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/* Check calls to formatted I/O functions (-Wformat).
Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000,
2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "c-common.h"
#include "toplev.h"
#include "intl.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "c-format.h"
#include "alloc-pool.h"
/* Set format warning options according to a -Wformat=n option. */
void
set_Wformat (int setting)
{
warn_format = setting;
warn_format_extra_args = setting;
warn_format_zero_length = setting;
warn_format_contains_nul = setting;
if (setting != 1)
{
warn_format_nonliteral = setting;
warn_format_security = setting;
warn_format_y2k = setting;
}
/* Make sure not to disable -Wnonnull if -Wformat=0 is specified. */
if (setting)
warn_nonnull = setting;
}
/* Handle attributes associated with format checking. */
/* This must be in the same order as format_types, except for
format_type_error. Target-specific format types do not have
matching enum values. */
enum format_type { printf_format_type, asm_fprintf_format_type,
gcc_diag_format_type, gcc_tdiag_format_type,
gcc_cdiag_format_type,
gcc_cxxdiag_format_type, gcc_gfc_format_type,
format_type_error = -1};
typedef struct function_format_info
{
int format_type; /* type of format (printf, scanf, etc.) */
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT format_num; /* number of format argument */
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT first_arg_num; /* number of first arg (zero for varargs) */
} function_format_info;
static bool decode_format_attr (tree, function_format_info *, int);
static int decode_format_type (const char *);
static bool check_format_string (tree argument,
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT format_num,
int flags, bool *no_add_attrs);
static bool get_constant (tree expr, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT *value,
int validated_p);
static const char *convert_format_name_to_system_name (const char *attr_name);
static bool cmp_attribs (const char *tattr_name, const char *attr_name);
/* Handle a "format_arg" attribute; arguments as in
struct attribute_spec.handler. */
tree
handle_format_arg_attribute (tree *node, tree ARG_UNUSED (name),
tree args, int flags, bool *no_add_attrs)
{
tree type = *node;
tree format_num_expr = TREE_VALUE (args);
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT format_num = 0;
tree argument;
if (!get_constant (format_num_expr, &format_num, 0))
{
error ("format string has invalid operand number");
*no_add_attrs = true;
return NULL_TREE;
}
argument = TYPE_ARG_TYPES (type);
if (argument)
{
if (!check_format_string (argument, format_num, flags, no_add_attrs))
return NULL_TREE;
}
if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (type)) != POINTER_TYPE
|| (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (type)))
!= char_type_node))
{
if (!(flags & (int) ATTR_FLAG_BUILT_IN))
error ("function does not return string type");
*no_add_attrs = true;
return NULL_TREE;
}
return NULL_TREE;
}
/* Verify that the format_num argument is actually a string, in case
the format attribute is in error. */
static bool
check_format_string (tree argument, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT format_num,
int flags, bool *no_add_attrs)
{
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT i;
for (i = 1; i != format_num; i++)
{
if (argument == 0)
break;
argument = TREE_CHAIN (argument);
}
if (!argument
|| TREE_CODE (TREE_VALUE (argument)) != POINTER_TYPE
|| (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (argument)))
!= char_type_node))
{
if (!(flags & (int) ATTR_FLAG_BUILT_IN))
error ("format string argument not a string type");
*no_add_attrs = true;
return false;
}
return true;
}
/* Verify EXPR is a constant, and store its value.
If validated_p is true there should be no errors.
Returns true on success, false otherwise. */
static bool
get_constant (tree expr, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT *value, int validated_p)
{
if (TREE_CODE (expr) != INTEGER_CST || TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (expr) != 0)
{
gcc_assert (!validated_p);
return false;
}
*value = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (expr);
return true;
}
/* Decode the arguments to a "format" attribute into a
function_format_info structure. It is already known that the list
is of the right length. If VALIDATED_P is true, then these
attributes have already been validated and must not be erroneous;
if false, it will give an error message. Returns true if the
attributes are successfully decoded, false otherwise. */
static bool
decode_format_attr (tree args, function_format_info *info, int validated_p)
{
tree format_type_id = TREE_VALUE (args);
tree format_num_expr = TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (args));
tree first_arg_num_expr
= TREE_VALUE (TREE_CHAIN (TREE_CHAIN (args)));
if (TREE_CODE (format_type_id) != IDENTIFIER_NODE)
{
gcc_assert (!validated_p);
error ("unrecognized format specifier");
return false;
}
else
{
const char *p = IDENTIFIER_POINTER (format_type_id);
p = convert_format_name_to_system_name (p);
info->format_type = decode_format_type (p);
if (info->format_type == format_type_error)
{
gcc_assert (!validated_p);
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%qE is an unrecognized format function type",
format_type_id);
return false;
}
}
if (!get_constant (format_num_expr, &info->format_num, validated_p))
{
error ("format string has invalid operand number");
return false;
}
if (!get_constant (first_arg_num_expr, &info->first_arg_num, validated_p))
{
error ("%<...%> has invalid operand number");
return false;
}
if (info->first_arg_num != 0 && info->first_arg_num <= info->format_num)
{
gcc_assert (!validated_p);
error ("format string argument follows the args to be formatted");
return false;
}
return true;
}
/* Check a call to a format function against a parameter list. */
/* The C standard version C++ is treated as equivalent to
or inheriting from, for the purpose of format features supported. */
#define CPLUSPLUS_STD_VER STD_C94
/* The C standard version we are checking formats against when pedantic. */
#define C_STD_VER ((int) (c_dialect_cxx () \
? CPLUSPLUS_STD_VER \
: (flag_isoc99 \
? STD_C99 \
: (flag_isoc94 ? STD_C94 : STD_C89))))
/* The name to give to the standard version we are warning about when
pedantic. FEATURE_VER is the version in which the feature warned out
appeared, which is higher than C_STD_VER. */
#define C_STD_NAME(FEATURE_VER) (c_dialect_cxx () \
? "ISO C++" \
: ((FEATURE_VER) == STD_EXT \
? "ISO C" \
: "ISO C90"))
/* Adjust a C standard version, which may be STD_C9L, to account for
-Wno-long-long. Returns other standard versions unchanged. */
#define ADJ_STD(VER) ((int) ((VER) == STD_C9L \
? (warn_long_long ? STD_C99 : STD_C89) \
: (VER)))
/* Structure describing details of a type expected in format checking,
and the type to check against it. */
typedef struct format_wanted_type
{
/* The type wanted. */
tree wanted_type;
/* The name of this type to use in diagnostics. */
const char *wanted_type_name;
/* The level of indirection through pointers at which this type occurs. */
int pointer_count;
/* Whether, when pointer_count is 1, to allow any character type when
pedantic, rather than just the character or void type specified. */
int char_lenient_flag;
/* Whether the argument, dereferenced once, is written into and so the
argument must not be a pointer to a const-qualified type. */
int writing_in_flag;
/* Whether the argument, dereferenced once, is read from and so
must not be a NULL pointer. */
int reading_from_flag;
/* If warnings should be of the form "field precision should have
type 'int'", the name to use (in this case "field precision"),
otherwise NULL, for "format expects type 'long'" type
messages. */
const char *name;
/* The actual parameter to check against the wanted type. */
tree param;
/* The argument number of that parameter. */
int arg_num;
/* The next type to check for this format conversion, or NULL if none. */
struct format_wanted_type *next;
} format_wanted_type;
/* Convenience macro for format_length_info meaning unused. */
#define NO_FMT NULL, FMT_LEN_none, STD_C89
static const format_length_info printf_length_specs[] =
{
{ "h", FMT_LEN_h, STD_C89, "hh", FMT_LEN_hh, STD_C99 },
{ "l", FMT_LEN_l, STD_C89, "ll", FMT_LEN_ll, STD_C9L },
{ "q", FMT_LEN_ll, STD_EXT, NO_FMT },
{ "L", FMT_LEN_L, STD_C89, NO_FMT },
{ "z", FMT_LEN_z, STD_C99, NO_FMT },
{ "Z", FMT_LEN_z, STD_EXT, NO_FMT },
{ "t", FMT_LEN_t, STD_C99, NO_FMT },
{ "j", FMT_LEN_j, STD_C99, NO_FMT },
{ "H", FMT_LEN_H, STD_EXT, NO_FMT },
{ "D", FMT_LEN_D, STD_EXT, "DD", FMT_LEN_DD, STD_EXT },
{ NO_FMT, NO_FMT }
};
/* Length specifiers valid for asm_fprintf. */
static const format_length_info asm_fprintf_length_specs[] =
{
{ "l", FMT_LEN_l, STD_C89, "ll", FMT_LEN_ll, STD_C89 },
{ "w", FMT_LEN_none, STD_C89, NO_FMT },
{ NO_FMT, NO_FMT }
};
/* Length specifiers valid for GCC diagnostics. */
static const format_length_info gcc_diag_length_specs[] =
{
{ "l", FMT_LEN_l, STD_C89, "ll", FMT_LEN_ll, STD_C89 },
{ "w", FMT_LEN_none, STD_C89, NO_FMT },
{ NO_FMT, NO_FMT }
};
/* The custom diagnostics all accept the same length specifiers. */
#define gcc_tdiag_length_specs gcc_diag_length_specs
#define gcc_cdiag_length_specs gcc_diag_length_specs
#define gcc_cxxdiag_length_specs gcc_diag_length_specs
/* This differs from printf_length_specs only in that "Z" is not accepted. */
static const format_length_info scanf_length_specs[] =
{
{ "h", FMT_LEN_h, STD_C89, "hh", FMT_LEN_hh, STD_C99 },
{ "l", FMT_LEN_l, STD_C89, "ll", FMT_LEN_ll, STD_C9L },
{ "q", FMT_LEN_ll, STD_EXT, NO_FMT },
{ "L", FMT_LEN_L, STD_C89, NO_FMT },
{ "z", FMT_LEN_z, STD_C99, NO_FMT },
{ "t", FMT_LEN_t, STD_C99, NO_FMT },
{ "j", FMT_LEN_j, STD_C99, NO_FMT },
{ "H", FMT_LEN_H, STD_EXT, NO_FMT },
{ "D", FMT_LEN_D, STD_EXT, "DD", FMT_LEN_DD, STD_EXT },
{ NO_FMT, NO_FMT }
};
/* All tables for strfmon use STD_C89 everywhere, since -pedantic warnings
make no sense for a format type not part of any C standard version. */
static const format_length_info strfmon_length_specs[] =
{
/* A GNU extension. */
{ "L", FMT_LEN_L, STD_C89, NO_FMT },
{ NO_FMT, NO_FMT }
};
/* For now, the Fortran front-end routines only use l as length modifier. */
static const format_length_info gcc_gfc_length_specs[] =
{
{ "l", FMT_LEN_l, STD_C89, NO_FMT },
{ NO_FMT, NO_FMT }
};
static const format_flag_spec printf_flag_specs[] =
{
{ ' ', 0, 0, N_("' ' flag"), N_("the ' ' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '+', 0, 0, N_("'+' flag"), N_("the '+' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '#', 0, 0, N_("'#' flag"), N_("the '#' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '0', 0, 0, N_("'0' flag"), N_("the '0' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '-', 0, 0, N_("'-' flag"), N_("the '-' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '\'', 0, 0, N_("''' flag"), N_("the ''' printf flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 'I', 0, 0, N_("'I' flag"), N_("the 'I' printf flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 'w', 0, 0, N_("field width"), N_("field width in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'p', 0, 0, N_("precision"), N_("precision in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'L', 0, 0, N_("length modifier"), N_("length modifier in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
