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/* Rewrite a program in Normal form into SSA.
Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Diego Novillo <dnovillo@redhat.com>
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tm_p.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "hard-reg-set.h"
#include "basic-block.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "expr.h"
#include "function.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "bitmap.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "varray.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "hashtab.h"
#include "tree-dump.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "cfgloop.h"
#include "domwalk.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "params.h"
#include "vecprim.h"
/* This file builds the SSA form for a function as described in:
R. Cytron, J. Ferrante, B. Rosen, M. Wegman, and K. Zadeck. Efficiently
Computing Static Single Assignment Form and the Control Dependence
Graph. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems,
13(4):451-490, October 1991. */
/* Structure to map a variable VAR to the set of blocks that contain
definitions for VAR. */
struct def_blocks_d
{
/* The variable. */
tree var;
/* Blocks that contain definitions of VAR. Bit I will be set if the
Ith block contains a definition of VAR. */
bitmap def_blocks;
/* Blocks that contain a PHI node for VAR. */
bitmap phi_blocks;
/* Blocks where VAR is live-on-entry. Similar semantics as
DEF_BLOCKS. */
bitmap livein_blocks;
};
/* Each entry in DEF_BLOCKS contains an element of type STRUCT
DEF_BLOCKS_D, mapping a variable VAR to a bitmap describing all the
basic blocks where VAR is defined (assigned a new value). It also
contains a bitmap of all the blocks where VAR is live-on-entry
(i.e., there is a use of VAR in block B without a preceding
definition in B). The live-on-entry information is used when
computing PHI pruning heuristics. */
static htab_t def_blocks;
/* Stack of trees used to restore the global currdefs to its original
state after completing rewriting of a block and its dominator
children. Its elements have the following properties:
- An SSA_NAME (N) indicates that the current definition of the
underlying variable should be set to the given SSA_NAME. If the
symbol associated with the SSA_NAME is not a GIMPLE register, the
next slot in the stack must be a _DECL node (SYM). In this case,
the name N in the previous slot is the current reaching
definition for SYM.
- A _DECL node indicates that the underlying variable has no
current definition.
- A NULL node at the top entry is used to mark the last slot
associated with the current block. */
static VEC(tree,heap) *block_defs_stack;
/* Set of existing SSA names being replaced by update_ssa. */
static sbitmap old_ssa_names;
/* Set of new SSA names being added by update_ssa. Note that both
NEW_SSA_NAMES and OLD_SSA_NAMES are dense bitmaps because most of
the operations done on them are presence tests. */
static sbitmap new_ssa_names;
/* Symbols whose SSA form needs to be updated or created for the first
time. */
static bitmap syms_to_rename;
/* Subset of SYMS_TO_RENAME. Contains all the GIMPLE register symbols
that have been marked for renaming. */
static bitmap regs_to_rename;
/* Subset of SYMS_TO_RENAME. Contains all the memory symbols
that have been marked for renaming. */
static bitmap mem_syms_to_rename;
/* Set of SSA names that have been marked to be released after they
were registered in the replacement table. They will be finally
released after we finish updating the SSA web. */
static bitmap names_to_release;
static VEC(gimple_vec, heap) *phis_to_rewrite;
/* The bitmap of non-NULL elements of PHIS_TO_REWRITE. */
static bitmap blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite;
/* Growth factor for NEW_SSA_NAMES and OLD_SSA_NAMES. These sets need
to grow as the callers to register_new_name_mapping will typically
create new names on the fly. FIXME. Currently set to 1/3 to avoid
frequent reallocations but still need to find a reasonable growth
strategy. */
#define NAME_SETS_GROWTH_FACTOR (MAX (3, num_ssa_names / 3))
/* Tuple used to represent replacement mappings. */
struct repl_map_d
{
tree name;
bitmap set;
};
/* NEW -> OLD_SET replacement table. If we are replacing several
existing SSA names O_1, O_2, ..., O_j with a new name N_i,
then REPL_TBL[N_i] = { O_1, O_2, ..., O_j }. */
static htab_t repl_tbl;
/* true if register_new_name_mapping needs to initialize the data
structures needed by update_ssa. */
static bool need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p = true;
/* true if update_ssa needs to update virtual operands. */
static bool need_to_update_vops_p = false;
/* Statistics kept by update_ssa to use in the virtual mapping
heuristic. If the number of virtual mappings is beyond certain
threshold, the updater will switch from using the mappings into
renaming the virtual symbols from scratch. In some cases, the
large number of name mappings for virtual names causes significant
slowdowns in the PHI insertion code. */
struct update_ssa_stats_d
{
unsigned num_virtual_mappings;
unsigned num_total_mappings;
bitmap virtual_symbols;
unsigned num_virtual_symbols;
};
static struct update_ssa_stats_d update_ssa_stats;
/* Global data to attach to the main dominator walk structure. */
struct mark_def_sites_global_data
{
/* This bitmap contains the variables which are set before they
are used in a basic block. */
bitmap kills;
/* Bitmap of names to rename. */
sbitmap names_to_rename;
/* Set of blocks that mark_def_sites deems interesting for the
renamer to process. */
sbitmap interesting_blocks;
};
/* Information stored for SSA names. */
struct ssa_name_info
{
/* The current reaching definition replacing this SSA name. */
tree current_def;
/* This field indicates whether or not the variable may need PHI nodes.
See the enum's definition for more detailed information about the
states. */
ENUM_BITFIELD (need_phi_state) need_phi_state : 2;
/* Age of this record (so that info_for_ssa_name table can be cleared
quickly); if AGE < CURRENT_INFO_FOR_SSA_NAME_AGE, then the fields
are assumed to be null. */
unsigned age;
};
/* The information associated with names. */
typedef struct ssa_name_info *ssa_name_info_p;
DEF_VEC_P (ssa_name_info_p);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_P (ssa_name_info_p, heap);
static VEC(ssa_name_info_p, heap) *info_for_ssa_name;
static unsigned current_info_for_ssa_name_age;
/* The set of blocks affected by update_ssa. */
static bitmap blocks_to_update;
/* The main entry point to the SSA renamer (rewrite_blocks) may be
called several times to do different, but related, tasks.
Initially, we need it to rename the whole program into SSA form.
At other times, we may need it to only rename into SSA newly
exposed symbols. Finally, we can also call it to incrementally fix
an already built SSA web. */
enum rewrite_mode {
/* Convert the whole function into SSA form. */
REWRITE_ALL,
/* Incrementally update the SSA web by replacing existing SSA
names with new ones. See update_ssa for details. */
REWRITE_UPDATE
};
/* Prototypes for debugging functions. */
extern void dump_tree_ssa (FILE *);
extern void debug_tree_ssa (void);
extern void debug_def_blocks (void);
extern void dump_tree_ssa_stats (FILE *);
extern void debug_tree_ssa_stats (void);
extern void dump_update_ssa (FILE *);
extern void debug_update_ssa (void);
extern void dump_names_replaced_by (FILE *, tree);
extern void debug_names_replaced_by (tree);
extern void dump_def_blocks (FILE *);
extern void debug_def_blocks (void);
extern void dump_defs_stack (FILE *, int);
extern void debug_defs_stack (int);
extern void dump_currdefs (FILE *);
extern void debug_currdefs (void);
/* Return true if STMT needs to be rewritten. When renaming a subset
of the variables, not all statements will be processed. This is
decided in mark_def_sites. */
static inline bool
rewrite_uses_p (gimple stmt)
{
return gimple_visited_p (stmt);
}
/* Set the rewrite marker on STMT to the value given by REWRITE_P. */
static inline void
set_rewrite_uses (gimple stmt, bool rewrite_p)
{
gimple_set_visited (stmt, rewrite_p);
}
/* Return true if the DEFs created by statement STMT should be
registered when marking new definition sites. This is slightly
different than rewrite_uses_p: it's used by update_ssa to
distinguish statements that need to have both uses and defs
processed from those that only need to have their defs processed.
Statements that define new SSA names only need to have their defs
registered, but they don't need to have their uses renamed. */
static inline bool
register_defs_p (gimple stmt)
{
return gimple_plf (stmt, GF_PLF_1) != 0;
}
/* If REGISTER_DEFS_P is true, mark STMT to have its DEFs registered. */
static inline void
set_register_defs (gimple stmt, bool register_defs_p)
{
gimple_set_plf (stmt, GF_PLF_1, register_defs_p);
}
/* Get the information associated with NAME. */
static inline ssa_name_info_p
get_ssa_name_ann (tree name)
{
unsigned ver = SSA_NAME_VERSION (name);
unsigned len = VEC_length (ssa_name_info_p, info_for_ssa_name);
struct ssa_name_info *info;
if (ver >= len)
{
unsigned new_len = num_ssa_names;
VEC_reserve (ssa_name_info_p, heap, info_for_ssa_name, new_len);
while (len++ < new_len)
{
struct ssa_name_info *info = XCNEW (struct ssa_name_info);
info->age = current_info_for_ssa_name_age;
VEC_quick_push (ssa_name_info_p, info_for_ssa_name, info);
}
}
info = VEC_index (ssa_name_info_p, info_for_ssa_name, ver);
if (info->age < current_info_for_ssa_name_age)
{
info->need_phi_state = 0;
info->current_def = NULL_TREE;
info->age = current_info_for_ssa_name_age;
}
return info;
}
/* Clears info for SSA names. */
static void
clear_ssa_name_info (void)
{
current_info_for_ssa_name_age++;
}
/* Get phi_state field for VAR. */
static inline enum need_phi_state
get_phi_state (tree var)
{
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
return get_ssa_name_ann (var)->need_phi_state;
else
return var_ann (var)->need_phi_state;
}
/* Sets phi_state field for VAR to STATE. */
static inline void
set_phi_state (tree var, enum need_phi_state state)
{
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
get_ssa_name_ann (var)->need_phi_state = state;
else
var_ann (var)->need_phi_state = state;
}
/* Return the current definition for VAR. */
tree
get_current_def (tree var)
{
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
return get_ssa_name_ann (var)->current_def;
else
return var_ann (var)->current_def;
}
/* Sets current definition of VAR to DEF. */
void
set_current_def (tree var, tree def)
{
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
get_ssa_name_ann (var)->current_def = def;
else
var_ann (var)->current_def = def;
}
/* Compute global livein information given the set of blocks where
an object is locally live at the start of the block (LIVEIN)
and the set of blocks where the object is defined (DEF_BLOCKS).
