blob: 6bb2a38aedc05952894129de4c17db93e910e213 [file] [log] [blame]
/* mpfr_set_d -- convert a machine double precision float to
a multiple precision floating-point number
Copyright 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by the Arenaire and Cacao projects, INRIA.
This file is part of the GNU MPFR Library.
The GNU MPFR Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version.
The GNU MPFR Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public
License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
along with the GNU MPFR Library; see the file COPYING.LIB. If not, write to
the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston,
MA 02110-1301, USA. */
#include <string.h> /* For memcmp if _GMP_IEEE_FLOAT == 0 */
#include <float.h> /* For DOUBLE_ISINF and DOUBLE_ISNAN */
#define MPFR_NEED_LONGLONG_H
#include "mpfr-impl.h"
/* extracts the bits of d in rp[0..n-1] where n=ceil(53/BITS_PER_MP_LIMB).
Assumes d is neither 0 nor NaN nor Inf. */
static long
__gmpfr_extract_double (mp_ptr rp, double d)
/* e=0 iff BITS_PER_MP_LIMB=32 and rp has only one limb */
{
long exp;
mp_limb_t manl;
#if BITS_PER_MP_LIMB == 32
mp_limb_t manh;
#endif
/* BUGS
1. Should handle Inf and NaN in IEEE specific code.
2. Handle Inf and NaN also in default code, to avoid hangs.
3. Generalize to handle all BITS_PER_MP_LIMB.
4. This lits is incomplete and misspelled.
*/
MPFR_ASSERTD(!DOUBLE_ISNAN(d));
MPFR_ASSERTD(!DOUBLE_ISINF(d));
MPFR_ASSERTD(d != 0.0);
#if _GMP_IEEE_FLOATS
{
union ieee_double_extract x;
x.d = d;
exp = x.s.exp;
if (exp)
{
#if BITS_PER_MP_LIMB >= 64
manl = ((MPFR_LIMB_ONE << 63)
| ((mp_limb_t) x.s.manh << 43) | ((mp_limb_t) x.s.manl << 11));
#else
manh = (MPFR_LIMB_ONE << 31) | (x.s.manh << 11) | (x.s.manl >> 21);
manl = x.s.manl << 11;
#endif
}
else /* denormalized number */
{
#if BITS_PER_MP_LIMB >= 64
manl = ((mp_limb_t) x.s.manh << 43) | ((mp_limb_t) x.s.manl << 11);
#else
manh = (x.s.manh << 11) /* high 21 bits */
| (x.s.manl >> 21); /* middle 11 bits */
manl = x.s.manl << 11; /* low 21 bits */
#endif
}
if (exp)
exp -= 1022;
else
exp = -1021;
}
#else /* _GMP_IEEE_FLOATS */
{
/* Unknown (or known to be non-IEEE) double format. */
exp = 0;
if (d >= 1.0)
{
MPFR_ASSERTN (d * 0.5 != d);
while (d >= 32768.0)
{
d *= (1.0 / 65536.0);
exp += 16;
}
while (d >= 1.0)
{
d *= 0.5;
exp += 1;
}
}
else if (d < 0.5)
{
while (d < (1.0 / 65536.0))
{
d *= 65536.0;
exp -= 16;
}
while (d < 0.5)
{
d *= 2.0;
exp -= 1;
}
}
d *= MP_BASE_AS_DOUBLE;
#if BITS_PER_MP_LIMB >= 64
manl = d;
#else
manh = (mp_limb_t) d;
manl = (mp_limb_t) ((d - manh) * MP_BASE_AS_DOUBLE);
#endif
}
#endif /* _GMP_IEEE_FLOATS */
#if BITS_PER_MP_LIMB >= 64
rp[0] = manl;
#else
rp[1] = manh;
rp[0] = manl;
#endif
return exp;
}
/* End of part included from gmp-2.0.2 */
int
mpfr_set_d (mpfr_ptr r, double d, mp_rnd_t rnd_mode)
{
int signd, inexact;
unsigned int cnt;
mp_size_t i, k;
mpfr_t tmp;
mp_limb_t tmpmant[MPFR_LIMBS_PER_DOUBLE];
MPFR_SAVE_EXPO_DECL (expo);
MPFR_CLEAR_FLAGS(r);
if (MPFR_UNLIKELY(DOUBLE_ISNAN(d)))
{
MPFR_SET_NAN(r);
MPFR_RET_NAN;
}
else if (MPFR_UNLIKELY(d == 0))
{
#if _GMP_IEEE_FLOATS
union ieee_double_extract x;
MPFR_SET_ZERO(r);
/* set correct sign */
x.d = d;
if (x.s.sig == 1)
MPFR_SET_NEG(r);
else
MPFR_SET_POS(r);
#else /* _GMP_IEEE_FLOATS */
MPFR_SET_ZERO(r);
{
/* This is to get the sign of zero on non-IEEE hardware
Some systems support +0.0, -0.0 and unsigned zero.