static const format_flag_pair printf_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ ' ', '+', 1, 0 },
{ '0', '-', 1, 0 },
{ '0', 'p', 1, 'i' },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
static const format_flag_spec asm_fprintf_flag_specs[] =
{
{ ' ', 0, 0, N_("' ' flag"), N_("the ' ' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '+', 0, 0, N_("'+' flag"), N_("the '+' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '#', 0, 0, N_("'#' flag"), N_("the '#' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '0', 0, 0, N_("'0' flag"), N_("the '0' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '-', 0, 0, N_("'-' flag"), N_("the '-' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ 'w', 0, 0, N_("field width"), N_("field width in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'p', 0, 0, N_("precision"), N_("precision in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'L', 0, 0, N_("length modifier"), N_("length modifier in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
static const format_flag_pair asm_fprintf_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ ' ', '+', 1, 0 },
{ '0', '-', 1, 0 },
{ '0', 'p', 1, 'i' },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
static const format_flag_pair gcc_diag_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
#define gcc_tdiag_flag_pairs gcc_diag_flag_pairs
#define gcc_cdiag_flag_pairs gcc_diag_flag_pairs
#define gcc_cxxdiag_flag_pairs gcc_diag_flag_pairs
static const format_flag_pair gcc_gfc_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
static const format_flag_spec gcc_diag_flag_specs[] =
{
{ '+', 0, 0, N_("'+' flag"), N_("the '+' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ 'q', 0, 0, N_("'q' flag"), N_("the 'q' diagnostic flag"), STD_C89 },
{ 'p', 0, 0, N_("precision"), N_("precision in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'L', 0, 0, N_("length modifier"), N_("length modifier in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
#define gcc_tdiag_flag_specs gcc_diag_flag_specs
#define gcc_cdiag_flag_specs gcc_diag_flag_specs
static const format_flag_spec gcc_cxxdiag_flag_specs[] =
{
{ '+', 0, 0, N_("'+' flag"), N_("the '+' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '#', 0, 0, N_("'#' flag"), N_("the '#' printf flag"), STD_C89 },
{ 'q', 0, 0, N_("'q' flag"), N_("the 'q' diagnostic flag"), STD_C89 },
{ 'p', 0, 0, N_("precision"), N_("precision in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'L', 0, 0, N_("length modifier"), N_("length modifier in printf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
static const format_flag_spec scanf_flag_specs[] =
{
{ '*', 0, 0, N_("assignment suppression"), N_("the assignment suppression scanf feature"), STD_C89 },
{ 'a', 0, 0, N_("'a' flag"), N_("the 'a' scanf flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 'm', 0, 0, N_("'m' flag"), N_("the 'm' scanf flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 'w', 0, 0, N_("field width"), N_("field width in scanf format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'L', 0, 0, N_("length modifier"), N_("length modifier in scanf format"), STD_C89 },
{ '\'', 0, 0, N_("''' flag"), N_("the ''' scanf flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 'I', 0, 0, N_("'I' flag"), N_("the 'I' scanf flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
static const format_flag_pair scanf_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ '*', 'L', 0, 0 },
{ 'a', 'm', 0, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
static const format_flag_spec strftime_flag_specs[] =
{
{ '_', 0, 0, N_("'_' flag"), N_("the '_' strftime flag"), STD_EXT },
{ '-', 0, 0, N_("'-' flag"), N_("the '-' strftime flag"), STD_EXT },
{ '0', 0, 0, N_("'0' flag"), N_("the '0' strftime flag"), STD_EXT },
{ '^', 0, 0, N_("'^' flag"), N_("the '^' strftime flag"), STD_EXT },
{ '#', 0, 0, N_("'#' flag"), N_("the '#' strftime flag"), STD_EXT },
{ 'w', 0, 0, N_("field width"), N_("field width in strftime format"), STD_EXT },
{ 'E', 0, 0, N_("'E' modifier"), N_("the 'E' strftime modifier"), STD_C99 },
{ 'O', 0, 0, N_("'O' modifier"), N_("the 'O' strftime modifier"), STD_C99 },
{ 'O', 'o', 0, NULL, N_("the 'O' modifier"), STD_EXT },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
static const format_flag_pair strftime_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ 'E', 'O', 0, 0 },
{ '_', '-', 0, 0 },
{ '_', '0', 0, 0 },
{ '-', '0', 0, 0 },
{ '^', '#', 0, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
static const format_flag_spec strfmon_flag_specs[] =
{
{ '=', 0, 1, N_("fill character"), N_("fill character in strfmon format"), STD_C89 },
{ '^', 0, 0, N_("'^' flag"), N_("the '^' strfmon flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '+', 0, 0, N_("'+' flag"), N_("the '+' strfmon flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '(', 0, 0, N_("'(' flag"), N_("the '(' strfmon flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '!', 0, 0, N_("'!' flag"), N_("the '!' strfmon flag"), STD_C89 },
{ '-', 0, 0, N_("'-' flag"), N_("the '-' strfmon flag"), STD_C89 },
{ 'w', 0, 0, N_("field width"), N_("field width in strfmon format"), STD_C89 },
{ '#', 0, 0, N_("left precision"), N_("left precision in strfmon format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'p', 0, 0, N_("right precision"), N_("right precision in strfmon format"), STD_C89 },
{ 'L', 0, 0, N_("length modifier"), N_("length modifier in strfmon format"), STD_C89 },
{ 0, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, STD_C89 }
};
static const format_flag_pair strfmon_flag_pairs[] =
{
{ '+', '(', 0, 0 },
{ 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};
static const format_char_info print_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, T99_SC, T89_S, T89_L, T9L_LL, TEX_LL, T99_SST, T99_PD, T99_IM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0 +'I", "i", NULL },
{ "oxX", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, T99_UC, T89_US, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, TEX_ULL, T99_ST, T99_UPD, T99_UIM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0#", "i", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, T99_UC, T89_US, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, TEX_ULL, T99_ST, T99_UPD, T99_UIM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0'I", "i", NULL },
{ "fgG", 0, STD_C89, { T89_D, BADLEN, BADLEN, T99_D, BADLEN, T89_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, TEX_D32, TEX_D64, TEX_D128 }, "-wp0 +#'I", "", NULL },
{ "eE", 0, STD_C89, { T89_D, BADLEN, BADLEN, T99_D, BADLEN, T89_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, TEX_D32, TEX_D64, TEX_D128 }, "-wp0 +#I", "", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T94_WI, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-w", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, T94_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp", "cR", NULL },
{ "p", 1, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-w", "c", NULL },
{ "n", 1, STD_C89, { T89_I, T99_SC, T89_S, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, T99_SST, T99_PD, T99_IM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "W", NULL },
/* C99 conversion specifiers. */
{ "F", 0, STD_C99, { T99_D, BADLEN, BADLEN, T99_D, BADLEN, T99_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, TEX_D32, TEX_D64, TEX_D128 }, "-wp0 +#'I", "", NULL },
{ "aA", 0, STD_C99, { T99_D, BADLEN, BADLEN, T99_D, BADLEN, T99_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0 +#", "", NULL },
/* X/Open conversion specifiers. */
{ "C", 0, STD_EXT, { TEX_WI, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-w", "", NULL },
{ "S", 1, STD_EXT, { TEX_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp", "R", NULL },
/* GNU conversion specifiers. */
{ "m", 0, STD_EXT, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info asm_fprintf_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0 +", "i", NULL },
{ "oxX", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0#", "i", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp0", "i", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-w", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "-wp", "cR", NULL },
/* asm_fprintf conversion specifiers. */
{ "O", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "R", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "I", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "L", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "U", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "r", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "", NULL },
{ "@", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info gcc_diag_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "ox", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "pq", "cR", NULL },
{ "p", 1, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "c", NULL },
/* Custom conversion specifiers. */
/* %H will require "location_t" at runtime. */
{ "H", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
/* These will require a "tree" at runtime. */
{ "JK", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "<>'", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "m", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "q", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info gcc_tdiag_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "ox", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "pq", "cR", NULL },
{ "p", 1, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "c", NULL },
/* Custom conversion specifiers. */
/* %H will require "location_t" at runtime. */
{ "H", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
/* These will require a "tree" at runtime. */
{ "DFJKT", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q+", "", NULL },
{ "<>'", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "m", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "q", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info gcc_cdiag_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "ox", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "pq", "cR", NULL },
{ "p", 1, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "c", NULL },
/* Custom conversion specifiers. */
/* %H will require "location_t" at runtime. */
{ "H", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
/* These will require a "tree" at runtime. */
{ "DEFJKT", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q+", "", NULL },
{ "<>'", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "m", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "q", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info gcc_cxxdiag_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "ox", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "pq", "cR", NULL },