Note: This routine augments the existing local livein information
to include global livein (i.e., it modifies the underlying bitmap
for LIVEIN). */
void
compute_global_livein (bitmap livein ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, bitmap def_blocks ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
basic_block bb, *worklist, *tos;
unsigned i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
tos = worklist
= (basic_block *) xmalloc (sizeof (basic_block) * (last_basic_block + 1));
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (livein, 0, i, bi)
*tos++ = BASIC_BLOCK (i);
/* Iterate until the worklist is empty. */
while (tos != worklist)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
/* Pull a block off the worklist. */
bb = *--tos;
/* For each predecessor block. */
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
{
basic_block pred = e->src;
int pred_index = pred->index;
/* None of this is necessary for the entry block. */
if (pred != ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR
&& ! bitmap_bit_p (livein, pred_index)
&& ! bitmap_bit_p (def_blocks, pred_index))
{
*tos++ = pred;
bitmap_set_bit (livein, pred_index);
}
}
}
free (worklist);
}
/* Cleans up the REWRITE_THIS_STMT and REGISTER_DEFS_IN_THIS_STMT flags for
all statements in basic block BB. */
static void
initialize_flags_in_bb (basic_block bb)
{
gimple stmt;
gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
for (gsi = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
{
gimple phi = gsi_stmt (gsi);
set_rewrite_uses (phi, false);
set_register_defs (phi, false);
}
for (gsi = gsi_start_bb (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
{
stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
/* We are going to use the operand cache API, such as
SET_USE, SET_DEF, and FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST. The operand
cache for each statement should be up-to-date. */
gcc_assert (!gimple_modified_p (stmt));
set_rewrite_uses (stmt, false);
set_register_defs (stmt, false);
}
}
/* Mark block BB as interesting for update_ssa. */
static void
mark_block_for_update (basic_block bb)
{
gcc_assert (blocks_to_update != NULL);
if (bitmap_bit_p (blocks_to_update, bb->index))
return;
bitmap_set_bit (blocks_to_update, bb->index);
initialize_flags_in_bb (bb);
}
/* Return the set of blocks where variable VAR is defined and the blocks
where VAR is live on entry (livein). If no entry is found in
DEF_BLOCKS, a new one is created and returned. */
static inline struct def_blocks_d *
get_def_blocks_for (tree var)
{
struct def_blocks_d db, *db_p;
void **slot;
db.var = var;
slot = htab_find_slot (def_blocks, (void *) &db, INSERT);
if (*slot == NULL)
{
db_p = XNEW (struct def_blocks_d);
db_p->var = var;
db_p->def_blocks = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
db_p->phi_blocks = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
db_p->livein_blocks = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
*slot = (void *) db_p;
}
else
db_p = (struct def_blocks_d *) *slot;
return db_p;
}
/* Mark block BB as the definition site for variable VAR. PHI_P is true if
VAR is defined by a PHI node. */
static void
set_def_block (tree var, basic_block bb, bool phi_p)
{
struct def_blocks_d *db_p;
enum need_phi_state state;
state = get_phi_state (var);
db_p = get_def_blocks_for (var);
/* Set the bit corresponding to the block where VAR is defined. */
bitmap_set_bit (db_p->def_blocks, bb->index);
if (phi_p)
bitmap_set_bit (db_p->phi_blocks, bb->index);
/* Keep track of whether or not we may need to insert PHI nodes.
If we are in the UNKNOWN state, then this is the first definition
of VAR. Additionally, we have not seen any uses of VAR yet, so
we do not need a PHI node for this variable at this time (i.e.,
transition to NEED_PHI_STATE_NO).
If we are in any other state, then we either have multiple definitions
of this variable occurring in different blocks or we saw a use of the
variable which was not dominated by the block containing the
definition(s). In this case we may need a PHI node, so enter
state NEED_PHI_STATE_MAYBE. */
if (state == NEED_PHI_STATE_UNKNOWN)
set_phi_state (var, NEED_PHI_STATE_NO);
else
set_phi_state (var, NEED_PHI_STATE_MAYBE);
}
/* Mark block BB as having VAR live at the entry to BB. */
static void
set_livein_block (tree var, basic_block bb)
{
struct def_blocks_d *db_p;
enum need_phi_state state = get_phi_state (var);
db_p = get_def_blocks_for (var);
/* Set the bit corresponding to the block where VAR is live in. */
bitmap_set_bit (db_p->livein_blocks, bb->index);
/* Keep track of whether or not we may need to insert PHI nodes.
If we reach here in NEED_PHI_STATE_NO, see if this use is dominated
by the single block containing the definition(s) of this variable. If
it is, then we remain in NEED_PHI_STATE_NO, otherwise we transition to
NEED_PHI_STATE_MAYBE. */
if (state == NEED_PHI_STATE_NO)
{
int def_block_index = bitmap_first_set_bit (db_p->def_blocks);
if (def_block_index == -1
|| ! dominated_by_p (CDI_DOMINATORS, bb,
BASIC_BLOCK (def_block_index)))
set_phi_state (var, NEED_PHI_STATE_MAYBE);
}
else
set_phi_state (var, NEED_PHI_STATE_MAYBE);
}
/* Return true if symbol SYM is marked for renaming. */
static inline bool
symbol_marked_for_renaming (tree sym)
{
return bitmap_bit_p (syms_to_rename, DECL_UID (sym));
}
/* Return true if NAME is in OLD_SSA_NAMES. */
static inline bool
is_old_name (tree name)
{
unsigned ver = SSA_NAME_VERSION (name);
return ver < new_ssa_names->n_bits && TEST_BIT (old_ssa_names, ver);
}
/* Return true if NAME is in NEW_SSA_NAMES. */
static inline bool
is_new_name (tree name)
{
unsigned ver = SSA_NAME_VERSION (name);
return ver < new_ssa_names->n_bits && TEST_BIT (new_ssa_names, ver);
}
/* Hashing and equality functions for REPL_TBL. */
static hashval_t
repl_map_hash (const void *p)
{
return htab_hash_pointer ((const void *)((const struct repl_map_d *)p)->name);
}
static int
repl_map_eq (const void *p1, const void *p2)
{
return ((const struct repl_map_d *)p1)->name
== ((const struct repl_map_d *)p2)->name;
}
static void
repl_map_free (void *p)
{
BITMAP_FREE (((struct repl_map_d *)p)->set);
free (p);
}
/* Return the names replaced by NEW_TREE (i.e., REPL_TBL[NEW_TREE].SET). */
static inline bitmap
names_replaced_by (tree new_tree)
{
struct repl_map_d m;
void **slot;
m.name = new_tree;
slot = htab_find_slot (repl_tbl, (void *) &m, NO_INSERT);
/* If N was not registered in the replacement table, return NULL. */
if (slot == NULL || *slot == NULL)
return NULL;
return ((struct repl_map_d *) *slot)->set;
}
/* Add OLD to REPL_TBL[NEW_TREE].SET. */
static inline void
add_to_repl_tbl (tree new_tree, tree old)
{
struct repl_map_d m, *mp;
void **slot;
m.name = new_tree;
slot = htab_find_slot (repl_tbl, (void *) &m, INSERT);
if (*slot == NULL)
{
mp = XNEW (struct repl_map_d);
mp->name = new_tree;
mp->set = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
*slot = (void *) mp;
}
else
mp = (struct repl_map_d *) *slot;
bitmap_set_bit (mp->set, SSA_NAME_VERSION (old));
}
/* Add a new mapping NEW_TREE -> OLD REPL_TBL. Every entry N_i in REPL_TBL
represents the set of names O_1 ... O_j replaced by N_i. This is
used by update_ssa and its helpers to introduce new SSA names in an
already formed SSA web. */
static void
add_new_name_mapping (tree new_tree, tree old)
{
timevar_push (TV_TREE_SSA_INCREMENTAL);
/* OLD and NEW_TREE must be different SSA names for the same symbol. */
gcc_assert (new_tree != old && SSA_NAME_VAR (new_tree) == SSA_NAME_VAR (old));
/* If this mapping is for virtual names, we will need to update
virtual operands. If this is a mapping for .MEM, then we gather
the symbols associated with each name. */
if (!is_gimple_reg (new_tree))
{
tree sym;
need_to_update_vops_p = true;
update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_mappings++;
update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_symbols++;
/* Keep counts of virtual mappings and symbols to use in the
virtual mapping heuristic. If we have large numbers of
virtual mappings for a relatively low number of symbols, it
will make more sense to rename the symbols from scratch.
Otherwise, the insertion of PHI nodes for each of the old
names in these mappings will be very slow. */
sym = SSA_NAME_VAR (new_tree);
bitmap_set_bit (update_ssa_stats.virtual_symbols, DECL_UID (sym));
}
/* We may need to grow NEW_SSA_NAMES and OLD_SSA_NAMES because our
caller may have created new names since the set was created. */
if (new_ssa_names->n_bits <= num_ssa_names - 1)
{
unsigned int new_sz = num_ssa_names + NAME_SETS_GROWTH_FACTOR;
new_ssa_names = sbitmap_resize (new_ssa_names, new_sz, 0);
old_ssa_names = sbitmap_resize (old_ssa_names, new_sz, 0);
}
/* Update the REPL_TBL table. */
add_to_repl_tbl (new_tree, old);
/* If OLD had already been registered as a new name, then all the
names that OLD replaces should also be replaced by NEW_TREE. */
if (is_new_name (old))
bitmap_ior_into (names_replaced_by (new_tree), names_replaced_by (old));
/* Register NEW_TREE and OLD in NEW_SSA_NAMES and OLD_SSA_NAMES,
respectively. */
SET_BIT (new_ssa_names, SSA_NAME_VERSION (new_tree));
SET_BIT (old_ssa_names, SSA_NAME_VERSION (old));
/* Update mapping counter to use in the virtual mapping heuristic. */
update_ssa_stats.num_total_mappings++;
timevar_pop (TV_TREE_SSA_INCREMENTAL);
}
/* Call back for walk_dominator_tree used to collect definition sites
for every variable in the function. For every statement S in block
BB:
1- Variables defined by S in the DEFS of S are marked in the bitmap
WALK_DATA->GLOBAL_DATA->KILLS.
2- If S uses a variable VAR and there is no preceding kill of VAR,
then it is marked in the LIVEIN_BLOCKS bitmap associated with VAR.
