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/* Tree based points-to analysis
Copyright (C) 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Daniel Berlin <dberlin@dberlin.org>
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "obstack.h"
#include "bitmap.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tm_p.h"
#include "hard-reg-set.h"
#include "basic-block.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "c-common.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "varray.h"
#include "c-tree.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "toplev.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "hashtab.h"
#include "function.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "alloc-pool.h"
#include "splay-tree.h"
#include "params.h"
#include "tree-ssa-structalias.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "alias.h"
#include "pointer-set.h"
/* The idea behind this analyzer is to generate set constraints from the
program, then solve the resulting constraints in order to generate the
points-to sets.
Set constraints are a way of modeling program analysis problems that
involve sets. They consist of an inclusion constraint language,
describing the variables (each variable is a set) and operations that
are involved on the variables, and a set of rules that derive facts
from these operations. To solve a system of set constraints, you derive
all possible facts under the rules, which gives you the correct sets
as a consequence.
See "Efficient Field-sensitive pointer analysis for C" by "David
J. Pearce and Paul H. J. Kelly and Chris Hankin, at
http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/pearce04efficient.html
Also see "Ultra-fast Aliasing Analysis using CLA: A Million Lines
of C Code in a Second" by ""Nevin Heintze and Olivier Tardieu" at
http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/heintze01ultrafast.html
There are three types of real constraint expressions, DEREF,
ADDRESSOF, and SCALAR. Each constraint expression consists
of a constraint type, a variable, and an offset.
SCALAR is a constraint expression type used to represent x, whether
it appears on the LHS or the RHS of a statement.
DEREF is a constraint expression type used to represent *x, whether
it appears on the LHS or the RHS of a statement.
ADDRESSOF is a constraint expression used to represent &x, whether
it appears on the LHS or the RHS of a statement.
Each pointer variable in the program is assigned an integer id, and
each field of a structure variable is assigned an integer id as well.
Structure variables are linked to their list of fields through a "next
field" in each variable that points to the next field in offset
order.
Each variable for a structure field has
1. "size", that tells the size in bits of that field.
2. "fullsize, that tells the size in bits of the entire structure.
3. "offset", that tells the offset in bits from the beginning of the
structure to this field.
Thus,
struct f
{
int a;
int b;
} foo;
int *bar;
looks like
foo.a -> id 1, size 32, offset 0, fullsize 64, next foo.b
foo.b -> id 2, size 32, offset 32, fullsize 64, next NULL
bar -> id 3, size 32, offset 0, fullsize 32, next NULL
In order to solve the system of set constraints, the following is
done:
1. Each constraint variable x has a solution set associated with it,
Sol(x).
2. Constraints are separated into direct, copy, and complex.
Direct constraints are ADDRESSOF constraints that require no extra
processing, such as P = &Q
Copy constraints are those of the form P = Q.
Complex constraints are all the constraints involving dereferences
and offsets (including offsetted copies).
3. All direct constraints of the form P = &Q are processed, such
that Q is added to Sol(P)
4. All complex constraints for a given constraint variable are stored in a
linked list attached to that variable's node.
5. A directed graph is built out of the copy constraints. Each
constraint variable is a node in the graph, and an edge from
Q to P is added for each copy constraint of the form P = Q
6. The graph is then walked, and solution sets are
propagated along the copy edges, such that an edge from Q to P
causes Sol(P) <- Sol(P) union Sol(Q).
7. As we visit each node, all complex constraints associated with
that node are processed by adding appropriate copy edges to the graph, or the
appropriate variables to the solution set.
8. The process of walking the graph is iterated until no solution
sets change.
Prior to walking the graph in steps 6 and 7, We perform static
cycle elimination on the constraint graph, as well
as off-line variable substitution.
TODO: Adding offsets to pointer-to-structures can be handled (IE not punted
on and turned into anything), but isn't. You can just see what offset
inside the pointed-to struct it's going to access.
TODO: Constant bounded arrays can be handled as if they were structs of the
same number of elements.
TODO: Modeling heap and incoming pointers becomes much better if we
add fields to them as we discover them, which we could do.
TODO: We could handle unions, but to be honest, it's probably not
worth the pain or slowdown. */
static GTY ((if_marked ("tree_map_marked_p"), param_is (struct tree_map)))
htab_t heapvar_for_stmt;
static bool use_field_sensitive = true;
static int in_ipa_mode = 0;
/* Used for predecessor bitmaps. */
static bitmap_obstack predbitmap_obstack;
/* Used for points-to sets. */
static bitmap_obstack pta_obstack;
/* Used for oldsolution members of variables. */
static bitmap_obstack oldpta_obstack;
/* Used for per-solver-iteration bitmaps. */
static bitmap_obstack iteration_obstack;
static unsigned int create_variable_info_for (tree, const char *);
typedef struct constraint_graph *constraint_graph_t;
static void unify_nodes (constraint_graph_t, unsigned int, unsigned int, bool);
DEF_VEC_P(constraint_t);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_P(constraint_t,heap);
#define EXECUTE_IF_IN_NONNULL_BITMAP(a, b, c, d) \
if (a) \
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (a, b, c, d)
static struct constraint_stats
{
unsigned int total_vars;
unsigned int nonpointer_vars;
unsigned int unified_vars_static;
unsigned int unified_vars_dynamic;
unsigned int iterations;
unsigned int num_edges;
unsigned int num_implicit_edges;
unsigned int points_to_sets_created;
} stats;
struct variable_info
{
/* ID of this variable */
unsigned int id;
/* True if this is a variable created by the constraint analysis, such as
heap variables and constraints we had to break up. */
unsigned int is_artificial_var:1;
/* True if this is a special variable whose solution set should not be
changed. */
unsigned int is_special_var:1;
/* True for variables whose size is not known or variable. */
unsigned int is_unknown_size_var:1;
/* True for (sub-)fields that represent a whole variable. */
unsigned int is_full_var : 1;
/* True if this is a heap variable. */
unsigned int is_heap_var:1;
/* True if we may not use TBAA to prune references to this
variable. This is used for C++ placement new. */
unsigned int no_tbaa_pruning : 1;
/* True if this field may contain pointers. */
unsigned int may_have_pointers : 1;
/* Variable id this was collapsed to due to type unsafety. Zero if
this variable was not collapsed. This should be unused completely
after build_succ_graph, or something is broken. */
unsigned int collapsed_to;
/* A link to the variable for the next field in this structure. */
struct variable_info *next;
/* Offset of this variable, in bits, from the base variable */
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT offset;
/* Size of the variable, in bits. */
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT size;
/* Full size of the base variable, in bits. */
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT fullsize;
/* Name of this variable */
const char *name;
/* Tree that this variable is associated with. */
tree decl;
/* Points-to set for this variable. */
bitmap solution;
/* Old points-to set for this variable. */
bitmap oldsolution;
};
typedef struct variable_info *varinfo_t;
static varinfo_t first_vi_for_offset (varinfo_t, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT);
static varinfo_t lookup_vi_for_tree (tree);
/* Pool of variable info structures. */
static alloc_pool variable_info_pool;
DEF_VEC_P(varinfo_t);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_P(varinfo_t, heap);
/* Table of variable info structures for constraint variables.
Indexed directly by variable info id. */
static VEC(varinfo_t,heap) *varmap;
/* Return the varmap element N */
static inline varinfo_t
get_varinfo (unsigned int n)
{
return VEC_index (varinfo_t, varmap, n);
}
/* Return the varmap element N, following the collapsed_to link. */
static inline varinfo_t
get_varinfo_fc (unsigned int n)
{
varinfo_t v = VEC_index (varinfo_t, varmap, n);
if (v->collapsed_to != 0)
return get_varinfo (v->collapsed_to);
return v;
}
/* Static IDs for the special variables. */
enum { nothing_id = 0, anything_id = 1, readonly_id = 2,
escaped_id = 3, nonlocal_id = 4, callused_id = 5,
storedanything_id = 6, integer_id = 7 };
/* Variable that represents the unknown pointer. */
static varinfo_t var_anything;
static tree anything_tree;
/* Variable that represents the NULL pointer. */
static varinfo_t var_nothing;
static tree nothing_tree;
/* Variable that represents read only memory. */
static varinfo_t var_readonly;
static tree readonly_tree;
/* Variable that represents escaped memory. */
static varinfo_t var_escaped;
static tree escaped_tree;
/* Variable that represents nonlocal memory. */
static varinfo_t var_nonlocal;
static tree nonlocal_tree;
/* Variable that represents call-used memory. */
static varinfo_t var_callused;
static tree callused_tree;
/* Variable that represents variables that are stored to anything. */
static varinfo_t var_storedanything;
static tree storedanything_tree;
/* Variable that represents integers. This is used for when people do things
like &0->a.b. */
static varinfo_t var_integer;
static tree integer_tree;
/* Lookup a heap var for FROM, and return it if we find one. */
static tree
heapvar_lookup (tree from)
{
struct tree_map *h, in;
in.base.from = from;
h = (struct tree_map *) htab_find_with_hash (heapvar_for_stmt, &in,
htab_hash_pointer (from));
if (h)
return h->to;
return NULL_TREE;
}
/* Insert a mapping FROM->TO in the heap var for statement
hashtable. */
static void
heapvar_insert (tree from, tree to)
{
struct tree_map *h;
void **loc;
h = GGC_NEW (struct tree_map);
h->hash = htab_hash_pointer (from);
h->base.from = from;
h->to = to;
loc = htab_find_slot_with_hash (heapvar_for_stmt, h, h->hash, INSERT);
*(struct tree_map **) loc = h;
}
/* Return a new variable info structure consisting for a variable
named NAME, and using constraint graph node NODE. */
static varinfo_t
new_var_info (tree t, unsigned int id, const char *name)
{
varinfo_t ret = (varinfo_t) pool_alloc (variable_info_pool);
tree var;
ret->id = id;
ret->name = name;
ret->decl = t;
ret->is_artificial_var = false;
ret->is_heap_var = false;
ret->is_special_var = false;
ret->is_unknown_size_var = false;
ret->is_full_var = false;
ret->may_have_pointers = true;
var = t;
if (TREE_CODE (var) == SSA_NAME)
var = SSA_NAME_VAR (var);
ret->no_tbaa_pruning = (DECL_P (var)
&& POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (var))
&& DECL_NO_TBAA_P (var));
ret->solution = BITMAP_ALLOC (&pta_obstack);
ret->oldsolution = BITMAP_ALLOC (&oldpta_obstack);
ret->next = NULL;
ret->collapsed_to = 0;
return ret;
}
typedef enum {SCALAR, DEREF, ADDRESSOF} constraint_expr_type;
/* An expression that appears in a constraint. */
struct constraint_expr
{
/* Constraint type. */
constraint_expr_type type;
/* Variable we are referring to in the constraint. */
unsigned int var;
/* Offset, in bits, of this constraint from the beginning of
variables it ends up referring to.
