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/* The common simulator framework for GDB, the GNU Debugger.
Copyright 2002, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Andrew Cagney and Red Hat.
This file is part of GDB.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <>. */
#include "hw-main.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <strings.h>
glue - glue to interconnect and test hardware ports
The glue device provides two functions. Firstly, it provides a
mechanism for inspecting and driving the port network. Secondly,
it provides a set of boolean primitives that can be used to apply
combinatorial operations to the port network.
Glue devices have a variable number of big endian <<output>>
registers. Each register is target-word sized. The registers can
be read and written.
Writing to an output register results in an event being driven
(level determined by the value written) on the devices
corresponding output port.
Reading an <<output>> register returns either the last value
written or the most recently computed value (for that register) as
a result of an event ariving on that port (which ever was computed
At present the following sub device types are available:
<<glue>>: In addition to driving its output interrupt port with any
value written to an interrupt input port is stored in the
corresponding <<output>> register. Such input interrupts, however,
are not propogated to an output interrupt port.
<<glue-and>>: The bit-wise AND of the interrupt inputs is computed
and then both stored in <<output>> register zero and propogated to
output interrupt output port zero.
reg = <address> <size> (required)
Specify the address (within the parent bus) that this device is to
live. The address must be 2048 * sizeof (word) (8k in a 32bit
simulation) aligned.
interrupt-ranges = <int-number> <range> (optional)
If present, this specifies the number of valid interrupt inputs (up
to the maximum of 2048). By default, <<int-number>> is zero and
range is determined by the <<reg>> size.
int[0..] (input, output)
Both an input and an output port.
Enable tracing of the device:
| -t glue-device \
Create source, bitwize-and, and sink glue devices. Since the
device at address <<0x10000>> is of size <<8>> it will have two
output interrupt ports.
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue@0x10000/reg 0x10000 8' \
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue-and@0x20000/reg 0x20000 4' \
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue-and/interrupt-ranges 0 2' \
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue@0x30000/reg 0x30000 4' \
Wire the two source interrupts to the AND device:
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue@0x10000 > 0 0 /iobus/glue-and' \
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue@0x10000 > 1 1 /iobus/glue-and' \
Wire the AND device up to the sink so that the and's output is not
left open.
| -o '/iobus@0xf0000000/glue-and > 0 0 /iobus/glue@0x30000' \
With the above configuration. The client program is able to
compute a two bit AND. For instance the <<C>> stub below prints 1
AND 0.
| unsigned *input = (void*)0xf0010000;
| unsigned *output = (void*)0xf0030000;
| unsigned ans;
| input[0] = htonl(1);
| input[1] = htonl(0);
| ans = ntohl(*output);
| write_string("AND is ");
| write_int(ans);
| write_line();
A future implementation of this device may support multiple
interrupt ranges.
Some of the devices listed may not yet be fully implemented.
Additional devices such as a D flip-flop (DFF), an inverter (INV)
or a latch (LAT) may prove useful.
enum {
max_nr_ports = 2048,
enum hw_glue_type {
glue_undefined = 0,
struct hw_glue {
enum hw_glue_type type;
int int_number;
int *input;
int nr_inputs;
unsigned sizeof_input;
/* our output registers */
int space;
unsigned_word address;
unsigned sizeof_output;
int *output;
int nr_outputs;
static hw_io_read_buffer_method hw_glue_io_read_buffer;
static hw_io_write_buffer_method hw_glue_io_write_buffer;
static hw_port_event_method hw_glue_port_event;
const static struct hw_port_descriptor hw_glue_ports[];
static void
hw_glue_finish (struct hw *me)
struct hw_glue *glue = HW_ZALLOC (me, struct hw_glue);
/* establish our own methods */
set_hw_data (me, glue);
set_hw_io_read_buffer (me, hw_glue_io_read_buffer);
set_hw_io_write_buffer (me, hw_glue_io_write_buffer);
set_hw_ports (me, hw_glue_ports);
