D declares argument %d"
" with incompatible type",
newdecl, i);
return false;
}
oldargs = TREE_CHAIN (oldargs);
newargs = TREE_CHAIN (newargs);
i++;
}
/* If we get here, no errors were found, but do issue a warning
for this poor-style construct. */
warning (0, "prototype for %q+D follows non-prototype definition",
newdecl);
return true;
#undef END_OF_ARGLIST
}
/* Subroutine of diagnose_mismatched_decls. Report the location of DECL,
first in a pair of mismatched declarations, using the diagnostic
function DIAG. */
static void
locate_old_decl (tree decl)
{
if (TREE_CODE (decl) == FUNCTION_DECL && DECL_BUILT_IN (decl))
;
else if (DECL_INITIAL (decl))
inform (input_location, "previous definition of %q+D was here", decl);
else if (C_DECL_IMPLICIT (decl))
inform (input_location, "previous implicit declaration of %q+D was here", decl);
else
inform (input_location, "previous declaration of %q+D was here", decl);
}
/* Subroutine of duplicate_decls. Compare NEWDECL to OLDDECL.
Returns true if the caller should proceed to merge the two, false
if OLDDECL should simply be discarded. As a side effect, issues
all necessary diagnostics for invalid or poor-style combinations.
If it returns true, writes the types of NEWDECL and OLDDECL to
*NEWTYPEP and *OLDTYPEP - these may have been adjusted from
TREE_TYPE (NEWDECL, OLDDECL) respectively. */
static bool
diagnose_mismatched_decls (tree newdecl, tree olddecl,
tree *newtypep, tree *oldtypep)
{
tree newtype, oldtype;
bool pedwarned = false;
bool warned = false;
bool retval = true;
#define DECL_EXTERN_INLINE(DECL) (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (DECL) \
&& DECL_EXTERNAL (DECL))
/* If we have error_mark_node for either decl or type, just discard
the previous decl - we're in an error cascade already. */
if (olddecl == error_mark_node || newdecl == error_mark_node)
return false;
*oldtypep = oldtype = TREE_TYPE (olddecl);
*newtypep = newtype = TREE_TYPE (newdecl);
if (oldtype == error_mark_node || newtype == error_mark_node)
return false;
/* Two different categories of symbol altogether. This is an error
unless OLDDECL is a builtin. OLDDECL will be discarded in any case. */
if (TREE_CODE (olddecl) != TREE_CODE (newdecl))
{
if (!(TREE_CODE (olddecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_BUILT_IN (olddecl)
&& !C_DECL_DECLARED_BUILTIN (olddecl)))
{
error ("%q+D redeclared as different kind of symbol", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
}
else if (TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl))
warning (0, "built-in function %q+D declared as non-function",
newdecl);
else
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows "
"a built-in function", newdecl);
return false;
}
/* Enumerators have no linkage, so may only be declared once in a
given scope. */
if (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == CONST_DECL)
{
error ("redeclaration of enumerator %q+D", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
if (!comptypes (oldtype, newtype))
{
if (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_BUILT_IN (olddecl) && !C_DECL_DECLARED_BUILTIN (olddecl))
{
/* Accept harmless mismatch in function types.
This is for the ffs and fprintf builtins. */
tree trytype = match_builtin_function_types (newtype, oldtype);
if (trytype && comptypes (newtype, trytype))
*oldtypep = oldtype = trytype;
else
{
/* If types don't match for a built-in, throw away the
built-in. No point in calling locate_old_decl here, it
won't print anything. */
warning (0, "conflicting types for built-in function %q+D",
newdecl);
return false;
}
}
else if (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_IS_BUILTIN (olddecl))
{
/* A conflicting function declaration for a predeclared
function that isn't actually built in. Objective C uses
these. The new declaration silently overrides everything
but the volatility (i.e. noreturn) indication. See also
below. FIXME: Make Objective C use normal builtins. */
TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (newdecl) |= TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (olddecl);
return false;
}
/* Permit void foo (...) to match int foo (...) if the latter is
the definition and implicit int was used. See
c-torture/compile/920625-2.c. */
else if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL && DECL_INITIAL (newdecl)
&& TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (oldtype)) == void_type_node
&& TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (newtype)) == integer_type_node
&& C_FUNCTION_IMPLICIT_INT (newdecl) && !DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
{
pedwarned = pedwarn (input_location, 0,
"conflicting types for %q+D", newdecl);
/* Make sure we keep void as the return type. */
TREE_TYPE (newdecl) = *newtypep = newtype = oldtype;
C_FUNCTION_IMPLICIT_INT (newdecl) = 0;
}
/* Permit void foo (...) to match an earlier call to foo (...) with
no declared type (thus, implicitly int). */
else if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (newtype)) == void_type_node
&& TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (oldtype)) == integer_type_node
&& C_DECL_IMPLICIT (olddecl) && !DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
{
pedwarned = pedwarn (input_location, 0,
"conflicting types for %q+D", newdecl);
/* Make sure we keep void as the return type. */
TREE_TYPE (olddecl) = *oldtypep = oldtype = newtype;
}
else
{
if (TYPE_QUALS (newtype) != TYPE_QUALS (oldtype))
error ("conflicting type qualifiers for %q+D", newdecl);
else
error ("conflicting types for %q+D", newdecl);
diagnose_arglist_conflict (newdecl, olddecl, newtype, oldtype);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
}
/* Redeclaration of a type is a constraint violation (6.7.2.3p1),
but silently ignore the redeclaration if either is in a system
header. (Conflicting redeclarations were handled above.) */
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == TYPE_DECL)
{
if (DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (newdecl)
|| DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (olddecl)
|| TREE_NO_WARNING (newdecl)
|| TREE_NO_WARNING (olddecl))
return true; /* Allow OLDDECL to continue in use. */
error ("redefinition of typedef %q+D", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
/* Function declarations can either be 'static' or 'extern' (no
qualifier is equivalent to 'extern' - C99 6.2.2p5) and therefore
can never conflict with each other on account of linkage
(6.2.2p4). Multiple definitions are not allowed (6.9p3,5) but
gnu89 mode permits two definitions if one is 'extern inline' and
one is not. The non- extern-inline definition supersedes the
extern-inline definition. */
else if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL)
{
/* If you declare a built-in function name as static, or
define the built-in with an old-style definition (so we
can't validate the argument list) the built-in definition is
overridden, but optionally warn this was a bad choice of name. */
if (DECL_BUILT_IN (olddecl)
&& !C_DECL_DECLARED_BUILTIN (olddecl)
&& (!TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl)
|| (DECL_INITIAL (newdecl)
&& !TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (newdecl)))))
{
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows "
"a built-in function", newdecl);
/* Discard the old built-in function. */
return false;
}
if (DECL_INITIAL (newdecl))
{
if (DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
{
/* If both decls are in the same TU and the new declaration
isn't overriding an extern inline reject the new decl.