IOW, in a deref constraint, we would deref, get the result set,
then add OFFSET to each member. */
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT offset;
};
typedef struct constraint_expr ce_s;
DEF_VEC_O(ce_s);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_O(ce_s, heap);
static void get_constraint_for_1 (tree, VEC(ce_s, heap) **, bool);
static void get_constraint_for (tree, VEC(ce_s, heap) **);
static void do_deref (VEC (ce_s, heap) **);
/* Our set constraints are made up of two constraint expressions, one
LHS, and one RHS.
As described in the introduction, our set constraints each represent an
operation between set valued variables.
*/
struct constraint
{
struct constraint_expr lhs;
struct constraint_expr rhs;
};
/* List of constraints that we use to build the constraint graph from. */
static VEC(constraint_t,heap) *constraints;
static alloc_pool constraint_pool;
DEF_VEC_I(int);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_I(int, heap);
/* The constraint graph is represented as an array of bitmaps
containing successor nodes. */
struct constraint_graph
{
/* Size of this graph, which may be different than the number of
nodes in the variable map. */
unsigned int size;
/* Explicit successors of each node. */
bitmap *succs;
/* Implicit predecessors of each node (Used for variable
substitution). */
bitmap *implicit_preds;
/* Explicit predecessors of each node (Used for variable substitution). */
bitmap *preds;
/* Indirect cycle representatives, or -1 if the node has no indirect
cycles. */
int *indirect_cycles;
/* Representative node for a node. rep[a] == a unless the node has
been unified. */
unsigned int *rep;
/* Equivalence class representative for a label. This is used for
variable substitution. */
int *eq_rep;
/* Pointer equivalence label for a node. All nodes with the same
pointer equivalence label can be unified together at some point
(either during constraint optimization or after the constraint
graph is built). */
unsigned int *pe;
/* Pointer equivalence representative for a label. This is used to
handle nodes that are pointer equivalent but not location
equivalent. We can unite these once the addressof constraints
are transformed into initial points-to sets. */
int *pe_rep;
/* Pointer equivalence label for each node, used during variable
substitution. */
unsigned int *pointer_label;
/* Location equivalence label for each node, used during location
equivalence finding. */
unsigned int *loc_label;
/* Pointed-by set for each node, used during location equivalence
finding. This is pointed-by rather than pointed-to, because it
is constructed using the predecessor graph. */
bitmap *pointed_by;
/* Points to sets for pointer equivalence. This is *not* the actual
points-to sets for nodes. */
bitmap *points_to;
/* Bitmap of nodes where the bit is set if the node is a direct
node. Used for variable substitution. */
sbitmap direct_nodes;
/* Bitmap of nodes where the bit is set if the node is address
taken. Used for variable substitution. */
bitmap address_taken;
/* Vector of complex constraints for each graph node. Complex
constraints are those involving dereferences or offsets that are
not 0. */
VEC(constraint_t,heap) **complex;
};
static constraint_graph_t graph;
/* During variable substitution and the offline version of indirect
cycle finding, we create nodes to represent dereferences and
address taken constraints. These represent where these start and
end. */
#define FIRST_REF_NODE (VEC_length (varinfo_t, varmap))
#define LAST_REF_NODE (FIRST_REF_NODE + (FIRST_REF_NODE - 1))
/* Return the representative node for NODE, if NODE has been unioned
with another NODE.
This function performs path compression along the way to finding
the representative. */
static unsigned int
find (unsigned int node)
{
gcc_assert (node < graph->size);
if (graph->rep[node] != node)
return graph->rep[node] = find (graph->rep[node]);
return node;
}
/* Union the TO and FROM nodes to the TO nodes.
Note that at some point in the future, we may want to do
union-by-rank, in which case we are going to have to return the
node we unified to. */
static bool
unite (unsigned int to, unsigned int from)
{
gcc_assert (to < graph->size && from < graph->size);
if (to != from && graph->rep[from] != to)
{
graph->rep[from] = to;
return true;
}
return false;
}
/* Create a new constraint consisting of LHS and RHS expressions. */
static constraint_t
new_constraint (const struct constraint_expr lhs,
const struct constraint_expr rhs)
{
constraint_t ret = (constraint_t) pool_alloc (constraint_pool);
ret->lhs = lhs;
ret->rhs = rhs;
return ret;
}
/* Print out constraint C to FILE. */
void
dump_constraint (FILE *file, constraint_t c)
{
if (c->lhs.type == ADDRESSOF)
fprintf (file, "&");
else if (c->lhs.type == DEREF)
fprintf (file, "*");
fprintf (file, "%s", get_varinfo_fc (c->lhs.var)->name);
if (c->lhs.offset != 0)
fprintf (file, " + " HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC, c->lhs.offset);
fprintf (file, " = ");
if (c->rhs.type == ADDRESSOF)
fprintf (file, "&");
else if (c->rhs.type == DEREF)
fprintf (file, "*");
fprintf (file, "%s", get_varinfo_fc (c->rhs.var)->name);
if (c->rhs.offset != 0)
fprintf (file, " + " HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC, c->rhs.offset);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
/* Print out constraint C to stderr. */
void
debug_constraint (constraint_t c)
{
dump_constraint (stderr, c);
}
/* Print out all constraints to FILE */
void
dump_constraints (FILE *file)
{
int i;
constraint_t c;
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, constraints, i, c); i++)
dump_constraint (file, c);
}
/* Print out all constraints to stderr. */
void
debug_constraints (void)
{
dump_constraints (stderr);
}
/* Print out to FILE the edge in the constraint graph that is created by
constraint c. The edge may have a label, depending on the type of
constraint that it represents. If complex1, e.g: a = *b, then the label
is "=*", if complex2, e.g: *a = b, then the label is "*=", if
complex with an offset, e.g: a = b + 8, then the label is "+".
Otherwise the edge has no label. */
void
dump_constraint_edge (FILE *file, constraint_t c)
{
if (c->rhs.type != ADDRESSOF)
{
const char *src = get_varinfo_fc (c->rhs.var)->name;
const char *dst = get_varinfo_fc (c->lhs.var)->name;
fprintf (file, " \"%s\" -> \"%s\" ", src, dst);
/* Due to preprocessing of constraints, instructions like *a = *b are
illegal; thus, we do not have to handle such cases. */
if (c->lhs.type == DEREF)
fprintf (file, " [ label=\"*=\" ] ;\n");
else if (c->rhs.type == DEREF)
fprintf (file, " [ label=\"=*\" ] ;\n");
else
{
/* We must check the case where the constraint is an offset.
In this case, it is treated as a complex constraint. */
if (c->rhs.offset != c->lhs.offset)
fprintf (file, " [ label=\"+\" ] ;\n");
else
fprintf (file, " ;\n");
}
}
}
/* Print the constraint graph in dot format. */
void
dump_constraint_graph (FILE *file)
{
unsigned int i=0, size;
constraint_t c;
/* Only print the graph if it has already been initialized: */
if (!graph)
return;
/* Print the constraints used to produce the constraint graph. The
constraints will be printed as comments in the dot file: */
fprintf (file, "\n\n/* Constraints used in the constraint graph:\n");
dump_constraints (file);
fprintf (file, "*/\n");
/* Prints the header of the dot file: */
fprintf (file, "\n\n// The constraint graph in dot format:\n");
fprintf (file, "strict digraph {\n");
fprintf (file, " node [\n shape = box\n ]\n");
fprintf (file, " edge [\n fontsize = \"12\"\n ]\n");
fprintf (file, "\n // List of nodes in the constraint graph:\n");
/* The next lines print the nodes in the graph. In order to get the
number of nodes in the graph, we must choose the minimum between the
vector VEC (varinfo_t, varmap) and graph->size. If the graph has not
yet been initialized, then graph->size == 0, otherwise we must only
read nodes that have an entry in VEC (varinfo_t, varmap). */
size = VEC_length (varinfo_t, varmap);
size = size < graph->size ? size : graph->size;
for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
{
const char *name = get_varinfo_fc (graph->rep[i])->name;
fprintf (file, " \"%s\" ;\n", name);
}
/* Go over the list of constraints printing the edges in the constraint
graph. */
fprintf (file, "\n // The constraint edges:\n");
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, constraints, i, c); i++)
if (c)
dump_constraint_edge (file, c);
/* Prints the tail of the dot file. By now, only the closing bracket. */
fprintf (file, "}\n\n\n");
}
/* Print out the constraint graph to stderr. */
void
debug_constraint_graph (void)
{
dump_constraint_graph (stderr);
}
/* SOLVER FUNCTIONS
The solver is a simple worklist solver, that works on the following
algorithm:
sbitmap changed_nodes = all zeroes;
changed_count = 0;
For each node that is not already collapsed:
changed_count++;
set bit in changed nodes
while (changed_count > 0)
{
compute topological ordering for constraint graph
find and collapse cycles in the constraint graph (updating
changed if necessary)
for each node (n) in the graph in topological order:
changed_count--;
Process each complex constraint associated with the node,
updating changed if necessary.
