blob: b49d9a5c9eee0bbfb2065ba2edcfbf31a4631972 [file] [log] [blame]
#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# Copyright 2012 the V8 project authors. All rights reserved.
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
# met:
#
# * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
# * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
# copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
# disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
# with the distribution.
# * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
# contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
# from this software without specific prior written permission.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
# "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
# A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
# OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
# SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
# OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
import BaseHTTPServer
import bisect
import cgi
import cmd
import codecs
import ctypes
import datetime
import disasm
import inspect
import mmap
import optparse
import os
import re
import StringIO
import sys
import types
import urllib
import urlparse
import v8heapconst
import webbrowser
PORT_NUMBER = 8081
USAGE="""usage: %prog [OPTIONS] [DUMP-FILE]
Minidump analyzer.
Shows the processor state at the point of exception including the
stack of the active thread and the referenced objects in the V8
heap. Code objects are disassembled and the addresses linked from the
stack (e.g. pushed return addresses) are marked with "=>".
Examples:
$ %prog 12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789abcd-full.dmp"""
DEBUG=False
def DebugPrint(s):
if not DEBUG: return
print s
class Descriptor(object):
"""Descriptor of a structure in a memory."""
def __init__(self, fields):
self.fields = fields
self.is_flexible = False
for _, type_or_func in fields:
if isinstance(type_or_func, types.FunctionType):
self.is_flexible = True
break
if not self.is_flexible:
self.ctype = Descriptor._GetCtype(fields)
self.size = ctypes.sizeof(self.ctype)
def Read(self, memory, offset):
if self.is_flexible:
fields_copy = self.fields[:]
last = 0
for name, type_or_func in fields_copy:
if isinstance(type_or_func, types.FunctionType):
partial_ctype = Descriptor._GetCtype(fields_copy[:last])
partial_object = partial_ctype.from_buffer(memory, offset)
type = type_or_func(partial_object)
if type is not None:
fields_copy[last] = (name, type)
last += 1
else:
last += 1
complete_ctype = Descriptor._GetCtype(fields_copy[:last])
else:
complete_ctype = self.ctype
return complete_ctype.from_buffer(memory, offset)
@staticmethod
def _GetCtype(fields):
class Raw(ctypes.Structure):
_fields_ = fields
_pack_ = 1
def __str__(self):
return "{" + ", ".join("%s: %s" % (field, self.__getattribute__(field))
for field, _ in Raw._fields_) + "}"
return Raw
def FullDump(reader, heap):
"""Dump all available memory regions."""
def dump_region(reader, start, size, location):
print
while start & 3 != 0:
start += 1
size -= 1
location += 1
is_executable = reader.IsProbableExecutableRegion(location, size)
is_ascii = reader.IsProbableASCIIRegion(location, size)
if is_executable is not False:
lines = reader.GetDisasmLines(start, size)
for line in lines:
print FormatDisasmLine(start, heap, line)
print
if is_ascii is not False:
# Output in the same format as the Unix hd command
addr = start
for i in xrange(0, size, 16):
slot = i + location
hex_line = ""
asc_line = ""
for i in xrange(16):
if slot + i < location + size:
byte = ctypes.c_uint8.from_buffer(reader.minidump, slot + i).value
if byte >= 0x20 and byte < 0x7f:
asc_line += chr(byte)
else:
asc_line += "."
hex_line += " %02x" % (byte)
else:
hex_line += " "
if i == 7:
hex_line += " "
print "%s %s |%s|" % (reader.FormatIntPtr(addr),
hex_line,
asc_line)
addr += 16
if is_executable is not True and is_ascii is not True:
print "%s - %s" % (reader.FormatIntPtr(start),
reader.FormatIntPtr(start + size))
print start + size + 1;
for i in xrange(0, size, reader.PointerSize()):
slot = start + i
maybe_address = reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
heap_object = heap.FindObject(maybe_address)
print "%s: %s" % (reader.FormatIntPtr(slot),
reader.FormatIntPtr(maybe_address))
if heap_object:
heap_object.Print(Printer())
print
reader.ForEachMemoryRegion(dump_region)
# Heap constants generated by 'make grokdump' in v8heapconst module.
INSTANCE_TYPES = v8heapconst.INSTANCE_TYPES
KNOWN_MAPS = v8heapconst.KNOWN_MAPS
KNOWN_OBJECTS = v8heapconst.KNOWN_OBJECTS
FRAME_MARKERS = v8heapconst.FRAME_MARKERS
# Markers pushed on the stack by PushStackTraceAndDie
MAGIC_MARKER_PAIRS = (
(0xbbbbbbbb, 0xbbbbbbbb),
(0xfefefefe, 0xfefefeff),
)
# See StackTraceFailureMessage in isolate.h
STACK_TRACE_MARKER = 0xdecade30
# See FailureMessage in logging.cc
ERROR_MESSAGE_MARKER = 0xdecade10
# Set of structures and constants that describe the layout of minidump
# files. Based on MSDN and Google Breakpad.
MINIDUMP_HEADER = Descriptor([
("signature", ctypes.c_uint32),
("version", ctypes.c_uint32),
("stream_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("stream_directories_rva", ctypes.c_uint32),
("checksum", ctypes.c_uint32),
("time_date_stampt", ctypes.c_uint32),
("flags", ctypes.c_uint64)
])
MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR = Descriptor([
("data_size", ctypes.c_uint32),
("rva", ctypes.c_uint32)
])
MINIDUMP_STRING = Descriptor([
("length", ctypes.c_uint32),
("buffer", lambda t: ctypes.c_uint8 * (t.length + 2))
])
MINIDUMP_DIRECTORY = Descriptor([
("stream_type", ctypes.c_uint32),
("location", MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR.ctype)
])
MD_EXCEPTION_MAXIMUM_PARAMETERS = 15
MINIDUMP_EXCEPTION = Descriptor([
("code", ctypes.c_uint32),
("flags", ctypes.c_uint32),
("record", ctypes.c_uint64),
("address", ctypes.c_uint64),
("parameter_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("unused_alignment", ctypes.c_uint32),
("information", ctypes.c_uint64 * MD_EXCEPTION_MAXIMUM_PARAMETERS)
])
MINIDUMP_EXCEPTION_STREAM = Descriptor([
("thread_id", ctypes.c_uint32),
("unused_alignment", ctypes.c_uint32),
("exception", MINIDUMP_EXCEPTION.ctype),
("thread_context", MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR.ctype)
])