In c99, no overriding is allowed in the same translation
unit. */
if ((!DECL_EXTERN_INLINE (olddecl)
|| DECL_EXTERN_INLINE (newdecl)
|| (!flag_gnu89_inline
&& (!DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (olddecl)
|| !lookup_attribute ("gnu_inline",
DECL_ATTRIBUTES (olddecl)))
&& (!DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl)
|| !lookup_attribute ("gnu_inline",
DECL_ATTRIBUTES (newdecl))))
)
&& same_translation_unit_p (newdecl, olddecl))
{
error ("redefinition of %q+D", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
}
}
/* If we have a prototype after an old-style function definition,
the argument types must be checked specially. */
else if (DECL_INITIAL (olddecl)
&& !TYPE_ARG_TYPES (oldtype) && TYPE_ARG_TYPES (newtype)
&& TYPE_ACTUAL_ARG_TYPES (oldtype)
&& !validate_proto_after_old_defn (newdecl, newtype, oldtype))
{
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
/* A non-static declaration (even an "extern") followed by a
static declaration is undefined behavior per C99 6.2.2p3-5,7.
The same is true for a static forward declaration at block
scope followed by a non-static declaration/definition at file
scope. Static followed by non-static at the same scope is
not undefined behavior, and is the most convenient way to get
some effects (see e.g. what unwind-dw2-fde-glibc.c does to
the definition of _Unwind_Find_FDE in unwind-dw2-fde.c), but
we do diagnose it if -Wtraditional. */
if (TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl) && !TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl))
{
/* Two exceptions to the rule. If olddecl is an extern
inline, or a predeclared function that isn't actually
built in, newdecl silently overrides olddecl. The latter
occur only in Objective C; see also above. (FIXME: Make
Objective C use normal builtins.) */
if (!DECL_IS_BUILTIN (olddecl)
&& !DECL_EXTERN_INLINE (olddecl))
{
error ("static declaration of %q+D follows "
"non-static declaration", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
}
return false;
}
else if (TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl) && !TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl))
{
if (DECL_CONTEXT (olddecl))
{
error ("non-static declaration of %q+D follows "
"static declaration", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
else if (warn_traditional)
{
warned |= warning (OPT_Wtraditional,
"non-static declaration of %q+D "
"follows static declaration", newdecl);
}
}
/* Make sure gnu_inline attribute is either not present, or
present on all inline decls. */
if (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (olddecl)
&& DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl))
{
bool newa = lookup_attribute ("gnu_inline",
DECL_ATTRIBUTES (newdecl)) != NULL;
bool olda = lookup_attribute ("gnu_inline",
DECL_ATTRIBUTES (olddecl)) != NULL;
if (newa != olda)
{
error ("%<gnu_inline%> attribute present on %q+D",
newa ? newdecl : olddecl);
error ("%Jbut not here", newa ? olddecl : newdecl);
}
}
}
else if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == VAR_DECL)
{
/* Only variables can be thread-local, and all declarations must
agree on this property. */
if (C_DECL_THREADPRIVATE_P (olddecl) && !DECL_THREAD_LOCAL_P (newdecl))
{
/* Nothing to check. Since OLDDECL is marked threadprivate
and NEWDECL does not have a thread-local attribute, we
will merge the threadprivate attribute into NEWDECL. */
;
}
else if (DECL_THREAD_LOCAL_P (newdecl) != DECL_THREAD_LOCAL_P (olddecl))
{
if (DECL_THREAD_LOCAL_P (newdecl))
error ("thread-local declaration of %q+D follows "
"non-thread-local declaration", newdecl);
else
error ("non-thread-local declaration of %q+D follows "
"thread-local declaration", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
/* Multiple initialized definitions are not allowed (6.9p3,5). */
if (DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) && DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
{
error ("redefinition of %q+D", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
/* Objects declared at file scope: if the first declaration had
external linkage (even if it was an external reference) the
second must have external linkage as well, or the behavior is
undefined. If the first declaration had internal linkage, then
the second must too, or else be an external reference (in which
case the composite declaration still has internal linkage).
As for function declarations, we warn about the static-then-
extern case only for -Wtraditional. See generally 6.2.2p3-5,7. */
if (DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P (newdecl)
&& TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl) != TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl))
{
if (DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl))
{
if (!DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P (olddecl))
{
error ("extern declaration of %q+D follows "
"declaration with no linkage", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
else if (warn_traditional)
{
warned |= warning (OPT_Wtraditional,
"non-static declaration of %q+D "
"follows static declaration", newdecl);
}
}
else
{
if (TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl))
error ("non-static declaration of %q+D follows "
"static declaration", newdecl);
else
error ("static declaration of %q+D follows "
"non-static declaration", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
}
/* Two objects with the same name declared at the same block
scope must both be external references (6.7p3). */
else if (!DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P (newdecl))
{
if (DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl))
{
/* Extern with initializer at block scope, which will
already have received an error. */
}
else if (DECL_EXTERNAL (olddecl))
{
error ("declaration of %q+D with no linkage follows "
"extern declaration", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
}
else
{
error ("redeclaration of %q+D with no linkage", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
}
return false;
}
}
/* warnings */
/* All decls must agree on a visibility. */
if (CODE_CONTAINS_STRUCT (TREE_CODE (newdecl), TS_DECL_WITH_VIS)
&& DECL_VISIBILITY_SPECIFIED (newdecl) && DECL_VISIBILITY_SPECIFIED (olddecl)
&& DECL_VISIBILITY (newdecl) != DECL_VISIBILITY (olddecl))
{
warned |= warning (0, "redeclaration of %q+D with different visibility "
"(old visibility preserved)", newdecl);
}
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL)
{
/* Diagnose inline __attribute__ ((noinline)) which is silly. */
if (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl)
&& lookup_attribute ("noinline", DECL_ATTRIBUTES (olddecl)))
{
warned |= warning (OPT_Wattributes,
"inline declaration of %qD follows "
"declaration with attribute noinline", newdecl);
}
else if (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (olddecl)
&& lookup_attribute ("noinline", DECL_ATTRIBUTES (newdecl)))
{
warned |= warning (OPT_Wattributes,
"declaration of %q+D with attribute "
"noinline follows inline declaration ", newdecl);
}
}
else /* PARM_DECL, VAR_DECL */
{
/* Redeclaration of a parameter is a constraint violation (this is
not explicitly stated, but follows from C99 6.7p3 [no more than
one declaration of the same identifier with no linkage in the
same scope, except type tags] and 6.2.2p6 [parameters have no
linkage]). We must check for a forward parameter declaration,
indicated by TREE_ASM_WRITTEN on the old declaration - this is
an extension, the mandatory diagnostic for which is handled by
mark_forward_parm_decls. */
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == PARM_DECL
&& (!TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (olddecl) || TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (newdecl)))
{
error ("redefinition of parameter %q+D", newdecl);
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
return false;
}
}
/* Optional warning for completely redundant decls. */
if (!warned && !pedwarned
&& warn_redundant_decls
/* Don't warn about a function declaration followed by a
definition. */
&& !(TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) && !DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
/* Don't warn about redundant redeclarations of builtins. */
&& !(TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& !DECL_BUILT_IN (newdecl)
&& DECL_BUILT_IN (olddecl)
&& !C_DECL_DECLARED_BUILTIN (olddecl))
/* Don't warn about an extern followed by a definition. */
&& !(DECL_EXTERNAL (olddecl) && !DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl))
/* Don't warn about forward parameter decls. */
&& !(TREE_CODE (newdecl) == PARM_DECL
&& TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (olddecl) && !TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (newdecl))
/* Don't warn about a variable definition following a declaration. */
&& !(TREE_CODE (newdecl) == VAR_DECL
&& DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) && !DECL_INITIAL (olddecl)))
{
warned = warning (OPT_Wredundant_decls, "redundant redeclaration of %q+D",
newdecl);
}