set_hw_port_event (me, hw_glue_port_event);
/* attach to our parent bus */
do_hw_attach_regs (me);
/* establish the output registers */
reg_property_spec unit;
int reg_nr;
/* find a relevant reg entry */
reg_nr = 0;
while (hw_find_reg_array_property (me, "reg", reg_nr, &unit)
&& !hw_unit_size_to_attach_size (hw_parent (me),
/* check out the size */
if (glue->sizeof_output == 0)
hw_abort (me, "at least one reg property size must be nonzero");
if (glue->sizeof_output % sizeof (unsigned_word) != 0)
hw_abort (me, "reg property size must be %ld aligned",
(long) sizeof (unsigned_word));
/* and the address */
hw_unit_address_to_attach_address (hw_parent (me),
if (glue->address % (sizeof (unsigned_word) * max_nr_ports) != 0)
hw_abort (me, "reg property address must be %ld aligned",
(long) (sizeof (unsigned_word) * max_nr_ports));
glue->nr_outputs = glue->sizeof_output / sizeof (unsigned_word);
glue->output = hw_zalloc (me, glue->sizeof_output);
/* establish the input ports */
const struct hw_property *ranges;
ranges = hw_find_property (me, "interrupt-ranges");
if (ranges == NULL)
glue->int_number = 0;
glue->nr_inputs = glue->nr_outputs;
else if (ranges->sizeof_array != sizeof (unsigned_cell) * 2)
hw_abort (me, "invalid interrupt-ranges property (incorrect size)");
const unsigned_cell *int_range = ranges->array;
glue->int_number = BE2H_cell (int_range[0]);
glue->nr_inputs = BE2H_cell (int_range[1]);
glue->sizeof_input = glue->nr_inputs * sizeof (unsigned);
glue->input = hw_zalloc (me, glue->sizeof_input);
/* determine our type */
const char *name = hw_name(me);
if (strcmp (name, "glue") == 0)
glue->type = glue_io;
else if (strcmp (name, "glue-and") == 0)
glue->type = glue_and;
hw_abort (me, "unimplemented glue type");
HW_TRACE ((me, "int-number %d, nr_inputs %d, nr_outputs %d",
glue->int_number, glue->nr_inputs, glue->nr_outputs));
static unsigned
hw_glue_io_read_buffer (struct hw *me,
void *dest,
int space,
unsigned_word addr,
unsigned nr_bytes)
struct hw_glue *glue = (struct hw_glue *) hw_data (me);
int reg = ((addr - glue->address) / sizeof (unsigned_word)) % glue->nr_outputs;
if (nr_bytes != sizeof (unsigned_word)
|| (addr % sizeof (unsigned_word)) != 0)
hw_abort (me, "missaligned read access (%d:0x%lx:%d) not supported",
space, (unsigned long)addr, nr_bytes);
*(unsigned_word*)dest = H2BE_4(glue->output[reg]);
HW_TRACE ((me, "read - port %d (0x%lx), level %d",
reg, (unsigned long) addr, glue->output[reg]));
return nr_bytes;
static unsigned
hw_glue_io_write_buffer (struct hw *me,
const void *source,
int space,
unsigned_word addr,
unsigned nr_bytes)
struct hw_glue *glue = (struct hw_glue *) hw_data (me);
int reg = ((addr - glue->address) / sizeof (unsigned_word)) % max_nr_ports;
if (nr_bytes != sizeof (unsigned_word)
|| (addr % sizeof (unsigned_word)) != 0)
hw_abort (me, "missaligned write access (%d:0x%lx:%d) not supported",
space, (unsigned long) addr, nr_bytes);
glue->output[reg] = H2BE_4 (*(unsigned_word*)source);
HW_TRACE ((me, "write - port %d (0x%lx), level %d",
reg, (unsigned long) addr, glue->output[reg]));
hw_port_event (me, reg, glue->output[reg]);
return nr_bytes;
static void
hw_glue_port_event (struct hw *me,
int my_port,
struct hw *source,
int source_port,
int level)
struct hw_glue *glue = (struct hw_glue *) hw_data (me);
int i;
if (my_port < glue->int_number
|| my_port >= glue->int_number + glue->nr_inputs)
hw_abort (me, "port %d outside of valid range", my_port);
glue->input[my_port - glue->int_number] = level;
switch (glue->type)
case glue_io:
int port = my_port % glue->nr_outputs;
glue->output[port] = level;
HW_TRACE ((me, "input - port %d (0x%lx), level %d",
(unsigned long) glue->address + port * sizeof (unsigned_word),
case glue_and:
glue->output[0] = glue->input[0];
for (i = 1; i < glue->nr_inputs; i++)
glue->output[0] &= glue->input[i];
HW_TRACE ((me, "and - port %d, level %d arrived - output %d",
my_port, level, glue->output[0]));
hw_port_event (me, 0, glue->output[0]);
hw_abort (me, "operator not implemented");
static const struct hw_port_descriptor hw_glue_ports[] = {
{ "int", 0, max_nr_ports },
{ NULL }
const struct hw_descriptor dv_glue_descriptor[] = {
{ "glue", hw_glue_finish, },
{ "glue-and", hw_glue_finish, },
{ "glue-nand", hw_glue_finish, },
{ "glue-or", hw_glue_finish, },
{ "glue-xor", hw_glue_finish, },
{ "glue-nor", hw_glue_finish, },
{ "glue-not", hw_glue_finish, },
{ NULL },