# Stream types.
MD_UNUSED_STREAM = 0
MD_RESERVED_STREAM_0 = 1
MD_RESERVED_STREAM_1 = 2
MD_THREAD_LIST_STREAM = 3
MD_MODULE_LIST_STREAM = 4
MD_MEMORY_LIST_STREAM = 5
MD_EXCEPTION_STREAM = 6
MD_SYSTEM_INFO_STREAM = 7
MD_THREAD_EX_LIST_STREAM = 8
MD_MEMORY_64_LIST_STREAM = 9
MD_COMMENT_STREAM_A = 10
MD_COMMENT_STREAM_W = 11
MD_HANDLE_DATA_STREAM = 12
MD_FUNCTION_TABLE_STREAM = 13
MD_UNLOADED_MODULE_LIST_STREAM = 14
MD_MISC_INFO_STREAM = 15
MD_MEMORY_INFO_LIST_STREAM = 16
MD_THREAD_INFO_LIST_STREAM = 17
MD_HANDLE_OPERATION_LIST_STREAM = 18
MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_X86_REGISTERAREA_SIZE = 80
MINIDUMP_FLOATING_SAVE_AREA_X86 = Descriptor([
("control_word", ctypes.c_uint32),
("status_word", ctypes.c_uint32),
("tag_word", ctypes.c_uint32),
("error_offset", ctypes.c_uint32),
("error_selector", ctypes.c_uint32),
("data_offset", ctypes.c_uint32),
("data_selector", ctypes.c_uint32),
("register_area", ctypes.c_uint8 * MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_X86_REGISTERAREA_SIZE),
("cr0_npx_state", ctypes.c_uint32)
])
MD_CONTEXT_X86_EXTENDED_REGISTERS_SIZE = 512
# Context flags.
MD_CONTEXT_X86 = 0x00010000
MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL = (MD_CONTEXT_X86 | 0x00000001)
MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER = (MD_CONTEXT_X86 | 0x00000002)
MD_CONTEXT_X86_SEGMENTS = (MD_CONTEXT_X86 | 0x00000004)
MD_CONTEXT_X86_FLOATING_POINT = (MD_CONTEXT_X86 | 0x00000008)
MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS = (MD_CONTEXT_X86 | 0x00000010)
MD_CONTEXT_X86_EXTENDED_REGISTERS = (MD_CONTEXT_X86 | 0x00000020)
def EnableOnFlag(type, flag):
return lambda o: [None, type][int((o.context_flags & flag) != 0)]
MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_X86 = Descriptor([
("context_flags", ctypes.c_uint32),
# MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS.
("dr0", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr1", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr2", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr3", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr6", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr7", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
# MD_CONTEXT_X86_FLOATING_POINT.
("float_save", EnableOnFlag(MINIDUMP_FLOATING_SAVE_AREA_X86.ctype,
MD_CONTEXT_X86_FLOATING_POINT)),
# MD_CONTEXT_X86_SEGMENTS.
("gs", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_SEGMENTS)),
("fs", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_SEGMENTS)),
("es", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_SEGMENTS)),
("ds", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_SEGMENTS)),
# MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER.
("edi", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER)),
("esi", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER)),
("ebx", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER)),
("edx", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER)),
("ecx", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER)),
("eax", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_INTEGER)),
# MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL.
("ebp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL)),
("eip", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL)),
("cs", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL)),
("eflags", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL)),
("esp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL)),
("ss", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_X86_CONTROL)),
# MD_CONTEXT_X86_EXTENDED_REGISTERS.
("extended_registers",
EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint8 * MD_CONTEXT_X86_EXTENDED_REGISTERS_SIZE,
MD_CONTEXT_X86_EXTENDED_REGISTERS))
])
MD_CONTEXT_ARM = 0x40000000
MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER = (MD_CONTEXT_ARM | 0x00000002)
MD_CONTEXT_ARM_FLOATING_POINT = (MD_CONTEXT_ARM | 0x00000004)
MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_ARM_FPR_COUNT = 32
MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_ARM_FPEXTRA_COUNT = 8
MINIDUMP_FLOATING_SAVE_AREA_ARM = Descriptor([
("fpscr", ctypes.c_uint64),
("regs", ctypes.c_uint64 * MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_ARM_FPR_COUNT),
("extra", ctypes.c_uint64 * MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_ARM_FPEXTRA_COUNT)
])
MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_ARM = Descriptor([
("context_flags", ctypes.c_uint32),
# MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER.
("r0", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r1", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r2", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r3", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r4", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r5", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r6", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r7", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r8", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r9", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r10", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r11", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("r12", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("sp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("lr", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("pc", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_ARM_INTEGER)),
("cpsr", ctypes.c_uint32),
("float_save", EnableOnFlag(MINIDUMP_FLOATING_SAVE_AREA_ARM.ctype,
MD_CONTEXT_ARM_FLOATING_POINT))
])
MD_CONTEXT_ARM64 = 0x80000000
MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER = (MD_CONTEXT_ARM64 | 0x00000002)
MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_FLOATING_POINT = (MD_CONTEXT_ARM64 | 0x00000004)
MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_ARM64_FPR_COUNT = 64
MINIDUMP_FLOATING_SAVE_AREA_ARM = Descriptor([
("fpscr", ctypes.c_uint64),
("regs", ctypes.c_uint64 * MD_FLOATINGSAVEAREA_ARM64_FPR_COUNT),
])
MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_ARM64 = Descriptor([
("context_flags", ctypes.c_uint64),
# MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER.
("r0", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r1", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r2", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r3", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r4", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r5", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r6", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r7", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r8", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r9", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r10", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r11", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r12", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r13", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r14", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r15", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r16", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r17", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r18", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r19", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r20", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r21", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r22", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r23", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r24", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r25", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r26", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r27", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("r28", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("fp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("lr", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("sp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("pc", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_INTEGER)),
("cpsr", ctypes.c_uint32),
("float_save", EnableOnFlag(MINIDUMP_FLOATING_SAVE_AREA_ARM.ctype,
MD_CONTEXT_ARM64_FLOATING_POINT))
])
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64 = 0x00100000
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL = (MD_CONTEXT_AMD64 | 0x00000001)
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER = (MD_CONTEXT_AMD64 | 0x00000002)
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_SEGMENTS = (MD_CONTEXT_AMD64 | 0x00000004)
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_FLOATING_POINT = (MD_CONTEXT_AMD64 | 0x00000008)
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS = (MD_CONTEXT_AMD64 | 0x00000010)
MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_AMD64 = Descriptor([
("p1_home", ctypes.c_uint64),
("p2_home", ctypes.c_uint64),
("p3_home", ctypes.c_uint64),
("p4_home", ctypes.c_uint64),
("p5_home", ctypes.c_uint64),
("p6_home", ctypes.c_uint64),
("context_flags", ctypes.c_uint32),
("mx_csr", ctypes.c_uint32),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL.
("cs", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint16, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_SEGMENTS
("ds", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint16, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_SEGMENTS)),
("es", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint16, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_SEGMENTS)),
("fs", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint16, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_SEGMENTS)),
("gs", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint16, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_SEGMENTS)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL.
("ss", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint16, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL)),
("eflags", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint32, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS.
("dr0", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr1", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr2", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr3", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr6", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("dr7", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER.
("rax", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("rcx", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("rdx", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("rbx", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL.
("rsp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER.
("rbp", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("rsi", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("rdi", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r8", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r9", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r10", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r11", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r12", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r13", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r14", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
("r15", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_INTEGER)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL.