/* Report location of previous decl/defn. */
if (warned || pedwarned)
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
#undef DECL_EXTERN_INLINE
return retval;
}
/* Subroutine of duplicate_decls. NEWDECL has been found to be
consistent with OLDDECL, but carries new information. Merge the
new information into OLDDECL. This function issues no
diagnostics. */
static void
merge_decls (tree newdecl, tree olddecl, tree newtype, tree oldtype)
{
bool new_is_definition = (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) != 0);
bool new_is_prototype = (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (newdecl)) != 0);
bool old_is_prototype = (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& TYPE_ARG_TYPES (TREE_TYPE (olddecl)) != 0);
bool extern_changed = false;
/* For real parm decl following a forward decl, rechain the old decl
in its new location and clear TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (it's not a
forward decl anymore). */
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == PARM_DECL
&& TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (olddecl) && !TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (newdecl))
{
struct c_binding *b, **here;
for (here = &current_scope->bindings; *here; here = &(*here)->prev)
if ((*here)->decl == olddecl)
goto found;
gcc_unreachable ();
found:
b = *here;
*here = b->prev;
b->prev = current_scope->bindings;
current_scope->bindings = b;
TREE_ASM_WRITTEN (olddecl) = 0;
}
DECL_ATTRIBUTES (newdecl)
= targetm.merge_decl_attributes (olddecl, newdecl);
/* Merge the data types specified in the two decls. */
TREE_TYPE (newdecl)
= TREE_TYPE (olddecl)
= composite_type (newtype, oldtype);
/* Lay the type out, unless already done. */
if (!comptypes (oldtype, TREE_TYPE (newdecl)))
{
if (TREE_TYPE (newdecl) != error_mark_node)
layout_type (TREE_TYPE (newdecl));
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) != FUNCTION_DECL
&& TREE_CODE (newdecl) != TYPE_DECL
&& TREE_CODE (newdecl) != CONST_DECL)
layout_decl (newdecl, 0);
}
else
{
/* Since the type is OLDDECL's, make OLDDECL's size go with. */
DECL_SIZE (newdecl) = DECL_SIZE (olddecl);
DECL_SIZE_UNIT (newdecl) = DECL_SIZE_UNIT (olddecl);
DECL_MODE (newdecl) = DECL_MODE (olddecl);
if (DECL_ALIGN (olddecl) > DECL_ALIGN (newdecl))
{
DECL_ALIGN (newdecl) = DECL_ALIGN (olddecl);
DECL_USER_ALIGN (newdecl) |= DECL_USER_ALIGN (olddecl);
}
}
/* Keep the old rtl since we can safely use it. */
if (HAS_RTL_P (olddecl))
COPY_DECL_RTL (olddecl, newdecl);
/* Merge the type qualifiers. */
if (TREE_READONLY (newdecl))
TREE_READONLY (olddecl) = 1;
if (TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (newdecl))
TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (olddecl) = 1;
/* Merge deprecatedness. */
if (TREE_DEPRECATED (newdecl))
TREE_DEPRECATED (olddecl) = 1;
/* If a decl is in a system header and the other isn't, keep the one on the
system header. Otherwise, keep source location of definition rather than
declaration and of prototype rather than non-prototype unless that
prototype is built-in. */
if (CODE_CONTAINS_STRUCT (TREE_CODE (olddecl), TS_DECL_WITH_VIS)
&& DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (olddecl)
&& !DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (newdecl) )
DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (newdecl) = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (olddecl);
else if (CODE_CONTAINS_STRUCT (TREE_CODE (olddecl), TS_DECL_WITH_VIS)
&& DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (newdecl)
&& !DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (olddecl))
DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (olddecl) = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (newdecl);
else if ((DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) == 0 && DECL_INITIAL (olddecl) != 0)
|| (old_is_prototype && !new_is_prototype
&& !C_DECL_BUILTIN_PROTOTYPE (olddecl)))
DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (newdecl) = DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (olddecl);
/* Merge the initialization information. */
if (DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) == 0)
DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) = DECL_INITIAL (olddecl);
/* Merge the threadprivate attribute. */
if (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == VAR_DECL && C_DECL_THREADPRIVATE_P (olddecl))
{
DECL_TLS_MODEL (newdecl) = DECL_TLS_MODEL (olddecl);
C_DECL_THREADPRIVATE_P (newdecl) = 1;
}
if (CODE_CONTAINS_STRUCT (TREE_CODE (olddecl), TS_DECL_WITH_VIS))
{
/* Merge the section attribute.
We want to issue an error if the sections conflict but that
must be done later in decl_attributes since we are called
before attributes are assigned. */
if (DECL_SECTION_NAME (newdecl) == NULL_TREE)
DECL_SECTION_NAME (newdecl) = DECL_SECTION_NAME (olddecl);
/* Copy the assembler name.
Currently, it can only be defined in the prototype. */
COPY_DECL_ASSEMBLER_NAME (olddecl, newdecl);
/* Use visibility of whichever declaration had it specified */
if (DECL_VISIBILITY_SPECIFIED (olddecl))
{
DECL_VISIBILITY (newdecl) = DECL_VISIBILITY (olddecl);
DECL_VISIBILITY_SPECIFIED (newdecl) = 1;
}
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL)
{
DECL_STATIC_CONSTRUCTOR(newdecl) |= DECL_STATIC_CONSTRUCTOR(olddecl);
DECL_STATIC_DESTRUCTOR (newdecl) |= DECL_STATIC_DESTRUCTOR (olddecl);
DECL_NO_LIMIT_STACK (newdecl) |= DECL_NO_LIMIT_STACK (olddecl);
DECL_NO_INSTRUMENT_FUNCTION_ENTRY_EXIT (newdecl)
|= DECL_NO_INSTRUMENT_FUNCTION_ENTRY_EXIT (olddecl);
TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (newdecl) |= TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (olddecl);
DECL_IS_MALLOC (newdecl) |= DECL_IS_MALLOC (olddecl);
DECL_IS_OPERATOR_NEW (newdecl) |= DECL_IS_OPERATOR_NEW (olddecl);
TREE_READONLY (newdecl) |= TREE_READONLY (olddecl);
DECL_PURE_P (newdecl) |= DECL_PURE_P (olddecl);
DECL_IS_NOVOPS (newdecl) |= DECL_IS_NOVOPS (olddecl);
}
/* Merge the storage class information. */
merge_weak (newdecl, olddecl);
/* For functions, static overrides non-static. */
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL)
{
TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl) &= TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl);
/* This is since we don't automatically
copy the attributes of NEWDECL into OLDDECL. */
TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl) = TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl);
/* If this clears `static', clear it in the identifier too. */
if (!TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl))
TREE_PUBLIC (DECL_NAME (olddecl)) = 0;
}
}
/* In c99, 'extern' declaration before (or after) 'inline' means this
function is not DECL_EXTERNAL, unless 'gnu_inline' attribute
is present. */
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& !flag_gnu89_inline
&& (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl)
|| DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (olddecl))
&& (!DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl)
|| !DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (olddecl)
|| !DECL_EXTERNAL (olddecl))
&& DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl)
&& !lookup_attribute ("gnu_inline", DECL_ATTRIBUTES (newdecl))
&& !current_function_decl)
DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl) = 0;
if (DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl))
{
TREE_STATIC (newdecl) = TREE_STATIC (olddecl);
DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl) = DECL_EXTERNAL (olddecl);
/* An extern decl does not override previous storage class. */
TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl) = TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl);
if (!DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl))
{
DECL_CONTEXT (newdecl) = DECL_CONTEXT (olddecl);
DECL_COMMON (newdecl) = DECL_COMMON (olddecl);
}
}
else
{
TREE_STATIC (olddecl) = TREE_STATIC (newdecl);
TREE_PUBLIC (olddecl) = TREE_PUBLIC (newdecl);
}
if (TREE_CODE (newdecl) == FUNCTION_DECL)
{
/* If we're redefining a function previously defined as extern
inline, make sure we emit debug info for the inline before we
throw it away, in case it was inlined into a function that
hasn't been written out yet. */
if (new_is_definition && DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
/* The new defn must not be inline. */
DECL_UNINLINABLE (newdecl) = 1;
else
{
/* If either decl says `inline', this fn is inline, unless
its definition was passed already. */
if (DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl)
|| DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (olddecl))
DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (newdecl) = 1;
DECL_UNINLINABLE (newdecl) = DECL_UNINLINABLE (olddecl)
= (DECL_UNINLINABLE (newdecl) || DECL_UNINLINABLE (olddecl));
DECL_DISREGARD_INLINE_LIMITS (newdecl)
= DECL_DISREGARD_INLINE_LIMITS (olddecl)
= (DECL_DISREGARD_INLINE_LIMITS (newdecl)
|| DECL_DISREGARD_INLINE_LIMITS (olddecl));
}
if (DECL_BUILT_IN (olddecl))
{
/* If redeclaring a builtin function, it stays built in.