{ "p", 1, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "c", NULL },
/* Custom conversion specifiers. */
/* %H will require "location_t" at runtime. */
{ "H", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
/* These will require a "tree" at runtime. */
{ "ADEFJKTV",0,STD_C89,{ T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q+#", "", NULL },
/* These accept either an 'int' or an 'enum tree_code' (which is handled as an 'int'.) */
{ "CLOPQ",0,STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "q", "", NULL },
{ "<>'", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
{ "m", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "q", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info gcc_gfc_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_L, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "", NULL },
{ "u", 0, STD_C89, { T89_UI, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_UL, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "", NULL },
{ "c", 0, STD_C89, { T89_I, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "cR", NULL },
/* gfc conversion specifiers. */
{ "C", 0, STD_C89, NOARGUMENTS, "", "", NULL },
/* This will require a "locus" at runtime. */
{ "L", 0, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "R", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info scan_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "di", 1, STD_C89, { T89_I, T99_SC, T89_S, T89_L, T9L_LL, TEX_LL, T99_SST, T99_PD, T99_IM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*w'I", "W", NULL },
{ "u", 1, STD_C89, { T89_UI, T99_UC, T89_US, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, TEX_ULL, T99_ST, T99_UPD, T99_UIM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*w'I", "W", NULL },
{ "oxX", 1, STD_C89, { T89_UI, T99_UC, T89_US, T89_UL, T9L_ULL, TEX_ULL, T99_ST, T99_UPD, T99_UIM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*w", "W", NULL },
{ "efgEG", 1, STD_C89, { T89_F, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_D, BADLEN, T89_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, TEX_D32, TEX_D64, TEX_D128 }, "*w'", "W", NULL },
{ "c", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, T94_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*mw", "cW", NULL },
{ "s", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, T94_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*amw", "cW", NULL },
{ "[", 1, STD_C89, { T89_C, BADLEN, BADLEN, T94_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*amw", "cW[", NULL },
{ "p", 2, STD_C89, { T89_V, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*w", "W", NULL },
{ "n", 1, STD_C89, { T89_I, T99_SC, T89_S, T89_L, T9L_LL, BADLEN, T99_SST, T99_PD, T99_IM, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "", "W", NULL },
/* C99 conversion specifiers. */
{ "F", 1, STD_C99, { T99_F, BADLEN, BADLEN, T99_D, BADLEN, T99_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, TEX_D32, TEX_D64, TEX_D128 }, "*w'", "W", NULL },
{ "aA", 1, STD_C99, { T99_F, BADLEN, BADLEN, T99_D, BADLEN, T99_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*w'", "W", NULL },
/* X/Open conversion specifiers. */
{ "C", 1, STD_EXT, { TEX_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*mw", "W", NULL },
{ "S", 1, STD_EXT, { TEX_W, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "*amw", "W", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info time_char_table[] =
{
/* C89 conversion specifiers. */
{ "ABZab", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "^#", "", NULL },
{ "cx", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "E", "3", NULL },
{ "HIMSUWdmw", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "-_0Ow", "", NULL },
{ "j", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "-_0Ow", "o", NULL },
{ "p", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "#", "", NULL },
{ "X", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "E", "", NULL },
{ "y", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "EO-_0w", "4", NULL },
{ "Y", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "-_0EOw", "o", NULL },
{ "%", 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, "", "", NULL },
/* C99 conversion specifiers. */
{ "C", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "-_0EOw", "o", NULL },
{ "D", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "", "2", NULL },
{ "eVu", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "-_0Ow", "", NULL },
{ "FRTnrt", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "", "", NULL },
{ "g", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "O-_0w", "2o", NULL },
{ "G", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "-_0Ow", "o", NULL },
{ "h", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "^#", "", NULL },
{ "z", 0, STD_C99, NOLENGTHS, "O", "o", NULL },
/* GNU conversion specifiers. */
{ "kls", 0, STD_EXT, NOLENGTHS, "-_0Ow", "", NULL },
{ "P", 0, STD_EXT, NOLENGTHS, "", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
static const format_char_info monetary_char_table[] =
{
{ "in", 0, STD_C89, { T89_D, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, T89_LD, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN, BADLEN }, "=^+(!-w#p", "", NULL },
{ NULL, 0, STD_C89, NOLENGTHS, NULL, NULL, NULL }
};
/* This must be in the same order as enum format_type. */
static const format_kind_info format_types_orig[] =
{
{ "gnu_printf", printf_length_specs, print_char_table, " +#0-'I", NULL,
printf_flag_specs, printf_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT|FMT_FLAG_DOLLAR_MULTIPLE|FMT_FLAG_USE_DOLLAR|FMT_FLAG_EMPTY_PREC_OK,
'w', 0, 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
&integer_type_node, &integer_type_node
},
{ "asm_fprintf", asm_fprintf_length_specs, asm_fprintf_char_table, " +#0-", NULL,
asm_fprintf_flag_specs, asm_fprintf_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT|FMT_FLAG_EMPTY_PREC_OK,
'w', 0, 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
NULL, NULL
},
{ "gcc_diag", gcc_diag_length_specs, gcc_diag_char_table, "q+", NULL,
gcc_diag_flag_specs, gcc_diag_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT,
0, 0, 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
NULL, &integer_type_node
},
{ "gcc_tdiag", gcc_tdiag_length_specs, gcc_tdiag_char_table, "q+", NULL,
gcc_tdiag_flag_specs, gcc_tdiag_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT,
0, 0, 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
NULL, &integer_type_node
},
{ "gcc_cdiag", gcc_cdiag_length_specs, gcc_cdiag_char_table, "q+", NULL,
gcc_cdiag_flag_specs, gcc_cdiag_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT,
0, 0, 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
NULL, &integer_type_node
},
{ "gcc_cxxdiag", gcc_cxxdiag_length_specs, gcc_cxxdiag_char_table, "q+#", NULL,
gcc_cxxdiag_flag_specs, gcc_cxxdiag_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT,
0, 0, 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
NULL, &integer_type_node
},
{ "gcc_gfc", gcc_gfc_length_specs, gcc_gfc_char_table, "", NULL,
NULL, gcc_gfc_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
NULL, NULL
},
{ "gnu_scanf", scanf_length_specs, scan_char_table, "*'I", NULL,
scanf_flag_specs, scanf_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT|FMT_FLAG_SCANF_A_KLUDGE|FMT_FLAG_USE_DOLLAR|FMT_FLAG_ZERO_WIDTH_BAD|FMT_FLAG_DOLLAR_GAP_POINTER_OK,
'w', 0, 0, '*', 'L', 'm',
NULL, NULL
},
{ "gnu_strftime", NULL, time_char_table, "_-0^#", "EO",
strftime_flag_specs, strftime_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_FANCY_PERCENT_OK, 'w', 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
NULL, NULL
},
{ "gnu_strfmon", strfmon_length_specs, monetary_char_table, "=^+(!-", NULL,
strfmon_flag_specs, strfmon_flag_pairs,
FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT, 'w', '#', 'p', 0, 'L', 0,
NULL, NULL
}
};
/* This layer of indirection allows GCC to reassign format_types with
new data if necessary, while still allowing the original data to be
const. */
static const format_kind_info *format_types = format_types_orig;
/* We can modify this one. We also add target-specific format types
to the end of the array. */
static format_kind_info *dynamic_format_types;
static int n_format_types = ARRAY_SIZE (format_types_orig);
/* Structure detailing the results of checking a format function call
where the format expression may be a conditional expression with
many leaves resulting from nested conditional expressions. */
typedef struct
{
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that could not be checked
as they were not string literals. */
int number_non_literal;
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that were null pointers or
string literals, but had extra format arguments. */
int number_extra_args;
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that were null pointers or
string literals, but had extra format arguments and used $ operand
numbers. */
int number_dollar_extra_args;
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that were wide string
literals. */
int number_wide;
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that were empty strings. */
int number_empty;
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that were unterminated
strings. */
int number_unterminated;
/* Number of leaves of the format argument that were not counted above. */
int number_other;
} format_check_results;
typedef struct
{
format_check_results *res;
function_format_info *info;
tree params;
} format_check_context;
static void check_format_info (function_format_info *, tree);
static void check_format_arg (void *, tree, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT);
static void check_format_info_main (format_check_results *,
function_format_info *,
const char *, int, tree,
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT, alloc_pool);
static void init_dollar_format_checking (int, tree);
static int maybe_read_dollar_number (const char **, int,
tree, tree *, const format_kind_info *);
static bool avoid_dollar_number (const char *);
static void finish_dollar_format_checking (format_check_results *, int);
static const format_flag_spec *get_flag_spec (const format_flag_spec *,
int, const char *);
static void check_format_types (format_wanted_type *, const char *, int);
static void format_type_warning (const char *, const char *, int, tree,
int, const char *, tree, int);
/* Decode a format type from a string, returning the type, or
format_type_error if not valid, in which case the caller should print an
error message. */
static int
decode_format_type (const char *s)
{
int i;
int slen;
s = convert_format_name_to_system_name (s);
slen = strlen (s);
for (i = 0; i < n_format_types; i++)
{
int alen;
if (!strcmp (s, format_types[i].name))
return i;
alen = strlen (format_types[i].name);
if (slen == alen + 4 && s[0] == '_' && s[1] == '_'
&& s[slen - 1] == '_' && s[slen - 2] == '_'
&& !strncmp (s + 2, format_types[i].name, alen))
return i;
}
return format_type_error;
}
/* Check the argument list of a call to printf, scanf, etc.