("rip", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64, MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_CONTROL)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_FLOATING_POINT
("sse_registers", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint8 * (16 * 26),
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_FLOATING_POINT)),
("vector_registers", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint8 * (16 * 26),
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_FLOATING_POINT)),
("vector_control", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64,
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_FLOATING_POINT)),
# MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS.
("debug_control", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64,
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("last_branch_to_rip", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64,
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("last_branch_from_rip", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64,
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("last_exception_to_rip", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64,
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS)),
("last_exception_from_rip", EnableOnFlag(ctypes.c_uint64,
MD_CONTEXT_AMD64_DEBUG_REGISTERS))
])
MINIDUMP_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR = Descriptor([
("start", ctypes.c_uint64),
("memory", MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR.ctype)
])
MINIDUMP_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR64 = Descriptor([
("start", ctypes.c_uint64),
("size", ctypes.c_uint64)
])
MINIDUMP_MEMORY_LIST = Descriptor([
("range_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("ranges", lambda m: MINIDUMP_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR.ctype * m.range_count)
])
MINIDUMP_MEMORY_LIST_Mac = Descriptor([
("range_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("junk", ctypes.c_uint32),
("ranges", lambda m: MINIDUMP_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR.ctype * m.range_count)
])
MINIDUMP_MEMORY_LIST64 = Descriptor([
("range_count", ctypes.c_uint64),
("base_rva", ctypes.c_uint64),
("ranges", lambda m: MINIDUMP_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR64.ctype * m.range_count)
])
MINIDUMP_THREAD = Descriptor([
("id", ctypes.c_uint32),
("suspend_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("priority_class", ctypes.c_uint32),
("priority", ctypes.c_uint32),
("ted", ctypes.c_uint64),
("stack", MINIDUMP_MEMORY_DESCRIPTOR.ctype),
("context", MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR.ctype)
])
MINIDUMP_THREAD_LIST = Descriptor([
("thread_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("threads", lambda t: MINIDUMP_THREAD.ctype * t.thread_count)
])
MINIDUMP_THREAD_LIST_Mac = Descriptor([
("thread_count", ctypes.c_uint32),
("junk", ctypes.c_uint32),
("threads", lambda t: MINIDUMP_THREAD.ctype * t.thread_count)
])
MINIDUMP_VS_FIXEDFILEINFO = Descriptor([
("dwSignature", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwStrucVersion", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileVersionMS", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileVersionLS", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwProductVersionMS", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwProductVersionLS", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileFlagsMask", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileFlags", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileOS", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileType", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileSubtype", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileDateMS", ctypes.c_uint32),
("dwFileDateLS", ctypes.c_uint32)
])
MINIDUMP_RAW_MODULE = Descriptor([
("base_of_image", ctypes.c_uint64),
("size_of_image", ctypes.c_uint32),
("checksum", ctypes.c_uint32),
("time_date_stamp", ctypes.c_uint32),
("module_name_rva", ctypes.c_uint32),
("version_info", MINIDUMP_VS_FIXEDFILEINFO.ctype),
("cv_record", MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR.ctype),
("misc_record", MINIDUMP_LOCATION_DESCRIPTOR.ctype),
("reserved0", ctypes.c_uint32 * 2),
("reserved1", ctypes.c_uint32 * 2)
])
MINIDUMP_MODULE_LIST = Descriptor([
("number_of_modules", ctypes.c_uint32),
("modules", lambda t: MINIDUMP_RAW_MODULE.ctype * t.number_of_modules)
])
MINIDUMP_MODULE_LIST_Mac = Descriptor([
("number_of_modules", ctypes.c_uint32),
("junk", ctypes.c_uint32),
("modules", lambda t: MINIDUMP_RAW_MODULE.ctype * t.number_of_modules)
])
MINIDUMP_RAW_SYSTEM_INFO = Descriptor([
("processor_architecture", ctypes.c_uint16)
])
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86 = 0
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM = 5
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64 = 0x8003
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64 = 9
OBJDUMP_BIN = None
DEFAULT_OBJDUMP_BIN = '/usr/bin/objdump'
class FuncSymbol:
def __init__(self, start, size, name):
self.start = start
self.end = self.start + size
self.name = name
def __cmp__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, FuncSymbol):
return self.start - other.start
return self.start - other
def Covers(self, addr):
return (self.start <= addr) and (addr < self.end)
class MinidumpReader(object):
"""Minidump (.dmp) reader."""
_HEADER_MAGIC = 0x504d444d
def __init__(self, options, minidump_name):
self.minidump_name = minidump_name
self.minidump_file = open(minidump_name, "r")
self.minidump = mmap.mmap(self.minidump_file.fileno(), 0, mmap.MAP_PRIVATE)
self.header = MINIDUMP_HEADER.Read(self.minidump, 0)
if self.header.signature != MinidumpReader._HEADER_MAGIC:
print >>sys.stderr, "Warning: Unsupported minidump header magic!"
DebugPrint(self.header)
directories = []
offset = self.header.stream_directories_rva
for _ in xrange(self.header.stream_count):
directories.append(MINIDUMP_DIRECTORY.Read(self.minidump, offset))
offset += MINIDUMP_DIRECTORY.size
self.arch = None
self.exception = None
self.exception_context = None
self.memory_list = None
self.memory_list64 = None
self.module_list = None
self.thread_map = {}
self.symdir = options.symdir
self.modules_with_symbols = []
self.symbols = []
self._ReadArchitecture(directories)
self._ReadDirectories(directories)
self._FindObjdump(options)
def _ReadArchitecture(self, directories):
# Find MDRawSystemInfo stream and determine arch.
for d in directories:
if d.stream_type == MD_SYSTEM_INFO_STREAM:
system_info = MINIDUMP_RAW_SYSTEM_INFO.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
self.arch = system_info.processor_architecture
assert self.arch in [MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64,
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM,
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64,
MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86]
assert not self.arch is None
def _ReadDirectories(self, directories):
for d in directories:
DebugPrint(d)
if d.stream_type == MD_EXCEPTION_STREAM:
self.exception = MINIDUMP_EXCEPTION_STREAM.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
DebugPrint(self.exception)
self.exception_context = self.ContextDescriptor().Read(
self.minidump, self.exception.thread_context.rva)
DebugPrint(self.exception_context)
elif d.stream_type == MD_THREAD_LIST_STREAM:
thread_list = MINIDUMP_THREAD_LIST.Read(self.minidump, d.location.rva)
if ctypes.sizeof(thread_list) + 4 == d.location.data_size:
thread_list = MINIDUMP_THREAD_LIST_Mac.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
assert ctypes.sizeof(thread_list) == d.location.data_size
DebugPrint(thread_list)
for thread in thread_list.threads:
DebugPrint(thread)
self.thread_map[thread.id] = thread
elif d.stream_type == MD_MODULE_LIST_STREAM:
assert self.module_list is None
self.module_list = MINIDUMP_MODULE_LIST.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
if ctypes.sizeof(self.module_list) + 4 == d.location.data_size:
self.module_list = MINIDUMP_MODULE_LIST_Mac.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
assert ctypes.sizeof(self.module_list) == d.location.data_size
DebugPrint(self.module_list)
elif d.stream_type == MD_MEMORY_LIST_STREAM:
print >>sys.stderr, "Warning: This is not a full minidump!"