For each outgoing edge from n, propagate the solution from n to
the destination of the edge, updating changed as necessary.
} */
/* Return true if two constraint expressions A and B are equal. */
static bool
constraint_expr_equal (struct constraint_expr a, struct constraint_expr b)
{
return a.type == b.type && a.var == b.var && a.offset == b.offset;
}
/* Return true if constraint expression A is less than constraint expression
B. This is just arbitrary, but consistent, in order to give them an
ordering. */
static bool
constraint_expr_less (struct constraint_expr a, struct constraint_expr b)
{
if (a.type == b.type)
{
if (a.var == b.var)
return a.offset < b.offset;
else
return a.var < b.var;
}
else
return a.type < b.type;
}
/* Return true if constraint A is less than constraint B. This is just
arbitrary, but consistent, in order to give them an ordering. */
static bool
constraint_less (const constraint_t a, const constraint_t b)
{
if (constraint_expr_less (a->lhs, b->lhs))
return true;
else if (constraint_expr_less (b->lhs, a->lhs))
return false;
else
return constraint_expr_less (a->rhs, b->rhs);
}
/* Return true if two constraints A and B are equal. */
static bool
constraint_equal (struct constraint a, struct constraint b)
{
return constraint_expr_equal (a.lhs, b.lhs)
&& constraint_expr_equal (a.rhs, b.rhs);
}
/* Find a constraint LOOKFOR in the sorted constraint vector VEC */
static constraint_t
constraint_vec_find (VEC(constraint_t,heap) *vec,
struct constraint lookfor)
{
unsigned int place;
constraint_t found;
if (vec == NULL)
return NULL;
place = VEC_lower_bound (constraint_t, vec, &lookfor, constraint_less);
if (place >= VEC_length (constraint_t, vec))
return NULL;
found = VEC_index (constraint_t, vec, place);
if (!constraint_equal (*found, lookfor))
return NULL;
return found;
}
/* Union two constraint vectors, TO and FROM. Put the result in TO. */
static void
constraint_set_union (VEC(constraint_t,heap) **to,
VEC(constraint_t,heap) **from)
{
int i;
constraint_t c;
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, *from, i, c); i++)
{
if (constraint_vec_find (*to, *c) == NULL)
{
unsigned int place = VEC_lower_bound (constraint_t, *to, c,
constraint_less);
VEC_safe_insert (constraint_t, heap, *to, place, c);
}
}
}
/* Take a solution set SET, add OFFSET to each member of the set, and
overwrite SET with the result when done. */
static void
solution_set_add (bitmap set, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT offset)
{
bitmap result = BITMAP_ALLOC (&iteration_obstack);
unsigned int i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (set, 0, i, bi)
{
varinfo_t vi = get_varinfo (i);
/* If this is a variable with just one field just set its bit
in the result. */
if (vi->is_artificial_var
|| vi->is_unknown_size_var
|| vi->is_full_var)
bitmap_set_bit (result, i);
else
{
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT fieldoffset = vi->offset + offset;
varinfo_t v = first_vi_for_offset (vi, fieldoffset);
/* If the result is outside of the variable use the last field. */
if (!v)
{
v = vi;
while (v->next != NULL)
v = v->next;
}
bitmap_set_bit (result, v->id);
/* If the result is not exactly at fieldoffset include the next
field as well. See get_constraint_for_ptr_offset for more
rationale. */
if (v->offset != fieldoffset
&& v->next != NULL)
bitmap_set_bit (result, v->next->id);
}
}
bitmap_copy (set, result);
BITMAP_FREE (result);
}
/* Union solution sets TO and FROM, and add INC to each member of FROM in the
process. */
static bool
set_union_with_increment (bitmap to, bitmap from, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT inc)
{
if (inc == 0)
return bitmap_ior_into (to, from);
else
{
bitmap tmp;
bool res;
tmp = BITMAP_ALLOC (&iteration_obstack);
bitmap_copy (tmp, from);
solution_set_add (tmp, inc);
res = bitmap_ior_into (to, tmp);
BITMAP_FREE (tmp);
return res;
}
}
/* Insert constraint C into the list of complex constraints for graph
node VAR. */
static void
insert_into_complex (constraint_graph_t graph,
unsigned int var, constraint_t c)
{
VEC (constraint_t, heap) *complex = graph->complex[var];
unsigned int place = VEC_lower_bound (constraint_t, complex, c,
constraint_less);
/* Only insert constraints that do not already exist. */
if (place >= VEC_length (constraint_t, complex)
|| !constraint_equal (*c, *VEC_index (constraint_t, complex, place)))
VEC_safe_insert (constraint_t, heap, graph->complex[var], place, c);
}
/* Condense two variable nodes into a single variable node, by moving
all associated info from SRC to TO. */
static void
merge_node_constraints (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int to,
unsigned int from)
{
unsigned int i;
constraint_t c;
gcc_assert (find (from) == to);
/* Move all complex constraints from src node into to node */
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, graph->complex[from], i, c); i++)
{
/* In complex constraints for node src, we may have either
a = *src, and *src = a, or an offseted constraint which are
always added to the rhs node's constraints. */
if (c->rhs.type == DEREF)
c->rhs.var = to;
else if (c->lhs.type == DEREF)
c->lhs.var = to;
else
c->rhs.var = to;
}
constraint_set_union (&graph->complex[to], &graph->complex[from]);
VEC_free (constraint_t, heap, graph->complex[from]);
graph->complex[from] = NULL;
}
/* Remove edges involving NODE from GRAPH. */
static void
clear_edges_for_node (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int node)
{
if (graph->succs[node])
BITMAP_FREE (graph->succs[node]);
}
/* Merge GRAPH nodes FROM and TO into node TO. */
static void
merge_graph_nodes (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int to,
unsigned int from)
{
if (graph->indirect_cycles[from] != -1)
{
/* If we have indirect cycles with the from node, and we have
none on the to node, the to node has indirect cycles from the
from node now that they are unified.
If indirect cycles exist on both, unify the nodes that they
are in a cycle with, since we know they are in a cycle with
each other. */
if (graph->indirect_cycles[to] == -1)
graph->indirect_cycles[to] = graph->indirect_cycles[from];
}
/* Merge all the successor edges. */
if (graph->succs[from])
{
if (!graph->succs[to])
graph->succs[to] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&pta_obstack);
bitmap_ior_into (graph->succs[to],
graph->succs[from]);
}
clear_edges_for_node (graph, from);
}
/* Add an indirect graph edge to GRAPH, going from TO to FROM if
it doesn't exist in the graph already. */
static void
add_implicit_graph_edge (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int to,
unsigned int from)
{
if (to == from)
return;
if (!graph->implicit_preds[to])
graph->implicit_preds[to] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
if (bitmap_set_bit (graph->implicit_preds[to], from))
stats.num_implicit_edges++;
}
/* Add a predecessor graph edge to GRAPH, going from TO to FROM if
it doesn't exist in the graph already.
Return false if the edge already existed, true otherwise. */
static void
add_pred_graph_edge (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int to,
unsigned int from)
{
if (!graph->preds[to])
graph->preds[to] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
bitmap_set_bit (graph->preds[to], from);
}
/* Add a graph edge to GRAPH, going from FROM to TO if
it doesn't exist in the graph already.