ATTRS are the attributes on the function type. There are NARGS argument
values in the array ARGARRAY.
Also, if -Wmissing-format-attribute,
warn for calls to vprintf or vscanf in functions with no such format
attribute themselves. */
void
check_function_format (tree attrs, int nargs, tree *argarray)
{
tree a;
/* See if this function has any format attributes. */
for (a = attrs; a; a = TREE_CHAIN (a))
{
if (is_attribute_p ("format", TREE_PURPOSE (a)))
{
/* Yup; check it. */
function_format_info info;
decode_format_attr (TREE_VALUE (a), &info, 1);
if (warn_format)
{
/* FIXME: Rewrite all the internal functions in this file
to use the ARGARRAY directly instead of constructing this
temporary list. */
tree params = NULL_TREE;
int i;
for (i = nargs - 1; i >= 0; i--)
params = tree_cons (NULL_TREE, argarray[i], params);
check_format_info (&info, params);
}
if (warn_missing_format_attribute && info.first_arg_num == 0
&& (format_types[info.format_type].flags
& (int) FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT))
{
tree c;
for (c = TYPE_ATTRIBUTES (TREE_TYPE (current_function_decl));
c;
c = TREE_CHAIN (c))
if (is_attribute_p ("format", TREE_PURPOSE (c))
&& (decode_format_type (IDENTIFIER_POINTER
(TREE_VALUE (TREE_VALUE (c))))
== info.format_type))
break;
if (c == NULL_TREE)
{
/* Check if the current function has a parameter to which
the format attribute could be attached; if not, it
can't be a candidate for a format attribute, despite
the vprintf-like or vscanf-like call. */
tree args;
for (args = DECL_ARGUMENTS (current_function_decl);
args != 0;
args = TREE_CHAIN (args))
{
if (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (args)) == POINTER_TYPE
&& (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (args)))
== char_type_node))
break;
}
if (args != 0)
warning (OPT_Wmissing_format_attribute, "function might "
"be possible candidate for %qs format attribute",
format_types[info.format_type].name);
}
}
}
}
}
/* Variables used by the checking of $ operand number formats. */
static char *dollar_arguments_used = NULL;
static char *dollar_arguments_pointer_p = NULL;
static int dollar_arguments_alloc = 0;
static int dollar_arguments_count;
static int dollar_first_arg_num;
static int dollar_max_arg_used;
static int dollar_format_warned;
/* Initialize the checking for a format string that may contain $
parameter number specifications; we will need to keep track of whether
each parameter has been used. FIRST_ARG_NUM is the number of the first
argument that is a parameter to the format, or 0 for a vprintf-style
function; PARAMS is the list of arguments starting at this argument. */
static void
init_dollar_format_checking (int first_arg_num, tree params)
{
tree oparams = params;
dollar_first_arg_num = first_arg_num;
dollar_arguments_count = 0;
dollar_max_arg_used = 0;
dollar_format_warned = 0;
if (first_arg_num > 0)
{
while (params)
{
dollar_arguments_count++;
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
}
}
if (dollar_arguments_alloc < dollar_arguments_count)
{
if (dollar_arguments_used)
free (dollar_arguments_used);
if (dollar_arguments_pointer_p)
free (dollar_arguments_pointer_p);
dollar_arguments_alloc = dollar_arguments_count;
dollar_arguments_used = XNEWVEC (char, dollar_arguments_alloc);
dollar_arguments_pointer_p = XNEWVEC (char, dollar_arguments_alloc);
}
if (dollar_arguments_alloc)
{
memset (dollar_arguments_used, 0, dollar_arguments_alloc);
if (first_arg_num > 0)
{
int i = 0;
params = oparams;
while (params)
{
dollar_arguments_pointer_p[i] = (TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (TREE_VALUE (params)))
== POINTER_TYPE);
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
i++;
}
}
}
}
/* Look for a decimal number followed by a $ in *FORMAT. If DOLLAR_NEEDED
is set, it is an error if one is not found; otherwise, it is OK. If
such a number is found, check whether it is within range and mark that
numbered operand as being used for later checking. Returns the operand
number if found and within range, zero if no such number was found and
this is OK, or -1 on error. PARAMS points to the first operand of the
format; PARAM_PTR is made to point to the parameter referred to. If
a $ format is found, *FORMAT is updated to point just after it. */
static int
maybe_read_dollar_number (const char **format,
int dollar_needed, tree params, tree *param_ptr,
const format_kind_info *fki)
{
int argnum;
int overflow_flag;
const char *fcp = *format;
if (!ISDIGIT (*fcp))
{
if (dollar_needed)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "missing $ operand number in format");
return -1;
}
else
return 0;
}
argnum = 0;
overflow_flag = 0;
while (ISDIGIT (*fcp))
{
int nargnum;
nargnum = 10 * argnum + (*fcp - '0');
if (nargnum < 0 || nargnum / 10 != argnum)
overflow_flag = 1;
argnum = nargnum;
fcp++;
}
if (*fcp != '$')
{
if (dollar_needed)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "missing $ operand number in format");
return -1;
}
else
return 0;
}
*format = fcp + 1;
if (pedantic && !dollar_format_warned)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s does not support %%n$ operand number formats",
C_STD_NAME (STD_EXT));
dollar_format_warned = 1;
}
if (overflow_flag || argnum == 0
|| (dollar_first_arg_num && argnum > dollar_arguments_count))
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "operand number out of range in format");
return -1;
}
if (argnum > dollar_max_arg_used)
dollar_max_arg_used = argnum;
/* For vprintf-style functions we may need to allocate more memory to
track which arguments are used. */
while (dollar_arguments_alloc < dollar_max_arg_used)
{
int nalloc;
nalloc = 2 * dollar_arguments_alloc + 16;
dollar_arguments_used = XRESIZEVEC (char, dollar_arguments_used,
nalloc);
dollar_arguments_pointer_p = XRESIZEVEC (char, dollar_arguments_pointer_p,
nalloc);
memset (dollar_arguments_used + dollar_arguments_alloc, 0,
nalloc - dollar_arguments_alloc);
dollar_arguments_alloc = nalloc;
}
if (!(fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_DOLLAR_MULTIPLE)
&& dollar_arguments_used[argnum - 1] == 1)
{
dollar_arguments_used[argnum - 1] = 2;
warning (OPT_Wformat, "format argument %d used more than once in %s format",
argnum, fki->name);
}
else
dollar_arguments_used[argnum - 1] = 1;
if (dollar_first_arg_num)
{
int i;
*param_ptr = params;
for (i = 1; i < argnum && *param_ptr != 0; i++)
*param_ptr = TREE_CHAIN (*param_ptr);
/* This case shouldn't be caught here. */
gcc_assert (*param_ptr);
}
else
*param_ptr = 0;
return argnum;
}
/* Ensure that FORMAT does not start with a decimal number followed by
a $; give a diagnostic and return true if it does, false otherwise. */
static bool
avoid_dollar_number (const char *format)
{
if (!ISDIGIT (*format))
return false;
while (ISDIGIT (*format))
format++;
if (*format == '$')
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "$ operand number used after format without operand number");
return true;
}
return false;
}
/* Finish the checking for a format string that used $ operand number formats
instead of non-$ formats. We check for unused operands before used ones
(a serious error, since the implementation of the format function
can't know what types to pass to va_arg to find the later arguments).
and for unused operands at the end of the format (if we know how many
arguments the format had, so not for vprintf). If there were operand
numbers out of range on a non-vprintf-style format, we won't have reached
here. If POINTER_GAP_OK, unused arguments are OK if all arguments are
pointers. */
static void
finish_dollar_format_checking (format_check_results *res, int pointer_gap_ok)
{
int i;
bool found_pointer_gap = false;
for (i = 0; i < dollar_max_arg_used; i++)
{
if (!dollar_arguments_used[i])
{
if (pointer_gap_ok && (dollar_first_arg_num == 0
|| dollar_arguments_pointer_p[i]))
found_pointer_gap = true;
else
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"format argument %d unused before used argument %d in $-style format",
i + 1, dollar_max_arg_used);
}
}
if (found_pointer_gap
|| (dollar_first_arg_num
&& dollar_max_arg_used < dollar_arguments_count))
{
res->number_other--;
res->number_dollar_extra_args++;
}
}
/* Retrieve the specification for a format flag. SPEC contains the
specifications for format flags for the applicable kind of format.