assert self.memory_list is None
self.memory_list = MINIDUMP_MEMORY_LIST.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
if ctypes.sizeof(self.memory_list) + 4 == d.location.data_size:
self.memory_list = MINIDUMP_MEMORY_LIST_Mac.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
assert ctypes.sizeof(self.memory_list) == d.location.data_size
DebugPrint(self.memory_list)
elif d.stream_type == MD_MEMORY_64_LIST_STREAM:
assert self.memory_list64 is None
self.memory_list64 = MINIDUMP_MEMORY_LIST64.Read(
self.minidump, d.location.rva)
assert ctypes.sizeof(self.memory_list64) == d.location.data_size
DebugPrint(self.memory_list64)
def _FindObjdump(self, options):
if options.objdump:
objdump_bin = options.objdump
else:
objdump_bin = self._FindThirdPartyObjdump()
if not objdump_bin or not os.path.exists(objdump_bin):
print "# Cannot find '%s', falling back to default objdump '%s'" % (
objdump_bin, DEFAULT_OBJDUMP_BIN)
objdump_bin = DEFAULT_OBJDUMP_BIN
global OBJDUMP_BIN
OBJDUMP_BIN = objdump_bin
disasm.OBJDUMP_BIN = objdump_bin
def _FindThirdPartyObjdump(self):
# Try to find the platform specific objdump
third_party_dir = os.path.join(
os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(__file__)), 'third_party')
objdumps = []
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(third_party_dir):
for file in files:
if file.endswith("objdump"):
objdumps.append(os.path.join(root, file))
if self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
platform_filter = 'arm-linux'
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
platform_filter = 'aarch64'
else:
# use default otherwise
return None
print ("# Looking for platform specific (%s) objdump in "
"third_party directory.") % platform_filter
objdumps = filter(lambda file: platform_filter in file >= 0, objdumps)
if len(objdumps) == 0:
print "# Could not find platform specific objdump in third_party."
print "# Make sure you installed the correct SDK."
return None
return objdumps[0]
def ContextDescriptor(self):
if self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
return MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_X86
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64:
return MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_AMD64
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
return MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_ARM
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
return MINIDUMP_CONTEXT_ARM64
else:
return None
def IsValidAlignedAddress(self, address):
return self.IsAlignedAddress(address) and self.IsValidAddress(address)
def IsValidAddress(self, address):
return self.FindLocation(address) is not None
def IsAlignedAddress(self, address):
return (address % self.PointerSize()) == 0
def IsExceptionStackAddress(self, address):
if not self.IsAlignedAddress(address): return False
return self.IsAnyExceptionStackAddress(address)
def IsAnyExceptionStackAddress(self, address):
return self.StackTop() <= address <= self.StackBottom()
def IsValidExceptionStackAddress(self, address):
if not self.IsValidAddress(address): return False
return self.IsExceptionStackAddress(address)
def IsModuleAddress(self, address):
return self.GetModuleForAddress(address) != None
def GetModuleForAddress(self, address):
for module in self.module_list.modules:
start = module.base_of_image
end = start + module.size_of_image
if start <= address < end: return module
return None
def ReadU8(self, address):
location = self.FindLocation(address)
return ctypes.c_uint8.from_buffer(self.minidump, location).value
def ReadU32(self, address):
location = self.FindLocation(address)
return ctypes.c_uint32.from_buffer(self.minidump, location).value
def ReadU64(self, address):
location = self.FindLocation(address)
return ctypes.c_uint64.from_buffer(self.minidump, location).value
def Is64(self):
return (self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64 or
self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64)
def ReadUIntPtr(self, address):
if self.Is64():
return self.ReadU64(address)
return self.ReadU32(address)
def ReadBytes(self, address, size):
location = self.FindLocation(address)
return self.minidump[location:location + size]
def _ReadWord(self, location):
if self.Is64():
return ctypes.c_uint64.from_buffer(self.minidump, location).value
return ctypes.c_uint32.from_buffer(self.minidump, location).value
def ReadAsciiPtr(self, address):
ascii_content = [c if c >= '\x20' and c < '\x7f' else '.'
for c in self.ReadBytes(address, self.PointerSize())]
return ''.join(ascii_content)
def ReadAsciiString(self, address):
string = ""
while self.IsValidAddress(address):
code = self.ReadU8(address)
if 0 < code < 128:
string += chr(code)
else:
break
address += 1
return string
def IsProbableASCIIRegion(self, location, length):
ascii_bytes = 0
non_ascii_bytes = 0
for i in xrange(length):
loc = location + i
byte = ctypes.c_uint8.from_buffer(self.minidump, loc).value
if byte >= 0x7f:
non_ascii_bytes += 1
if byte < 0x20 and byte != 0:
non_ascii_bytes += 1
if byte < 0x7f and byte >= 0x20:
ascii_bytes += 1
if byte == 0xa: # newline
ascii_bytes += 1
if ascii_bytes * 10 <= length:
return False
if length > 0 and ascii_bytes > non_ascii_bytes * 7:
return True
if ascii_bytes > non_ascii_bytes * 3:
return None # Maybe
return False
def IsProbableExecutableRegion(self, location, length):
opcode_bytes = 0
sixty_four = self.Is64()
for i in xrange(length):
loc = location + i
byte = ctypes.c_uint8.from_buffer(self.minidump, loc).value
if (byte == 0x8b or # mov
byte == 0x89 or # mov reg-reg
(byte & 0xf0) == 0x50 or # push/pop
(sixty_four and (byte & 0xf0) == 0x40) or # rex prefix
byte == 0xc3 or # return
byte == 0x74 or # jeq
byte == 0x84 or # jeq far
byte == 0x75 or # jne
byte == 0x85 or # jne far
byte == 0xe8 or # call
byte == 0xe9 or # jmp far
byte == 0xeb): # jmp near
opcode_bytes += 1
opcode_percent = (opcode_bytes * 100) / length
threshold = 20
if opcode_percent > threshold + 2:
return True
if opcode_percent > threshold - 2:
return None # Maybe
return False
def FindRegion(self, addr):
answer = [-1, -1]
def is_in(reader, start, size, location):
if addr >= start and addr < start + size:
answer[0] = start
answer[1] = size
self.ForEachMemoryRegion(is_in)
if answer[0] == -1:
return None
return answer
def ForEachMemoryRegion(self, cb):
if self.memory_list64 is not None:
for r in self.memory_list64.ranges:
location = self.memory_list64.base_rva + offset
cb(self, r.start, r.size, location)
offset += r.size
if self.memory_list is not None:
for r in self.memory_list.ranges:
cb(self, r.start, r.memory.data_size, r.memory.rva)
def FindWord(self, word, alignment=0):
def search_inside_region(reader, start, size, location):
location = (location + alignment) & ~alignment
for i in xrange(size - self.PointerSize()):
loc = location + i
if reader._ReadWord(loc) == word:
slot = start + (loc - location)
print "%s: %s" % (reader.FormatIntPtr(slot),
reader.FormatIntPtr(word))
self.ForEachMemoryRegion(search_inside_region)
def FindWordList(self, word):
