blob: 01dc9f12ba580814c95e935e09c4f1e97e971fbb [file] [log] [blame]
//===- Writer.cpp ---------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// The LLVM Linker
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
#include "Config.h"
#include "DLL.h"
#include "Error.h"
#include "InputFiles.h"
#include "SymbolTable.h"
#include "Symbols.h"
#include "Writer.h"
#include "lld/Core/Parallel.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/DenseMap.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/StringSwitch.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Endian.h"
#include "llvm/Support/FileOutputBuffer.h"
#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstdio>
#include <map>
#include <memory>
#include <utility>
using namespace llvm;
using namespace llvm::COFF;
using namespace llvm::object;
using namespace llvm::support;
using namespace llvm::support::endian;
using namespace lld;
using namespace lld::coff;
static const int PageSize = 4096;
static const int SectorSize = 512;
static const int DOSStubSize = 64;
static const int NumberfOfDataDirectory = 16;
namespace {
// The writer writes a SymbolTable result to a file.
class Writer {
public:
Writer(SymbolTable *T) : Symtab(T) {}
void run();
private:
void createSections();
void createMiscChunks();
void createImportTables();
void createExportTable();
void assignAddresses();
void removeEmptySections();
void createSymbolAndStringTable();
void openFile(StringRef OutputPath);
template <typename PEHeaderTy> void writeHeader();
void fixSafeSEHSymbols();
void writeSections();
void sortExceptionTable();
void applyRelocations();
llvm::Optional<coff_symbol16> createSymbol(Defined *D);
size_t addEntryToStringTable(StringRef Str);
OutputSection *findSection(StringRef Name);
OutputSection *createSection(StringRef Name);
void addBaserels(OutputSection *Dest);
void addBaserelBlocks(OutputSection *Dest, std::vector<Baserel> &V);
uint32_t getSizeOfInitializedData();
std::map<StringRef, std::vector<DefinedImportData *>> binImports();
SymbolTable *Symtab;
std::unique_ptr<llvm::FileOutputBuffer> Buffer;
llvm::SpecificBumpPtrAllocator<OutputSection> CAlloc;
llvm::SpecificBumpPtrAllocator<BaserelChunk> BAlloc;
std::vector<OutputSection *> OutputSections;
std::vector<char> Strtab;
std::vector<llvm::object::coff_symbol16> OutputSymtab;
IdataContents Idata;
DelayLoadContents DelayIdata;
EdataContents Edata;
std::unique_ptr<SEHTableChunk> SEHTable;
uint64_t FileSize;
uint32_t PointerToSymbolTable = 0;
uint64_t SizeOfImage;
uint64_t SizeOfHeaders;
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<Chunk>> Chunks;
};
} // anonymous namespace
namespace lld {
namespace coff {
void writeResult(SymbolTable *T) { Writer(T).run(); }
// OutputSection represents a section in an output file. It's a
// container of chunks. OutputSection and Chunk are 1:N relationship.
// Chunks cannot belong to more than one OutputSections. The writer
// creates multiple OutputSections and assign them unique,
// non-overlapping file offsets and RVAs.
class OutputSection {
public:
OutputSection(StringRef N) : Name(N), Header({}) {}
void setRVA(uint64_t);
void setFileOffset(uint64_t);
void addChunk(Chunk *C);
StringRef getName() { return Name; }
std::vector<Chunk *> &getChunks() { return Chunks; }
void addPermissions(uint32_t C);
uint32_t getPermissions() { return Header.Characteristics & PermMask; }
uint32_t getCharacteristics() { return Header.Characteristics; }
uint64_t getRVA() { return Header.VirtualAddress; }
uint64_t getFileOff() { return Header.PointerToRawData; }
void writeHeaderTo(uint8_t *Buf);
// Returns the size of this section in an executable memory image.
// This may be smaller than the raw size (the raw size is multiple
// of disk sector size, so there may be padding at end), or may be
// larger (if that's the case, the loader reserves spaces after end
// of raw data).
uint64_t getVirtualSize() { return Header.VirtualSize; }
// Returns the size of the section in the output file.
uint64_t getRawSize() { return Header.SizeOfRawData; }
// Set offset into the string table storing this section name.