This information is used to determine which variables are live
across block boundaries to reduce the number of PHI nodes
we create. */
static void
mark_def_sites (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data, basic_block bb,
gimple_stmt_iterator gsi)
{
struct mark_def_sites_global_data *gd;
bitmap kills;
tree def;
gimple stmt;
use_operand_p use_p;
ssa_op_iter iter;
/* Since this is the first time that we rewrite the program into SSA
form, force an operand scan on every statement. */
stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
update_stmt (stmt);
gd = (struct mark_def_sites_global_data *) walk_data->global_data;
kills = gd->kills;
gcc_assert (blocks_to_update == NULL);
set_register_defs (stmt, false);
set_rewrite_uses (stmt, false);
/* If a variable is used before being set, then the variable is live
across a block boundary, so mark it live-on-entry to BB. */
FOR_EACH_SSA_USE_OPERAND (use_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_USE)
{
tree sym = USE_FROM_PTR (use_p);
gcc_assert (DECL_P (sym));
if (!bitmap_bit_p (kills, DECL_UID (sym)))
set_livein_block (sym, bb);
set_rewrite_uses (stmt, true);
}
/* Now process the defs. Mark BB as the definition block and add
each def to the set of killed symbols. */
FOR_EACH_SSA_TREE_OPERAND (def, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_DEF)
{
gcc_assert (DECL_P (def));
set_def_block (def, bb, false);
bitmap_set_bit (kills, DECL_UID (def));
set_register_defs (stmt, true);
}
/* If we found the statement interesting then also mark the block BB
as interesting. */
if (rewrite_uses_p (stmt) || register_defs_p (stmt))
SET_BIT (gd->interesting_blocks, bb->index);
}
/* Structure used by prune_unused_phi_nodes to record bounds of the intervals
in the dfs numbering of the dominance tree. */
struct dom_dfsnum
{
/* Basic block whose index this entry corresponds to. */
unsigned bb_index;
/* The dfs number of this node. */
unsigned dfs_num;
};
/* Compares two entries of type struct dom_dfsnum by dfs_num field. Callback
for qsort. */
static int
cmp_dfsnum (const void *a, const void *b)
{
const struct dom_dfsnum *const da = (const struct dom_dfsnum *) a;
const struct dom_dfsnum *const db = (const struct dom_dfsnum *) b;
return (int) da->dfs_num - (int) db->dfs_num;
}
/* Among the intervals starting at the N points specified in DEFS, find
the one that contains S, and return its bb_index. */
static unsigned
find_dfsnum_interval (struct dom_dfsnum *defs, unsigned n, unsigned s)
{
unsigned f = 0, t = n, m;
while (t > f + 1)
{
m = (f + t) / 2;
if (defs[m].dfs_num <= s)
f = m;
else
t = m;
}
return defs[f].bb_index;
}
/* Clean bits from PHIS for phi nodes whose value cannot be used in USES.
KILLS is a bitmap of blocks where the value is defined before any use. */
static void
prune_unused_phi_nodes (bitmap phis, bitmap kills, bitmap uses)
{
VEC(int, heap) *worklist;
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i, b, p, u, top;
bitmap live_phis;
basic_block def_bb, use_bb;
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
bitmap to_remove;
struct dom_dfsnum *defs;
unsigned n_defs, adef;
if (bitmap_empty_p (uses))
{
bitmap_clear (phis);
return;
}
/* The phi must dominate a use, or an argument of a live phi. Also, we
do not create any phi nodes in def blocks, unless they are also livein. */
to_remove = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
bitmap_and_compl (to_remove, kills, uses);
bitmap_and_compl_into (phis, to_remove);
if (bitmap_empty_p (phis))
{
BITMAP_FREE (to_remove);
return;
}
/* We want to remove the unnecessary phi nodes, but we do not want to compute
liveness information, as that may be linear in the size of CFG, and if
there are lot of different variables to rewrite, this may lead to quadratic
behavior.
Instead, we basically emulate standard dce. We put all uses to worklist,
then for each of them find the nearest def that dominates them. If this
def is a phi node, we mark it live, and if it was not live before, we
add the predecessors of its basic block to the worklist.
To quickly locate the nearest def that dominates use, we use dfs numbering
of the dominance tree (that is already available in order to speed up
queries). For each def, we have the interval given by the dfs number on
entry to and on exit from the corresponding subtree in the dominance tree.
The nearest dominator for a given use is the smallest of these intervals
that contains entry and exit dfs numbers for the basic block with the use.
If we store the bounds for all the uses to an array and sort it, we can
locate the nearest dominating def in logarithmic time by binary search.*/
bitmap_ior (to_remove, kills, phis);
n_defs = bitmap_count_bits (to_remove);
defs = XNEWVEC (struct dom_dfsnum, 2 * n_defs + 1);
defs[0].bb_index = 1;
defs[0].dfs_num = 0;
adef = 1;
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (to_remove, 0, i, bi)
{
def_bb = BASIC_BLOCK (i);
defs[adef].bb_index = i;
defs[adef].dfs_num = bb_dom_dfs_in (CDI_DOMINATORS, def_bb);
defs[adef + 1].bb_index = i;
defs[adef + 1].dfs_num = bb_dom_dfs_out (CDI_DOMINATORS, def_bb);
adef += 2;
}
BITMAP_FREE (to_remove);
gcc_assert (adef == 2 * n_defs + 1);
qsort (defs, adef, sizeof (struct dom_dfsnum), cmp_dfsnum);
gcc_assert (defs[0].bb_index == 1);
/* Now each DEFS entry contains the number of the basic block to that the
dfs number corresponds. Change them to the number of basic block that
corresponds to the interval following the dfs number. Also, for the
dfs_out numbers, increase the dfs number by one (so that it corresponds
to the start of the following interval, not to the end of the current
one). We use WORKLIST as a stack. */
worklist = VEC_alloc (int, heap, n_defs + 1);
VEC_quick_push (int, worklist, 1);
top = 1;
n_defs = 1;
for (i = 1; i < adef; i++)
{
b = defs[i].bb_index;
if (b == top)
{
/* This is a closing element. Interval corresponding to the top
of the stack after removing it follows. */
VEC_pop (int, worklist);
top = VEC_index (int, worklist, VEC_length (int, worklist) - 1);
defs[n_defs].bb_index = top;
defs[n_defs].dfs_num = defs[i].dfs_num + 1;
}
else
{
/* Opening element. Nothing to do, just push it to the stack and move
it to the correct position. */
defs[n_defs].bb_index = defs[i].bb_index;
defs[n_defs].dfs_num = defs[i].dfs_num;
VEC_quick_push (int, worklist, b);
top = b;
}
/* If this interval starts at the same point as the previous one, cancel
the previous one. */
if (defs[n_defs].dfs_num == defs[n_defs - 1].dfs_num)
defs[n_defs - 1].bb_index = defs[n_defs].bb_index;
else
n_defs++;
}
VEC_pop (int, worklist);
gcc_assert (VEC_empty (int, worklist));
/* Now process the uses. */
live_phis = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (uses, 0, i, bi)
{
VEC_safe_push (int, heap, worklist, i);
}
while (!VEC_empty (int, worklist))
{
b = VEC_pop (int, worklist);
if (b == ENTRY_BLOCK)
continue;
/* If there is a phi node in USE_BB, it is made live. Otherwise,
find the def that dominates the immediate dominator of USE_BB
(the kill in USE_BB does not dominate the use). */
if (bitmap_bit_p (phis, b))
p = b;
else
{
use_bb = get_immediate_dominator (CDI_DOMINATORS, BASIC_BLOCK (b));
p = find_dfsnum_interval (defs, n_defs,
bb_dom_dfs_in (CDI_DOMINATORS, use_bb));
if (!bitmap_bit_p (phis, p))
continue;
}
/* If the phi node is already live, there is nothing to do. */
if (bitmap_bit_p (live_phis, p))
continue;
/* Mark the phi as live, and add the new uses to the worklist. */
bitmap_set_bit (live_phis, p);
def_bb = BASIC_BLOCK (p);
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, def_bb->preds)
{
u = e->src->index;
if (bitmap_bit_p (uses, u))
continue;
/* In case there is a kill directly in the use block, do not record
the use (this is also necessary for correctness, as we assume that
uses dominated by a def directly in their block have been filtered
out before). */
if (bitmap_bit_p (kills, u))
continue;
bitmap_set_bit (uses, u);
VEC_safe_push (int, heap, worklist, u);
}
}
VEC_free (int, heap, worklist);
bitmap_copy (phis, live_phis);
BITMAP_FREE (live_phis);
free (defs);
}
/* Return the set of blocks where variable VAR is defined and the blocks
where VAR is live on entry (livein). Return NULL, if no entry is
found in DEF_BLOCKS. */
static inline struct def_blocks_d *
find_def_blocks_for (tree var)
{
struct def_blocks_d dm;
dm.var = var;
return (struct def_blocks_d *) htab_find (def_blocks, &dm);
}
/* Retrieve or create a default definition for symbol SYM. */
static inline tree
get_default_def_for (tree sym)
{
tree ddef = gimple_default_def (cfun, sym);
if (ddef == NULL_TREE)
{
ddef = make_ssa_name (sym, gimple_build_nop ());
set_default_def (sym, ddef);
}
return ddef;
}
/* Marks phi node PHI in basic block BB for rewrite. */
static void
mark_phi_for_rewrite (basic_block bb, gimple phi)
{
gimple_vec phis;
unsigned i, idx = bb->index;
if (rewrite_uses_p (phi))
return;
set_rewrite_uses (phi, true);
if (!blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite)
return;
bitmap_set_bit (blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite, idx);
VEC_reserve (gimple_vec, heap, phis_to_rewrite, last_basic_block + 1);
for (i = VEC_length (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite); i <= idx; i++)
VEC_quick_push (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite, NULL);
phis = VEC_index (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite, idx);
if (!phis)
phis = VEC_alloc (gimple, heap, 10);
VEC_safe_push (gimple, heap, phis, phi);
VEC_replace (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite, idx, phis);
}
/* Insert PHI nodes for variable VAR using the iterated dominance
frontier given in PHI_INSERTION_POINTS. If UPDATE_P is true, this
function assumes that the caller is incrementally updating the
existing SSA form, in which case VAR may be an SSA name instead of
a symbol.