But it gets tagged as having been declared. */
DECL_BUILT_IN_CLASS (newdecl) = DECL_BUILT_IN_CLASS (olddecl);
DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (newdecl) = DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (olddecl);
C_DECL_DECLARED_BUILTIN (newdecl) = 1;
if (new_is_prototype)
C_DECL_BUILTIN_PROTOTYPE (newdecl) = 0;
else
C_DECL_BUILTIN_PROTOTYPE (newdecl)
= C_DECL_BUILTIN_PROTOTYPE (olddecl);
}
/* Preserve function specific target and optimization options */
if (DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_TARGET (olddecl)
&& !DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_TARGET (newdecl))
DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_TARGET (newdecl)
= DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_TARGET (olddecl);
if (DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_OPTIMIZATION (olddecl)
&& !DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_OPTIMIZATION (newdecl))
DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_OPTIMIZATION (newdecl)
= DECL_FUNCTION_SPECIFIC_OPTIMIZATION (olddecl);
/* Also preserve various other info from the definition. */
if (!new_is_definition)
{
DECL_RESULT (newdecl) = DECL_RESULT (olddecl);
DECL_INITIAL (newdecl) = DECL_INITIAL (olddecl);
DECL_STRUCT_FUNCTION (newdecl) = DECL_STRUCT_FUNCTION (olddecl);
DECL_SAVED_TREE (newdecl) = DECL_SAVED_TREE (olddecl);
gimple_set_body (newdecl, gimple_body (olddecl));
DECL_ARGUMENTS (newdecl) = DECL_ARGUMENTS (olddecl);
/* See if we've got a function to instantiate from. */
if (DECL_SAVED_TREE (olddecl))
DECL_ABSTRACT_ORIGIN (newdecl)
= DECL_ABSTRACT_ORIGIN (olddecl);
}
}
extern_changed = DECL_EXTERNAL (olddecl) && !DECL_EXTERNAL (newdecl);
/* Merge the USED information. */
if (TREE_USED (olddecl))
TREE_USED (newdecl) = 1;
else if (TREE_USED (newdecl))
TREE_USED (olddecl) = 1;
/* Copy most of the decl-specific fields of NEWDECL into OLDDECL.
But preserve OLDDECL's DECL_UID and DECL_CONTEXT. */
{
unsigned olddecl_uid = DECL_UID (olddecl);
tree olddecl_context = DECL_CONTEXT (olddecl);
memcpy ((char *) olddecl + sizeof (struct tree_common),
(char *) newdecl + sizeof (struct tree_common),
sizeof (struct tree_decl_common) - sizeof (struct tree_common));
switch (TREE_CODE (olddecl))
{
case FUNCTION_DECL:
gimple_set_body (olddecl, gimple_body (newdecl));
/* fall through */
case FIELD_DECL:
case VAR_DECL:
case PARM_DECL:
case LABEL_DECL:
case RESULT_DECL:
case CONST_DECL:
case TYPE_DECL:
memcpy ((char *) olddecl + sizeof (struct tree_decl_common),
(char *) newdecl + sizeof (struct tree_decl_common),
tree_code_size (TREE_CODE (olddecl)) - sizeof (struct tree_decl_common));
break;
default:
memcpy ((char *) olddecl + sizeof (struct tree_decl_common),
(char *) newdecl + sizeof (struct tree_decl_common),
sizeof (struct tree_decl_non_common) - sizeof (struct tree_decl_common));
}
DECL_UID (olddecl) = olddecl_uid;
DECL_CONTEXT (olddecl) = olddecl_context;
}
/* If OLDDECL had its DECL_RTL instantiated, re-invoke make_decl_rtl
so that encode_section_info has a chance to look at the new decl
flags and attributes. */
if (DECL_RTL_SET_P (olddecl)
&& (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == FUNCTION_DECL
|| (TREE_CODE (olddecl) == VAR_DECL
&& TREE_STATIC (olddecl))))
make_decl_rtl (olddecl);
/* If we changed a function from DECL_EXTERNAL to !DECL_EXTERNAL,
and the definition is coming from the old version, cgraph needs
to be called again. */
if (extern_changed && !new_is_definition
&& TREE_CODE (olddecl) == FUNCTION_DECL && DECL_INITIAL (olddecl))
cgraph_mark_if_needed (olddecl);
}
/* Handle when a new declaration NEWDECL has the same name as an old
one OLDDECL in the same binding contour. Prints an error message
if appropriate.