// Used only when the name is longer than 8 bytes.
void setStringTableOff(uint32_t V) { StringTableOff = V; }
// N.B. The section index is one based.
uint32_t SectionIndex = 0;
private:
StringRef Name;
coff_section Header;
uint32_t StringTableOff = 0;
std::vector<Chunk *> Chunks;
};
void OutputSection::setRVA(uint64_t RVA) {
Header.VirtualAddress = RVA;
for (Chunk *C : Chunks)
C->setRVA(C->getRVA() + RVA);
}
void OutputSection::setFileOffset(uint64_t Off) {
// If a section has no actual data (i.e. BSS section), we want to
// set 0 to its PointerToRawData. Otherwise the output is rejected
// by the loader.
if (Header.SizeOfRawData == 0)
return;
Header.PointerToRawData = Off;
}
void OutputSection::addChunk(Chunk *C) {
Chunks.push_back(C);
C->setOutputSection(this);
uint64_t Off = Header.VirtualSize;
Off = alignTo(Off, C->getAlign());
C->setRVA(Off);
C->setOutputSectionOff(Off);
Off += C->getSize();
Header.VirtualSize = Off;
if (C->hasData())
Header.SizeOfRawData = alignTo(Off, SectorSize);
}
void OutputSection::addPermissions(uint32_t C) {
Header.Characteristics |= C & PermMask;
}
// Write the section header to a given buffer.
void OutputSection::writeHeaderTo(uint8_t *Buf) {
auto *Hdr = reinterpret_cast<coff_section *>(Buf);
*Hdr = Header;
if (StringTableOff) {
// If name is too long, write offset into the string table as a name.
sprintf(Hdr->Name, "/%d", StringTableOff);
} else {
assert(!Config->Debug || Name.size() <= COFF::NameSize);
strncpy(Hdr->Name, Name.data(),
std::min(Name.size(), (size_t)COFF::NameSize));
}
}
uint64_t Defined::getSecrel() {
if (auto *D = dyn_cast<DefinedRegular>(this))
return getRVA() - D->getChunk()->getOutputSection()->getRVA();
error("SECREL relocation points to a non-regular symbol");
}
uint64_t Defined::getSectionIndex() {
if (auto *D = dyn_cast<DefinedRegular>(this))
return D->getChunk()->getOutputSection()->SectionIndex;
error("SECTION relocation points to a non-regular symbol");
}
bool Defined::isExecutable() {
const auto X = IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE;
if (auto *D = dyn_cast<DefinedRegular>(this))
return D->getChunk()->getOutputSection()->getPermissions() & X;
return isa<DefinedImportThunk>(this);
}
} // namespace coff
} // namespace lld
// The main function of the writer.
void Writer::run() {
createSections();
createMiscChunks();
createImportTables();
createExportTable();
if (Config->Relocatable)
createSection(".reloc");
assignAddresses();
removeEmptySections();
createSymbolAndStringTable();
openFile(Config->OutputFile);
if (Config->is64()) {
writeHeader<pe32plus_header>();
} else {
writeHeader<pe32_header>();
}
fixSafeSEHSymbols();
writeSections();
sortExceptionTable();
error(Buffer->commit(), "Failed to write the output file");
}
static StringRef getOutputSection(StringRef Name) {
StringRef S = Name.split('$').first;
auto It = Config->Merge.find(S);
if (It == Config->Merge.end())
return S;
return It->second;
}
// Create output section objects and add them to OutputSections.
void Writer::createSections() {
// First, bin chunks by name.
std::map<StringRef, std::vector<Chunk *>> Map;
for (Chunk *C : Symtab->getChunks()) {
auto *SC = dyn_cast<SectionChunk>(C);
if (SC && !SC->isLive()) {
if (Config->Verbose)
SC->printDiscardedMessage();
continue;
}
Map[C->getSectionName()].push_back(C);
}
// Then create an OutputSection for each section.
// '$' and all following characters in input section names are
// discarded when determining output section. So, .text$foo
// contributes to .text, for example. See PE/COFF spec 3.2.