PHI_INSERTION_POINTS is updated to reflect nodes that already had a
PHI node for VAR. On exit, only the nodes that received a PHI node
for VAR will be present in PHI_INSERTION_POINTS. */
static void
insert_phi_nodes_for (tree var, bitmap phi_insertion_points, bool update_p)
{
unsigned bb_index;
edge e;
gimple phi;
basic_block bb;
bitmap_iterator bi;
struct def_blocks_d *def_map;
def_map = find_def_blocks_for (var);
gcc_assert (def_map);
/* Remove the blocks where we already have PHI nodes for VAR. */
bitmap_and_compl_into (phi_insertion_points, def_map->phi_blocks);
/* Remove obviously useless phi nodes. */
prune_unused_phi_nodes (phi_insertion_points, def_map->def_blocks,
def_map->livein_blocks);
/* And insert the PHI nodes. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (phi_insertion_points, 0, bb_index, bi)
{
bb = BASIC_BLOCK (bb_index);
if (update_p)
mark_block_for_update (bb);
phi = NULL;
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
{
/* If we are rewriting SSA names, create the LHS of the PHI
node by duplicating VAR. This is useful in the case of
pointers, to also duplicate pointer attributes (alias
information, in particular). */
edge_iterator ei;
tree new_lhs;
gcc_assert (update_p);
phi = create_phi_node (var, bb);
new_lhs = duplicate_ssa_name (var, phi);
gimple_phi_set_result (phi, new_lhs);
add_new_name_mapping (new_lhs, var);
/* Add VAR to every argument slot of PHI. We need VAR in
every argument so that rewrite_update_phi_arguments knows
which name is this PHI node replacing. If VAR is a
symbol marked for renaming, this is not necessary, the
renamer will use the symbol on the LHS to get its
reaching definition. */
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
add_phi_arg (phi, var, e);
}
else
{
gcc_assert (DECL_P (var));
phi = create_phi_node (var, bb);
}
/* Mark this PHI node as interesting for update_ssa. */
set_register_defs (phi, true);
mark_phi_for_rewrite (bb, phi);
}
}
/* Insert PHI nodes at the dominance frontier of blocks with variable
definitions. DFS contains the dominance frontier information for
the flowgraph. */
static void
insert_phi_nodes (bitmap *dfs)
{
referenced_var_iterator rvi;
tree var;
timevar_push (TV_TREE_INSERT_PHI_NODES);
FOR_EACH_REFERENCED_VAR (var, rvi)
{
struct def_blocks_d *def_map;
bitmap idf;
def_map = find_def_blocks_for (var);
if (def_map == NULL)
continue;
if (get_phi_state (var) != NEED_PHI_STATE_NO)
{
idf = compute_idf (def_map->def_blocks, dfs);
insert_phi_nodes_for (var, idf, false);
BITMAP_FREE (idf);
}
}
timevar_pop (TV_TREE_INSERT_PHI_NODES);
}
/* Push SYM's current reaching definition into BLOCK_DEFS_STACK and
register DEF (an SSA_NAME) to be a new definition for SYM. */
static void
register_new_def (tree def, tree sym)
{
tree currdef;
/* If this variable is set in a single basic block and all uses are
dominated by the set(s) in that single basic block, then there is
no reason to record anything for this variable in the block local
definition stacks. Doing so just wastes time and memory.
This is the same test to prune the set of variables which may
need PHI nodes. So we just use that information since it's already
computed and available for us to use. */
if (get_phi_state (sym) == NEED_PHI_STATE_NO)
{
set_current_def (sym, def);
return;
}
currdef = get_current_def (sym);
/* If SYM is not a GIMPLE register, then CURRDEF may be a name whose
SSA_NAME_VAR is not necessarily SYM. In this case, also push SYM
in the stack so that we know which symbol is being defined by
this SSA name when we unwind the stack. */
if (currdef && !is_gimple_reg (sym))
VEC_safe_push (tree, heap, block_defs_stack, sym);
/* Push the current reaching definition into BLOCK_DEFS_STACK. This
stack is later used by the dominator tree callbacks to restore
the reaching definitions for all the variables defined in the
block after a recursive visit to all its immediately dominated
blocks. If there is no current reaching definition, then just
record the underlying _DECL node. */
VEC_safe_push (tree, heap, block_defs_stack, currdef ? currdef : sym);
/* Set the current reaching definition for SYM to be DEF. */
set_current_def (sym, def);
}
/* Perform a depth-first traversal of the dominator tree looking for
variables to rename. BB is the block where to start searching.
Renaming is a five step process:
1- Every definition made by PHI nodes at the start of the blocks is
registered as the current definition for the corresponding variable.
2- Every statement in BB is rewritten. USE and VUSE operands are
rewritten with their corresponding reaching definition. DEF and
VDEF targets are registered as new definitions.
3- All the PHI nodes in successor blocks of BB are visited. The
argument corresponding to BB is replaced with its current reaching
definition.
4- Recursively rewrite every dominator child block of BB.
5- Restore (in reverse order) the current reaching definition for every
new definition introduced in this block. This is done so that when
we return from the recursive call, all the current reaching
definitions are restored to the names that were valid in the
dominator parent of BB. */
/* SSA Rewriting Step 1. Initialization, create a block local stack
of reaching definitions for new SSA names produced in this block
(BLOCK_DEFS). Register new definitions for every PHI node in the
block. */
static void
rewrite_initialize_block (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb)
{
gimple phi;
gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file, "\n\nRenaming block #%d\n\n", bb->index);
/* Mark the unwind point for this block. */
VEC_safe_push (tree, heap, block_defs_stack, NULL_TREE);
/* Step 1. Register new definitions for every PHI node in the block.
Conceptually, all the PHI nodes are executed in parallel and each PHI
node introduces a new version for the associated variable. */
for (gsi = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
{
tree result;
phi = gsi_stmt (gsi);
result = gimple_phi_result (phi);
gcc_assert (is_gimple_reg (result));
register_new_def (result, SSA_NAME_VAR (result));
}
}
/* Return the current definition for variable VAR. If none is found,
create a new SSA name to act as the zeroth definition for VAR. */
static tree
get_reaching_def (tree var)
{
tree currdef;
/* Lookup the current reaching definition for VAR. */
currdef = get_current_def (var);
/* If there is no reaching definition for VAR, create and register a
default definition for it (if needed). */
if (currdef == NULL_TREE)
{
tree sym = DECL_P (var) ? var : SSA_NAME_VAR (var);
currdef = get_default_def_for (sym);
set_current_def (var, currdef);
}
/* Return the current reaching definition for VAR, or the default
definition, if we had to create one. */
return currdef;
}
/* SSA Rewriting Step 2. Rewrite every variable used in each statement in
the block with its immediate reaching definitions. Update the current
definition of a variable when a new real or virtual definition is found. */
static void
rewrite_stmt (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, gimple_stmt_iterator si)
{
gimple stmt;
use_operand_p use_p;
def_operand_p def_p;
ssa_op_iter iter;
stmt = gsi_stmt (si);
/* If mark_def_sites decided that we don't need to rewrite this
statement, ignore it. */
gcc_assert (blocks_to_update == NULL);
if (!rewrite_uses_p (stmt) && !register_defs_p (stmt))
return;
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
{
fprintf (dump_file, "Renaming statement ");
print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
}
/* Step 1. Rewrite USES in the statement. */
if (rewrite_uses_p (stmt))
FOR_EACH_SSA_USE_OPERAND (use_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_USE)
{
tree var = USE_FROM_PTR (use_p);
gcc_assert (DECL_P (var));
SET_USE (use_p, get_reaching_def (var));
}
/* Step 2. Register the statement's DEF operands. */
if (register_defs_p (stmt))
FOR_EACH_SSA_DEF_OPERAND (def_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_DEF)
{
tree var = DEF_FROM_PTR (def_p);
gcc_assert (DECL_P (var));
SET_DEF (def_p, make_ssa_name (var, stmt));
register_new_def (DEF_FROM_PTR (def_p), var);
}
}
/* SSA Rewriting Step 3. Visit all the successor blocks of BB looking for
PHI nodes. For every PHI node found, add a new argument containing the
current reaching definition for the variable and the edge through which
that definition is reaching the PHI node. */
static void
rewrite_add_phi_arguments (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->succs)
{
gimple phi;
gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
for (gsi = gsi_start_phis (e->dest); !gsi_end_p (gsi);
gsi_next (&gsi))
{
tree currdef;
phi = gsi_stmt (gsi);
currdef = get_reaching_def (SSA_NAME_VAR (gimple_phi_result (phi)));
add_phi_arg (phi, currdef, e);
}
}
}
/* Called after visiting all the statements in basic block BB and all
of its dominator children. Restore CURRDEFS to its original value. */
static void
rewrite_finalize_block (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
/* Restore CURRDEFS to its original state. */
while (VEC_length (tree, block_defs_stack) > 0)
{
tree tmp = VEC_pop (tree, block_defs_stack);
tree saved_def, var;
if (tmp == NULL_TREE)
break;
if (TREE_CODE (tmp) == SSA_NAME)
{
/* If we recorded an SSA_NAME, then make the SSA_NAME the
current definition of its underlying variable. Note that
if the SSA_NAME is not for a GIMPLE register, the symbol
being defined is stored in the next slot in the stack.