FLAG is the flag in question. If PREDICATES is NULL, the basic
spec for that flag must be retrieved and must exist. If
PREDICATES is not NULL, it is a string listing possible predicates
for the spec entry; if an entry predicated on any of these is
found, it is returned, otherwise NULL is returned. */
static const format_flag_spec *
get_flag_spec (const format_flag_spec *spec, int flag, const char *predicates)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; spec[i].flag_char != 0; i++)
{
if (spec[i].flag_char != flag)
continue;
if (predicates != NULL)
{
if (spec[i].predicate != 0
&& strchr (predicates, spec[i].predicate) != 0)
return &spec[i];
}
else if (spec[i].predicate == 0)
return &spec[i];
}
gcc_assert (predicates);
return NULL;
}
/* Check the argument list of a call to printf, scanf, etc.
INFO points to the function_format_info structure.
PARAMS is the list of argument values. */
static void
check_format_info (function_format_info *info, tree params)
{
format_check_context format_ctx;
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT arg_num;
tree format_tree;
format_check_results res;
/* Skip to format argument. If the argument isn't available, there's
no work for us to do; prototype checking will catch the problem. */
for (arg_num = 1; ; ++arg_num)
{
if (params == 0)
return;
if (arg_num == info->format_num)
break;
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
}
format_tree = TREE_VALUE (params);
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
if (format_tree == 0)
return;
res.number_non_literal = 0;
res.number_extra_args = 0;
res.number_dollar_extra_args = 0;
res.number_wide = 0;
res.number_empty = 0;
res.number_unterminated = 0;
res.number_other = 0;
format_ctx.res = &res;
format_ctx.info = info;
format_ctx.params = params;
check_function_arguments_recurse (check_format_arg, &format_ctx,
format_tree, arg_num);
if (res.number_non_literal > 0)
{
/* Functions taking a va_list normally pass a non-literal format
string. These functions typically are declared with
first_arg_num == 0, so avoid warning in those cases. */
if (!(format_types[info->format_type].flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT))
{
/* For strftime-like formats, warn for not checking the format
string; but there are no arguments to check. */
warning (OPT_Wformat_nonliteral,
"format not a string literal, format string not checked");
}
else if (info->first_arg_num != 0)
{
/* If there are no arguments for the format at all, we may have
printf (foo) which is likely to be a security hole. */
while (arg_num + 1 < info->first_arg_num)
{
if (params == 0)
break;
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
++arg_num;
}
if (params == 0 && warn_format_security)
warning (OPT_Wformat_security,
"format not a string literal and no format arguments");
else if (params == 0 && warn_format_nonliteral)
warning (OPT_Wformat_nonliteral,
"format not a string literal and no format arguments");
else
warning (OPT_Wformat_nonliteral,
"format not a string literal, argument types not checked");
}
}
/* If there were extra arguments to the format, normally warn. However,
the standard does say extra arguments are ignored, so in the specific
case where we have multiple leaves (conditional expressions or
ngettext) allow extra arguments if at least one leaf didn't have extra
arguments, but was otherwise OK (either non-literal or checked OK).
If the format is an empty string, this should be counted similarly to the
case of extra format arguments. */
if (res.number_extra_args > 0 && res.number_non_literal == 0
&& res.number_other == 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat_extra_args, "too many arguments for format");
if (res.number_dollar_extra_args > 0 && res.number_non_literal == 0
&& res.number_other == 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat_extra_args, "unused arguments in $-style format");
if (res.number_empty > 0 && res.number_non_literal == 0
&& res.number_other == 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat_zero_length, "zero-length %s format string",
format_types[info->format_type].name);
if (res.number_wide > 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "format is a wide character string");
if (res.number_unterminated > 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "unterminated format string");
}
/* Callback from check_function_arguments_recurse to check a
format string. FORMAT_TREE is the format parameter. ARG_NUM
is the number of the format argument. CTX points to a
format_check_context. */
static void
check_format_arg (void *ctx, tree format_tree,
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT arg_num)
{
format_check_context *format_ctx = (format_check_context *) ctx;
format_check_results *res = format_ctx->res;
function_format_info *info = format_ctx->info;
tree params = format_ctx->params;
int format_length;
HOST_WIDE_INT offset;
const char *format_chars;
tree array_size = 0;
tree array_init;
alloc_pool fwt_pool;
if (integer_zerop (format_tree))
{
/* Skip to first argument to check, so we can see if this format
has any arguments (it shouldn't). */
while (arg_num + 1 < info->first_arg_num)
{
if (params == 0)
return;
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
++arg_num;
}
if (params == 0)
res->number_other++;
else
res->number_extra_args++;
return;
}
offset = 0;
if (TREE_CODE (format_tree) == POINTER_PLUS_EXPR)
{
tree arg0, arg1;
arg0 = TREE_OPERAND (format_tree, 0);
arg1 = TREE_OPERAND (format_tree, 1);
STRIP_NOPS (arg0);
STRIP_NOPS (arg1);
if (TREE_CODE (arg1) == INTEGER_CST)
format_tree = arg0;
else
{
res->number_non_literal++;
return;
}
if (!host_integerp (arg1, 0)
|| (offset = tree_low_cst (arg1, 0)) < 0)
{
res->number_non_literal++;
return;
}
}
if (TREE_CODE (format_tree) != ADDR_EXPR)
{
res->number_non_literal++;
return;
}
format_tree = TREE_OPERAND (format_tree, 0);
if (TREE_CODE (format_tree) == ARRAY_REF
&& host_integerp (TREE_OPERAND (format_tree, 1), 0)
&& (offset += tree_low_cst (TREE_OPERAND (format_tree, 1), 0)) >= 0)
format_tree = TREE_OPERAND (format_tree, 0);
if (TREE_CODE (format_tree) == VAR_DECL
&& TREE_CODE (TREE_TYPE (format_tree)) == ARRAY_TYPE
&& (array_init = decl_constant_value (format_tree)) != format_tree
&& TREE_CODE (array_init) == STRING_CST)
{
/* Extract the string constant initializer. Note that this may include
a trailing NUL character that is not in the array (e.g.
const char a[3] = "foo";). */
array_size = DECL_SIZE_UNIT (format_tree);
format_tree = array_init;
}
if (TREE_CODE (format_tree) != STRING_CST)
{
res->number_non_literal++;
return;
}
if (TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (TREE_TYPE (TREE_TYPE (format_tree))) != char_type_node)
{
res->number_wide++;
return;
}
format_chars = TREE_STRING_POINTER (format_tree);
format_length = TREE_STRING_LENGTH (format_tree);
if (array_size != 0)
{
/* Variable length arrays can't be initialized. */
gcc_assert (TREE_CODE (array_size) == INTEGER_CST);
if (host_integerp (array_size, 0))
{
HOST_WIDE_INT array_size_value = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (array_size);
if (array_size_value > 0
&& array_size_value == (int) array_size_value
&& format_length > array_size_value)
format_length = array_size_value;
}
}
if (offset)
{
if (offset >= format_length)
{
res->number_non_literal++;
return;
}
format_chars += offset;
format_length -= offset;
}
if (format_length < 1 || format_chars[--format_length] != 0)
{
res->number_unterminated++;
return;
}
if (format_length == 0)
{
res->number_empty++;
return;
}
/* Skip to first argument to check. */
while (arg_num + 1 < info->first_arg_num)
{
if (params == 0)
return;
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
++arg_num;
}
/* Provisionally increment res->number_other; check_format_info_main
will decrement it if it finds there are extra arguments, but this way
need not adjust it for every return. */
res->number_other++;
fwt_pool = create_alloc_pool ("format_wanted_type pool",
sizeof (format_wanted_type), 10);
check_format_info_main (res, info, format_chars, format_length,
params, arg_num, fwt_pool);
free_alloc_pool (fwt_pool);
}
/* Do the main part of checking a call to a format function. FORMAT_CHARS
is the NUL-terminated format string (which at this point may contain
internal NUL characters); FORMAT_LENGTH is its length (excluding the
terminating NUL character). ARG_NUM is one less than the number of
the first format argument to check; PARAMS points to that format
argument in the list of arguments. */
static void
check_format_info_main (format_check_results *res,
function_format_info *info, const char *format_chars,
int format_length, tree params,
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT arg_num, alloc_pool fwt_pool)
{
const char *orig_format_chars = format_chars;
tree first_fillin_param = params;
const format_kind_info *fki = &format_types[info->format_type];
const format_flag_spec *flag_specs = fki->flag_specs;
const format_flag_pair *bad_flag_pairs = fki->bad_flag_pairs;
/* -1 if no conversions taking an operand have been found; 0 if one has
and it didn't use $; 1 if $ formats are in use. */
int has_operand_number = -1;
init_dollar_format_checking (info->first_arg_num, first_fillin_param);
while (1)
{
int i;
int suppressed = FALSE;
const char *length_chars = NULL;
enum format_lengths length_chars_val = FMT_LEN_none;
enum format_std_version length_chars_std = STD_C89;
int format_char;
tree cur_param;
tree wanted_type;
int main_arg_num = 0;
tree main_arg_params = 0;
enum format_std_version wanted_type_std;
const char *wanted_type_name;
format_wanted_type width_wanted_type;
format_wanted_type precision_wanted_type;
format_wanted_type main_wanted_type;
format_wanted_type *first_wanted_type = NULL;
format_wanted_type *last_wanted_type = NULL;
const format_length_info *fli = NULL;
const format_char_info *fci = NULL;
char flag_chars[256];
int alloc_flag = 0;
const char *format_start = format_chars;
if (*format_chars == 0)
{
if (format_chars - orig_format_chars != format_length)
warning (OPT_Wformat_contains_nul, "embedded %<\\0%> in format");
if (info->first_arg_num != 0 && params != 0
&& has_operand_number <= 0)
{
res->number_other--;
res->number_extra_args++;
}
if (has_operand_number > 0)
finish_dollar_format_checking (res, fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_DOLLAR_GAP_POINTER_OK);
return;
}
if (*format_chars++ != '%')
continue;
if (*format_chars == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "spurious trailing %<%%%> in format");
continue;
}
if (*format_chars == '%')
{
++format_chars;
continue;
}
flag_chars[0] = 0;
if ((fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_USE_DOLLAR) && has_operand_number != 0)
{
/* Possibly read a $ operand number at the start of the format.