Return false if the edge already existed, true otherwise. */
static bool
add_graph_edge (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int to,
unsigned int from)
{
if (to == from)
{
return false;
}
else
{
bool r = false;
if (!graph->succs[from])
graph->succs[from] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&pta_obstack);
if (bitmap_set_bit (graph->succs[from], to))
{
r = true;
if (to < FIRST_REF_NODE && from < FIRST_REF_NODE)
stats.num_edges++;
}
return r;
}
}
/* Return true if {DEST.SRC} is an existing graph edge in GRAPH. */
static bool
valid_graph_edge (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int src,
unsigned int dest)
{
return (graph->succs[dest]
&& bitmap_bit_p (graph->succs[dest], src));
}
/* Initialize the constraint graph structure to contain SIZE nodes. */
static void
init_graph (unsigned int size)
{
unsigned int j;
graph = XCNEW (struct constraint_graph);
graph->size = size;
graph->succs = XCNEWVEC (bitmap, graph->size);
graph->indirect_cycles = XNEWVEC (int, graph->size);
graph->rep = XNEWVEC (unsigned int, graph->size);
graph->complex = XCNEWVEC (VEC(constraint_t, heap) *, size);
graph->pe = XCNEWVEC (unsigned int, graph->size);
graph->pe_rep = XNEWVEC (int, graph->size);
for (j = 0; j < graph->size; j++)
{
graph->rep[j] = j;
graph->pe_rep[j] = -1;
graph->indirect_cycles[j] = -1;
}
}
/* Build the constraint graph, adding only predecessor edges right now. */
static void
build_pred_graph (void)
{
int i;
constraint_t c;
unsigned int j;
graph->implicit_preds = XCNEWVEC (bitmap, graph->size);
graph->preds = XCNEWVEC (bitmap, graph->size);
graph->pointer_label = XCNEWVEC (unsigned int, graph->size);
graph->loc_label = XCNEWVEC (unsigned int, graph->size);
graph->pointed_by = XCNEWVEC (bitmap, graph->size);
graph->points_to = XCNEWVEC (bitmap, graph->size);
graph->eq_rep = XNEWVEC (int, graph->size);
graph->direct_nodes = sbitmap_alloc (graph->size);
graph->address_taken = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
sbitmap_zero (graph->direct_nodes);
for (j = 0; j < FIRST_REF_NODE; j++)
{
if (!get_varinfo (j)->is_special_var)
SET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, j);
}
for (j = 0; j < graph->size; j++)
graph->eq_rep[j] = -1;
for (j = 0; j < VEC_length (varinfo_t, varmap); j++)
graph->indirect_cycles[j] = -1;
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, constraints, i, c); i++)
{
struct constraint_expr lhs = c->lhs;
struct constraint_expr rhs = c->rhs;
unsigned int lhsvar = get_varinfo_fc (lhs.var)->id;
unsigned int rhsvar = get_varinfo_fc (rhs.var)->id;
if (lhs.type == DEREF)
{
/* *x = y. */
if (rhs.offset == 0 && lhs.offset == 0 && rhs.type == SCALAR)
add_pred_graph_edge (graph, FIRST_REF_NODE + lhsvar, rhsvar);
}
else if (rhs.type == DEREF)
{
/* x = *y */
if (rhs.offset == 0 && lhs.offset == 0 && lhs.type == SCALAR)
add_pred_graph_edge (graph, lhsvar, FIRST_REF_NODE + rhsvar);
else
RESET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, lhsvar);
}
else if (rhs.type == ADDRESSOF)
{
varinfo_t v;
/* x = &y */
if (graph->points_to[lhsvar] == NULL)
graph->points_to[lhsvar] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
bitmap_set_bit (graph->points_to[lhsvar], rhsvar);
if (graph->pointed_by[rhsvar] == NULL)
graph->pointed_by[rhsvar] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
bitmap_set_bit (graph->pointed_by[rhsvar], lhsvar);
/* Implicitly, *x = y */
add_implicit_graph_edge (graph, FIRST_REF_NODE + lhsvar, rhsvar);
/* All related variables are no longer direct nodes. */
RESET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, rhsvar);
v = get_varinfo (rhsvar);
if (!v->is_full_var)
{
v = lookup_vi_for_tree (v->decl);
do
{
RESET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, v->id);
v = v->next;
}
while (v != NULL);
}
bitmap_set_bit (graph->address_taken, rhsvar);
}
else if (lhsvar > anything_id
&& lhsvar != rhsvar && lhs.offset == 0 && rhs.offset == 0)
{
/* x = y */
add_pred_graph_edge (graph, lhsvar, rhsvar);
/* Implicitly, *x = *y */
add_implicit_graph_edge (graph, FIRST_REF_NODE + lhsvar,
FIRST_REF_NODE + rhsvar);
}
else if (lhs.offset != 0 || rhs.offset != 0)
{
if (rhs.offset != 0)
RESET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, lhs.var);
else if (lhs.offset != 0)
RESET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, rhs.var);
}
}
}
/* Build the constraint graph, adding successor edges. */
static void
build_succ_graph (void)
{
unsigned i, t;
constraint_t c;
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, constraints, i, c); i++)
{
struct constraint_expr lhs;
struct constraint_expr rhs;
unsigned int lhsvar;
unsigned int rhsvar;
if (!c)
continue;
lhs = c->lhs;
rhs = c->rhs;
lhsvar = find (get_varinfo_fc (lhs.var)->id);
rhsvar = find (get_varinfo_fc (rhs.var)->id);
if (lhs.type == DEREF)
{
if (rhs.offset == 0 && lhs.offset == 0 && rhs.type == SCALAR)
add_graph_edge (graph, FIRST_REF_NODE + lhsvar, rhsvar);
}
else if (rhs.type == DEREF)
{
if (rhs.offset == 0 && lhs.offset == 0 && lhs.type == SCALAR)
add_graph_edge (graph, lhsvar, FIRST_REF_NODE + rhsvar);
}
else if (rhs.type == ADDRESSOF)
{
/* x = &y */
gcc_assert (find (get_varinfo_fc (rhs.var)->id)
== get_varinfo_fc (rhs.var)->id);
bitmap_set_bit (get_varinfo (lhsvar)->solution, rhsvar);
}
else if (lhsvar > anything_id
&& lhsvar != rhsvar && lhs.offset == 0 && rhs.offset == 0)
{
add_graph_edge (graph, lhsvar, rhsvar);
}
}
/* Add edges from STOREDANYTHING to all non-direct nodes. */
t = find (storedanything_id);
for (i = integer_id + 1; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; ++i)
{
if (!TEST_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, i))
add_graph_edge (graph, find (i), t);
}
}
/* Changed variables on the last iteration. */
static unsigned int changed_count;
static sbitmap changed;
DEF_VEC_I(unsigned);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_I(unsigned,heap);
/* Strongly Connected Component visitation info. */
struct scc_info
{
sbitmap visited;
sbitmap deleted;
unsigned int *dfs;
unsigned int *node_mapping;
int current_index;
VEC(unsigned,heap) *scc_stack;
};
/* Recursive routine to find strongly connected components in GRAPH.
SI is the SCC info to store the information in, and N is the id of current
graph node we are processing.
This is Tarjan's strongly connected component finding algorithm, as
modified by Nuutila to keep only non-root nodes on the stack.
The algorithm can be found in "On finding the strongly connected
connected components in a directed graph" by Esko Nuutila and Eljas
Soisalon-Soininen, in Information Processing Letters volume 49,
number 1, pages 9-14. */
static void
scc_visit (constraint_graph_t graph, struct scc_info *si, unsigned int n)
{
unsigned int i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned int my_dfs;
SET_BIT (si->visited, n);
si->dfs[n] = si->current_index ++;
my_dfs = si->dfs[n];
/* Visit all the successors. */
EXECUTE_IF_IN_NONNULL_BITMAP (graph->succs[n], 0, i, bi)
{
unsigned int w;
if (i > LAST_REF_NODE)
break;
w = find (i);
if (TEST_BIT (si->deleted, w))
continue;
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, w))
scc_visit (graph, si, w);
{
unsigned int t = find (w);
unsigned int nnode = find (n);
gcc_assert (nnode == n);
if (si->dfs[t] < si->dfs[nnode])
si->dfs[n] = si->dfs[t];
}
}
/* See if any components have been identified. */
if (si->dfs[n] == my_dfs)
{
if (VEC_length (unsigned, si->scc_stack) > 0
&& si->dfs[VEC_last (unsigned, si->scc_stack)] >= my_dfs)
{
bitmap scc = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
bool have_ref_node = n >= FIRST_REF_NODE;
unsigned int lowest_node;
bitmap_iterator bi;
bitmap_set_bit (scc, n);
while (VEC_length (unsigned, si->scc_stack) != 0
&& si->dfs[VEC_last (unsigned, si->scc_stack)] >= my_dfs)
{
unsigned int w = VEC_pop (unsigned, si->scc_stack);
bitmap_set_bit (scc, w);
if (w >= FIRST_REF_NODE)
have_ref_node = true;
}
lowest_node = bitmap_first_set_bit (scc);
gcc_assert (lowest_node < FIRST_REF_NODE);
/* Collapse the SCC nodes into a single node, and mark the
indirect cycles. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (scc, 0, i, bi)
{
if (i < FIRST_REF_NODE)
{
if (unite (lowest_node, i))
unify_nodes (graph, lowest_node, i, false);
}
else
{
unite (lowest_node, i);
graph->indirect_cycles[i - FIRST_REF_NODE] = lowest_node;
}
}
}
SET_BIT (si->deleted, n);
}
else
VEC_safe_push (unsigned, heap, si->scc_stack, n);
}
/* Unify node FROM into node TO, updating the changed count if
necessary when UPDATE_CHANGED is true. */
static void
unify_nodes (constraint_graph_t graph, unsigned int to, unsigned int from,
bool update_changed)
{
gcc_assert (to != from && find (to) == to);
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file, "Unifying %s to %s\n",
get_varinfo (from)->name,
get_varinfo (to)->name);
if (update_changed)
stats.unified_vars_dynamic++;
else
stats.unified_vars_static++;
merge_graph_nodes (graph, to, from);
merge_node_constraints (graph, to, from);
if (get_varinfo (from)->no_tbaa_pruning)
get_varinfo (to)->no_tbaa_pruning = true;
/* Mark TO as changed if FROM was changed. If TO was already marked
as changed, decrease the changed count. */
if (update_changed && TEST_BIT (changed, from))