This mechanism is needed because an SSA name for a
non-register symbol may be the definition for more than
one symbol (e.g., SFTs, aliased variables, etc). */
saved_def = tmp;
var = SSA_NAME_VAR (saved_def);
if (!is_gimple_reg (var))
var = VEC_pop (tree, block_defs_stack);
}
else
{
/* If we recorded anything else, it must have been a _DECL
node and its current reaching definition must have been
NULL. */
saved_def = NULL;
var = tmp;
}
set_current_def (var, saved_def);
}
}
/* Dump bitmap SET (assumed to contain VAR_DECLs) to FILE. */
void
dump_decl_set (FILE *file, bitmap set)
{
if (set)
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i;
fprintf (file, "{ ");
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (set, 0, i, bi)
{
print_generic_expr (file, referenced_var (i), 0);
fprintf (file, " ");
}
fprintf (file, "}\n");
}
else
fprintf (file, "NIL\n");
}
/* Dump bitmap SET (assumed to contain VAR_DECLs) to FILE. */
void
debug_decl_set (bitmap set)
{
dump_decl_set (stderr, set);
}
/* Dump the renaming stack (block_defs_stack) to FILE. Traverse the
stack up to a maximum of N levels. If N is -1, the whole stack is
dumped. New levels are created when the dominator tree traversal
used for renaming enters a new sub-tree. */
void
dump_defs_stack (FILE *file, int n)
{
int i, j;
fprintf (file, "\n\nRenaming stack");
if (n > 0)
fprintf (file, " (up to %d levels)", n);
fprintf (file, "\n\n");
i = 1;
fprintf (file, "Level %d (current level)\n", i);
for (j = (int) VEC_length (tree, block_defs_stack) - 1; j >= 0; j--)
{
tree name, var;
name = VEC_index (tree, block_defs_stack, j);
if (name == NULL_TREE)
{
i++;
if (n > 0 && i > n)
break;
fprintf (file, "\nLevel %d\n", i);
continue;
}
if (DECL_P (name))
{
var = name;
name = NULL_TREE;
}
else
{
var = SSA_NAME_VAR (name);
if (!is_gimple_reg (var))
{
j--;
var = VEC_index (tree, block_defs_stack, j);
}
}
fprintf (file, " Previous CURRDEF (");
print_generic_expr (file, var, 0);
fprintf (file, ") = ");
if (name)
print_generic_expr (file, name, 0);
else
fprintf (file, "<NIL>");
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
}
/* Dump the renaming stack (block_defs_stack) to stderr. Traverse the
stack up to a maximum of N levels. If N is -1, the whole stack is
dumped. New levels are created when the dominator tree traversal
used for renaming enters a new sub-tree. */
void
debug_defs_stack (int n)
{
dump_defs_stack (stderr, n);
}
/* Dump the current reaching definition of every symbol to FILE. */
void
dump_currdefs (FILE *file)
{
referenced_var_iterator i;
tree var;
fprintf (file, "\n\nCurrent reaching definitions\n\n");
FOR_EACH_REFERENCED_VAR (var, i)
if (syms_to_rename == NULL || bitmap_bit_p (syms_to_rename, DECL_UID (var)))
{
fprintf (file, "CURRDEF (");
print_generic_expr (file, var, 0);
fprintf (file, ") = ");
if (get_current_def (var))
print_generic_expr (file, get_current_def (var), 0);
else
fprintf (file, "<NIL>");
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
}
/* Dump the current reaching definition of every symbol to stderr. */
void
debug_currdefs (void)
{
dump_currdefs (stderr);
}
/* Dump SSA information to FILE. */
void
dump_tree_ssa (FILE *file)
{
const char *funcname
= lang_hooks.decl_printable_name (current_function_decl, 2);
fprintf (file, "SSA renaming information for %s\n\n", funcname);
dump_def_blocks (file);
dump_defs_stack (file, -1);
dump_currdefs (file);
dump_tree_ssa_stats (file);
}
/* Dump SSA information to stderr. */
void
debug_tree_ssa (void)
{
dump_tree_ssa (stderr);
}
/* Dump statistics for the hash table HTAB. */
static void
htab_statistics (FILE *file, htab_t htab)
{
fprintf (file, "size %ld, %ld elements, %f collision/search ratio\n",
(long) htab_size (htab),
(long) htab_elements (htab),
htab_collisions (htab));
}
/* Dump SSA statistics on FILE. */
void
dump_tree_ssa_stats (FILE *file)
{
if (def_blocks || repl_tbl)
fprintf (file, "\nHash table statistics:\n");
if (def_blocks)
{
fprintf (file, " def_blocks: ");
htab_statistics (file, def_blocks);
}
if (repl_tbl)
{
fprintf (file, " repl_tbl: ");
htab_statistics (file, repl_tbl);
}
if (def_blocks || repl_tbl)
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
/* Dump SSA statistics on stderr. */
void
debug_tree_ssa_stats (void)
{
dump_tree_ssa_stats (stderr);
}
/* Hashing and equality functions for DEF_BLOCKS. */
static hashval_t
def_blocks_hash (const void *p)
{
return htab_hash_pointer
((const void *)((const struct def_blocks_d *)p)->var);
}
static int
def_blocks_eq (const void *p1, const void *p2)
{
return ((const struct def_blocks_d *)p1)->var
== ((const struct def_blocks_d *)p2)->var;
}
/* Free memory allocated by one entry in DEF_BLOCKS. */
static void
def_blocks_free (void *p)
{
struct def_blocks_d *entry = (struct def_blocks_d *) p;
BITMAP_FREE (entry->def_blocks);
BITMAP_FREE (entry->phi_blocks);
BITMAP_FREE (entry->livein_blocks);
free (entry);
}
/* Callback for htab_traverse to dump the DEF_BLOCKS hash table. */
static int
debug_def_blocks_r (void **slot, void *data)
{
FILE *file = (FILE *) data;
struct def_blocks_d *db_p = (struct def_blocks_d *) *slot;
fprintf (file, "VAR: ");
print_generic_expr (file, db_p->var, dump_flags);
bitmap_print (file, db_p->def_blocks, ", DEF_BLOCKS: { ", "}");
bitmap_print (file, db_p->livein_blocks, ", LIVEIN_BLOCKS: { ", "}");
bitmap_print (file, db_p->phi_blocks, ", PHI_BLOCKS: { ", "}\n");
return 1;
}
/* Dump the DEF_BLOCKS hash table on FILE. */
void
dump_def_blocks (FILE *file)
{
fprintf (file, "\n\nDefinition and live-in blocks:\n\n");
if (def_blocks)
htab_traverse (def_blocks, debug_def_blocks_r, file);
}
/* Dump the DEF_BLOCKS hash table on stderr. */
void
debug_def_blocks (void)
{
dump_def_blocks (stderr);
}
/* Register NEW_NAME to be the new reaching definition for OLD_NAME. */
static inline void
register_new_update_single (tree new_name, tree old_name)
{
tree currdef = get_current_def (old_name);
/* Push the current reaching definition into BLOCK_DEFS_STACK.
This stack is later used by the dominator tree callbacks to
restore the reaching definitions for all the variables
defined in the block after a recursive visit to all its
immediately dominated blocks. */
VEC_reserve (tree, heap, block_defs_stack, 2);
VEC_quick_push (tree, block_defs_stack, currdef);
VEC_quick_push (tree, block_defs_stack, old_name);
/* Set the current reaching definition for OLD_NAME to be
NEW_NAME. */
set_current_def (old_name, new_name);
}
/* Register NEW_NAME to be the new reaching definition for all the
names in OLD_NAMES. Used by the incremental SSA update routines to
replace old SSA names with new ones. */
static inline void
register_new_update_set (tree new_name, bitmap old_names)
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i;
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (old_names, 0, i, bi)
register_new_update_single (new_name, ssa_name (i));
}
/* Initialization of block data structures for the incremental SSA
update pass. Create a block local stack of reaching definitions
for new SSA names produced in this block (BLOCK_DEFS). Register
new definitions for every PHI node in the block. */
static void
rewrite_update_init_block (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
bool is_abnormal_phi;
gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file, "\n\nRegistering new PHI nodes in block #%d\n\n",
bb->index);
/* Mark the unwind point for this block. */
VEC_safe_push (tree, heap, block_defs_stack, NULL_TREE);
if (!bitmap_bit_p (blocks_to_update, bb->index))
return;
/* Mark the LHS if any of the arguments flows through an abnormal
edge. */
is_abnormal_phi = false;
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
if (e->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL)
{
is_abnormal_phi = true;
break;
}
/* If any of the PHI nodes is a replacement for a name in
OLD_SSA_NAMES or it's one of the names in NEW_SSA_NAMES, then
register it as a new definition for its corresponding name. Also
register definitions for names whose underlying symbols are
marked for renaming. */
for (gsi = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi); gsi_next (&gsi))
{
tree lhs, lhs_sym;
gimple phi = gsi_stmt (gsi);
if (!register_defs_p (phi))
continue;
lhs = gimple_phi_result (phi);
lhs_sym = SSA_NAME_VAR (lhs);
if (symbol_marked_for_renaming (lhs_sym))
register_new_update_single (lhs, lhs_sym);
else
{
/* If LHS is a new name, register a new definition for all
the names replaced by LHS. */
if (is_new_name (lhs))
register_new_update_set (lhs, names_replaced_by (lhs));
/* If LHS is an OLD name, register it as a new definition
for itself. */
if (is_old_name (lhs))
register_new_update_single (lhs, lhs);
}
if (is_abnormal_phi)
SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (lhs) = 1;
}
}
/* Called after visiting block BB. Unwind BLOCK_DEFS_STACK to restore
the current reaching definition of every name re-written in BB to
the original reaching definition before visiting BB. This
unwinding must be done in the opposite order to what is done in
register_new_update_set. */
static void
rewrite_update_fini_block (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
while (VEC_length (tree, block_defs_stack) > 0)
{
tree var = VEC_pop (tree, block_defs_stack);
tree saved_def;
/* NULL indicates the unwind stop point for this block (see
rewrite_update_init_block). */
if (var == NULL)
return;
saved_def = VEC_pop (tree, block_defs_stack);
set_current_def (var, saved_def);
}
}
/* If the operand pointed to by USE_P is a name in OLD_SSA_NAMES or
it is a symbol marked for renaming, replace it with USE_P's current
reaching definition. */
static inline void
maybe_replace_use (use_operand_p use_p)
{
tree rdef = NULL_TREE;
tree use = USE_FROM_PTR (use_p);
tree sym = DECL_P (use) ? use : SSA_NAME_VAR (use);
if (symbol_marked_for_renaming (sym))
rdef = get_reaching_def (sym);
else if (is_old_name (use))
rdef = get_reaching_def (use);
if (rdef && rdef != use)
SET_USE (use_p, rdef);
}
/* If the operand pointed to by DEF_P is an SSA name in NEW_SSA_NAMES
or OLD_SSA_NAMES, or if it is a symbol marked for renaming,
register it as the current definition for the names replaced by
DEF_P. */
static inline void
maybe_register_def (def_operand_p def_p, gimple stmt)
{
tree def = DEF_FROM_PTR (def_p);
tree sym = DECL_P (def) ? def : SSA_NAME_VAR (def);
/* If DEF is a naked symbol that needs renaming, create a new
name for it. */
if (symbol_marked_for_renaming (sym))
{
if (DECL_P (def))
{
def = make_ssa_name (def, stmt);
SET_DEF (def_p, def);
}
register_new_update_single (def, sym);
}
else
{
/* If DEF is a new name, register it as a new definition
for all the names replaced by DEF. */
if (is_new_name (def))
register_new_update_set (def, names_replaced_by (def));
/* If DEF is an old name, register DEF as a new
definition for itself. */
if (is_old_name (def))
register_new_update_single (def, def);
}
}
/* Update every variable used in the statement pointed-to by SI. The
statement is assumed to be in SSA form already. Names in
OLD_SSA_NAMES used by SI will be updated to their current reaching
definition. Names in OLD_SSA_NAMES or NEW_SSA_NAMES defined by SI
will be registered as a new definition for their corresponding name
in OLD_SSA_NAMES. */
static void
rewrite_update_stmt (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
gimple_stmt_iterator si)
{
gimple stmt;
use_operand_p use_p;
def_operand_p def_p;
ssa_op_iter iter;
stmt = gsi_stmt (si);
gcc_assert (bitmap_bit_p (blocks_to_update, bb->index));
/* Only update marked statements. */
if (!rewrite_uses_p (stmt) && !register_defs_p (stmt))
return;
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
{
fprintf (dump_file, "Updating SSA information for statement ");
print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
}
/* Rewrite USES included in OLD_SSA_NAMES and USES whose underlying
symbol is marked for renaming. */
if (rewrite_uses_p (stmt))
{
FOR_EACH_SSA_USE_OPERAND (use_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_USE)
maybe_replace_use (use_p);
if (need_to_update_vops_p)
FOR_EACH_SSA_USE_OPERAND (use_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_VIRTUAL_USES)
maybe_replace_use (use_p);
}
/* Register definitions of names in NEW_SSA_NAMES and OLD_SSA_NAMES.