If one was previously used, one is required here. If one
is not used here, we can't immediately conclude this is a
format without them, since it could be printf %m or scanf %*. */
int opnum;
opnum = maybe_read_dollar_number (&format_chars, 0,
first_fillin_param,
&main_arg_params, fki);
if (opnum == -1)
return;
else if (opnum > 0)
{
has_operand_number = 1;
main_arg_num = opnum + info->first_arg_num - 1;
}
}
else if (fki->flags & FMT_FLAG_USE_DOLLAR)
{
if (avoid_dollar_number (format_chars))
return;
}
/* Read any format flags, but do not yet validate them beyond removing
duplicates, since in general validation depends on the rest of
the format. */
while (*format_chars != 0
&& strchr (fki->flag_chars, *format_chars) != 0)
{
const format_flag_spec *s = get_flag_spec (flag_specs,
*format_chars, NULL);
if (strchr (flag_chars, *format_chars) != 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "repeated %s in format", _(s->name));
}
else
{
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = *format_chars;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
}
if (s->skip_next_char)
{
++format_chars;
if (*format_chars == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "missing fill character at end of strfmon format");
return;
}
}
++format_chars;
}
/* Read any format width, possibly * or *m$. */
if (fki->width_char != 0)
{
if (fki->width_type != NULL && *format_chars == '*')
{
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = fki->width_char;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
/* "...a field width...may be indicated by an asterisk.
In this case, an int argument supplies the field width..." */
++format_chars;
if (has_operand_number != 0)
{
int opnum;
opnum = maybe_read_dollar_number (&format_chars,
has_operand_number == 1,
first_fillin_param,
&params, fki);
if (opnum == -1)
return;
else if (opnum > 0)
{
has_operand_number = 1;
arg_num = opnum + info->first_arg_num - 1;
}
else
has_operand_number = 0;
}
else
{
if (avoid_dollar_number (format_chars))
return;
}
if (info->first_arg_num != 0)
{
if (params == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "too few arguments for format");
return;
}
cur_param = TREE_VALUE (params);
if (has_operand_number <= 0)
{
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
++arg_num;
}
width_wanted_type.wanted_type = *fki->width_type;
width_wanted_type.wanted_type_name = NULL;
width_wanted_type.pointer_count = 0;
width_wanted_type.char_lenient_flag = 0;
width_wanted_type.writing_in_flag = 0;
width_wanted_type.reading_from_flag = 0;
width_wanted_type.name = _("field width");
width_wanted_type.param = cur_param;
width_wanted_type.arg_num = arg_num;
width_wanted_type.next = NULL;
if (last_wanted_type != 0)
last_wanted_type->next = &width_wanted_type;
if (first_wanted_type == 0)
first_wanted_type = &width_wanted_type;
last_wanted_type = &width_wanted_type;
}
}
else
{
/* Possibly read a numeric width. If the width is zero,
we complain if appropriate. */
int non_zero_width_char = FALSE;
int found_width = FALSE;
while (ISDIGIT (*format_chars))
{
found_width = TRUE;
if (*format_chars != '0')
non_zero_width_char = TRUE;
++format_chars;
}
if (found_width && !non_zero_width_char &&
(fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_ZERO_WIDTH_BAD))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "zero width in %s format", fki->name);
if (found_width)
{
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = fki->width_char;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
}
}
}
/* Read any format left precision (must be a number, not *). */
if (fki->left_precision_char != 0 && *format_chars == '#')
{
++format_chars;
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = fki->left_precision_char;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
if (!ISDIGIT (*format_chars))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "empty left precision in %s format", fki->name);
while (ISDIGIT (*format_chars))
++format_chars;
}
/* Read any format precision, possibly * or *m$. */
if (fki->precision_char != 0 && *format_chars == '.')
{
++format_chars;
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = fki->precision_char;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
if (fki->precision_type != NULL && *format_chars == '*')
{
/* "...a...precision...may be indicated by an asterisk.
In this case, an int argument supplies the...precision." */
++format_chars;
if (has_operand_number != 0)
{
int opnum;
opnum = maybe_read_dollar_number (&format_chars,
has_operand_number == 1,
first_fillin_param,
&params, fki);
if (opnum == -1)
return;
else if (opnum > 0)
{
has_operand_number = 1;
arg_num = opnum + info->first_arg_num - 1;
}
else
has_operand_number = 0;
}
else
{
if (avoid_dollar_number (format_chars))
return;
}
if (info->first_arg_num != 0)
{
if (params == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "too few arguments for format");
return;
}
cur_param = TREE_VALUE (params);
if (has_operand_number <= 0)
{
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
++arg_num;
}
precision_wanted_type.wanted_type = *fki->precision_type;
precision_wanted_type.wanted_type_name = NULL;
precision_wanted_type.pointer_count = 0;
precision_wanted_type.char_lenient_flag = 0;
precision_wanted_type.writing_in_flag = 0;
precision_wanted_type.reading_from_flag = 0;
precision_wanted_type.name = _("field precision");
precision_wanted_type.param = cur_param;
precision_wanted_type.arg_num = arg_num;
precision_wanted_type.next = NULL;
if (last_wanted_type != 0)
last_wanted_type->next = &precision_wanted_type;
if (first_wanted_type == 0)
first_wanted_type = &precision_wanted_type;
last_wanted_type = &precision_wanted_type;
}
}
else
{
if (!(fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_EMPTY_PREC_OK)
&& !ISDIGIT (*format_chars))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "empty precision in %s format", fki->name);
while (ISDIGIT (*format_chars))
++format_chars;
}
}
if (fki->alloc_char && fki->alloc_char == *format_chars)
{
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = fki->alloc_char;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
format_chars++;
}
/* Handle the scanf allocation kludge. */
if (fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_SCANF_A_KLUDGE)
{
if (*format_chars == 'a' && !flag_isoc99)
{
if (format_chars[1] == 's' || format_chars[1] == 'S'
|| format_chars[1] == '[')
{
/* 'a' is used as a flag. */
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = 'a';
flag_chars[i] = 0;
format_chars++;
}
}
}
/* Read any length modifier, if this kind of format has them. */
fli = fki->length_char_specs;
length_chars = NULL;
length_chars_val = FMT_LEN_none;
length_chars_std = STD_C89;
if (fli)
{
while (fli->name != 0
&& strncmp (fli->name, format_chars, strlen (fli->name)))
fli++;
if (fli->name != 0)
{
format_chars += strlen (fli->name);
if (fli->double_name != 0 && fli->name[0] == *format_chars)
{
format_chars++;
length_chars = fli->double_name;
length_chars_val = fli->double_index;
length_chars_std = fli->double_std;
}
else
{
length_chars = fli->name;
length_chars_val = fli->index;
length_chars_std = fli->std;
}
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = fki->length_code_char;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
}
if (pedantic)
{
/* Warn if the length modifier is non-standard. */
if (ADJ_STD (length_chars_std) > C_STD_VER)
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"%s does not support the %qs %s length modifier",
C_STD_NAME (length_chars_std), length_chars,
fki->name);
}
}
/* Read any modifier (strftime E/O). */
if (fki->modifier_chars != NULL)
{
while (*format_chars != 0
&& strchr (fki->modifier_chars, *format_chars) != 0)
{
if (strchr (flag_chars, *format_chars) != 0)
{
const format_flag_spec *s = get_flag_spec (flag_specs,
*format_chars, NULL);
warning (OPT_Wformat, "repeated %s in format", _(s->name));
}
else
{
i = strlen (flag_chars);
flag_chars[i++] = *format_chars;
flag_chars[i] = 0;
}
++format_chars;
}
}
format_char = *format_chars;
if (format_char == 0
|| (!(fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_FANCY_PERCENT_OK)
&& format_char == '%'))
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "conversion lacks type at end of format");
continue;
}
format_chars++;