If safely possible, alter OLDDECL to look like NEWDECL, and return
true. Otherwise, return false. */
static bool
duplicate_decls (tree newdecl, tree olddecl)
{
tree newtype = NULL, oldtype = NULL;
if (!diagnose_mismatched_decls (newdecl, olddecl, &newtype, &oldtype))
{
/* Avoid `unused variable' and other warnings for OLDDECL. */
TREE_NO_WARNING (olddecl) = 1;
return false;
}
merge_decls (newdecl, olddecl, newtype, oldtype);
return true;
}
/* Check whether decl-node NEW_DECL shadows an existing declaration. */
static void
warn_if_shadowing (tree new_decl)
{
struct c_binding *b;
/* Shadow warnings wanted? */
if (!warn_shadow
/* No shadow warnings for internally generated vars. */
|| DECL_IS_BUILTIN (new_decl)
/* No shadow warnings for vars made for inlining. */
|| DECL_FROM_INLINE (new_decl))
return;
/* Is anything being shadowed? Invisible decls do not count. */
for (b = I_SYMBOL_BINDING (DECL_NAME (new_decl)); b; b = b->shadowed)
if (b->decl && b->decl != new_decl && !b->invisible)
{
tree old_decl = b->decl;
if (old_decl == error_mark_node)
{
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows previous "
"non-variable", new_decl);
break;
}
else if (TREE_CODE (old_decl) == PARM_DECL)
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows a parameter",
new_decl);
else if (DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P (old_decl))
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows a global "
"declaration", new_decl);
else if (TREE_CODE (old_decl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_BUILT_IN (old_decl))
{
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows "
"a built-in function", new_decl);
break;
}
else
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "declaration of %q+D shadows a previous local",
new_decl);
warning (OPT_Wshadow, "%Jshadowed declaration is here", old_decl);
break;
}
}
/* Subroutine of pushdecl.
X is a TYPE_DECL for a typedef statement. Create a brand new
..._TYPE node (which will be just a variant of the existing
..._TYPE node with identical properties) and then install X
as the TYPE_NAME of this brand new (duplicate) ..._TYPE node.
The whole point here is to end up with a situation where each
and every ..._TYPE node the compiler creates will be uniquely
associated with AT MOST one node representing a typedef name.
This way, even though the compiler substitutes corresponding
..._TYPE nodes for TYPE_DECL (i.e. "typedef name") nodes very
early on, later parts of the compiler can always do the reverse
translation and get back the corresponding typedef name. For
example, given:
typedef struct S MY_TYPE;
MY_TYPE object;
Later parts of the compiler might only know that `object' was of
type `struct S' if it were not for code just below. With this
code however, later parts of the compiler see something like:
struct S' == struct S
typedef struct S' MY_TYPE;
struct S' object;
And they can then deduce (from the node for type struct S') that
the original object declaration was:
MY_TYPE object;
Being able to do this is important for proper support of protoize,
and also for generating precise symbolic debugging information
which takes full account of the programmer's (typedef) vocabulary.
Obviously, we don't want to generate a duplicate ..._TYPE node if
the TYPE_DECL node that we are now processing really represents a
standard built-in type. */
static void
clone_underlying_type (tree x)
{
if (DECL_IS_BUILTIN (x))
{
if (TYPE_NAME (TREE_TYPE (x)) == 0)
TYPE_NAME (TREE_TYPE (x)) = x;
}
else if (TREE_TYPE (x) != error_mark_node
&& DECL_ORIGINAL_TYPE (x) == NULL_TREE)
{
tree tt = TREE_TYPE (x);
DECL_ORIGINAL_TYPE (x) = tt;
tt = build_variant_type_copy (tt);
TYPE_NAME (tt) = x;
TREE_USED (tt) = TREE_USED (x);
TREE_TYPE (x) = tt;
}
}
/* Record a decl-node X as belonging to the current lexical scope.
Check for errors (such as an incompatible declaration for the same
name already seen in the same scope).
Returns either X or an old decl for the same name.
If an old decl is returned, it may have been smashed
to agree with what X says. */
tree
pushdecl (tree x)
{
tree name = DECL_NAME (x);
struct c_scope *scope = current_scope;
struct c_binding *b;
bool nested = false;
/* Must set DECL_CONTEXT for everything not at file scope or
DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P won't work. Local externs don't count
unless they have initializers (which generate code). */
if (current_function_decl
&& ((TREE_CODE (x) != FUNCTION_DECL && TREE_CODE (x) != VAR_DECL)
|| DECL_INITIAL (x) || !DECL_EXTERNAL (x)))
DECL_CONTEXT (x) = current_function_decl;
/* If this is of variably modified type, prevent jumping into its
scope. */
if ((TREE_CODE (x) == VAR_DECL || TREE_CODE (x) == TYPE_DECL)
&& variably_modified_type_p (TREE_TYPE (x), NULL_TREE))
c_begin_vm_scope (scope->depth);
/* Anonymous decls are just inserted in the scope. */
if (!name)
{
bind (name, x, scope, /*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
return x;
}
/* First, see if there is another declaration with the same name in
the current scope. If there is, duplicate_decls may do all the
work for us. If duplicate_decls returns false, that indicates
two incompatible decls in the same scope; we are to silently
replace the old one (duplicate_decls has issued all appropriate
diagnostics). In particular, we should not consider possible
duplicates in the external scope, or shadowing. */
b = I_SYMBOL_BINDING (name);
if (b && B_IN_SCOPE (b, scope))
{
struct c_binding *b_ext, *b_use;
tree type = TREE_TYPE (x);
tree visdecl = b->decl;
tree vistype = TREE_TYPE (visdecl);
if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (x)) == ARRAY_TYPE
&& COMPLETE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (x)))
b->inner_comp = false;
b_use = b;
b_ext = b;
/* If this is an external linkage declaration, we should check
for compatibility with the type in the external scope before
setting the type at this scope based on the visible
information only. */
if (TREE_PUBLIC (x) && TREE_PUBLIC (visdecl))
{
while (b_ext && !B_IN_EXTERNAL_SCOPE (b_ext))
b_ext = b_ext->shadowed;
if (b_ext)
{
b_use = b_ext;
if (b_use->type)
TREE_TYPE (b_use->decl) = b_use->type;
}
}
if (duplicate_decls (x, b_use->decl))
{
if (b_use != b)
{
/* Save the updated type in the external scope and
restore the proper type for this scope. */
tree thistype;
if (comptypes (vistype, type))
thistype = composite_type (vistype, type);
else
thistype = TREE_TYPE (b_use->decl);
b_use->type = TREE_TYPE (b_use->decl);
if (TREE_CODE (b_use->decl) == FUNCTION_DECL
&& DECL_BUILT_IN (b_use->decl))
thistype
= build_type_attribute_variant (thistype,
TYPE_ATTRIBUTES
(b_use->type));
TREE_TYPE (b_use->decl) = thistype;
}
return b_use->decl;
}
else
goto skip_external_and_shadow_checks;
}
/* All declarations with external linkage, and all external
references, go in the external scope, no matter what scope is
current. However, the binding in that scope is ignored for
purposes of normal name lookup. A separate binding structure is
created in the requested scope; this governs the normal
visibility of the symbol.