Also register definitions for names whose underlying symbol is
marked for renaming. */
if (register_defs_p (stmt))
{
FOR_EACH_SSA_DEF_OPERAND (def_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_DEF)
maybe_register_def (def_p, stmt);
if (need_to_update_vops_p)
FOR_EACH_SSA_DEF_OPERAND (def_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_VIRTUAL_DEFS)
maybe_register_def (def_p, stmt);
}
}
/* Visit all the successor blocks of BB looking for PHI nodes. For
every PHI node found, check if any of its arguments is in
OLD_SSA_NAMES. If so, and if the argument has a current reaching
definition, replace it. */
static void
rewrite_update_phi_arguments (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
basic_block bb)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
unsigned i;
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->succs)
{
gimple phi;
gimple_vec phis;
if (!bitmap_bit_p (blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite, e->dest->index))
continue;
phis = VEC_index (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite, e->dest->index);
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (gimple, phis, i, phi); i++)
{
tree arg, lhs_sym;
use_operand_p arg_p;
gcc_assert (rewrite_uses_p (phi));
arg_p = PHI_ARG_DEF_PTR_FROM_EDGE (phi, e);
arg = USE_FROM_PTR (arg_p);
if (arg && !DECL_P (arg) && TREE_CODE (arg) != SSA_NAME)
continue;
lhs_sym = SSA_NAME_VAR (gimple_phi_result (phi));
if (arg == NULL_TREE)
{
/* When updating a PHI node for a recently introduced
symbol we may find NULL arguments. That's why we
take the symbol from the LHS of the PHI node. */
SET_USE (arg_p, get_reaching_def (lhs_sym));
}
else
{
tree sym = DECL_P (arg) ? arg : SSA_NAME_VAR (arg);
if (symbol_marked_for_renaming (sym))
SET_USE (arg_p, get_reaching_def (sym));
else if (is_old_name (arg))
SET_USE (arg_p, get_reaching_def (arg));
}
if (e->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL)
SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (USE_FROM_PTR (arg_p)) = 1;
}
}
}
/* Rewrite the actual blocks, statements, and PHI arguments, to be in SSA
form.
ENTRY indicates the block where to start. Every block dominated by
ENTRY will be rewritten.
WHAT indicates what actions will be taken by the renamer (see enum
rewrite_mode).
BLOCKS are the set of interesting blocks for the dominator walker
to process. If this set is NULL, then all the nodes dominated
by ENTRY are walked. Otherwise, blocks dominated by ENTRY that
are not present in BLOCKS are ignored. */
static void
rewrite_blocks (basic_block entry, enum rewrite_mode what, sbitmap blocks)
{
struct dom_walk_data walk_data;
/* Rewrite all the basic blocks in the program. */
timevar_push (TV_TREE_SSA_REWRITE_BLOCKS);
/* Setup callbacks for the generic dominator tree walker. */
memset (&walk_data, 0, sizeof (walk_data));
walk_data.dom_direction = CDI_DOMINATORS;
walk_data.interesting_blocks = blocks;
if (what == REWRITE_ALL)
walk_data.before_dom_children_before_stmts = rewrite_initialize_block;
else
walk_data.before_dom_children_before_stmts = rewrite_update_init_block;
if (what == REWRITE_ALL)
walk_data.before_dom_children_walk_stmts = rewrite_stmt;
else if (what == REWRITE_UPDATE)
walk_data.before_dom_children_walk_stmts = rewrite_update_stmt;
else
gcc_unreachable ();
if (what == REWRITE_ALL)
walk_data.before_dom_children_after_stmts = rewrite_add_phi_arguments;
else if (what == REWRITE_UPDATE)
walk_data.before_dom_children_after_stmts = rewrite_update_phi_arguments;
else
gcc_unreachable ();
if (what == REWRITE_ALL)
walk_data.after_dom_children_after_stmts = rewrite_finalize_block;
else if (what == REWRITE_UPDATE)
walk_data.after_dom_children_after_stmts = rewrite_update_fini_block;
else
gcc_unreachable ();
block_defs_stack = VEC_alloc (tree, heap, 10);
/* Initialize the dominator walker. */
init_walk_dominator_tree (&walk_data);
/* Recursively walk the dominator tree rewriting each statement in
each basic block. */
walk_dominator_tree (&walk_data, entry);
/* Finalize the dominator walker. */
fini_walk_dominator_tree (&walk_data);
/* Debugging dumps. */
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_STATS))
{
dump_dfa_stats (dump_file);
if (def_blocks)
dump_tree_ssa_stats (dump_file);
}
VEC_free (tree, heap, block_defs_stack);
timevar_pop (TV_TREE_SSA_REWRITE_BLOCKS);
}
/* Block initialization routine for mark_def_sites. Clear the
KILLS bitmap at the start of each block. */
static void
mark_def_sites_initialize_block (struct dom_walk_data *walk_data,
basic_block bb ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
struct mark_def_sites_global_data *gd;
gd = (struct mark_def_sites_global_data *) walk_data->global_data;
bitmap_clear (gd->kills);
}
/* Mark the definition site blocks for each variable, so that we know
where the variable is actually live.
INTERESTING_BLOCKS will be filled in with all the blocks that
should be processed by the renamer. It is assumed to be
initialized and zeroed by the caller. */
static void
mark_def_site_blocks (sbitmap interesting_blocks)
{
struct dom_walk_data walk_data;
struct mark_def_sites_global_data mark_def_sites_global_data;
/* Setup callbacks for the generic dominator tree walker to find and
mark definition sites. */
walk_data.walk_stmts_backward = false;
walk_data.dom_direction = CDI_DOMINATORS;
walk_data.initialize_block_local_data = NULL;
walk_data.before_dom_children_before_stmts = mark_def_sites_initialize_block;
walk_data.before_dom_children_walk_stmts = mark_def_sites;
walk_data.before_dom_children_after_stmts = NULL;
walk_data.after_dom_children_before_stmts = NULL;
walk_data.after_dom_children_walk_stmts = NULL;
walk_data.after_dom_children_after_stmts = NULL;
walk_data.interesting_blocks = NULL;
/* Notice that this bitmap is indexed using variable UIDs, so it must be
large enough to accommodate all the variables referenced in the
function, not just the ones we are renaming. */
mark_def_sites_global_data.kills = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
/* Create the set of interesting blocks that will be filled by
mark_def_sites. */
mark_def_sites_global_data.interesting_blocks = interesting_blocks;
walk_data.global_data = &mark_def_sites_global_data;
/* We do not have any local data. */
walk_data.block_local_data_size = 0;
/* Initialize the dominator walker. */
init_walk_dominator_tree (&walk_data);
/* Recursively walk the dominator tree. */
walk_dominator_tree (&walk_data, ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR);
/* Finalize the dominator walker. */
fini_walk_dominator_tree (&walk_data);
/* We no longer need this bitmap, clear and free it. */
BITMAP_FREE (mark_def_sites_global_data.kills);
}
/* Initialize internal data needed during renaming. */
static void
init_ssa_renamer (void)
{
tree var;
referenced_var_iterator rvi;
cfun->gimple_df->in_ssa_p = false;
/* Allocate memory for the DEF_BLOCKS hash table. */
gcc_assert (def_blocks == NULL);
def_blocks = htab_create (num_referenced_vars, def_blocks_hash,
def_blocks_eq, def_blocks_free);
FOR_EACH_REFERENCED_VAR(var, rvi)
set_current_def (var, NULL_TREE);
}
/* Deallocate internal data structures used by the renamer. */
static void
fini_ssa_renamer (void)
{
if (def_blocks)
{
htab_delete (def_blocks);
def_blocks = NULL;
}
cfun->gimple_df->in_ssa_p = true;
}
/* Main entry point into the SSA builder. The renaming process
proceeds in four main phases:
1- Compute dominance frontier and immediate dominators, needed to
insert PHI nodes and rename the function in dominator tree
order.
2- Find and mark all the blocks that define variables
(mark_def_site_blocks).
3- Insert PHI nodes at dominance frontiers (insert_phi_nodes).
4- Rename all the blocks (rewrite_blocks) and statements in the program.
Steps 3 and 4 are done using the dominator tree walker
(walk_dominator_tree). */
static unsigned int
rewrite_into_ssa (void)
{
bitmap *dfs;
basic_block bb;
sbitmap interesting_blocks;
timevar_push (TV_TREE_SSA_OTHER);
/* Initialize operand data structures. */
init_ssa_operands ();
/* Initialize internal data needed by the renamer. */
init_ssa_renamer ();
/* Initialize the set of interesting blocks. The callback
mark_def_sites will add to this set those blocks that the renamer
should process. */
interesting_blocks = sbitmap_alloc (last_basic_block);
sbitmap_zero (interesting_blocks);
/* Initialize dominance frontier. */
dfs = XNEWVEC (bitmap, last_basic_block);
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
dfs[bb->index] = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
/* 1- Compute dominance frontiers. */
calculate_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);
compute_dominance_frontiers (dfs);
/* 2- Find and mark definition sites. */
mark_def_site_blocks (interesting_blocks);
/* 3- Insert PHI nodes at dominance frontiers of definition blocks. */
insert_phi_nodes (dfs);
/* 4- Rename all the blocks. */
rewrite_blocks (ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR, REWRITE_ALL, interesting_blocks);
/* Free allocated memory. */
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
BITMAP_FREE (dfs[bb->index]);
free (dfs);
sbitmap_free (interesting_blocks);
fini_ssa_renamer ();
timevar_pop (TV_TREE_SSA_OTHER);
return 0;
}
struct gimple_opt_pass pass_build_ssa =
{
{
GIMPLE_PASS,
"ssa", /* name */
NULL, /* gate */
rewrite_into_ssa, /* execute */
NULL, /* sub */
NULL, /* next */
0, /* static_pass_number */
0, /* tv_id */
PROP_cfg | PROP_referenced_vars, /* properties_required */
PROP_ssa, /* properties_provided */
0, /* properties_destroyed */
0, /* todo_flags_start */
TODO_dump_func
| TODO_verify_ssa
| TODO_remove_unused_locals /* todo_flags_finish */
}
};
/* Mark the definition of VAR at STMT and BB as interesting for the
renamer. BLOCKS is the set of blocks that need updating. */
static void
mark_def_interesting (tree var, gimple stmt, basic_block bb, bool insert_phi_p)
{
gcc_assert (bitmap_bit_p (blocks_to_update, bb->index));
set_register_defs (stmt, true);
if (insert_phi_p)
{
bool is_phi_p = gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_PHI;
set_def_block (var, bb, is_phi_p);
/* If VAR is an SSA name in NEW_SSA_NAMES, this is a definition
site for both itself and all the old names replaced by it. */
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME && is_new_name (var))
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i;
bitmap set = names_replaced_by (var);
if (set)
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (set, 0, i, bi)
set_def_block (ssa_name (i), bb, is_phi_p);
}
}
}
/* Mark the use of VAR at STMT and BB as interesting for the
renamer. INSERT_PHI_P is true if we are going to insert new PHI
nodes. */
static inline void
mark_use_interesting (tree var, gimple stmt, basic_block bb, bool insert_phi_p)
{
basic_block def_bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
mark_block_for_update (def_bb);
mark_block_for_update (bb);
if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_PHI)
mark_phi_for_rewrite (def_bb, stmt);
else
set_rewrite_uses (stmt, true);
/* If VAR has not been defined in BB, then it is live-on-entry
to BB. Note that we cannot just use the block holding VAR's
definition because if VAR is one of the names in OLD_SSA_NAMES,
it will have several definitions (itself and all the names that
replace it). */
if (insert_phi_p)
{
struct def_blocks_d *db_p = get_def_blocks_for (var);
if (!bitmap_bit_p (db_p->def_blocks, bb->index))
set_livein_block (var, bb);
}
}
/* Do a dominator walk starting at BB processing statements that
reference symbols in SYMS_TO_RENAME. This is very similar to
mark_def_sites, but the scan handles statements whose operands may
already be SSA names.