fci = fki->conversion_specs;
while (fci->format_chars != 0
&& strchr (fci->format_chars, format_char) == 0)
++fci;
if (fci->format_chars == 0)
{
if (ISGRAPH (format_char))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "unknown conversion type character %qc in format",
format_char);
else
warning (OPT_Wformat, "unknown conversion type character 0x%x in format",
format_char);
continue;
}
if (pedantic)
{
if (ADJ_STD (fci->std) > C_STD_VER)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s does not support the %<%%%c%> %s format",
C_STD_NAME (fci->std), format_char, fki->name);
}
/* Validate the individual flags used, removing any that are invalid. */
{
int d = 0;
for (i = 0; flag_chars[i] != 0; i++)
{
const format_flag_spec *s = get_flag_spec (flag_specs,
flag_chars[i], NULL);
flag_chars[i - d] = flag_chars[i];
if (flag_chars[i] == fki->length_code_char)
continue;
if (strchr (fci->flag_chars, flag_chars[i]) == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s used with %<%%%c%> %s format",
_(s->name), format_char, fki->name);
d++;
continue;
}
if (pedantic)
{
const format_flag_spec *t;
if (ADJ_STD (s->std) > C_STD_VER)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s does not support %s",
C_STD_NAME (s->std), _(s->long_name));
t = get_flag_spec (flag_specs, flag_chars[i], fci->flags2);
if (t != NULL && ADJ_STD (t->std) > ADJ_STD (s->std))
{
const char *long_name = (t->long_name != NULL
? t->long_name
: s->long_name);
if (ADJ_STD (t->std) > C_STD_VER)
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"%s does not support %s with the %<%%%c%> %s format",
C_STD_NAME (t->std), _(long_name),
format_char, fki->name);
}
}
}
flag_chars[i - d] = 0;
}
if ((fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_SCANF_A_KLUDGE)
&& strchr (flag_chars, 'a') != 0)
alloc_flag = 1;
if (fki->alloc_char && strchr (flag_chars, fki->alloc_char) != 0)
alloc_flag = 1;
if (fki->suppression_char
&& strchr (flag_chars, fki->suppression_char) != 0)
suppressed = 1;
/* Validate the pairs of flags used. */
for (i = 0; bad_flag_pairs[i].flag_char1 != 0; i++)
{
const format_flag_spec *s, *t;
if (strchr (flag_chars, bad_flag_pairs[i].flag_char1) == 0)
continue;
if (strchr (flag_chars, bad_flag_pairs[i].flag_char2) == 0)
continue;
if (bad_flag_pairs[i].predicate != 0
&& strchr (fci->flags2, bad_flag_pairs[i].predicate) == 0)
continue;
s = get_flag_spec (flag_specs, bad_flag_pairs[i].flag_char1, NULL);
t = get_flag_spec (flag_specs, bad_flag_pairs[i].flag_char2, NULL);
if (bad_flag_pairs[i].ignored)
{
if (bad_flag_pairs[i].predicate != 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"%s ignored with %s and %<%%%c%> %s format",
_(s->name), _(t->name), format_char,
fki->name);
else
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s ignored with %s in %s format",
_(s->name), _(t->name), fki->name);
}
else
{
if (bad_flag_pairs[i].predicate != 0)
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"use of %s and %s together with %<%%%c%> %s format",
_(s->name), _(t->name), format_char,
fki->name);
else
warning (OPT_Wformat, "use of %s and %s together in %s format",
_(s->name), _(t->name), fki->name);
}
}
/* Give Y2K warnings. */
if (warn_format_y2k)
{
int y2k_level = 0;
if (strchr (fci->flags2, '4') != 0)
if (strchr (flag_chars, 'E') != 0)
y2k_level = 3;
else
y2k_level = 2;
else if (strchr (fci->flags2, '3') != 0)
y2k_level = 3;
else if (strchr (fci->flags2, '2') != 0)
y2k_level = 2;
if (y2k_level == 3)
warning (OPT_Wformat_y2k, "%<%%%c%> yields only last 2 digits of "
"year in some locales", format_char);
else if (y2k_level == 2)
warning (OPT_Wformat_y2k, "%<%%%c%> yields only last 2 digits of "
"year", format_char);
}
if (strchr (fci->flags2, '[') != 0)
{
/* Skip over scan set, in case it happens to have '%' in it. */
if (*format_chars == '^')
++format_chars;
/* Find closing bracket; if one is hit immediately, then
it's part of the scan set rather than a terminator. */
if (*format_chars == ']')
++format_chars;
while (*format_chars && *format_chars != ']')
++format_chars;
if (*format_chars != ']')
/* The end of the format string was reached. */
warning (OPT_Wformat, "no closing %<]%> for %<%%[%> format");
}
wanted_type = 0;
wanted_type_name = 0;
if (fki->flags & (int) FMT_FLAG_ARG_CONVERT)
{
wanted_type = (fci->types[length_chars_val].type
? *fci->types[length_chars_val].type : 0);
wanted_type_name = fci->types[length_chars_val].name;
wanted_type_std = fci->types[length_chars_val].std;
if (wanted_type == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"use of %qs length modifier with %qc type character",
length_chars, format_char);
/* Heuristic: skip one argument when an invalid length/type
combination is encountered. */
arg_num++;
if (params == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "too few arguments for format");
return;
}
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
continue;
}
else if (pedantic
/* Warn if non-standard, provided it is more non-standard
than the length and type characters that may already
have been warned for. */
&& ADJ_STD (wanted_type_std) > ADJ_STD (length_chars_std)
&& ADJ_STD (wanted_type_std) > ADJ_STD (fci->std))
{
if (ADJ_STD (wanted_type_std) > C_STD_VER)
warning (OPT_Wformat,
"%s does not support the %<%%%s%c%> %s format",
C_STD_NAME (wanted_type_std), length_chars,
format_char, fki->name);
}
}
main_wanted_type.next = NULL;
/* Finally. . .check type of argument against desired type! */
if (info->first_arg_num == 0)
continue;
if ((fci->pointer_count == 0 && wanted_type == void_type_node)
|| suppressed)
{
if (main_arg_num != 0)
{
if (suppressed)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "operand number specified with "
"suppressed assignment");
else
warning (OPT_Wformat, "operand number specified for format "
"taking no argument");
}
}
else
{
format_wanted_type *wanted_type_ptr;
if (main_arg_num != 0)
{
arg_num = main_arg_num;
params = main_arg_params;
}
else
{
++arg_num;
if (has_operand_number > 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "missing $ operand number in format");
return;
}
else
has_operand_number = 0;
}
wanted_type_ptr = &main_wanted_type;
while (fci)
{
if (params == 0)
{
warning (OPT_Wformat, "too few arguments for format");
return;
}
cur_param = TREE_VALUE (params);
params = TREE_CHAIN (params);
wanted_type_ptr->wanted_type = wanted_type;
wanted_type_ptr->wanted_type_name = wanted_type_name;
wanted_type_ptr->pointer_count = fci->pointer_count + alloc_flag;
wanted_type_ptr->char_lenient_flag = 0;
if (strchr (fci->flags2, 'c') != 0)
wanted_type_ptr->char_lenient_flag = 1;
wanted_type_ptr->writing_in_flag = 0;
wanted_type_ptr->reading_from_flag = 0;
if (alloc_flag)
wanted_type_ptr->writing_in_flag = 1;
else
{
if (strchr (fci->flags2, 'W') != 0)
wanted_type_ptr->writing_in_flag = 1;
if (strchr (fci->flags2, 'R') != 0)
wanted_type_ptr->reading_from_flag = 1;
}
wanted_type_ptr->name = NULL;
wanted_type_ptr->param = cur_param;
wanted_type_ptr->arg_num = arg_num;
wanted_type_ptr->next = NULL;
if (last_wanted_type != 0)
last_wanted_type->next = wanted_type_ptr;
if (first_wanted_type == 0)
first_wanted_type = wanted_type_ptr;
last_wanted_type = wanted_type_ptr;
fci = fci->chain;
if (fci)
{
wanted_type_ptr = (format_wanted_type *)
pool_alloc (fwt_pool);
arg_num++;
wanted_type = *fci->types[length_chars_val].type;
wanted_type_name = fci->types[length_chars_val].name;
}
}
}
if (first_wanted_type != 0)
check_format_types (first_wanted_type, format_start,
format_chars - format_start);
}
}
/* Check the argument types from a single format conversion (possibly
including width and precision arguments). */
static void
check_format_types (format_wanted_type *types, const char *format_start,
int format_length)
{
for (; types != 0; types = types->next)
{
tree cur_param;
tree cur_type;
tree orig_cur_type;
tree wanted_type;
int arg_num;
int i;
int char_type_flag;
cur_param = types->param;
cur_type = TREE_TYPE (cur_param);
if (cur_type == error_mark_node)
continue;
orig_cur_type = cur_type;
char_type_flag = 0;
wanted_type = types->wanted_type;
arg_num = types->arg_num;
/* The following should not occur here. */
gcc_assert (wanted_type);
gcc_assert (wanted_type != void_type_node || types->pointer_count);
if (types->pointer_count == 0)
wanted_type = lang_hooks.types.type_promotes_to (wanted_type);