{
RESET_BIT (changed, from);
if (!TEST_BIT (changed, to))
SET_BIT (changed, to);
else
{
gcc_assert (changed_count > 0);
changed_count--;
}
}
if (get_varinfo (from)->solution)
{
/* If the solution changes because of the merging, we need to mark
the variable as changed. */
if (bitmap_ior_into (get_varinfo (to)->solution,
get_varinfo (from)->solution))
{
if (update_changed && !TEST_BIT (changed, to))
{
SET_BIT (changed, to);
changed_count++;
}
}
BITMAP_FREE (get_varinfo (from)->solution);
BITMAP_FREE (get_varinfo (from)->oldsolution);
if (stats.iterations > 0)
{
BITMAP_FREE (get_varinfo (to)->oldsolution);
get_varinfo (to)->oldsolution = BITMAP_ALLOC (&oldpta_obstack);
}
}
if (valid_graph_edge (graph, to, to))
{
if (graph->succs[to])
bitmap_clear_bit (graph->succs[to], to);
}
}
/* Information needed to compute the topological ordering of a graph. */
struct topo_info
{
/* sbitmap of visited nodes. */
sbitmap visited;
/* Array that stores the topological order of the graph, *in
reverse*. */
VEC(unsigned,heap) *topo_order;
};
/* Initialize and return a topological info structure. */
static struct topo_info *
init_topo_info (void)
{
size_t size = graph->size;
struct topo_info *ti = XNEW (struct topo_info);
ti->visited = sbitmap_alloc (size);
sbitmap_zero (ti->visited);
ti->topo_order = VEC_alloc (unsigned, heap, 1);
return ti;
}
/* Free the topological sort info pointed to by TI. */
static void
free_topo_info (struct topo_info *ti)
{
sbitmap_free (ti->visited);
VEC_free (unsigned, heap, ti->topo_order);
free (ti);
}
/* Visit the graph in topological order, and store the order in the
topo_info structure. */
static void
topo_visit (constraint_graph_t graph, struct topo_info *ti,
unsigned int n)
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned int j;
SET_BIT (ti->visited, n);
if (graph->succs[n])
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (graph->succs[n], 0, j, bi)
{
if (!TEST_BIT (ti->visited, j))
topo_visit (graph, ti, j);
}
VEC_safe_push (unsigned, heap, ti->topo_order, n);
}
/* Return true if variable N + OFFSET is a legal field of N. */
static bool
type_safe (unsigned int n, unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT *offset)
{
varinfo_t ninfo = get_varinfo (n);
/* For things we've globbed to single variables, any offset into the
variable acts like the entire variable, so that it becomes offset
0. */
if (ninfo->is_special_var
|| ninfo->is_artificial_var
|| ninfo->is_unknown_size_var
|| ninfo->is_full_var)
{
*offset = 0;
return true;
}
return (get_varinfo (n)->offset + *offset) < get_varinfo (n)->fullsize;
}
/* Process a constraint C that represents x = *y, using DELTA as the
starting solution. */
static void
do_sd_constraint (constraint_graph_t graph, constraint_t c,
bitmap delta)
{
unsigned int lhs = c->lhs.var;
bool flag = false;
bitmap sol = get_varinfo (lhs)->solution;
unsigned int j;
bitmap_iterator bi;
/* For x = *ESCAPED and x = *CALLUSED we want to compute the
reachability set of the rhs var. As a pointer to a sub-field
of a variable can also reach all other fields of the variable
we simply have to expand the solution to contain all sub-fields
if one sub-field is contained. */
if (c->rhs.var == find (escaped_id)
|| c->rhs.var == find (callused_id))
{
bitmap vars = NULL;
/* In a first pass record all variables we need to add all
sub-fields off. This avoids quadratic behavior. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (delta, 0, j, bi)
{
varinfo_t v = get_varinfo (j);
if (v->is_full_var)
continue;
v = lookup_vi_for_tree (v->decl);
if (v->next != NULL)
{
if (vars == NULL)
vars = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
bitmap_set_bit (vars, v->id);
}
}
/* In the second pass now do the addition to the solution and
to speed up solving add it to the delta as well. */
if (vars != NULL)
{
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (vars, 0, j, bi)
{
varinfo_t v = get_varinfo (j);
for (; v != NULL; v = v->next)
{
if (bitmap_set_bit (sol, v->id))
{
flag = true;
bitmap_set_bit (delta, v->id);
}
}
}
BITMAP_FREE (vars);
}
}
if (bitmap_bit_p (delta, anything_id))
{
flag |= bitmap_set_bit (sol, anything_id);
goto done;
}
/* For each variable j in delta (Sol(y)), add
an edge in the graph from j to x, and union Sol(j) into Sol(x). */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (delta, 0, j, bi)
{
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT roffset = c->rhs.offset;
if (type_safe (j, &roffset))
{
varinfo_t v;
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT fieldoffset = get_varinfo (j)->offset + roffset;
unsigned int t;
v = first_vi_for_offset (get_varinfo (j), fieldoffset);
/* If the access is outside of the variable we can ignore it. */
if (!v)
continue;
t = find (v->id);
/* Adding edges from the special vars is pointless.
They don't have sets that can change. */
if (get_varinfo (t)->is_special_var)
flag |= bitmap_ior_into (sol, get_varinfo (t)->solution);
/* Merging the solution from ESCAPED needlessly increases
the set. Use ESCAPED as representative instead.
Same for CALLUSED. */
else if (get_varinfo (t)->id == find (escaped_id))
flag |= bitmap_set_bit (sol, escaped_id);
else if (get_varinfo (t)->id == find (callused_id))
flag |= bitmap_set_bit (sol, callused_id);
else if (add_graph_edge (graph, lhs, t))
flag |= bitmap_ior_into (sol, get_varinfo (t)->solution);
}
}
done:
/* If the LHS solution changed, mark the var as changed. */
if (flag)
{
get_varinfo (lhs)->solution = sol;
if (!TEST_BIT (changed, lhs))
{
SET_BIT (changed, lhs);
changed_count++;
}
}
}
/* Process a constraint C that represents *x = y. */
static void
do_ds_constraint (constraint_t c, bitmap delta)
{
unsigned int rhs = c->rhs.var;
bitmap sol = get_varinfo (rhs)->solution;
unsigned int j;
bitmap_iterator bi;
/* Our IL does not allow this. */
gcc_assert (c->rhs.offset == 0);
/* If the solution of y contains ANYTHING simply use the ANYTHING
solution. This avoids needlessly increasing the points-to sets. */
if (bitmap_bit_p (sol, anything_id))
sol = get_varinfo (find (anything_id))->solution;
/* If the solution for x contains ANYTHING we have to merge the
solution of y into all pointer variables which we do via
STOREDANYTHING. */
if (bitmap_bit_p (delta, anything_id))
{
unsigned t = find (storedanything_id);
if (add_graph_edge (graph, t, rhs))
{
if (bitmap_ior_into (get_varinfo (t)->solution, sol))
{
if (!TEST_BIT (changed, t))
{
SET_BIT (changed, t);
changed_count++;
}
}
}
return;
}
/* For each member j of delta (Sol(x)), add an edge from y to j and
union Sol(y) into Sol(j) */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (delta, 0, j, bi)
{
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT loff = c->lhs.offset;
if (type_safe (j, &loff) && !(get_varinfo (j)->is_special_var))
{
varinfo_t v;
unsigned int t;
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT fieldoffset = get_varinfo (j)->offset + loff;
v = first_vi_for_offset (get_varinfo (j), fieldoffset);
/* If the access is outside of the variable we can ignore it. */
if (!v)
continue;
if (v->may_have_pointers)
{
t = find (v->id);
if (add_graph_edge (graph, t, rhs))
{
if (bitmap_ior_into (get_varinfo (t)->solution, sol))
{
if (t == rhs)
sol = get_varinfo (rhs)->solution;
if (!TEST_BIT (changed, t))
{
SET_BIT (changed, t);
changed_count++;
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
/* Handle a non-simple (simple meaning requires no iteration),
constraint (IE *x = &y, x = *y, *x = y, and x = y with offsets involved). */
static void
do_complex_constraint (constraint_graph_t graph, constraint_t c, bitmap delta)
{
if (c->lhs.type == DEREF)
{
if (c->rhs.type == ADDRESSOF)
{
gcc_unreachable();
}
else
{
/* *x = y */
do_ds_constraint (c, delta);
}
}
else if (c->rhs.type == DEREF)
{
/* x = *y */
if (!(get_varinfo (c->lhs.var)->is_special_var))
do_sd_constraint (graph, c, delta);
}
else
{
bitmap tmp;
bitmap solution;
bool flag = false;
gcc_assert (c->rhs.type == SCALAR && c->lhs.type == SCALAR);
solution = get_varinfo (c->rhs.var)->solution;
tmp = get_varinfo (c->lhs.var)->solution;
flag = set_union_with_increment (tmp, solution, c->rhs.offset);
if (flag)
{
get_varinfo (c->lhs.var)->solution = tmp;
if (!TEST_BIT (changed, c->lhs.var))
{
SET_BIT (changed, c->lhs.var);
changed_count++;
}
}
}
}
/* Initialize and return a new SCC info structure. */
static struct scc_info *
init_scc_info (size_t size)
{
struct scc_info *si = XNEW (struct scc_info);
size_t i;
si->current_index = 0;
si->visited = sbitmap_alloc (size);
sbitmap_zero (si->visited);
si->deleted = sbitmap_alloc (size);
sbitmap_zero (si->deleted);
si->node_mapping = XNEWVEC (unsigned int, size);
si->dfs = XCNEWVEC (unsigned int, size);
for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
si->node_mapping[i] = i;
si->scc_stack = VEC_alloc (unsigned, heap, 1);
return si;
}
/* Free an SCC info structure pointed to by SI */
static void
free_scc_info (struct scc_info *si)
{
sbitmap_free (si->visited);
sbitmap_free (si->deleted);
free (si->node_mapping);
free (si->dfs);
VEC_free (unsigned, heap, si->scc_stack);
free (si);
}
/* Find indirect cycles in GRAPH that occur, using strongly connected
components, and note them in the indirect cycles map.