If INSERT_PHI_P is true, mark those uses as live in the
corresponding block. This is later used by the PHI placement
algorithm to make PHI pruning decisions.
FIXME. Most of this would be unnecessary if we could associate a
symbol to all the SSA names that reference it. But that
sounds like it would be expensive to maintain. Still, it
would be interesting to see if it makes better sense to do
that. */
static void
prepare_block_for_update (basic_block bb, bool insert_phi_p)
{
basic_block son;
gimple_stmt_iterator si;
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
mark_block_for_update (bb);
/* Process PHI nodes marking interesting those that define or use
the symbols that we are interested in. */
for (si = gsi_start_phis (bb); !gsi_end_p (si); gsi_next (&si))
{
gimple phi = gsi_stmt (si);
tree lhs_sym, lhs = gimple_phi_result (phi);
lhs_sym = DECL_P (lhs) ? lhs : SSA_NAME_VAR (lhs);
if (!symbol_marked_for_renaming (lhs_sym))
continue;
mark_def_interesting (lhs_sym, phi, bb, insert_phi_p);
/* Mark the uses in phi nodes as interesting. It would be more correct
to process the arguments of the phi nodes of the successor edges of
BB at the end of prepare_block_for_update, however, that turns out
to be significantly more expensive. Doing it here is conservatively
correct -- it may only cause us to believe a value to be live in a
block that also contains its definition, and thus insert a few more
phi nodes for it. */
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
mark_use_interesting (lhs_sym, phi, e->src, insert_phi_p);
}
/* Process the statements. */
for (si = gsi_start_bb (bb); !gsi_end_p (si); gsi_next (&si))
{
gimple stmt;
ssa_op_iter i;
use_operand_p use_p;
def_operand_p def_p;
stmt = gsi_stmt (si);
FOR_EACH_SSA_USE_OPERAND (use_p, stmt, i, SSA_OP_ALL_USES)
{
tree use = USE_FROM_PTR (use_p);
tree sym = DECL_P (use) ? use : SSA_NAME_VAR (use);
if (symbol_marked_for_renaming (sym))
mark_use_interesting (sym, stmt, bb, insert_phi_p);
}
FOR_EACH_SSA_DEF_OPERAND (def_p, stmt, i, SSA_OP_ALL_DEFS)
{
tree def = DEF_FROM_PTR (def_p);
tree sym = DECL_P (def) ? def : SSA_NAME_VAR (def);
if (symbol_marked_for_renaming (sym))
mark_def_interesting (sym, stmt, bb, insert_phi_p);
}
}
/* Now visit all the blocks dominated by BB. */
for (son = first_dom_son (CDI_DOMINATORS, bb);
son;
son = next_dom_son (CDI_DOMINATORS, son))
prepare_block_for_update (son, insert_phi_p);
}
/* Helper for prepare_names_to_update. Mark all the use sites for
NAME as interesting. BLOCKS and INSERT_PHI_P are as in
prepare_names_to_update. */
static void
prepare_use_sites_for (tree name, bool insert_phi_p)
{
use_operand_p use_p;
imm_use_iterator iter;
FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST (use_p, iter, name)
{
gimple stmt = USE_STMT (use_p);
basic_block bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_PHI)
{
int ix = PHI_ARG_INDEX_FROM_USE (use_p);
edge e = gimple_phi_arg_edge (stmt, ix);
mark_use_interesting (name, stmt, e->src, insert_phi_p);
}
else
{
/* For regular statements, mark this as an interesting use
for NAME. */
mark_use_interesting (name, stmt, bb, insert_phi_p);
}
}
}
/* Helper for prepare_names_to_update. Mark the definition site for
NAME as interesting. BLOCKS and INSERT_PHI_P are as in
prepare_names_to_update. */
static void
prepare_def_site_for (tree name, bool insert_phi_p)
{
gimple stmt;
basic_block bb;
gcc_assert (names_to_release == NULL
|| !bitmap_bit_p (names_to_release, SSA_NAME_VERSION (name)));
stmt = SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT (name);
bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
if (bb)
{
gcc_assert (bb->index < last_basic_block);
mark_block_for_update (bb);
mark_def_interesting (name, stmt, bb, insert_phi_p);
}
}
/* Mark definition and use sites of names in NEW_SSA_NAMES and
OLD_SSA_NAMES. INSERT_PHI_P is true if the caller wants to insert
PHI nodes for newly created names. */
static void
prepare_names_to_update (bool insert_phi_p)
{
unsigned i = 0;
bitmap_iterator bi;
sbitmap_iterator sbi;
/* If a name N from NEW_SSA_NAMES is also marked to be released,
remove it from NEW_SSA_NAMES so that we don't try to visit its
defining basic block (which most likely doesn't exist). Notice
that we cannot do the same with names in OLD_SSA_NAMES because we
want to replace existing instances. */
if (names_to_release)
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (names_to_release, 0, i, bi)
RESET_BIT (new_ssa_names, i);
/* First process names in NEW_SSA_NAMES. Otherwise, uses of old
names may be considered to be live-in on blocks that contain
definitions for their replacements. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_SBITMAP (new_ssa_names, 0, i, sbi)
prepare_def_site_for (ssa_name (i), insert_phi_p);
/* If an old name is in NAMES_TO_RELEASE, we cannot remove it from
OLD_SSA_NAMES, but we have to ignore its definition site. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_SBITMAP (old_ssa_names, 0, i, sbi)
{
if (names_to_release == NULL || !bitmap_bit_p (names_to_release, i))
prepare_def_site_for (ssa_name (i), insert_phi_p);
prepare_use_sites_for (ssa_name (i), insert_phi_p);
}
}
/* Dump all the names replaced by NAME to FILE. */
void
dump_names_replaced_by (FILE *file, tree name)
{
unsigned i;
bitmap old_set;
bitmap_iterator bi;
print_generic_expr (file, name, 0);
fprintf (file, " -> { ");
old_set = names_replaced_by (name);
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (old_set, 0, i, bi)
{
print_generic_expr (file, ssa_name (i), 0);
fprintf (file, " ");
}
fprintf (file, "}\n");
}
/* Dump all the names replaced by NAME to stderr. */
void
debug_names_replaced_by (tree name)
{
dump_names_replaced_by (stderr, name);
}
/* Dump SSA update information to FILE. */
void
dump_update_ssa (FILE *file)
{
unsigned i = 0;
bitmap_iterator bi;
if (!need_ssa_update_p ())
return;
if (new_ssa_names && sbitmap_first_set_bit (new_ssa_names) >= 0)
{
sbitmap_iterator sbi;
fprintf (file, "\nSSA replacement table\n");
fprintf (file, "N_i -> { O_1 ... O_j } means that N_i replaces "
"O_1, ..., O_j\n\n");
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_SBITMAP (new_ssa_names, 0, i, sbi)
dump_names_replaced_by (file, ssa_name (i));
fprintf (file, "\n");
fprintf (file, "Number of virtual NEW -> OLD mappings: %7u\n",
update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_mappings);
fprintf (file, "Number of real NEW -> OLD mappings: %7u\n",
update_ssa_stats.num_total_mappings
- update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_mappings);
fprintf (file, "Number of total NEW -> OLD mappings: %7u\n",
update_ssa_stats.num_total_mappings);
fprintf (file, "\nNumber of virtual symbols: %u\n",
update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_symbols);
}
if (syms_to_rename && !bitmap_empty_p (syms_to_rename))
{
fprintf (file, "\n\nSymbols to be put in SSA form\n\n");
dump_decl_set (file, syms_to_rename);
}
if (names_to_release && !bitmap_empty_p (names_to_release))
{
fprintf (file, "\n\nSSA names to release after updating the SSA web\n\n");
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (names_to_release, 0, i, bi)
{
print_generic_expr (file, ssa_name (i), 0);
fprintf (file, " ");
}
}
fprintf (file, "\n\n");
}
/* Dump SSA update information to stderr. */
void
debug_update_ssa (void)
{
dump_update_ssa (stderr);
}
/* Initialize data structures used for incremental SSA updates. */
static void
init_update_ssa (void)
{
/* Reserve more space than the current number of names. The calls to
add_new_name_mapping are typically done after creating new SSA
names, so we'll need to reallocate these arrays. */
old_ssa_names = sbitmap_alloc (num_ssa_names + NAME_SETS_GROWTH_FACTOR);
sbitmap_zero (old_ssa_names);
new_ssa_names = sbitmap_alloc (num_ssa_names + NAME_SETS_GROWTH_FACTOR);
sbitmap_zero (new_ssa_names);
repl_tbl = htab_create (20, repl_map_hash, repl_map_eq, repl_map_free);
need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p = false;
need_to_update_vops_p = false;
syms_to_rename = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
regs_to_rename = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
mem_syms_to_rename = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
names_to_release = NULL;
memset (&update_ssa_stats, 0, sizeof (update_ssa_stats));
update_ssa_stats.virtual_symbols = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
}
/* Deallocate data structures used for incremental SSA updates. */
void
delete_update_ssa (void)
{
unsigned i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
sbitmap_free (old_ssa_names);
old_ssa_names = NULL;
sbitmap_free (new_ssa_names);
new_ssa_names = NULL;
htab_delete (repl_tbl);
repl_tbl = NULL;
need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p = true;
need_to_update_vops_p = false;
BITMAP_FREE (syms_to_rename);
BITMAP_FREE (regs_to_rename);
BITMAP_FREE (mem_syms_to_rename);
BITMAP_FREE (update_ssa_stats.virtual_symbols);
if (names_to_release)
{
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (names_to_release, 0, i, bi)
release_ssa_name (ssa_name (i));
BITMAP_FREE (names_to_release);
}
clear_ssa_name_info ();
fini_ssa_renamer ();
if (blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite)
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite, 0, i, bi)
{
gimple_vec phis = VEC_index (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite, i);
VEC_free (gimple, heap, phis);
VEC_replace (gimple_vec, phis_to_rewrite, i, NULL);
}
BITMAP_FREE (blocks_with_phis_to_rewrite);
BITMAP_FREE (blocks_to_update);
}
/* Create a new name for OLD_NAME in statement STMT and replace the
operand pointed to by DEF_P with the newly created name. Return
the new name and register the replacement mapping <NEW, OLD> in
update_ssa's tables. */
tree
create_new_def_for (tree old_name, gimple stmt, def_operand_p def)
{
tree new_name = duplicate_ssa_name (old_name, stmt);
SET_DEF (def, new_name);
if (gimple_code (stmt) == GIMPLE_PHI)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
basic_block bb = gimple_bb (stmt);
/* If needed, mark NEW_NAME as occurring in an abnormal PHI node. */
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
if (e->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL)
{
SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (new_name) = 1;
break;
}
}
register_new_name_mapping (new_name, old_name);
/* For the benefit of passes that will be updating the SSA form on
their own, set the current reaching definition of OLD_NAME to be
NEW_NAME. */
set_current_def (old_name, new_name);
return new_name;
}
/* Register name NEW to be a replacement for name OLD. This function
must be called for every replacement that should be performed by
update_ssa. */
void
register_new_name_mapping (tree new_Tree ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, tree old ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
if (need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p)
init_update_ssa ();
add_new_name_mapping (new_Tree, old);
}
/* Register symbol SYM to be renamed by update_ssa. */
void
mark_sym_for_renaming (tree sym)
{
if (need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p)
init_update_ssa ();
bitmap_set_bit (syms_to_rename, DECL_UID (sym));
if (!is_gimple_reg (sym))
{
need_to_update_vops_p = true;
if (memory_partition (sym))
bitmap_set_bit (syms_to_rename, DECL_UID (memory_partition (sym)));
}
}
/* Register all the symbols in SET to be renamed by update_ssa. */
void
mark_set_for_renaming (bitmap set)
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i;
if (set == NULL || bitmap_empty_p (set))
return;
if (need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p)
init_update_ssa ();
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (set, 0, i, bi)
mark_sym_for_renaming (referenced_var (i));
}
/* Return true if there is any work to be done by update_ssa. */
bool
need_ssa_update_p (void)
{
return syms_to_rename || old_ssa_names || new_ssa_names;
}
/* Return true if SSA name mappings have been registered for SSA updating. */
bool
name_mappings_registered_p (void)
{
return repl_tbl && htab_elements (repl_tbl) > 0;
}
/* Return true if name N has been registered in the replacement table. */
bool
name_registered_for_update_p (tree n ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
if (!need_ssa_update_p ())
return false;
return is_new_name (n)
|| is_old_name (n)
|| symbol_marked_for_renaming (SSA_NAME_VAR (n));
}
/* Return the set of all the SSA names marked to be replaced. */
bitmap
ssa_names_to_replace (void)
{
unsigned i = 0;
bitmap ret;
sbitmap_iterator sbi;
ret = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_SBITMAP (old_ssa_names, 0, i, sbi)
bitmap_set_bit (ret, i);
return ret;
}
/* Mark NAME to be released after update_ssa has finished. */
void
release_ssa_name_after_update_ssa (tree name)
{
gcc_assert (!need_to_initialize_update_ssa_p);
if (names_to_release == NULL)
names_to_release = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
bitmap_set_bit (names_to_release, SSA_NAME_VERSION (name));
}
/* Insert new PHI nodes to replace VAR. DFS contains dominance
frontier information. BLOCKS is the set of blocks to be updated.