wanted_type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (wanted_type);
STRIP_NOPS (cur_param);
/* Check the types of any additional pointer arguments
that precede the "real" argument. */
for (i = 0; i < types->pointer_count; ++i)
{
if (TREE_CODE (cur_type) == POINTER_TYPE)
{
cur_type = TREE_TYPE (cur_type);
if (cur_type == error_mark_node)
break;
/* Check for writing through a NULL pointer. */
if (types->writing_in_flag
&& i == 0
&& cur_param != 0
&& integer_zerop (cur_param))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "writing through null pointer "
"(argument %d)", arg_num);
/* Check for reading through a NULL pointer. */
if (types->reading_from_flag
&& i == 0
&& cur_param != 0
&& integer_zerop (cur_param))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "reading through null pointer "
"(argument %d)", arg_num);
if (cur_param != 0 && TREE_CODE (cur_param) == ADDR_EXPR)
cur_param = TREE_OPERAND (cur_param, 0);
else
cur_param = 0;
/* See if this is an attempt to write into a const type with
scanf or with printf "%n". Note: the writing in happens
at the first indirection only, if for example
void * const * is passed to scanf %p; passing
const void ** is simply passing an incompatible type. */
if (types->writing_in_flag
&& i == 0
&& (TYPE_READONLY (cur_type)
|| (cur_param != 0
&& (CONSTANT_CLASS_P (cur_param)
|| (DECL_P (cur_param)
&& TREE_READONLY (cur_param))))))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "writing into constant object "
"(argument %d)", arg_num);
/* If there are extra type qualifiers beyond the first
indirection, then this makes the types technically
incompatible. */
if (i > 0
&& pedantic
&& (TYPE_READONLY (cur_type)
|| TYPE_VOLATILE (cur_type)
|| TYPE_RESTRICT (cur_type)))
warning (OPT_Wformat, "extra type qualifiers in format "
"argument (argument %d)",
arg_num);
}
else
{
format_type_warning (types->name, format_start, format_length,
wanted_type, types->pointer_count,
types->wanted_type_name, orig_cur_type,
arg_num);
break;
}
}
if (i < types->pointer_count)
continue;
cur_type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (cur_type);
/* Check whether the argument type is a character type. This leniency
only applies to certain formats, flagged with 'c'.
*/
if (types->char_lenient_flag)
char_type_flag = (cur_type == char_type_node
|| cur_type == signed_char_type_node
|| cur_type == unsigned_char_type_node);
/* Check the type of the "real" argument, if there's a type we want. */
if (lang_hooks.types_compatible_p (wanted_type, cur_type))
continue;
/* If we want 'void *', allow any pointer type.
(Anything else would already have got a warning.)
With -pedantic, only allow pointers to void and to character
types. */
if (wanted_type == void_type_node
&& (!pedantic || (i == 1 && char_type_flag)))
continue;
/* Don't warn about differences merely in signedness, unless
-pedantic. With -pedantic, warn if the type is a pointer
target and not a character type, and for character types at
a second level of indirection. */
if (TREE_CODE (wanted_type) == INTEGER_TYPE
&& TREE_CODE (cur_type) == INTEGER_TYPE
&& (!pedantic || i == 0 || (i == 1 && char_type_flag))
&& (TYPE_UNSIGNED (wanted_type)
? wanted_type == c_common_unsigned_type (cur_type)
: wanted_type == c_common_signed_type (cur_type)))
continue;
/* Likewise, "signed char", "unsigned char" and "char" are
equivalent but the above test won't consider them equivalent. */
if (wanted_type == char_type_node
&& (!pedantic || i < 2)
&& char_type_flag)
continue;
/* Now we have a type mismatch. */
format_type_warning (types->name, format_start, format_length,
wanted_type, types->pointer_count,
types->wanted_type_name, orig_cur_type, arg_num);
}
}
/* Give a warning about a format argument of different type from that
expected. DESCR is a description such as "field precision", or
NULL for an ordinary format. For an ordinary format, FORMAT_START
points to where the format starts in the format string and
FORMAT_LENGTH is its length. WANTED_TYPE is the type the argument
should have after POINTER_COUNT pointer dereferences.
WANTED_NAME_NAME is a possibly more friendly name of WANTED_TYPE,
or NULL if the ordinary name of the type should be used. ARG_TYPE
is the type of the actual argument. ARG_NUM is the number of that
argument. */
static void
format_type_warning (const char *descr, const char *format_start,
int format_length, tree wanted_type, int pointer_count,
const char *wanted_type_name, tree arg_type, int arg_num)
{
char *p;
/* If ARG_TYPE is a typedef with a misleading name (for example,
size_t but not the standard size_t expected by printf %zu), avoid
printing the typedef name. */
if (wanted_type_name
&& TYPE_NAME (arg_type)
&& TREE_CODE (TYPE_NAME (arg_type)) == TYPE_DECL
&& DECL_NAME (TYPE_NAME (arg_type))
&& !strcmp (wanted_type_name,
lang_hooks.decl_printable_name (TYPE_NAME (arg_type), 2)))
arg_type = TYPE_MAIN_VARIANT (arg_type);
/* The format type and name exclude any '*' for pointers, so those
must be formatted manually. For all the types we currently have,
this is adequate, but formats taking pointers to functions or
arrays would require the full type to be built up in order to
print it with %T. */
p = (char *) alloca (pointer_count + 2);
if (pointer_count == 0)
p[0] = 0;
else if (c_dialect_cxx ())
{
memset (p, '*', pointer_count);
p[pointer_count] = 0;
}
else
{
p[0] = ' ';
memset (p + 1, '*', pointer_count);
p[pointer_count + 1] = 0;
}
if (wanted_type_name)
{
if (descr)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s should have type %<%s%s%>, "
"but argument %d has type %qT",
descr, wanted_type_name, p, arg_num, arg_type);
else
warning (OPT_Wformat, "format %q.*s expects type %<%s%s%>, "
"but argument %d has type %qT",
format_length, format_start, wanted_type_name, p,
arg_num, arg_type);
}
else
{
if (descr)
warning (OPT_Wformat, "%s should have type %<%T%s%>, "
"but argument %d has type %qT",
descr, wanted_type, p, arg_num, arg_type);
else
warning (OPT_Wformat, "format %q.*s expects type %<%T%s%>, "
"but argument %d has type %qT",
format_length, format_start, wanted_type, p, arg_num, arg_type);
}
}
/* Given a format_char_info array FCI, and a character C, this function
returns the index into the conversion_specs where that specifier's
data is located. The character must exist. */
static unsigned int
find_char_info_specifier_index (const format_char_info *fci, int c)
{
unsigned i;
for (i = 0; fci->format_chars; i++, fci++)
if (strchr (fci->format_chars, c))
return i;
/* We shouldn't be looking for a non-existent specifier. */
gcc_unreachable ();
}
/* Given a format_length_info array FLI, and a character C, this
function returns the index into the conversion_specs where that
modifier's data is located. The character must exist. */
static unsigned int
find_length_info_modifier_index (const format_length_info *fli, int c)
{
unsigned i;
for (i = 0; fli->name; i++, fli++)
if (strchr (fli->name, c))
return i;
/* We shouldn't be looking for a non-existent modifier. */
gcc_unreachable ();
}
/* Determine the type of HOST_WIDE_INT in the code being compiled for
use in GCC's __asm_fprintf__ custom format attribute. You must
have set dynamic_format_types before calling this function. */
static void
init_dynamic_asm_fprintf_info (void)
{
static tree hwi;
if (!hwi)
{
format_length_info *new_asm_fprintf_length_specs;
unsigned int i;
/* Find the underlying type for HOST_WIDE_INT. For the %w
length modifier to work, one must have issued: "typedef
HOST_WIDE_INT __gcc_host_wide_int__;" in one's source code
prior to using that modifier. */
hwi = maybe_get_identifier ("__gcc_host_wide_int__");
if (!hwi)
{
error ("%<__gcc_host_wide_int__%> is not defined as a type");
return;
}
hwi = identifier_global_value (hwi);
if (!hwi || TREE_CODE (hwi) != TYPE_DECL)
{
error ("%<__gcc_host_wide_int__%> is not defined as a type");
return;
}
hwi = DECL_ORIGINAL_TYPE (hwi);
gcc_assert (hwi);
if (hwi != long_integer_type_node && hwi != long_long_integer_type_node)
{
error ("%<__gcc_host_wide_int__%> is not defined as %<long%>"
" or %<long long%>");
return;
}
/* Create a new (writable) copy of asm_fprintf_length_specs. */
new_asm_fprintf_length_specs = (format_length_info *)
xmemdup (asm_fprintf_length_specs,
sizeof (asm_fprintf_length_specs),