aligned_res = []
unaligned_res = []
def search_inside_region(reader, start, size, location):
for i in xrange(size - self.PointerSize()):
loc = location + i
if reader._ReadWord(loc) == word:
slot = start + (loc - location)
if self.IsAlignedAddress(slot):
aligned_res.append(slot)
else:
unaligned_res.append(slot)
self.ForEachMemoryRegion(search_inside_region)
return (aligned_res, unaligned_res)
def FindLocation(self, address):
offset = 0
if self.memory_list64 is not None:
for r in self.memory_list64.ranges:
if r.start <= address < r.start + r.size:
return self.memory_list64.base_rva + offset + address - r.start
offset += r.size
if self.memory_list is not None:
for r in self.memory_list.ranges:
if r.start <= address < r.start + r.memory.data_size:
return r.memory.rva + address - r.start
return None
def GetDisasmLines(self, address, size):
def CountUndefinedInstructions(lines):
pattern = "<UNDEFINED>"
return sum([line.count(pattern) for (ignore, line) in lines])
location = self.FindLocation(address)
if location is None: return []
arch = None
possible_objdump_flags = [""]
if self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
arch = "ia32"
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
arch = "arm"
possible_objdump_flags = ["", "--disassembler-options=force-thumb"]
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
arch = "arm64"
possible_objdump_flags = ["", "--disassembler-options=force-thumb"]
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64:
arch = "x64"
results = [ disasm.GetDisasmLines(self.minidump_name,
location,
size,
arch,
False,
objdump_flags)
for objdump_flags in possible_objdump_flags ]
return min(results, key=CountUndefinedInstructions)
def Dispose(self):
self.minidump.close()
self.minidump_file.close()
def ExceptionIP(self):
if self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64:
return self.exception_context.rip
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
return self.exception_context.pc
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
return self.exception_context.pc
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
return self.exception_context.eip
def ExceptionSP(self):
if self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64:
return self.exception_context.rsp
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
return self.exception_context.sp
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
return self.exception_context.sp
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
return self.exception_context.esp
def ExceptionFP(self):
if self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64:
return self.exception_context.rbp
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
return None
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
return self.exception_context.fp
elif self.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
return self.exception_context.ebp
def ExceptionThread(self):
return self.thread_map[self.exception.thread_id]
def StackTop(self):
return self.ExceptionSP()
def StackBottom(self):
exception_thread = self.ExceptionThread()
return exception_thread.stack.start + \
exception_thread.stack.memory.data_size
def FormatIntPtr(self, value):
if self.Is64():
return "%016x" % value
return "%08x" % value
def PointerSize(self):
if self.Is64():
return 8
return 4
def Register(self, name):
return self.exception_context.__getattribute__(name)
def ReadMinidumpString(self, rva):
string = bytearray(MINIDUMP_STRING.Read(self.minidump, rva).buffer)
string = string.decode("utf16")
return string[0:len(string) - 1]
# Load FUNC records from a BreakPad symbol file
#
# http://code.google.com/p/google-breakpad/wiki/SymbolFiles
#
def _LoadSymbolsFrom(self, symfile, baseaddr):
print "Loading symbols from %s" % (symfile)
funcs = []
with open(symfile) as f:
for line in f:
result = re.match(
r"^FUNC ([a-f0-9]+) ([a-f0-9]+) ([a-f0-9]+) (.*)$", line)
if result is not None:
start = int(result.group(1), 16)
size = int(result.group(2), 16)
name = result.group(4).rstrip()
bisect.insort_left(self.symbols,
FuncSymbol(baseaddr + start, size, name))
print " ... done"
def TryLoadSymbolsFor(self, modulename, module):
try:
symfile = os.path.join(self.symdir,
modulename.replace('.', '_') + ".pdb.sym")
if os.path.isfile(symfile):
self._LoadSymbolsFrom(symfile, module.base_of_image)
self.modules_with_symbols.append(module)
except Exception as e:
print " ... failure (%s)" % (e)
# Returns true if address is covered by some module that has loaded symbols.
def _IsInModuleWithSymbols(self, addr):
for module in self.modules_with_symbols:
start = module.base_of_image
end = start + module.size_of_image
if (start <= addr) and (addr < end):
return True
return False
# Find symbol covering the given address and return its name in format
# <symbol name>+<offset from the start>
def FindSymbol(self, addr):
if not self._IsInModuleWithSymbols(addr):
return None
i = bisect.bisect_left(self.symbols, addr)
symbol = None
if (0 < i) and self.symbols[i - 1].Covers(addr):
symbol = self.symbols[i - 1]
elif (i < len(self.symbols)) and self.symbols[i].Covers(addr):
symbol = self.symbols[i]
else:
return None
diff = addr - symbol.start
return "%s+0x%x" % (symbol.name, diff)
class Printer(object):
"""Printer with indentation support."""
def __init__(self):
self.indent = 0
def Indent(self):
self.indent += 2
def Dedent(self):
self.indent -= 2
def Print(self, string):
print "%s%s" % (self._IndentString(), string)
def PrintLines(self, lines):
indent = self._IndentString()
print "\n".join("%s%s" % (indent, line) for line in lines)
def _IndentString(self):
return self.indent * " "
ADDRESS_RE = re.compile(r"0x[0-9a-fA-F]+")
def FormatDisasmLine(start, heap, line):
line_address = start + line[0]
stack_slot = heap.stack_map.get(line_address)
marker = " "
if stack_slot:
marker = "=>"
code = AnnotateAddresses(heap, line[1])
# Compute the actual call target which the disassembler is too stupid
# to figure out (it adds the call offset to the disassembly offset rather
# than the absolute instruction address).
if heap.reader.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
if code.startswith("e8"):
words = code.split()
if len(words) > 6 and words[5] == "call":
offset = int(words[4] + words[3] + words[2] + words[1], 16)
target = (line_address + offset + 5) & 0xFFFFFFFF
code = code.replace(words[6], "0x%08x" % target)
# TODO(jkummerow): port this hack to ARM and x64.
return "%s%08x %08x: %s" % (marker, line_address, line[0], code)
def AnnotateAddresses(heap, line):
extra = []
for m in ADDRESS_RE.finditer(line):
maybe_address = int(m.group(0), 16)
object = heap.FindObject(maybe_address)
if not object: continue
extra.append(str(object))
if len(extra) == 0: return line
return "%s ;; %s" % (line, ", ".join(extra))
class HeapObject(object):
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
self.heap = heap
self.map = map
self.address = address
def Is(self, cls):
return isinstance(self, cls)
def Print(self, p):
p.Print(str(self))
def __str__(self):
instance_type = "???"