SmallDenseMap<StringRef, OutputSection *> Sections;
for (auto Pair : Map) {
StringRef Name = getOutputSection(Pair.first);
OutputSection *&Sec = Sections[Name];
if (!Sec) {
Sec = new (CAlloc.Allocate()) OutputSection(Name);
OutputSections.push_back(Sec);
}
std::vector<Chunk *> &Chunks = Pair.second;
for (Chunk *C : Chunks) {
Sec->addChunk(C);
Sec->addPermissions(C->getPermissions());
}
}
}
void Writer::createMiscChunks() {
// Create thunks for locally-dllimported symbols.
if (!Symtab->LocalImportChunks.empty()) {
OutputSection *Sec = createSection(".rdata");
for (Chunk *C : Symtab->LocalImportChunks)
Sec->addChunk(C);
}
// Create SEH table. x86-only.
if (Config->Machine != I386)
return;
std::set<Defined *> Handlers;
for (lld::coff::ObjectFile *File : Symtab->ObjectFiles) {
if (!File->SEHCompat)
return;
for (SymbolBody *B : File->SEHandlers)
Handlers.insert(cast<Defined>(B->repl()));
}
SEHTable.reset(new SEHTableChunk(Handlers));
createSection(".rdata")->addChunk(SEHTable.get());
}
// Create .idata section for the DLL-imported symbol table.
// The format of this section is inherently Windows-specific.
// IdataContents class abstracted away the details for us,
// so we just let it create chunks and add them to the section.
void Writer::createImportTables() {
if (Symtab->ImportFiles.empty())
return;
// Initialize DLLOrder so that import entries are ordered in
// the same order as in the command line. (That affects DLL
// initialization order, and this ordering is MSVC-compatible.)
for (ImportFile *File : Symtab->ImportFiles) {
std::string DLL = StringRef(File->DLLName).lower();
if (Config->DLLOrder.count(DLL) == 0)
Config->DLLOrder[DLL] = Config->DLLOrder.size();
}
OutputSection *Text = createSection(".text");
for (ImportFile *File : Symtab->ImportFiles) {
if (DefinedImportThunk *Thunk = File->ThunkSym)
Text->addChunk(Thunk->getChunk());
if (Config->DelayLoads.count(StringRef(File->DLLName).lower())) {
DelayIdata.add(File->ImpSym);
} else {
Idata.add(File->ImpSym);
}
}
if (!Idata.empty()) {
OutputSection *Sec = createSection(".idata");
for (Chunk *C : Idata.getChunks())
Sec->addChunk(C);
}
if (!DelayIdata.empty()) {
Defined *Helper = cast<Defined>(Config->DelayLoadHelper->repl());
DelayIdata.create(Helper);
OutputSection *Sec = createSection(".didat");
for (Chunk *C : DelayIdata.getChunks())
Sec->addChunk(C);
Sec = createSection(".data");
for (Chunk *C : DelayIdata.getDataChunks())
Sec->addChunk(C);
Sec = createSection(".text");
for (std::unique_ptr<Chunk> &C : DelayIdata.getCodeChunks())
Sec->addChunk(C.get());
}
}
void Writer::createExportTable() {
if (Config->Exports.empty())
return;
OutputSection *Sec = createSection(".edata");
for (std::unique_ptr<Chunk> &C : Edata.Chunks)
Sec->addChunk(C.get());
}
// The Windows loader doesn't seem to like empty sections,
// so we remove them if any.