This technique comes from Ben Hardekopf and Calvin Lin,
"It Pays to be Lazy: Fast and Accurate Pointer Analysis for Millions of
Lines of Code", submitted to PLDI 2007. */
static void
find_indirect_cycles (constraint_graph_t graph)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int size = graph->size;
struct scc_info *si = init_scc_info (size);
for (i = 0; i < MIN (LAST_REF_NODE, size); i ++ )
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, i) && find (i) == i)
scc_visit (graph, si, i);
free_scc_info (si);
}
/* Compute a topological ordering for GRAPH, and store the result in the
topo_info structure TI. */
static void
compute_topo_order (constraint_graph_t graph,
struct topo_info *ti)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int size = graph->size;
for (i = 0; i != size; ++i)
if (!TEST_BIT (ti->visited, i) && find (i) == i)
topo_visit (graph, ti, i);
}
/* Structure used to for hash value numbering of pointer equivalence
classes. */
typedef struct equiv_class_label
{
hashval_t hashcode;
unsigned int equivalence_class;
bitmap labels;
} *equiv_class_label_t;
typedef const struct equiv_class_label *const_equiv_class_label_t;
/* A hashtable for mapping a bitmap of labels->pointer equivalence
classes. */
static htab_t pointer_equiv_class_table;
/* A hashtable for mapping a bitmap of labels->location equivalence
classes. */
static htab_t location_equiv_class_table;
/* Hash function for a equiv_class_label_t */
static hashval_t
equiv_class_label_hash (const void *p)
{
const_equiv_class_label_t const ecl = (const_equiv_class_label_t) p;
return ecl->hashcode;
}
/* Equality function for two equiv_class_label_t's. */
static int
equiv_class_label_eq (const void *p1, const void *p2)
{
const_equiv_class_label_t const eql1 = (const_equiv_class_label_t) p1;
const_equiv_class_label_t const eql2 = (const_equiv_class_label_t) p2;
return bitmap_equal_p (eql1->labels, eql2->labels);
}
/* Lookup a equivalence class in TABLE by the bitmap of LABELS it
contains. */
static unsigned int
equiv_class_lookup (htab_t table, bitmap labels)
{
void **slot;
struct equiv_class_label ecl;
ecl.labels = labels;
ecl.hashcode = bitmap_hash (labels);
slot = htab_find_slot_with_hash (table, &ecl,
ecl.hashcode, NO_INSERT);
if (!slot)
return 0;
else
return ((equiv_class_label_t) *slot)->equivalence_class;
}
/* Add an equivalence class named EQUIVALENCE_CLASS with labels LABELS
to TABLE. */
static void
equiv_class_add (htab_t table, unsigned int equivalence_class,
bitmap labels)
{
void **slot;
equiv_class_label_t ecl = XNEW (struct equiv_class_label);
ecl->labels = labels;
ecl->equivalence_class = equivalence_class;
ecl->hashcode = bitmap_hash (labels);
slot = htab_find_slot_with_hash (table, ecl,
ecl->hashcode, INSERT);
gcc_assert (!*slot);
*slot = (void *) ecl;
}
/* Perform offline variable substitution.
This is a worst case quadratic time way of identifying variables
that must have equivalent points-to sets, including those caused by
static cycles, and single entry subgraphs, in the constraint graph.
The technique is described in "Exploiting Pointer and Location
Equivalence to Optimize Pointer Analysis. In the 14th International
Static Analysis Symposium (SAS), August 2007." It is known as the
"HU" algorithm, and is equivalent to value numbering the collapsed
constraint graph including evaluating unions.
The general method of finding equivalence classes is as follows:
Add fake nodes (REF nodes) and edges for *a = b and a = *b constraints.
Initialize all non-REF nodes to be direct nodes.
For each constraint a = a U {b}, we set pts(a) = pts(a) u {fresh
variable}
For each constraint containing the dereference, we also do the same
thing.
We then compute SCC's in the graph and unify nodes in the same SCC,
including pts sets.
For each non-collapsed node x:
Visit all unvisited explicit incoming edges.
Ignoring all non-pointers, set pts(x) = Union of pts(a) for y
where y->x.
Lookup the equivalence class for pts(x).
If we found one, equivalence_class(x) = found class.
Otherwise, equivalence_class(x) = new class, and new_class is
added to the lookup table.
All direct nodes with the same equivalence class can be replaced
with a single representative node.
All unlabeled nodes (label == 0) are not pointers and all edges
involving them can be eliminated.
We perform these optimizations during rewrite_constraints
In addition to pointer equivalence class finding, we also perform
location equivalence class finding. This is the set of variables
that always appear together in points-to sets. We use this to
compress the size of the points-to sets. */
/* Current maximum pointer equivalence class id. */
static int pointer_equiv_class;
/* Current maximum location equivalence class id. */
static int location_equiv_class;
/* Recursive routine to find strongly connected components in GRAPH,
and label it's nodes with DFS numbers. */
static void
condense_visit (constraint_graph_t graph, struct scc_info *si, unsigned int n)
{
unsigned int i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned int my_dfs;
gcc_assert (si->node_mapping[n] == n);
SET_BIT (si->visited, n);
si->dfs[n] = si->current_index ++;
my_dfs = si->dfs[n];
/* Visit all the successors. */
EXECUTE_IF_IN_NONNULL_BITMAP (graph->preds[n], 0, i, bi)
{
unsigned int w = si->node_mapping[i];
if (TEST_BIT (si->deleted, w))
continue;
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, w))
condense_visit (graph, si, w);
{
unsigned int t = si->node_mapping[w];
unsigned int nnode = si->node_mapping[n];
gcc_assert (nnode == n);
if (si->dfs[t] < si->dfs[nnode])
si->dfs[n] = si->dfs[t];
}
}
/* Visit all the implicit predecessors. */
EXECUTE_IF_IN_NONNULL_BITMAP (graph->implicit_preds[n], 0, i, bi)
{
unsigned int w = si->node_mapping[i];
if (TEST_BIT (si->deleted, w))
continue;
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, w))
condense_visit (graph, si, w);
{
unsigned int t = si->node_mapping[w];
unsigned int nnode = si->node_mapping[n];
gcc_assert (nnode == n);
if (si->dfs[t] < si->dfs[nnode])
si->dfs[n] = si->dfs[t];
}
}
/* See if any components have been identified. */
if (si->dfs[n] == my_dfs)
{
while (VEC_length (unsigned, si->scc_stack) != 0
&& si->dfs[VEC_last (unsigned, si->scc_stack)] >= my_dfs)
{
unsigned int w = VEC_pop (unsigned, si->scc_stack);
si->node_mapping[w] = n;
if (!TEST_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, w))
RESET_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, n);
/* Unify our nodes. */
if (graph->preds[w])
{
if (!graph->preds[n])
graph->preds[n] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
bitmap_ior_into (graph->preds[n], graph->preds[w]);
}
if (graph->implicit_preds[w])
{
if (!graph->implicit_preds[n])
graph->implicit_preds[n] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
bitmap_ior_into (graph->implicit_preds[n],
graph->implicit_preds[w]);
}
if (graph->points_to[w])
{
if (!graph->points_to[n])
graph->points_to[n] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
bitmap_ior_into (graph->points_to[n],
graph->points_to[w]);
}
}
SET_BIT (si->deleted, n);
}
else
VEC_safe_push (unsigned, heap, si->scc_stack, n);
}
/* Label pointer equivalences. */
static void
label_visit (constraint_graph_t graph, struct scc_info *si, unsigned int n)
{
unsigned int i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
SET_BIT (si->visited, n);
if (!graph->points_to[n])
graph->points_to[n] = BITMAP_ALLOC (&predbitmap_obstack);
/* Label and union our incoming edges's points to sets. */
EXECUTE_IF_IN_NONNULL_BITMAP (graph->preds[n], 0, i, bi)
{
unsigned int w = si->node_mapping[i];
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, w))
label_visit (graph, si, w);
/* Skip unused edges */
if (w == n || graph->pointer_label[w] == 0)
continue;
if (graph->points_to[w])
bitmap_ior_into(graph->points_to[n], graph->points_to[w]);
}
/* Indirect nodes get fresh variables. */
if (!TEST_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, n))
bitmap_set_bit (graph->points_to[n], FIRST_REF_NODE + n);
if (!bitmap_empty_p (graph->points_to[n]))
{
unsigned int label = equiv_class_lookup (pointer_equiv_class_table,
graph->points_to[n]);
if (!label)
{
label = pointer_equiv_class++;
equiv_class_add (pointer_equiv_class_table,
label, graph->points_to[n]);
}
graph->pointer_label[n] = label;
}
}
/* Perform offline variable substitution, discovering equivalence
classes, and eliminating non-pointer variables. */
static struct scc_info *
perform_var_substitution (constraint_graph_t graph)
{
unsigned int i;
unsigned int size = graph->size;
struct scc_info *si = init_scc_info (size);
bitmap_obstack_initialize (&iteration_obstack);
pointer_equiv_class_table = htab_create (511, equiv_class_label_hash,
equiv_class_label_eq, free);
location_equiv_class_table = htab_create (511, equiv_class_label_hash,
equiv_class_label_eq, free);
pointer_equiv_class = 1;
location_equiv_class = 1;
/* Condense the nodes, which means to find SCC's, count incoming
predecessors, and unite nodes in SCC's. */
for (i = 0; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; i++)
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, si->node_mapping[i]))
condense_visit (graph, si, si->node_mapping[i]);
sbitmap_zero (si->visited);
/* Actually the label the nodes for pointer equivalences */
for (i = 0; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; i++)
if (!TEST_BIT (si->visited, si->node_mapping[i]))
label_visit (graph, si, si->node_mapping[i]);
/* Calculate location equivalence labels. */
for (i = 0; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; i++)
{
bitmap pointed_by;
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned int j;
unsigned int label;
if (!graph->pointed_by[i])
continue;
pointed_by = BITMAP_ALLOC (&iteration_obstack);
/* Translate the pointed-by mapping for pointer equivalence
labels. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (graph->pointed_by[i], 0, j, bi)
{
bitmap_set_bit (pointed_by,
graph->pointer_label[si->node_mapping[j]]);
}
/* The original pointed_by is now dead. */
BITMAP_FREE (graph->pointed_by[i]);
/* Look up the location equivalence label if one exists, or make
one otherwise. */
label = equiv_class_lookup (location_equiv_class_table,
pointed_by);
if (label == 0)
{
label = location_equiv_class++;
equiv_class_add (location_equiv_class_table,
label, pointed_by);
}
else
{
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file, "Found location equivalence for node %s\n",
get_varinfo (i)->name);
BITMAP_FREE (pointed_by);
}
graph->loc_label[i] = label;
}
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
for (i = 0; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; i++)
{
bool direct_node = TEST_BIT (graph->direct_nodes, i);
fprintf (dump_file,
"Equivalence classes for %s node id %d:%s are pointer: %d"
", location:%d\n",
direct_node ? "Direct node" : "Indirect node", i,
get_varinfo (i)->name,
graph->pointer_label[si->node_mapping[i]],
graph->loc_label[si->node_mapping[i]]);
}
/* Quickly eliminate our non-pointer variables. */
for (i = 0; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; i++)
{
unsigned int node = si->node_mapping[i];
if (graph->pointer_label[node] == 0)
{
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file,
"%s is a non-pointer variable, eliminating edges.\n",
get_varinfo (node)->name);
stats.nonpointer_vars++;
clear_edges_for_node (graph, node);
}
}
return si;
}
/* Free information that was only necessary for variable
substitution. */
static void
free_var_substitution_info (struct scc_info *si)
{
free_scc_info (si);
free (graph->pointer_label);
free (graph->loc_label);
free (graph->pointed_by);
free (graph->points_to);
free (graph->eq_rep);
sbitmap_free (graph->direct_nodes);
htab_delete (pointer_equiv_class_table);
htab_delete (location_equiv_class_table);
bitmap_obstack_release (&iteration_obstack);
}
/* Return an existing node that is equivalent to NODE, which has
equivalence class LABEL, if one exists. Return NODE otherwise. */
static unsigned int
find_equivalent_node (constraint_graph_t graph,
unsigned int node, unsigned int label)
{
/* If the address version of this variable is unused, we can
substitute it for anything else with the same label.