if self.map is not None:
instance_type = INSTANCE_TYPES[self.map.instance_type]
return "%s(%s, %s)" % (self.__class__.__name__,
self.heap.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.address),
instance_type)
def ObjectField(self, offset):
field_value = self.heap.reader.ReadUIntPtr(self.address + offset)
return self.heap.FindObjectOrSmi(field_value)
def SmiField(self, offset):
field_value = self.heap.reader.ReadUIntPtr(self.address + offset)
if self.heap.IsSmi(field_value):
return self.heap.SmiUntag(field_value)
return None
class Map(HeapObject):
def Decode(self, offset, size, value):
return (value >> offset) & ((1 << size) - 1)
# Instance Sizes
def InstanceSizesOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize()
def InstanceSizeOffset(self):
return self.InstanceSizesOffset()
def InObjectProperties(self):
return self.InstanceSizeOffset() + 1
def UnusedByte(self):
return self.InObjectProperties() + 1
def VisitorId(self):
return self.UnusedByte() + 1
# Instance Attributes
def InstanceAttributesOffset(self):
return self.InstanceSizesOffset() + self.heap.IntSize()
def InstanceTypeOffset(self):
return self.InstanceAttributesOffset()
def BitFieldOffset(self):
return self.InstanceTypeOffset() + 1
def BitField2Offset(self):
return self.BitFieldOffset() + 1
def UnusedPropertyFieldsOffset(self):
return self.BitField2Offset() + 1
# Other fields
def BitField3Offset(self):
return self.InstanceAttributesOffset() + self.heap.IntSize()
def PrototypeOffset(self):
return self.BitField3Offset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def ConstructorOrBackPointerOffset(self):
return self.PrototypeOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def TransitionsOrPrototypeInfoOffset(self):
return self.ConstructorOrBackPointerOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def DescriptorsOffset(self):
return self.TransitionsOrPrototypeInfoOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def LayoutDescriptorOffset(self):
return self.DescriptorsOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def CodeCacheOffset(self):
if (self.heap.reader.Is64()):
return self.LayoutDescriptorOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
return self.DescriptorsOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def DependentCodeOffset(self):
return self.CodeCacheOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def WeakCellCacheOffset(self):
return self.DependentCodeOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def ReadByte(self, offset):
return self.heap.reader.ReadU8(self.address + offset)
def ReadWord(self, offset):
return self.heap.reader.ReadUIntPtr(self.address + offset)
def Print(self, p):
p.Print("Map(%08x)" % (self.address))
p.Print(" - size: %d, inobject: %d, (unused: %d), visitor: %d" % (
self.ReadByte(self.InstanceSizeOffset()),
self.ReadByte(self.InObjectProperties()),
self.ReadByte(self.UnusedByte()),
self.VisitorId()))
instance_type = INSTANCE_TYPES[self.ReadByte(self.InstanceTypeOffset())]
bitfield = self.ReadByte(self.BitFieldOffset())
bitfield2 = self.ReadByte(self.BitField2Offset())
unused = self.ReadByte(self.UnusedPropertyFieldsOffset())
p.Print(" - %s, bf: %d, bf2: %d, unused: %d" % (
instance_type, bitfield, bitfield2, unused))
p.Print(" - kind: %s" % (self.Decode(3, 5, bitfield2)))
bitfield3 = self.ReadWord(self.BitField3Offset())
p.Print(
" - EnumLength: %d NumberOfOwnDescriptors: %d OwnsDescriptors: %s" % (
self.Decode(0, 10, bitfield3),
self.Decode(10, 10, bitfield3),
self.Decode(21, 1, bitfield3)))
p.Print(" - DictionaryMap: %s" % (self.Decode(20, 1, bitfield3)))
p.Print(" - Deprecated: %s" % (self.Decode(23, 1, bitfield3)))
p.Print(" - IsUnstable: %s" % (self.Decode(24, 1, bitfield3)))
p.Print(" - NewTargetIsBase: %s" % (self.Decode(27, 1, bitfield3)))
descriptors = self.ObjectField(self.DescriptorsOffset())
if descriptors.__class__ == FixedArray:
DescriptorArray(descriptors).Print(p)
else:
p.Print(" - Descriptors: %s" % (descriptors))
transitions = self.ObjectField(self.TransitionsOrPrototypeInfoOffset())
if transitions.__class__ == FixedArray:
TransitionArray(transitions).Print(p)
else:
p.Print(" - TransitionsOrPrototypeInfo: %s" % (transitions))
p.Print(" - Prototype: %s" % self.ObjectField(self.PrototypeOffset()))
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.instance_type = \
heap.reader.ReadU8(self.address + self.InstanceTypeOffset())
class String(HeapObject):
def LengthOffset(self):
# First word after the map is the hash, the second is the length.
return self.heap.PointerSize() * 2
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.length = self.SmiField(self.LengthOffset())
def GetChars(self):
return "?string?"
def Print(self, p):
p.Print(str(self))
def __str__(self):
return "\"%s\"" % self.GetChars()
class SeqString(String):
def CharsOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize() * 3
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
String.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.chars = heap.reader.ReadBytes(self.address + self.CharsOffset(),
self.length)
def GetChars(self):
return self.chars
class ExternalString(String):
# TODO(vegorov) fix ExternalString for X64 architecture
RESOURCE_OFFSET = 12
WEBKIT_RESOUCE_STRING_IMPL_OFFSET = 4
WEBKIT_STRING_IMPL_CHARS_OFFSET = 8
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
String.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
reader = heap.reader
self.resource = \
reader.ReadU32(self.address + ExternalString.RESOURCE_OFFSET)
self.chars = "?external string?"
if not reader.IsValidAddress(self.resource): return
string_impl_address = self.resource + \
ExternalString.WEBKIT_RESOUCE_STRING_IMPL_OFFSET
if not reader.IsValidAddress(string_impl_address): return
string_impl = reader.ReadU32(string_impl_address)
chars_ptr_address = string_impl + \
ExternalString.WEBKIT_STRING_IMPL_CHARS_OFFSET
if not reader.IsValidAddress(chars_ptr_address): return
chars_ptr = reader.ReadU32(chars_ptr_address)
if not reader.IsValidAddress(chars_ptr): return
raw_chars = reader.ReadBytes(chars_ptr, 2 * self.length)
self.chars = codecs.getdecoder("utf16")(raw_chars)[0]
def GetChars(self):
return self.chars
class ConsString(String):
def LeftOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize() * 3
def RightOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize() * 4
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
String.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.left = self.ObjectField(self.LeftOffset())
self.right = self.ObjectField(self.RightOffset())
def GetChars(self):
try:
return self.left.GetChars() + self.right.GetChars()
except:
return "***CAUGHT EXCEPTION IN GROKDUMP***"
class Oddball(HeapObject):
#Should match declarations in objects.h
KINDS = [
"False",
"True",
"TheHole",
"Null",
"ArgumentMarker",
"Undefined",
"Other"
]
def ToStringOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize()
def ToNumberOffset(self):
return self.ToStringOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def KindOffset(self):
return self.ToNumberOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.to_string = self.ObjectField(self.ToStringOffset())
self.kind = self.SmiField(self.KindOffset())
def Print(self, p):
p.Print(str(self))
def __str__(self):
if self.to_string:
return "Oddball(%08x, <%s>)" % (self.address, str(self.to_string))
else:
kind = "???"