void Writer::removeEmptySections() {
auto IsEmpty = [](OutputSection *S) { return S->getVirtualSize() == 0; };
OutputSections.erase(
std::remove_if(OutputSections.begin(), OutputSections.end(), IsEmpty),
OutputSections.end());
uint32_t Idx = 1;
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections)
Sec->SectionIndex = Idx++;
}
size_t Writer::addEntryToStringTable(StringRef Str) {
assert(Str.size() > COFF::NameSize);
size_t OffsetOfEntry = Strtab.size() + 4; // +4 for the size field
Strtab.insert(Strtab.end(), Str.begin(), Str.end());
Strtab.push_back('\0');
return OffsetOfEntry;
}
Optional<coff_symbol16> Writer::createSymbol(Defined *Def) {
if (auto *D = dyn_cast<DefinedRegular>(Def))
if (!D->getChunk()->isLive())
return None;
coff_symbol16 Sym;
StringRef Name = Def->getName();
if (Name.size() > COFF::NameSize) {
Sym.Name.Offset.Zeroes = 0;
Sym.Name.Offset.Offset = addEntryToStringTable(Name);
} else {
memset(Sym.Name.ShortName, 0, COFF::NameSize);
memcpy(Sym.Name.ShortName, Name.data(), Name.size());
}
if (auto *D = dyn_cast<DefinedCOFF>(Def)) {
COFFSymbolRef Ref = D->getCOFFSymbol();
Sym.Type = Ref.getType();
Sym.StorageClass = Ref.getStorageClass();
} else {
Sym.Type = IMAGE_SYM_TYPE_NULL;
Sym.StorageClass = IMAGE_SYM_CLASS_EXTERNAL;
}
Sym.NumberOfAuxSymbols = 0;
switch (Def->kind()) {
case SymbolBody::DefinedAbsoluteKind:
case SymbolBody::DefinedRelativeKind:
Sym.Value = Def->getRVA();
Sym.SectionNumber = IMAGE_SYM_ABSOLUTE;
break;
default: {
uint64_t RVA = Def->getRVA();
OutputSection *Sec = nullptr;
for (OutputSection *S : OutputSections) {
if (S->getRVA() > RVA)
break;
Sec = S;
}
Sym.Value = RVA - Sec->getRVA();
Sym.SectionNumber = Sec->SectionIndex;
break;
}
}
return Sym;
}
void Writer::createSymbolAndStringTable() {
if (!Config->Debug || !Config->WriteSymtab)
return;
// Name field in the section table is 8 byte long. Longer names need
// to be written to the string table. First, construct string table.
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections) {
StringRef Name = Sec->getName();
if (Name.size() <= COFF::NameSize)
continue;
Sec->setStringTableOff(addEntryToStringTable(Name));
}
for (lld::coff::ObjectFile *File : Symtab->ObjectFiles)
for (SymbolBody *B : File->getSymbols())
if (auto *D = dyn_cast<Defined>(B))
if (Optional<coff_symbol16> Sym = createSymbol(D))
OutputSymtab.push_back(*Sym);
for (ImportFile *File : Symtab->ImportFiles)
for (SymbolBody *B : File->getSymbols())
if (Optional<coff_symbol16> Sym = createSymbol(cast<Defined>(B)))
OutputSymtab.push_back(*Sym);
OutputSection *LastSection = OutputSections.back();
// We position the symbol table to be adjacent to the end of the last section.
uint64_t FileOff = LastSection->getFileOff() +
alignTo(LastSection->getRawSize(), SectorSize);
if (!OutputSymtab.empty()) {
PointerToSymbolTable = FileOff;
FileOff += OutputSymtab.size() * sizeof(coff_symbol16);
}
if (!Strtab.empty())
FileOff += Strtab.size() + 4;
FileSize = alignTo(FileOff, SectorSize);
}
// Visits all sections to assign incremental, non-overlapping RVAs and
// file offsets.
void Writer::assignAddresses() {
SizeOfHeaders = DOSStubSize + sizeof(PEMagic) + sizeof(coff_file_header) +
sizeof(data_directory) * NumberfOfDataDirectory +
sizeof(coff_section) * OutputSections.size();
SizeOfHeaders +=
Config->is64() ? sizeof(pe32plus_header) : sizeof(pe32_header);
SizeOfHeaders = alignTo(SizeOfHeaders, SectorSize);
uint64_t RVA = 0x1000; // The first page is kept unmapped.
FileSize = SizeOfHeaders;
// Move DISCARDABLE (or non-memory-mapped) sections to the end of file because
// the loader cannot handle holes.