Otherwise, we know the pointers are equivalent, but not the
locations, and we can unite them later. */
if (!bitmap_bit_p (graph->address_taken, node))
{
gcc_assert (label < graph->size);
if (graph->eq_rep[label] != -1)
{
/* Unify the two variables since we know they are equivalent. */
if (unite (graph->eq_rep[label], node))
unify_nodes (graph, graph->eq_rep[label], node, false);
return graph->eq_rep[label];
}
else
{
graph->eq_rep[label] = node;
graph->pe_rep[label] = node;
}
}
else
{
gcc_assert (label < graph->size);
graph->pe[node] = label;
if (graph->pe_rep[label] == -1)
graph->pe_rep[label] = node;
}
return node;
}
/* Unite pointer equivalent but not location equivalent nodes in
GRAPH. This may only be performed once variable substitution is
finished. */
static void
unite_pointer_equivalences (constraint_graph_t graph)
{
unsigned int i;
/* Go through the pointer equivalences and unite them to their
representative, if they aren't already. */
for (i = 0; i < FIRST_REF_NODE; i++)
{
unsigned int label = graph->pe[i];
if (label)
{
int label_rep = graph->pe_rep[label];
if (label_rep == -1)
continue;
label_rep = find (label_rep);
if (label_rep >= 0 && unite (label_rep, find (i)))
unify_nodes (graph, label_rep, i, false);
}
}
}
/* Move complex constraints to the GRAPH nodes they belong to. */
static void
move_complex_constraints (constraint_graph_t graph)
{
int i;
constraint_t c;
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, constraints, i, c); i++)
{
if (c)
{
struct constraint_expr lhs = c->lhs;
struct constraint_expr rhs = c->rhs;
if (lhs.type == DEREF)
{
insert_into_complex (graph, lhs.var, c);
}
else if (rhs.type == DEREF)
{
if (!(get_varinfo (lhs.var)->is_special_var))
insert_into_complex (graph, rhs.var, c);
}
else if (rhs.type != ADDRESSOF && lhs.var > anything_id
&& (lhs.offset != 0 || rhs.offset != 0))
{
insert_into_complex (graph, rhs.var, c);
}
}
}
}
/* Optimize and rewrite complex constraints while performing
collapsing of equivalent nodes. SI is the SCC_INFO that is the
result of perform_variable_substitution. */
static void
rewrite_constraints (constraint_graph_t graph,
struct scc_info *si)
{
int i;
unsigned int j;
constraint_t c;
for (j = 0; j < graph->size; j++)
gcc_assert (find (j) == j);
for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, constraints, i, c); i++)
{
struct constraint_expr lhs = c->lhs;
struct constraint_expr rhs = c->rhs;
unsigned int lhsvar = find (get_varinfo_fc (lhs.var)->id);
unsigned int rhsvar = find (get_varinfo_fc (rhs.var)->id);
unsigned int lhsnode, rhsnode;
unsigned int lhslabel, rhslabel;
lhsnode = si->node_mapping[lhsvar];
rhsnode = si->node_mapping[rhsvar];
lhslabel = graph->pointer_label[lhsnode];
rhslabel = graph->pointer_label[rhsnode];
/* See if it is really a non-pointer variable, and if so, ignore
the constraint. */
if (lhslabel == 0)
{
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
{
fprintf (dump_file, "%s is a non-pointer variable,"
"ignoring constraint:",
get_varinfo (lhs.var)->name);
dump_constraint (dump_file, c);
}
VEC_replace (constraint_t, constraints, i, NULL);
continue;
}
if (rhslabel == 0)
{
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
{
fprintf (dump_file, "%s is a non-pointer variable,"
"ignoring constraint:",
get_varinfo (rhs.var)->name);
dump_constraint (dump_file, c);
}
VEC_replace (constraint_t, constraints, i, NULL);
continue;
}
lhsvar = find_equivalent_node (graph, lhsvar, lhslabel);
rhsvar = find_equivalent_node (graph, rhsvar, rhslabel);
c->lhs.var = lhsvar;
c->rhs.var = rhsvar;
}
}
/* Eliminate indirect cycles involving NODE. Return true if NODE was
part of an SCC, false otherwise. */
static bool
eliminate_indirect_cycles (unsigned int node)
{
if (graph->indirect_cycles[node] != -1
&& !bitmap_empty_p (get_varinfo (node)->solution))
{
unsigned int i;
VEC(unsigned,heap) *queue = NULL;
int queuepos;
unsigned int to = find (graph->indirect_cycles[node]);
bitmap_iterator bi;
/* We can't touch the solution set and call unify_nodes
at the same time, because unify_nodes is going to do
bitmap unions into it. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (get_varinfo (node)->solution, 0, i, bi)
{
if (find (i) == i && i != to)
{
if (unite (to, i))
VEC_safe_push (unsigned, heap, queue, i);
}
}
for (queuepos = 0;
VEC_iterate (unsigned, queue, queuepos, i);
queuepos++)
{
unify_nodes (graph, to, i, true);
}
VEC_free (unsigned, heap, queue);
return true;
}
return false;
}
/* Solve the constraint graph GRAPH using our worklist solver.
This is based on the PW* family of solvers from the "Efficient Field
Sensitive Pointer Analysis for C" paper.
It works by iterating over all the graph nodes, processing the complex
constraints and propagating the copy constraints, until everything stops
changed. This corresponds to steps 6-8 in the solving list given above. */
static void
solve_graph (constraint_graph_t graph)
{
unsigned int size = graph->size;
unsigned int i;
bitmap pts;
changed_count = 0;
changed = sbitmap_alloc (size);
sbitmap_zero (changed);
/* Mark all initial non-collapsed nodes as changed. */
for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
{
varinfo_t ivi = get_varinfo (i);
if (find (i) == i && !bitmap_empty_p (ivi->solution)
&& ((graph->succs[i] && !bitmap_empty_p (graph->succs[i]))
|| VEC_length (constraint_t, graph->complex[i]) > 0))
{
SET_BIT (changed, i);
changed_count++;
}
}
/* Allocate a bitmap to be used to store the changed bits. */
pts = BITMAP_ALLOC (&pta_obstack);
while (changed_count > 0)
{
unsigned int i;
struct topo_info *ti = init_topo_info ();
stats.iterations++;
bitmap_obstack_initialize (&iteration_obstack);
compute_topo_order (graph, ti);
while (VEC_length (unsigned, ti->topo_order) != 0)
{
i = VEC_pop (unsigned, ti->topo_order);
/* If this variable is not a representative, skip it. */
if (find (i) != i)
continue;
/* In certain indirect cycle cases, we may merge this
variable to another. */
if (eliminate_indirect_cycles (i) && find (i) != i)
continue;
/* If the node has changed, we need to process the
complex constraints and outgoing edges again. */
if (TEST_BIT (changed, i))
{
unsigned int j;
constraint_t c;
bitmap solution;
VEC(constraint_t,heap) *complex = graph->complex[i];
bool solution_empty;
RESET_BIT (changed, i);
changed_count--;
/* Compute the changed set of solution bits. */
bitmap_and_compl (pts, get_varinfo (i)->solution,
get_varinfo (i)->oldsolution);
if (bitmap_empty_p (pts))
continue;
bitmap_ior_into (get_varinfo (i)->oldsolution, pts);
solution = get_varinfo (i)->solution;
solution_empty = bitmap_empty_p (solution);
/* Process the complex constraints */
for (j = 0; VEC_iterate (constraint_t, complex, j, c); j++)
{
/* XXX: This is going to unsort the constraints in
some cases, which will occasionally add duplicate
constraints during unification. This does not
affect correctness. */
c->lhs.var = find (c->lhs.var);
c->rhs.var = find (c->rhs.var);
/* The only complex constraint that can change our
solution to non-empty, given an empty solution,
is a constraint where the lhs side is receiving
some set from elsewhere. */
if (!solution_empty || c->lhs.type != DEREF)
do_complex_constraint (graph, c, pts);
}
solution_empty = bitmap_empty_p (solution);
if (!solution_empty
/* Do not propagate the ESCAPED/CALLUSED solutions. */
&& i != find (escaped_id)
&& i != find (callused_id))
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
/* Propagate solution to all successors. */
EXECUTE_IF_IN_NONNULL_BITMAP (graph->succs[i],
0, j, bi)
{
bitmap tmp;
bool flag;
unsigned int to = find (j);
tmp = get_varinfo (to)->solution;
flag = false;
/* Don't try to propagate to ourselves. */
if (to == i)
continue;
flag = set_union_with_increment (tmp, pts, 0);
if (flag)
{
get_varinfo (to)->solution = tmp;
if (!TEST_BIT (changed, to))
{
SET_BIT (changed, to);
changed_count++;
}
}
}
}
}
}
free_topo_info (ti);
bitmap_obstack_release (&iteration_obstack);
}
BITMAP_FREE (pts);
sbitmap_free (changed);
bitmap_obstack_release (&oldpta_obstack);
}
/* Map from trees to variable infos. */
static struct pointer_map_t *vi_for_tree;
/* Insert ID as the variable id for tree T in the vi_for_tree map. */
static void
insert_vi_for_tree (tree t, varinfo_t vi)
{
void **slot = pointer_map_insert (vi_for_tree, t);
gcc_assert (vi);
gcc_assert (*slot == NULL);
*slot = vi;
}
/* Find the variable info for tree T in VI_FOR_TREE. If T does not
exist in the map, return NULL, otherwise, return the varinfo we found. */
static varinfo_t
lookup_vi_for_tree (tree t)
{
void **slot = pointer_map_contains (vi_for_tree, t);
if (slot == NULL)
return NULL;
return (varinfo_t) *slot;
}
/* Return a printable name for DECL */
static const char *
alias_get_name (tree decl)
{
const char *res = get_name (decl);
char *temp;
int num_printed = 0;
if (res != NULL)
return res;
res = "NULL";
if (!dump_file)
return res;
if (TREE_CODE (decl) == SSA_NAME)
{
num_printed = asprintf (&temp, "%s_%u",
alias_get_name (SSA_NAME_VAR (decl)),
SSA_NAME_VERSION (decl));
}
else if (DECL_P (decl))
{
num_printed = asprintf (&temp, "D.%u", DECL_UID (decl));
}
if (num_printed > 0)
{
res = ggc_strdup (temp);
free (temp);
}
return res;
}
/* Find the variable id for tree T in the map.