if 0 <= self.kind < len(Oddball.KINDS):
kind = Oddball.KINDS[self.kind]
return "Oddball(%08x, kind=%s)" % (self.address, kind)
class FixedArray(HeapObject):
def LengthOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize()
def ElementsOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize() * 2
def MemberOffset(self, i):
return self.ElementsOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize() * i
def Get(self, i):
return self.ObjectField(self.MemberOffset(i))
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.length = self.SmiField(self.LengthOffset())
def Print(self, p):
p.Print("FixedArray(%s) {" % self.heap.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.address))
p.Indent()
p.Print("length: %d" % self.length)
base_offset = self.ElementsOffset()
for i in xrange(self.length):
offset = base_offset + 4 * i
try:
p.Print("[%08d] = %s" % (i, self.ObjectField(offset)))
except TypeError:
p.Dedent()
p.Print("...")
p.Print("}")
return
p.Dedent()
p.Print("}")
def __str__(self):
return "FixedArray(%08x, length=%d)" % (self.address, self.length)
class DescriptorArray(object):
def __init__(self, array):
self.array = array
def Length(self):
return self.array.Get(0)
def Decode(self, offset, size, value):
return (value >> offset) & ((1 << size) - 1)
TYPES = [
"normal",
"field",
"function",
"callbacks"
]
def Type(self, value):
return DescriptorArray.TYPES[self.Decode(0, 3, value)]
def Attributes(self, value):
attributes = self.Decode(3, 3, value)
result = []
if (attributes & 0): result += ["ReadOnly"]
if (attributes & 1): result += ["DontEnum"]
if (attributes & 2): result += ["DontDelete"]
return "[" + (",".join(result)) + "]"
def Deleted(self, value):
return self.Decode(6, 1, value) == 1
def FieldIndex(self, value):
return self.Decode(20, 11, value)
def Pointer(self, value):
return self.Decode(6, 11, value)
def Details(self, di, value):
return (
di,
self.Type(value),
self.Attributes(value),
self.FieldIndex(value),
self.Pointer(value)
)
def Print(self, p):
length = self.Length()
array = self.array
p.Print("Descriptors(%08x, length=%d)" % (array.address, length))
p.Print("[et] %s" % (array.Get(1)))
for di in xrange(length):
i = 2 + di * 3
p.Print("0x%x" % (array.address + array.MemberOffset(i)))
p.Print("[%i] name: %s" % (di, array.Get(i + 0)))
p.Print("[%i] details: %s %s field-index %i pointer %i" % \
self.Details(di, array.Get(i + 1)))
p.Print("[%i] value: %s" % (di, array.Get(i + 2)))
end = self.array.length // 3
if length != end:
p.Print("[%i-%i] slack descriptors" % (length, end))
class TransitionArray(object):
def __init__(self, array):
self.array = array
def IsSimpleTransition(self):
return self.array.length <= 2
def Length(self):
# SimpleTransition cases
if self.IsSimpleTransition():
return self.array.length - 1
return (self.array.length - 3) // 2
def Print(self, p):
length = self.Length()
array = self.array
p.Print("Transitions(%08x, length=%d)" % (array.address, length))
p.Print("[backpointer] %s" % (array.Get(0)))
if self.IsSimpleTransition():
if length == 1:
p.Print("[simple target] %s" % (array.Get(1)))
return
elements = array.Get(1)
if elements is not None:
p.Print("[elements ] %s" % (elements))
prototype = array.Get(2)
if prototype is not None:
p.Print("[prototype ] %s" % (prototype))
for di in xrange(length):
i = 3 + di * 2
p.Print("[%i] symbol: %s" % (di, array.Get(i + 0)))
p.Print("[%i] target: %s" % (di, array.Get(i + 1)))
class JSFunction(HeapObject):
def CodeEntryOffset(self):
return 3 * self.heap.PointerSize()
def SharedOffset(self):
return 5 * self.heap.PointerSize()
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
code_entry = \
heap.reader.ReadU32(self.address + self.CodeEntryOffset())
self.code = heap.FindObject(code_entry - Code.HeaderSize(heap) + 1)
self.shared = self.ObjectField(self.SharedOffset())
def Print(self, p):
source = "\n".join(" %s" % line for line in self._GetSource().split("\n"))
p.Print("JSFunction(%s) {" % self.heap.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.address))
p.Indent()
p.Print("inferred name: %s" % self.shared.inferred_name)
if self.shared.script.Is(Script) and self.shared.script.name.Is(String):
p.Print("script name: %s" % self.shared.script.name)
p.Print("source:")
p.PrintLines(self._GetSource().split("\n"))
p.Print("code:")
self.code.Print(p)
if self.code != self.shared.code:
p.Print("unoptimized code:")
self.shared.code.Print(p)
p.Dedent()
p.Print("}")
def __str__(self):
inferred_name = ""
if self.shared is not None and self.shared.Is(SharedFunctionInfo):
inferred_name = self.shared.inferred_name
return "JSFunction(%s, %s) " % \
(self.heap.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.address), inferred_name)
def _GetSource(self):
source = "?source?"