We can't use d==+0.0 since it should be always true,
so we check that the memory representation of d is the
same than +0.0. etc */
/* FIXME: consider the case where +0.0 or -0.0 may have several
representations. */
double poszero = +0.0, negzero = DBL_NEG_ZERO;
if (memcmp(&d, &poszero, sizeof(double)) == 0)
MPFR_SET_POS(r);
else if (memcmp(&d, &negzero, sizeof(double)) == 0)
MPFR_SET_NEG(r);
else
MPFR_SET_POS(r);
}
#endif
return 0; /* 0 is exact */
}
else if (MPFR_UNLIKELY(DOUBLE_ISINF(d)))
{
MPFR_SET_INF(r);
if (d > 0)
MPFR_SET_POS(r);
else
MPFR_SET_NEG(r);
return 0; /* infinity is exact */
}
/* now d is neither 0, nor NaN nor Inf */
MPFR_SAVE_EXPO_MARK (expo);
/* warning: don't use tmp=r here, even if SIZE(r) >= MPFR_LIMBS_PER_DOUBLE,
since PREC(r) may be different from PREC(tmp), and then both variables
would have same precision in the mpfr_set4 call below. */
MPFR_MANT(tmp) = tmpmant;
MPFR_PREC(tmp) = IEEE_DBL_MANT_DIG;
signd = (d < 0) ? MPFR_SIGN_NEG : MPFR_SIGN_POS;
d = ABS (d);
/* don't use MPFR_SET_EXP here since the exponent may be out of range */
MPFR_EXP(tmp) = __gmpfr_extract_double (tmpmant, d);
#ifdef WANT_ASSERT
/* Failed assertion if the stored value is 0 (e.g., if the exponent range
has been reduced at the wrong moment and an underflow to 0 occurred).
Probably a bug in the C implementation if this happens. */
i = 0;
while (tmpmant[i] == 0)
{
i++;
MPFR_ASSERTN(i < MPFR_LIMBS_PER_DOUBLE);
}
#endif
/* determine the index i-1 of the most significant non-zero limb
and the number k of zero high limbs */
i = MPFR_LIMBS_PER_DOUBLE;
MPN_NORMALIZE_NOT_ZERO(tmpmant, i);
k = MPFR_LIMBS_PER_DOUBLE - i;
count_leading_zeros (cnt, tmpmant[i - 1]);
if (MPFR_LIKELY(cnt != 0))
mpn_lshift (tmpmant + k, tmpmant, i, cnt);
else if (k != 0)
MPN_COPY (tmpmant + k, tmpmant, i);
if (MPFR_UNLIKELY(k != 0))
MPN_ZERO (tmpmant, k);
/* don't use MPFR_SET_EXP here since the exponent may be out of range */
MPFR_EXP(tmp) -= (mp_exp_t) (cnt + k * BITS_PER_MP_LIMB);
/* tmp is exact since PREC(tmp)=53 */
inexact = mpfr_set4 (r, tmp, rnd_mode, signd);
MPFR_SAVE_EXPO_FREE (expo);
return mpfr_check_range (r, inexact, rnd_mode);
}