If T doesn't exist in the map, create an entry for it and return it. */
static varinfo_t
get_vi_for_tree (tree t)
{
void **slot = pointer_map_contains (vi_for_tree, t);
if (slot == NULL)
return get_varinfo (create_variable_info_for (t, alias_get_name (t)));
return (varinfo_t) *slot;
}
/* Get a constraint expression for a new temporary variable. */
static struct constraint_expr
get_constraint_exp_for_temp (tree t)
{
struct constraint_expr cexpr;
gcc_assert (SSA_VAR_P (t));
cexpr.type = SCALAR;
cexpr.var = get_vi_for_tree (t)->id;
cexpr.offset = 0;
return cexpr;
}
/* Get a constraint expression vector from an SSA_VAR_P node.
If address_p is true, the result will be taken its address of. */
static void
get_constraint_for_ssa_var (tree t, VEC(ce_s, heap) **results, bool address_p)
{
struct constraint_expr cexpr;
varinfo_t vi;
/* We allow FUNCTION_DECLs here even though it doesn't make much sense. */
gcc_assert (SSA_VAR_P (t) || DECL_P (t));
/* For parameters, get at the points-to set for the actual parm
decl. */
if (TREE_CODE (t) == SSA_NAME
&& TREE_CODE (SSA_NAME_VAR (t)) == PARM_DECL
&& SSA_NAME_IS_DEFAULT_DEF (t))
{
get_constraint_for_ssa_var (SSA_NAME_VAR (t), results, address_p);
return;
}
vi = get_vi_for_tree (t);
cexpr.var = vi->id;
cexpr.type = SCALAR;
cexpr.offset = 0;
/* If we determine the result is "anything", and we know this is readonly,
say it points to readonly memory instead. */
if (cexpr.var == anything_id && TREE_READONLY (t))
{
gcc_unreachable ();
cexpr.type = ADDRESSOF;
cexpr.var = readonly_id;
}
/* If we are not taking the address of the constraint expr, add all
sub-fiels of the variable as well. */
if (!address_p)
{
for (; vi; vi = vi->next)
{
cexpr.var = vi->id;
VEC_safe_push (ce_s, heap, *results, &cexpr);
}
return;
}
VEC_safe_push (ce_s, heap, *results, &cexpr);
}
/* Process constraint T, performing various simplifications and then
adding it to our list of overall constraints. */
static void
process_constraint (constraint_t t)
{
struct constraint_expr rhs = t->rhs;
struct constraint_expr lhs = t->lhs;
gcc_assert (rhs.var < VEC_length (varinfo_t, varmap));
gcc_assert (lhs.var < VEC_length (varinfo_t, varmap));
/* ANYTHING == ANYTHING is pointless. */
if (lhs.var == anything_id && rhs.var == anything_id)
return;
/* If we have &ANYTHING = something, convert to SOMETHING = &ANYTHING) */
else if (lhs.var == anything_id && lhs.type == ADDRESSOF)
{
rhs = t->lhs;
t->lhs = t->rhs;
t->rhs = rhs;
process_constraint (t);
}
/* This can happen in our IR with things like n->a = *p */
else if (rhs.type == DEREF && lhs.type == DEREF && rhs.var != anything_id)
{
/* Split into tmp = *rhs, *lhs = tmp */
tree rhsdecl = get_varinfo (rhs.var)->decl;
tree pointertype = TREE_TYPE (rhsdecl);
tree pointedtotype = TREE_TYPE (pointertype);
tree tmpvar = create_tmp_var_raw (pointedtotype, "doubledereftmp");
struct constraint_expr tmplhs = get_constraint_exp_for_temp (tmpvar);
process_constraint (new_constraint (tmplhs, rhs));
process_constraint (new_constraint (lhs, tmplhs));
}
else if (rhs.type == ADDRESSOF && lhs.type == DEREF)
{
/* Split into tmp = &rhs, *lhs = tmp */
tree rhsdecl = get_varinfo (rhs.var)->decl;
tree pointertype = TREE_TYPE (rhsdecl);
tree tmpvar = create_tmp_var_raw (pointertype, "derefaddrtmp");
struct constraint_expr tmplhs = get_constraint_exp_for_temp (tmpvar);
process_constraint (new_constraint (tmplhs, rhs));
process_constraint (new_constraint (lhs, tmplhs));
}
else
{
gcc_assert (rhs.type != ADDRESSOF || rhs.offset == 0);
VEC_safe_push (constraint_t, heap, constraints, t);
}
}
/* Return true if T is a type that could contain pointers. */
static bool
type_could_have_pointers (tree type)
{
if (POINTER_TYPE_P (type))
return true;
if (TREE_CODE (type) == ARRAY_TYPE)
return type_could_have_pointers (TREE_TYPE (type));
return AGGREGATE_TYPE_P (type);
}
/* Return true if T is a variable of a type that could contain
pointers. */
static bool
could_have_pointers (tree t)
{
return type_could_have_pointers (TREE_TYPE (t));
}
/* Return the position, in bits, of FIELD_DECL from the beginning of its
structure. */
static HOST_WIDE_INT
bitpos_of_field (const tree fdecl)
{
if (!host_integerp (DECL_FIELD_OFFSET (fdecl), 0)
|| !host_integerp (DECL_FIELD_BIT_OFFSET (fdecl), 0))
return -1;
return (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (DECL_FIELD_OFFSET (fdecl)) * 8
+ TREE_INT_CST_LOW (DECL_FIELD_BIT_OFFSET (fdecl)));
}
/* Get constraint expressions for offsetting PTR by OFFSET. Stores the
resulting constraint expressions in *RESULTS. */
static void
get_constraint_for_ptr_offset (tree ptr, tree offset,
VEC (ce_s, heap) **results)
{
struct constraint_expr c;
unsigned int j, n;
unsigned HOST_WIDE_INT rhsunitoffset, rhsoffset;
/* If we do not do field-sensitive PTA adding offsets to pointers
does not change the points-to solution. */
if (!use_field_sensitive)
{
get_constraint_for (ptr, results);
return;
}
/* If the offset is not a non-negative integer constant that fits
in a HOST_WIDE_INT, we have to fall back to a conservative
solution which includes all sub-fields of all pointed-to
variables of ptr.
??? As we do not have the ability to express this, fall back
to anything. */
if (!host_integerp (offset, 1))
{
struct constraint_expr temp;
temp.var = anything_id;
temp.type = SCALAR;
temp.offset = 0;
VEC_safe_push (ce_s, heap, *results, &temp);
return;
}
/* Make sure the bit-offset also fits. */
rhsunitoffset = TREE_INT_CST_LOW (offset);
rhsoffset = rhsunitoffset * BITS_PER_UNIT;
if (rhsunitoffset != rhsoffset / BITS_PER_UNIT)
{
struct constraint_expr temp;
temp.var = anything_id;
temp.type = SCALAR;
temp.offset = 0;
VEC_safe_push (ce_s, heap, *results, &temp);
return;
}
get_constraint_for (ptr, results);
if (rhsoffset == 0)
return;
/* As we are eventually appending to the solution do not use
VEC_iterate here. */
n = VEC_length (ce_s, *results);
for (j = 0; j < n; j++)
{
varinfo_t curr;
c = *VEC_index (ce_s, *results, j);
curr = get_varinfo (c.var);
if (c.type == ADDRESSOF
&& !curr->is_full_var)
{
varinfo_t temp, curr = get_varinfo (c.var);
/* Search the sub-field which overlaps with the
pointed-to offset. As we deal with positive offsets
only, we can start the search from the current variable. */
temp = first_vi_for_offset (curr, curr->offset + rhsoffset);
/* If the result is outside of the variable we have to provide
a conservative result, as the variable is still reachable
from the resulting pointer (even though it technically
cannot point to anything). The last sub-field is such
a conservative result.
??? If we always had a sub-field for &object + 1 then
we could represent this in a more precise way. */