std::stable_partition(
OutputSections.begin(), OutputSections.end(), [](OutputSection *S) {
return (S->getPermissions() & IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE) == 0;
});
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections) {
if (Sec->getName() == ".reloc")
addBaserels(Sec);
Sec->setRVA(RVA);
Sec->setFileOffset(FileSize);
RVA += alignTo(Sec->getVirtualSize(), PageSize);
FileSize += alignTo(Sec->getRawSize(), SectorSize);
}
SizeOfImage = SizeOfHeaders + alignTo(RVA - 0x1000, PageSize);
}
template <typename PEHeaderTy> void Writer::writeHeader() {
// Write DOS stub
uint8_t *Buf = Buffer->getBufferStart();
auto *DOS = reinterpret_cast<dos_header *>(Buf);
Buf += DOSStubSize;
DOS->Magic[0] = 'M';
DOS->Magic[1] = 'Z';
DOS->AddressOfRelocationTable = sizeof(dos_header);
DOS->AddressOfNewExeHeader = DOSStubSize;
// Write PE magic
memcpy(Buf, PEMagic, sizeof(PEMagic));
Buf += sizeof(PEMagic);
// Write COFF header
auto *COFF = reinterpret_cast<coff_file_header *>(Buf);
Buf += sizeof(*COFF);
COFF->Machine = Config->Machine;
COFF->NumberOfSections = OutputSections.size();
COFF->Characteristics = IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE;
if (Config->LargeAddressAware)
COFF->Characteristics |= IMAGE_FILE_LARGE_ADDRESS_AWARE;
if (!Config->is64())
COFF->Characteristics |= IMAGE_FILE_32BIT_MACHINE;
if (Config->DLL)
COFF->Characteristics |= IMAGE_FILE_DLL;
if (!Config->Relocatable)
COFF->Characteristics |= IMAGE_FILE_RELOCS_STRIPPED;
COFF->SizeOfOptionalHeader =
sizeof(PEHeaderTy) + sizeof(data_directory) * NumberfOfDataDirectory;
// Write PE header
auto *PE = reinterpret_cast<PEHeaderTy *>(Buf);
Buf += sizeof(*PE);
PE->Magic = Config->is64() ? PE32Header::PE32_PLUS : PE32Header::PE32;
PE->ImageBase = Config->ImageBase;
PE->SectionAlignment = PageSize;
PE->FileAlignment = SectorSize;
PE->MajorImageVersion = Config->MajorImageVersion;
PE->MinorImageVersion = Config->MinorImageVersion;
PE->MajorOperatingSystemVersion = Config->MajorOSVersion;
PE->MinorOperatingSystemVersion = Config->MinorOSVersion;
PE->MajorSubsystemVersion = Config->MajorOSVersion;
PE->MinorSubsystemVersion = Config->MinorOSVersion;
PE->Subsystem = Config->Subsystem;
PE->SizeOfImage = SizeOfImage;
PE->SizeOfHeaders = SizeOfHeaders;
if (!Config->NoEntry) {
Defined *Entry = cast<Defined>(Config->Entry->repl());
PE->AddressOfEntryPoint = Entry->getRVA();
// Pointer to thumb code must have the LSB set, so adjust it.
if (Config->Machine == ARMNT)
PE->AddressOfEntryPoint |= 1;
}
PE->SizeOfStackReserve = Config->StackReserve;
PE->SizeOfStackCommit = Config->StackCommit;
PE->SizeOfHeapReserve = Config->HeapReserve;
PE->SizeOfHeapCommit = Config->HeapCommit;
if (Config->DynamicBase)
PE->DLLCharacteristics |= IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_DYNAMIC_BASE;
if (Config->HighEntropyVA)
PE->DLLCharacteristics |= IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_HIGH_ENTROPY_VA;
if (!Config->AllowBind)
PE->DLLCharacteristics |= IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_NO_BIND;
if (Config->NxCompat)
PE->DLLCharacteristics |= IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_NX_COMPAT;
if (!Config->AllowIsolation)
PE->DLLCharacteristics |= IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_NO_ISOLATION;
if (Config->TerminalServerAware)
PE->DLLCharacteristics |= IMAGE_DLL_CHARACTERISTICS_TERMINAL_SERVER_AWARE;
PE->NumberOfRvaAndSize = NumberfOfDataDirectory;
if (OutputSection *Text = findSection(".text")) {
PE->BaseOfCode = Text->getRVA();
PE->SizeOfCode = Text->getRawSize();
}
PE->SizeOfInitializedData = getSizeOfInitializedData();
// Write data directory