The binding in the externals scope is used exclusively for
detecting duplicate declarations of the same object, no matter
what scope they are in; this is what we do here. (C99 6.2.7p2:
All declarations that refer to the same object or function shall
have compatible type; otherwise, the behavior is undefined.) */
if (DECL_EXTERNAL (x) || scope == file_scope)
{
tree type = TREE_TYPE (x);
tree vistype = 0;
tree visdecl = 0;
bool type_saved = false;
if (b && !B_IN_EXTERNAL_SCOPE (b)
&& (TREE_CODE (b->decl) == FUNCTION_DECL
|| TREE_CODE (b->decl) == VAR_DECL)
&& DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P (b->decl))
{
visdecl = b->decl;
vistype = TREE_TYPE (visdecl);
}
if (scope != file_scope
&& !DECL_IN_SYSTEM_HEADER (x))
warning (OPT_Wnested_externs, "nested extern declaration of %qD", x);
while (b && !B_IN_EXTERNAL_SCOPE (b))
{
/* If this decl might be modified, save its type. This is
done here rather than when the decl is first bound
because the type may change after first binding, through
being completed or through attributes being added. If we
encounter multiple such decls, only the first should have
its type saved; the others will already have had their
proper types saved and the types will not have changed as
their scopes will not have been re-entered. */
if (DECL_P (b->decl) && DECL_FILE_SCOPE_P (b->decl) && !type_saved)
{
b->type = TREE_TYPE (b->decl);
type_saved = true;
}
if (B_IN_FILE_SCOPE (b)
&& TREE_CODE (b->decl) == VAR_DECL
&& TREE_STATIC (b->decl)
&& TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (b->decl)) == ARRAY_TYPE
&& !TYPE_DOMAIN (TREE_TYPE (b->decl))
&& TREE_CODE (type) == ARRAY_TYPE
&& TYPE_DOMAIN (type)
&& TYPE_MAX_VALUE (TYPE_DOMAIN (type))
&& !integer_zerop (TYPE_MAX_VALUE (TYPE_DOMAIN (type))))
{
/* Array type completed in inner scope, which should be
diagnosed if the completion does not have size 1 and
it does not get completed in the file scope. */
b->inner_comp = true;
}
b = b->shadowed;
}
/* If a matching external declaration has been found, set its
type to the composite of all the types of that declaration.
After the consistency checks, it will be reset to the
composite of the visible types only. */
if (b && (TREE_PUBLIC (x) || same_translation_unit_p (x, b->decl))
&& b->type)
TREE_TYPE (b->decl) = b->type;
/* The point of the same_translation_unit_p check here is,
we want to detect a duplicate decl for a construct like
foo() { extern bar(); } ... static bar(); but not if
they are in different translation units. In any case,
the static does not go in the externals scope. */
if (b
&& (TREE_PUBLIC (x) || same_translation_unit_p (x, b->decl))
&& duplicate_decls (x, b->decl))
{
tree thistype;
if (vistype)
{
if (comptypes (vistype, type))
thistype = composite_type (vistype, type);
else
thistype = TREE_TYPE (b->decl);
}
else
thistype = type;
b->type = TREE_TYPE (b->decl);
if (TREE_CODE (b->decl) == FUNCTION_DECL && DECL_BUILT_IN (b->decl))
thistype
= build_type_attribute_variant (thistype,
TYPE_ATTRIBUTES (b->type));
TREE_TYPE (b->decl) = thistype;
bind (name, b->decl, scope, /*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/true);
return b->decl;
}
else if (TREE_PUBLIC (x))
{
if (visdecl && !b && duplicate_decls (x, visdecl))
{
/* An external declaration at block scope referring to a
visible entity with internal linkage. The composite
type will already be correct for this scope, so we
just need to fall through to make the declaration in
this scope. */
nested = true;
x = visdecl;
}
else
{
bind (name, x, external_scope, /*invisible=*/true,
/*nested=*/false);
nested = true;
}
}
}
if (TREE_CODE (x) != PARM_DECL)
warn_if_shadowing (x);
skip_external_and_shadow_checks:
if (TREE_CODE (x) == TYPE_DECL)
clone_underlying_type (x);
bind (name, x, scope, /*invisible=*/false, nested);
/* If x's type is incomplete because it's based on a
structure or union which has not yet been fully declared,
attach it to that structure or union type, so we can go
back and complete the variable declaration later, if the
structure or union gets fully declared.
If the input is erroneous, we can have error_mark in the type
slot (e.g. "f(void a, ...)") - that doesn't count as an
incomplete type. */
if (TREE_TYPE (x) != error_mark_node
&& !COMPLETE_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (x)))
{
tree element = TREE_TYPE (x);
while (TREE_CODE (element) == ARRAY_TYPE)
element = TREE_TYPE (element);
element = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (element);
if ((TREE_CODE (element) == RECORD_TYPE
|| TREE_CODE (element) == UNION_TYPE)
&& (TREE_CODE (x) != TYPE_DECL
|| TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (x)) == ARRAY_TYPE)
&& !COMPLETE_TYPE_P (element))
C_TYPE_INCOMPLETE_VARS (element)
= tree_cons (NULL_TREE, x, C_TYPE_INCOMPLETE_VARS (element));
}
return x;
}
/* Record X as belonging to file scope.
This is used only internally by the Objective-C front end,
and is limited to its needs. duplicate_decls is not called;
if there is any preexisting decl for this identifier, it is an ICE. */
tree
pushdecl_top_level (tree x)
{
tree name;
bool nested = false;
gcc_assert (TREE_CODE (x) == VAR_DECL || TREE_CODE (x) == CONST_DECL);
name = DECL_NAME (x);
gcc_assert (TREE_CODE (x) == CONST_DECL || !I_SYMBOL_BINDING (name));
if (TREE_PUBLIC (x))
{
bind (name, x, external_scope, /*invisible=*/true, /*nested=*/false);
nested = true;
}
if (file_scope)
bind (name, x, file_scope, /*invisible=*/false, nested);
return x;
}
static void
implicit_decl_warning (tree id, tree olddecl)
{
if (warn_implicit_function_declaration)
{
bool warned;
if (flag_isoc99)
warned = pedwarn (input_location, OPT_Wimplicit_function_declaration,
"implicit declaration of function %qE", id);
else
warned = warning (OPT_Wimplicit_function_declaration,
G_("implicit declaration of function %qE"), id);
if (olddecl && warned)
locate_old_decl (olddecl);
}
}
/* Generate an implicit declaration for identifier FUNCTIONID as a
function of type int (). */
tree
implicitly_declare (tree functionid)
{
struct c_binding *b;
tree decl = 0;
tree asmspec_tree;
for (b = I_SYMBOL_BINDING (functionid); b; b = b->shadowed)
{
if (B_IN_SCOPE (b, external_scope))
{
decl = b->decl;
break;
}
}
if (decl)
{
if (decl == error_mark_node)
return decl;
/* FIXME: Objective-C has weird not-really-builtin functions
which are supposed to be visible automatically. They wind up
in the external scope because they're pushed before the file
scope gets created. Catch this here and rebind them into the
file scope. */
if (!DECL_BUILT_IN (decl) && DECL_IS_BUILTIN (decl))
{
bind (functionid, decl, file_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/true);
return decl;
}
else
{
tree newtype = default_function_type;
if (b->type)
TREE_TYPE (decl) = b->type;
/* Implicit declaration of a function already declared
(somehow) in a different scope, or as a built-in.