This is slightly different than the regular PHI insertion
algorithm. The value of UPDATE_FLAGS controls how PHI nodes for
real names (i.e., GIMPLE registers) are inserted:
- If UPDATE_FLAGS == TODO_update_ssa, we are only interested in PHI
nodes inside the region affected by the block that defines VAR
and the blocks that define all its replacements. All these
definition blocks are stored in DEF_BLOCKS[VAR]->DEF_BLOCKS.
First, we compute the entry point to the region (ENTRY). This is
given by the nearest common dominator to all the definition
blocks. When computing the iterated dominance frontier (IDF), any
block not strictly dominated by ENTRY is ignored.
We then call the standard PHI insertion algorithm with the pruned
IDF.
- If UPDATE_FLAGS == TODO_update_ssa_full_phi, the IDF for real
names is not pruned. PHI nodes are inserted at every IDF block. */
static void
insert_updated_phi_nodes_for (tree var, bitmap *dfs, bitmap blocks,
unsigned update_flags)
{
basic_block entry;
struct def_blocks_d *db;
bitmap idf, pruned_idf;
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i;
#if defined ENABLE_CHECKING
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
gcc_assert (is_old_name (var));
else
gcc_assert (symbol_marked_for_renaming (var));
#endif
/* Get all the definition sites for VAR. */
db = find_def_blocks_for (var);
/* No need to do anything if there were no definitions to VAR. */
if (db == NULL || bitmap_empty_p (db->def_blocks))
return;
/* Compute the initial iterated dominance frontier. */
idf = compute_idf (db->def_blocks, dfs);
pruned_idf = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
{
if (update_flags == TODO_update_ssa)
{
/* If doing regular SSA updates for GIMPLE registers, we are
only interested in IDF blocks dominated by the nearest
common dominator of all the definition blocks. */
entry = nearest_common_dominator_for_set (CDI_DOMINATORS,
db->def_blocks);
if (entry != ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR)
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (idf, 0, i, bi)
if (BASIC_BLOCK (i) != entry
&& dominated_by_p (CDI_DOMINATORS, BASIC_BLOCK (i), entry))
bitmap_set_bit (pruned_idf, i);
}
else
{
/* Otherwise, do not prune the IDF for VAR. */
gcc_assert (update_flags == TODO_update_ssa_full_phi);
bitmap_copy (pruned_idf, idf);
}
}
else
{
/* Otherwise, VAR is a symbol that needs to be put into SSA form
for the first time, so we need to compute the full IDF for
it. */
bitmap_copy (pruned_idf, idf);
}
if (!bitmap_empty_p (pruned_idf))
{
/* Make sure that PRUNED_IDF blocks and all their feeding blocks
are included in the region to be updated. The feeding blocks
are important to guarantee that the PHI arguments are renamed
properly. */
/* FIXME, this is not needed if we are updating symbols. We are
already starting at the ENTRY block anyway. */
bitmap_ior_into (blocks, pruned_idf);
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (pruned_idf, 0, i, bi)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
basic_block bb = BASIC_BLOCK (i);
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
if (e->src->index >= 0)
bitmap_set_bit (blocks, e->src->index);
}
insert_phi_nodes_for (var, pruned_idf, true);
}
BITMAP_FREE (pruned_idf);
BITMAP_FREE (idf);
}
/* Heuristic to determine whether SSA name mappings for virtual names
should be discarded and their symbols rewritten from scratch. When
there is a large number of mappings for virtual names, the
insertion of PHI nodes for the old names in the mappings takes
considerable more time than if we inserted PHI nodes for the
symbols instead.
Currently the heuristic takes these stats into account:
- Number of mappings for virtual SSA names.
- Number of distinct virtual symbols involved in those mappings.
If the number of virtual mappings is much larger than the number of
virtual symbols, then it will be faster to compute PHI insertion
spots for the symbols. Even if this involves traversing the whole
CFG, which is what happens when symbols are renamed from scratch. */
static bool
switch_virtuals_to_full_rewrite_p (void)
{
if (update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_mappings < (unsigned) MIN_VIRTUAL_MAPPINGS)
return false;
if (update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_mappings
> (unsigned) VIRTUAL_MAPPINGS_TO_SYMS_RATIO
* update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_symbols)
return true;
return false;
}
/* Remove every virtual mapping and mark all the affected virtual
symbols for renaming. */
static void
switch_virtuals_to_full_rewrite (void)
{
unsigned i = 0;
sbitmap_iterator sbi;
if (dump_file)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "\nEnabled virtual name mapping heuristic.\n");
fprintf (dump_file, "\tNumber of virtual mappings: %7u\n",
update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_mappings);
fprintf (dump_file, "\tNumber of unique virtual symbols: %7u\n",
update_ssa_stats.num_virtual_symbols);
fprintf (dump_file, "Updating FUD-chains from top of CFG will be "
"faster than processing\nthe name mappings.\n\n");
}
/* Remove all virtual names from NEW_SSA_NAMES and OLD_SSA_NAMES.
Note that it is not really necessary to remove the mappings from
REPL_TBL, that would only waste time. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_SBITMAP (new_ssa_names, 0, i, sbi)
if (!is_gimple_reg (ssa_name (i)))
RESET_BIT (new_ssa_names, i);
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_SBITMAP (old_ssa_names, 0, i, sbi)
if (!is_gimple_reg (ssa_name (i)))
RESET_BIT (old_ssa_names, i);
mark_set_for_renaming (update_ssa_stats.virtual_symbols);
}
/* Given a set of newly created SSA names (NEW_SSA_NAMES) and a set of
existing SSA names (OLD_SSA_NAMES), update the SSA form so that:
1- The names in OLD_SSA_NAMES dominated by the definitions of
NEW_SSA_NAMES are all re-written to be reached by the
appropriate definition from NEW_SSA_NAMES.
2- If needed, new PHI nodes are added to the iterated dominance
frontier of the blocks where each of NEW_SSA_NAMES are defined.
The mapping between OLD_SSA_NAMES and NEW_SSA_NAMES is setup by
calling register_new_name_mapping for every pair of names that the
caller wants to replace.
The caller identifies the new names that have been inserted and the
names that need to be replaced by calling register_new_name_mapping
for every pair <NEW, OLD>. Note that the function assumes that the
new names have already been inserted in the IL.
For instance, given the following code:
1 L0:
2 x_1 = PHI (0, x_5)
3 if (x_1 < 10)
4 if (x_1 > 7)
5 y_2 = 0
6 else
7 y_3 = x_1 + x_7
8 endif
9 x_5 = x_1 + 1
10 goto L0;
11 endif
Suppose that we insert new names x_10 and x_11 (lines 4 and 8).
1 L0:
2 x_1 = PHI (0, x_5)
3 if (x_1 < 10)
4 x_10 = ...
5 if (x_1 > 7)
6 y_2 = 0
7 else
8 x_11 = ...
9 y_3 = x_1 + x_7
10 endif
11 x_5 = x_1 + 1
12 goto L0;
13 endif
We want to replace all the uses of x_1 with the new definitions of
x_10 and x_11. Note that the only uses that should be replaced are
those at lines 5, 9 and 11. Also, the use of x_7 at line 9 should
*not* be replaced (this is why we cannot just mark symbol 'x' for
renaming).
Additionally, we may need to insert a PHI node at line 11 because
that is a merge point for x_10 and x_11. So the use of x_1 at line
11 will be replaced with the new PHI node. The insertion of PHI
nodes is optional. They are not strictly necessary to preserve the
SSA form, and depending on what the caller inserted, they may not
even be useful for the optimizers. UPDATE_FLAGS controls various
aspects of how update_ssa operates, see the documentation for
TODO_update_ssa*. */
void
update_ssa (unsigned update_flags)
{
basic_block bb, start_bb;
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned i = 0;
sbitmap tmp;