auto *Dir = reinterpret_cast<data_directory *>(Buf);
Buf += sizeof(*Dir) * NumberfOfDataDirectory;
if (OutputSection *Sec = findSection(".edata")) {
Dir[EXPORT_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = Sec->getRVA();
Dir[EXPORT_TABLE].Size = Sec->getVirtualSize();
}
if (!Idata.empty()) {
Dir[IMPORT_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = Idata.getDirRVA();
Dir[IMPORT_TABLE].Size = Idata.getDirSize();
Dir[IAT].RelativeVirtualAddress = Idata.getIATRVA();
Dir[IAT].Size = Idata.getIATSize();
}
if (!DelayIdata.empty()) {
Dir[DELAY_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR].RelativeVirtualAddress =
DelayIdata.getDirRVA();
Dir[DELAY_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR].Size = DelayIdata.getDirSize();
}
if (OutputSection *Sec = findSection(".rsrc")) {
Dir[RESOURCE_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = Sec->getRVA();
Dir[RESOURCE_TABLE].Size = Sec->getVirtualSize();
}
if (OutputSection *Sec = findSection(".reloc")) {
Dir[BASE_RELOCATION_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = Sec->getRVA();
Dir[BASE_RELOCATION_TABLE].Size = Sec->getVirtualSize();
}
if (OutputSection *Sec = findSection(".pdata")) {
Dir[EXCEPTION_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = Sec->getRVA();
Dir[EXCEPTION_TABLE].Size = Sec->getVirtualSize();
}
if (Symbol *Sym = Symtab->findUnderscore("_tls_used")) {
if (Defined *B = dyn_cast<Defined>(Sym->Body)) {
Dir[TLS_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = B->getRVA();
Dir[TLS_TABLE].Size = Config->is64()
? sizeof(object::coff_tls_directory64)
: sizeof(object::coff_tls_directory32);
}
}
if (Symbol *Sym = Symtab->findUnderscore("_load_config_used")) {
if (auto *B = dyn_cast<DefinedRegular>(Sym->Body)) {
SectionChunk *SC = B->getChunk();
assert(B->getRVA() >= SC->getRVA());
uint64_t OffsetInChunk = B->getRVA() - SC->getRVA();
if (!SC->hasData() || OffsetInChunk + 4 > SC->getSize())
error("_load_config_used is malformed");
ArrayRef<uint8_t> SecContents = SC->getContents();
uint32_t LoadConfigSize =
*reinterpret_cast<const ulittle32_t *>(&SecContents[OffsetInChunk]);
if (OffsetInChunk + LoadConfigSize > SC->getSize())
error("_load_config_used is too large");
Dir[LOAD_CONFIG_TABLE].RelativeVirtualAddress = B->getRVA();
Dir[LOAD_CONFIG_TABLE].Size = LoadConfigSize;
}
}
// Write section table
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections) {
Sec->writeHeaderTo(Buf);
Buf += sizeof(coff_section);
}
if (OutputSymtab.empty())
return;
COFF->PointerToSymbolTable = PointerToSymbolTable;
uint32_t NumberOfSymbols = OutputSymtab.size();
COFF->NumberOfSymbols = NumberOfSymbols;
auto *SymbolTable = reinterpret_cast<coff_symbol16 *>(
Buffer->getBufferStart() + COFF->PointerToSymbolTable);
for (size_t I = 0; I != NumberOfSymbols; ++I)
SymbolTable[I] = OutputSymtab[I];
// Create the string table, it follows immediately after the symbol table.
// The first 4 bytes is length including itself.
Buf = reinterpret_cast<uint8_t *>(&SymbolTable[NumberOfSymbols]);
write32le(Buf, Strtab.size() + 4);
if (!Strtab.empty())
memcpy(Buf + 4, Strtab.data(), Strtab.size());
}
void Writer::openFile(StringRef Path) {
ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<FileOutputBuffer>> BufferOrErr =
FileOutputBuffer::create(Path, FileSize, FileOutputBuffer::F_executable);
error(BufferOrErr, Twine("failed to open ") + Path);
Buffer = std::move(*BufferOrErr);
}
void Writer::fixSafeSEHSymbols() {
if (!SEHTable)
return;
Config->SEHTable->setRVA(SEHTable->getRVA());
Config->SEHCount->setVA(SEHTable->getSize() / 4);
}
// Write section contents to a mmap'ed file.