If this is the first time this has happened, warn;
then recycle the old declaration but with the new type. */
if (!C_DECL_IMPLICIT (decl))
{
implicit_decl_warning (functionid, decl);
C_DECL_IMPLICIT (decl) = 1;
}
if (DECL_BUILT_IN (decl))
{
newtype = build_type_attribute_variant (newtype,
TYPE_ATTRIBUTES
(TREE_TYPE (decl)));
if (!comptypes (newtype, TREE_TYPE (decl)))
{
warning (0, "incompatible implicit declaration of built-in"
" function %qD", decl);
newtype = TREE_TYPE (decl);
}
}
else
{
if (!comptypes (newtype, TREE_TYPE (decl)))
{
error ("incompatible implicit declaration of function %qD",
decl);
locate_old_decl (decl);
}
}
b->type = TREE_TYPE (decl);
TREE_TYPE (decl) = newtype;
bind (functionid, decl, current_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/true);
return decl;
}
}
/* Not seen before. */
decl = build_decl (FUNCTION_DECL, functionid, default_function_type);
DECL_EXTERNAL (decl) = 1;
TREE_PUBLIC (decl) = 1;
C_DECL_IMPLICIT (decl) = 1;
implicit_decl_warning (functionid, 0);
asmspec_tree = maybe_apply_renaming_pragma (decl, /*asmname=*/NULL);
if (asmspec_tree)
set_user_assembler_name (decl, TREE_STRING_POINTER (asmspec_tree));
/* C89 says implicit declarations are in the innermost block.
So we record the decl in the standard fashion. */
decl = pushdecl (decl);
/* No need to call objc_check_decl here - it's a function type. */
rest_of_decl_compilation (decl, 0, 0);
/* Write a record describing this implicit function declaration
to the prototypes file (if requested). */
gen_aux_info_record (decl, 0, 1, 0);
/* Possibly apply some default attributes to this implicit declaration. */
decl_attributes (&decl, NULL_TREE, 0);
return decl;
}
/* Issue an error message for a reference to an undeclared variable
ID, including a reference to a builtin outside of function-call
context. Establish a binding of the identifier to error_mark_node
in an appropriate scope, which will suppress further errors for the
same identifier. The error message should be given location LOC. */
void
undeclared_variable (tree id, location_t loc)
{
static bool already = false;
struct c_scope *scope;
if (current_function_decl == 0)
{
error ("%H%qE undeclared here (not in a function)", &loc, id);
scope = current_scope;
}
else
{
error ("%H%qE undeclared (first use in this function)", &loc, id);
if (!already)
{
error ("%H(Each undeclared identifier is reported only once", &loc);
error ("%Hfor each function it appears in.)", &loc);
already = true;
}
/* If we are parsing old-style parameter decls, current_function_decl
will be nonnull but current_function_scope will be null. */
scope = current_function_scope ? current_function_scope : current_scope;
}
bind (id, error_mark_node, scope, /*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
}
/* Subroutine of lookup_label, declare_label, define_label: construct a
LABEL_DECL with all the proper frills. */
static tree
make_label (tree name, location_t location)
{
tree label = build_decl (LABEL_DECL, name, void_type_node);
DECL_CONTEXT (label) = current_function_decl;
DECL_MODE (label) = VOIDmode;
DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (label) = location;
return label;
}
/* Get the LABEL_DECL corresponding to identifier NAME as a label.
Create one if none exists so far for the current function.
This is called when a label is used in a goto expression or
has its address taken. */
tree
lookup_label (tree name)
{
tree label;
if (current_function_decl == 0)
{
error ("label %qE referenced outside of any function", name);
return 0;
}
/* Use a label already defined or ref'd with this name, but not if
it is inherited from a containing function and wasn't declared
using __label__. */
label = I_LABEL_DECL (name);
if (label && (DECL_CONTEXT (label) == current_function_decl
|| C_DECLARED_LABEL_FLAG (label)))
{
/* If the label has only been declared, update its apparent
location to point here, for better diagnostics if it
turns out not to have been defined. */
if (!TREE_USED (label))
DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (label) = input_location;
return label;
}
/* No label binding for that identifier; make one. */
label = make_label (name, input_location);
/* Ordinary labels go in the current function scope. */
bind (name, label, current_function_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
return label;
}
/* Make a label named NAME in the current function, shadowing silently
any that may be inherited from containing functions or containing
scopes. This is called for __label__ declarations. */
tree
declare_label (tree name)
{
struct c_binding *b = I_LABEL_BINDING (name);
tree label;
/* Check to make sure that the label hasn't already been declared
at this scope */
if (b && B_IN_CURRENT_SCOPE (b))
{
error ("duplicate label declaration %qE", name);
locate_old_decl (b->decl);
/* Just use the previous declaration. */
return b->decl;
}
label = make_label (name, input_location);
C_DECLARED_LABEL_FLAG (label) = 1;
/* Declared labels go in the current scope. */
bind (name, label, current_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
return label;
}
/* Define a label, specifying the location in the source file.
Return the LABEL_DECL node for the label, if the definition is valid.
Otherwise return 0. */
tree
define_label (location_t location, tree name)
{
/* Find any preexisting label with this name. It is an error
if that label has already been defined in this function, or
if there is a containing function with a declared label with
the same name. */
tree label = I_LABEL_DECL (name);
struct c_label_list *nlist_se, *nlist_vm;
if (label
&& ((DECL_CONTEXT (label) == current_function_decl
&& DECL_INITIAL (label) != 0)
|| (DECL_CONTEXT (label) != current_function_decl
&& C_DECLARED_LABEL_FLAG (label))))
{
error ("%Hduplicate label %qD", &location, label);
locate_old_decl (label);
return 0;
}
else if (label && DECL_CONTEXT (label) == current_function_decl)
{
/* The label has been used or declared already in this function,
but not defined. Update its location to point to this
definition. */
if (C_DECL_UNDEFINABLE_STMT_EXPR (label))
error ("%Jjump into statement expression", label);
if (C_DECL_UNDEFINABLE_VM (label))
error ("%Jjump into scope of identifier with variably modified type",
label);
DECL_SOURCE_LOCATION (label) = location;
}
else
{
/* No label binding for that identifier; make one. */
label = make_label (name, location);
/* Ordinary labels go in the current function scope. */
bind (name, label, current_function_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
}
if (!in_system_header && lookup_name (name))
warning (OPT_Wtraditional, "%Htraditional C lacks a separate namespace "
"for labels, identifier %qE conflicts", &location, name);
nlist_se = XOBNEW (&parser_obstack, struct c_label_list);
nlist_se->next = label_context_stack_se->labels_def;
nlist_se->label = label;
label_context_stack_se->labels_def = nlist_se;
nlist_vm = XOBNEW (&parser_obstack, struct c_label_list);
nlist_vm->next = label_context_stack_vm->labels_def;
nlist_vm->label = label;
label_context_stack_vm->labels_def = nlist_vm;
/* Mark label as having been defined. */
DECL_INITIAL (label) = error_mark_node;
return label;
}
/* Given NAME, an IDENTIFIER_NODE,
return the structure (or union or enum) definition for that name.
If THISLEVEL_ONLY is nonzero, searches only the current_scope.
CODE says which kind of type the caller wants;
it is RECORD_TYPE or UNION_TYPE or ENUMERAL_TYPE.
If the wrong kind of type is found, an error is reported. */
static tree
lookup_tag (enum tree_code code, tree name, int thislevel_only)
{
struct c_binding *b = I_TAG_BINDING (name);
int thislevel = 0;
if (!b || !b->decl)
return 0;
/* We only care about whether it's in this level if
thislevel_only was set or it might be a type clash. */
if (thislevel_only || TREE_CODE (b->decl) != code)
{
/* For our purposes, a tag in the external scope is the same as
a tag in the file scope. (Primarily relevant to Objective-C
and its builtin structure tags, which get pushed before the
file scope is created.) */
if (B_IN_CURRENT_SCOPE (b)
|| (current_scope == file_scope && B_IN_EXTERNAL_SCOPE (b)))
thislevel = 1;
}
if (thislevel_only && !thislevel)
return 0;
if (TREE_CODE (b->decl) != code)
{
/* Definition isn't the kind we were looking for. */
pending_invalid_xref = name;
pending_invalid_xref_location = input_location;
/* If in the same binding level as a declaration as a tag
of a different type, this must not be allowed to
shadow that tag, so give the error immediately.
(For example, "struct foo; union foo;" is invalid.) */
if (thislevel)
pending_xref_error ();
}
return b->decl;
}
/* Print an error message now
for a recent invalid struct, union or enum cross reference.
We don't print them immediately because they are not invalid
when used in the `struct foo;' construct for shadowing. */
void
pending_xref_error (void)
{
if (pending_invalid_xref != 0)
error ("%H%qE defined as wrong kind of tag",
&pending_invalid_xref_location, pending_invalid_xref);
pending_invalid_xref = 0;
}
/* Look up NAME in the current scope and its superiors
in the namespace of variables, functions and typedefs.
Return a ..._DECL node of some kind representing its definition,
or return 0 if it is undefined. */
tree
lookup_name (tree name)
{
struct c_binding *b = I_SYMBOL_BINDING (name);
if (b && !b->invisible)
return b->decl;
return 0;
}
/* Similar to `lookup_name' but look only at the indicated scope. */
static tree
lookup_name_in_scope (tree name, struct c_scope *scope)
{
struct c_binding *b;
for (b = I_SYMBOL_BINDING (name); b; b = b->shadowed)
if (B_IN_SCOPE (b, scope))
return b->decl;
return 0;
}
/* Create the predefined scalar types of C,
and some nodes representing standard constants (0, 1, (void *) 0).
Initialize the global scope.
Make definitions for built-in primitive functions. */
void
c_init_decl_processing (void)
{
location_t save_loc = input_location;
/* Initialize reserved words for parser. */
c_parse_init ();
current_function_decl = 0;
gcc_obstack_init (&parser_obstack);
/* Make the externals scope. */
push_scope ();
external_scope = current_scope;
/* Declarations from c_common_nodes_and_builtins must not be associated
with this input file, lest we get differences between using and not
using preprocessed headers. */
input_location = BUILTINS_LOCATION;
build_common_tree_nodes (flag_signed_char, false);
c_common_nodes_and_builtins ();
/* In C, comparisons and TRUTH_* expressions have type int. */
truthvalue_type_node = integer_type_node;
truthvalue_true_node = integer_one_node;
truthvalue_false_node = integer_zero_node;
/* Even in C99, which has a real boolean type. */
pushdecl (build_decl (TYPE_DECL, get_identifier ("_Bool"),
boolean_type_node));
input_location = save_loc;
pedantic_lvalues = true;
make_fname_decl = c_make_fname_decl;
start_fname_decls ();
}
/* Create the VAR_DECL for __FUNCTION__ etc. ID is the name to give the
decl, NAME is the initialization string and TYPE_DEP indicates whether
NAME depended on the type of the function. As we don't yet implement
delayed emission of static data, we mark the decl as emitted
so it is not placed in the output. Anything using it must therefore pull
out the STRING_CST initializer directly. FIXME. */
static tree
c_make_fname_decl (tree id, int type_dep)
{
const char *name = fname_as_string (type_dep);
tree decl, type, init;
size_t length = strlen (name);
type = build_array_type (char_type_node,
build_index_type (size_int (length)));
type = c_build_qualified_type (type, TYPE_QUAL_CONST);
decl = build_decl (VAR_DECL, id, type);
TREE_STATIC (decl) = 1;
TREE_READONLY (decl) = 1;
DECL_ARTIFICIAL (decl) = 1;
init = build_string (length + 1, name);
free (CONST_CAST (char *, name));
TREE_TYPE (init) = type;
DECL_INITIAL (decl) = init;
TREE_USED (decl) = 1;
if (current_function_decl
/* For invalid programs like this:
void foo()
const char* p = __FUNCTION__;
the __FUNCTION__ is believed to appear in K&R style function
parameter declarator. In that case we still don't have
function_scope. */
&& (!errorcount || current_function_scope))
{
DECL_CONTEXT (decl) = current_function_decl;
bind (id, decl, current_function_scope,
/*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
}
finish_decl (decl, init, NULL_TREE);
return decl;
}
tree
c_builtin_function (tree decl)
{
tree type = TREE_TYPE (decl);
tree id = DECL_NAME (decl);
const char *name = IDENTIFIER_POINTER (id);
C_DECL_BUILTIN_PROTOTYPE (decl) = (TYPE_ARG_TYPES (type) != 0);
/* Should never be called on a symbol with a preexisting meaning. */
gcc_assert (!I_SYMBOL_BINDING (id));
bind (id, decl, external_scope, /*invisible=*/true, /*nested=*/false);
/* Builtins in the implementation namespace are made visible without
needing to be explicitly declared. See push_file_scope. */
if (name[0] == '_' && (name[1] == '_' || ISUPPER (name[1])))
{
TREE_CHAIN (decl) = visible_builtins;
visible_builtins = decl;
}
return decl;
}
tree
c_builtin_function_ext_scope (tree decl)
{
tree type = TREE_TYPE (decl);
tree id = DECL_NAME (decl);
const char *name = IDENTIFIER_POINTER (id);
C_DECL_BUILTIN_PROTOTYPE (decl) = (TYPE_ARG_TYPES (type) != 0);
/* Should never be called on a symbol with a preexisting meaning. */
gcc_assert (!I_SYMBOL_BINDING (id));
bind (id, decl, external_scope, /*invisible=*/false, /*nested=*/false);
/* Builtins in the implementation namespace are made visible without
needing to be explicitly declared. See push_file_scope. */
if (name[0] == '_' && (name[1] == '_' || ISUPPER (name[1])))
{
TREE_CHAIN (decl) = visible_builtins;
visible_builtins = decl;
}
return decl;
}
/* Called when a declaration is seen that contains no names to declare.
If its type is a reference to a structure, union or enum inherited
from a containing scope, shadow that tag name for the current scope
with a forward reference.
If its type defines a new named structure or union
or defines an enum, it is valid but we need not do anything here.
Otherwise, it is an error. */
void
shadow_tag (const struct c_declspecs *declspecs)
{
shadow_tag_warned (declspecs, 0);
}
/* WARNED is 1 if we have done a pedwarn, 2 if we have done a warning,
but no pedwarn. */
void
shadow_tag_warned (const struct c_declspecs *declspecs, int warned)
{
bool found_tag = false;
if (declspecs->type && !declspecs->default_int_p && !declspecs->typedef_p)
{
tree value = declspecs->type;
enum tree_code code = TREE_CODE (value);
if (code == RECORD_TYPE || code == UNION_TYPE || code == ENUMERAL_TYPE)
/* Used to test also that TYPE_SIZE (value) != 0.