void Writer::writeSections() {
uint8_t *Buf = Buffer->getBufferStart();
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections) {
uint8_t *SecBuf = Buf + Sec->getFileOff();
// Fill gaps between functions in .text with INT3 instructions
// instead of leaving as NUL bytes (which can be interpreted as
// ADD instructions).
if (Sec->getPermissions() & IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE)
memset(SecBuf, 0xCC, Sec->getRawSize());
parallel_for_each(Sec->getChunks().begin(), Sec->getChunks().end(),
[&](Chunk *C) { C->writeTo(SecBuf); });
}
}
// Sort .pdata section contents according to PE/COFF spec 5.5.
void Writer::sortExceptionTable() {
OutputSection *Sec = findSection(".pdata");
if (!Sec)
return;
// We assume .pdata contains function table entries only.
uint8_t *Begin = Buffer->getBufferStart() + Sec->getFileOff();
uint8_t *End = Begin + Sec->getVirtualSize();
if (Config->Machine == AMD64) {
struct Entry { ulittle32_t Begin, End, Unwind; };
parallel_sort(
(Entry *)Begin, (Entry *)End,
[](const Entry &A, const Entry &B) { return A.Begin < B.Begin; });
return;
}
if (Config->Machine == ARMNT) {
struct Entry { ulittle32_t Begin, Unwind; };
parallel_sort(
(Entry *)Begin, (Entry *)End,
[](const Entry &A, const Entry &B) { return A.Begin < B.Begin; });
return;
}
errs() << "warning: don't know how to handle .pdata.\n";
}
OutputSection *Writer::findSection(StringRef Name) {
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections)
if (Sec->getName() == Name)
return Sec;
return nullptr;
}
uint32_t Writer::getSizeOfInitializedData() {
uint32_t Res = 0;
for (OutputSection *S : OutputSections)
if (S->getPermissions() & IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA)
Res += S->getRawSize();
return Res;
}
// Returns an existing section or create a new one if not found.
OutputSection *Writer::createSection(StringRef Name) {
if (auto *Sec = findSection(Name))
return Sec;
const auto DATA = IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA;
const auto BSS = IMAGE_SCN_CNT_UNINITIALIZED_DATA;
const auto CODE = IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE;
const auto DISCARDABLE = IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE;
const auto R = IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ;
const auto W = IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE;
const auto X = IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE;
uint32_t Perms = StringSwitch<uint32_t>(Name)
.Case(".bss", BSS | R | W)
.Case(".data", DATA | R | W)
.Case(".didat", DATA | R)
.Case(".edata", DATA | R)
.Case(".idata", DATA | R)
.Case(".rdata", DATA | R)
.Case(".reloc", DATA | DISCARDABLE | R)
.Case(".text", CODE | R | X)
.Default(0);
if (!Perms)
llvm_unreachable("unknown section name");
auto Sec = new (CAlloc.Allocate()) OutputSection(Name);
Sec->addPermissions(Perms);
OutputSections.push_back(Sec);
return Sec;
}
// Dest is .reloc section. Add contents to that section.
void Writer::addBaserels(OutputSection *Dest) {
std::vector<Baserel> V;
for (OutputSection *Sec : OutputSections) {
if (Sec == Dest)
continue;
// Collect all locations for base relocations.
for (Chunk *C : Sec->getChunks())
C->getBaserels(&V);
// Add the addresses to .reloc section.
if (!V.empty())
addBaserelBlocks(Dest, V);
V.clear();
}
}
// Add addresses to .reloc section. Note that addresses are grouped by page.
void Writer::addBaserelBlocks(OutputSection *Dest, std::vector<Baserel> &V) {
const uint32_t Mask = ~uint32_t(PageSize - 1);
uint32_t Page = V[0].RVA & Mask;
size_t I = 0, J = 1;
for (size_t E = V.size(); J < E; ++J) {
uint32_t P = V[J].RVA & Mask;
if (P == Page)
continue;
BaserelChunk *Buf = BAlloc.Allocate();
Dest->addChunk(new (Buf) BaserelChunk(Page, &V[I], &V[0] + J));
I = J;
Page = P;
}
if (I == J)
return;
BaserelChunk *Buf = BAlloc.Allocate();
Dest->addChunk(new (Buf) BaserelChunk(Page, &V[I], &V[0] + J));
}