start = self.shared.start_position
end = self.shared.end_position
if not self.shared.script.Is(Script): return source
script_source = self.shared.script.source
if not script_source.Is(String): return source
if start and end:
source = script_source.GetChars()[start:end]
return source
class SharedFunctionInfo(HeapObject):
def CodeOffset(self):
return 2 * self.heap.PointerSize()
def ScriptOffset(self):
return 7 * self.heap.PointerSize()
def InferredNameOffset(self):
return 9 * self.heap.PointerSize()
def EndPositionOffset(self):
return 12 * self.heap.PointerSize() + 4 * self.heap.IntSize()
def StartPositionAndTypeOffset(self):
return 12 * self.heap.PointerSize() + 5 * self.heap.IntSize()
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
try:
self.code = self.ObjectField(self.CodeOffset())
self.script = self.ObjectField(self.ScriptOffset())
self.inferred_name = self.ObjectField(self.InferredNameOffset())
if heap.PointerSize() == 8:
start_position_and_type = \
heap.reader.ReadU32(self.StartPositionAndTypeOffset())
self.start_position = start_position_and_type >> 2
pseudo_smi_end_position = \
heap.reader.ReadU32(self.EndPositionOffset())
self.end_position = pseudo_smi_end_position >> 2
else:
start_position_and_type = \
self.SmiField(self.StartPositionAndTypeOffset())
if start_position_and_type:
self.start_position = start_position_and_type >> 2
else:
self.start_position = None
self.end_position = \
self.SmiField(self.EndPositionOffset())
except:
print("*** Error while reading SharedFunctionInfo")
class Script(HeapObject):
def SourceOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize()
def NameOffset(self):
return self.SourceOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.source = self.ObjectField(self.SourceOffset())
self.name = self.ObjectField(self.NameOffset())
class CodeCache(HeapObject):
def DefaultCacheOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize()
def NormalTypeCacheOffset(self):
return self.DefaultCacheOffset() + self.heap.PointerSize()
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.default_cache = self.ObjectField(self.DefaultCacheOffset())
self.normal_type_cache = self.ObjectField(self.NormalTypeCacheOffset())
def Print(self, p):
p.Print("CodeCache(%s) {" % self.heap.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.address))
p.Indent()
p.Print("default cache: %s" % self.default_cache)
p.Print("normal type cache: %s" % self.normal_type_cache)
p.Dedent()
p.Print("}")
class Code(HeapObject):
CODE_ALIGNMENT_MASK = (1 << 5) - 1
def InstructionSizeOffset(self):
return self.heap.PointerSize()
@staticmethod
def HeaderSize(heap):
return (heap.PointerSize() + heap.IntSize() + \
4 * heap.PointerSize() + 3 * heap.IntSize() + \
Code.CODE_ALIGNMENT_MASK) & ~Code.CODE_ALIGNMENT_MASK
def __init__(self, heap, map, address):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, map, address)
self.entry = self.address + Code.HeaderSize(heap)
self.instruction_size = \
heap.reader.ReadU32(self.address + self.InstructionSizeOffset())
def Print(self, p):
lines = self.heap.reader.GetDisasmLines(self.entry, self.instruction_size)
p.Print("Code(%s) {" % self.heap.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.address))
p.Indent()
p.Print("instruction_size: %d" % self.instruction_size)
p.PrintLines(self._FormatLine(line) for line in lines)
p.Dedent()
p.Print("}")
def _FormatLine(self, line):
return FormatDisasmLine(self.entry, self.heap, line)
class V8Heap(object):
CLASS_MAP = {
"SYMBOL_TYPE": SeqString,
"ONE_BYTE_SYMBOL_TYPE": SeqString,
"CONS_SYMBOL_TYPE": ConsString,
"CONS_ONE_BYTE_SYMBOL_TYPE": ConsString,
"EXTERNAL_SYMBOL_TYPE": ExternalString,
"EXTERNAL_SYMBOL_WITH_ONE_BYTE_DATA_TYPE": ExternalString,
"EXTERNAL_ONE_BYTE_SYMBOL_TYPE": ExternalString,
"SHORT_EXTERNAL_SYMBOL_TYPE": ExternalString,
"SHORT_EXTERNAL_SYMBOL_WITH_ONE_BYTE_DATA_TYPE": ExternalString,
"SHORT_EXTERNAL_ONE_BYTE_SYMBOL_TYPE": ExternalString,
"STRING_TYPE": SeqString,
"ONE_BYTE_STRING_TYPE": SeqString,
"CONS_STRING_TYPE": ConsString,
"CONS_ONE_BYTE_STRING_TYPE": ConsString,
"EXTERNAL_STRING_TYPE": ExternalString,
"EXTERNAL_STRING_WITH_ONE_BYTE_DATA_TYPE": ExternalString,
"EXTERNAL_ONE_BYTE_STRING_TYPE": ExternalString,
"MAP_TYPE": Map,
"ODDBALL_TYPE": Oddball,
"FIXED_ARRAY_TYPE": FixedArray,
"HASH_TABLE_TYPE": FixedArray,
"OBJECT_BOILERPLATE_DESCRIPTION_TYPE": FixedArray,
"SCOPE_INFO_TYPE": FixedArray,
"JS_FUNCTION_TYPE": JSFunction,
"SHARED_FUNCTION_INFO_TYPE": SharedFunctionInfo,
"SCRIPT_TYPE": Script,
"CODE_CACHE_TYPE": CodeCache,
"CODE_TYPE": Code,
}
def __init__(self, reader, stack_map):
self.reader = reader
self.stack_map = stack_map
self.objects = {}
def FindObjectOrSmi(self, tagged_address):
if self.IsSmi(tagged_address): return self.SmiUntag(tagged_address)
return self.FindObject(tagged_address)
def FindObject(self, tagged_address):
if tagged_address in self.objects:
return self.objects[tagged_address]
if not self.IsTaggedObjectAddress(tagged_address): return None
address = tagged_address - 1
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address): return None
map_tagged_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(address)
if tagged_address == map_tagged_address:
# Meta map?
meta_map = Map(self, None, address)
instance_type_name = INSTANCE_TYPES.get(meta_map.instance_type)
if instance_type_name != "MAP_TYPE": return None
meta_map.map = meta_map
object = meta_map
else:
map = self.FindMap(map_tagged_address)
if map is None: return None
instance_type_name = INSTANCE_TYPES.get(map.instance_type)
if instance_type_name is None: return None
cls = V8Heap.CLASS_MAP.get(instance_type_name, HeapObject)
object = cls(self, map, address)
self.objects[tagged_address] = object
return object
def FindMap(self, tagged_address):
address = self.FindMapAddress(tagged_address)
if not address: return None
object = Map(self, None, address)
return object
def FindMapAddress(self, tagged_address):
if not self.IsTaggedMapAddress(tagged_address): return None
address = tagged_address - 1
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address): return None
return address
def IntSize(self):
return 4
def PointerSize(self):
return self.reader.PointerSize()
def ObjectAlignmentMask(self):
return self.PointerSize() - 1
def IsTaggedObjectAddress(self, address):
return (address & self.ObjectAlignmentMask()) == 1
def IsValidTaggedObjectAddress(self, address):
if not self.IsTaggedObjectAddress(address): return False
return self.reader.IsValidAddress(address)
def IsTaggedMapAddress(self, address):
return (address & self.MapAlignmentMask()) == 1
def MapAlignmentMask(self):
if self.reader.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64:
return (1 << 4) - 1
elif self.reader.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM:
return (1 << 4) - 1
elif self.reader.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64:
return (1 << 4) - 1
elif self.reader.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
return (1 << 5) - 1
def PageAlignmentMask(self):
return (1 << 19) - 1
def IsTaggedAddress(self, address):
return (address & self.ObjectAlignmentMask()) == 1
def IsSmi(self, tagged_address):
if self.reader.Is64():
return (tagged_address & 0xFFFFFFFF) == 0
return not self.IsTaggedAddress(tagged_address)
def SmiUntag(self, tagged_address):
if self.reader.Is64(): return tagged_address >> 32
return tagged_address >> 1
def AddressTypeMarker(self, address):
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address): return " "
if self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(address): return "S"
if self.reader.IsModuleAddress(address): return "C"
if self.IsTaggedAddress(address):
# Cannot have an tagged pointer into the stack
if self.reader.IsAnyExceptionStackAddress(address): return "s"
return "T"
return "*"
def FormatIntPtr(self, address):
marker = self.AddressTypeMarker(address)
address = self.reader.FormatIntPtr(address)
if marker == " ": return address
return "%s %s" % (address, marker)
def RelativeOffset(self, slot, address):
if not self.reader.IsValidAlignedAddress(slot): return None
if self.IsTaggedObjectAddress(address):
address -= 1
if not self.reader.IsValidAlignedAddress(address): return None
offset = (address - slot) / self.PointerSize()
lower_limit = -32
upper_limit = 128
if self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(address):
upper_limit = 0xFFFFFF
if offset < lower_limit or upper_limit < offset: return None
target_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(address)
return "[%+02d]=%s %s" % (offset, self.reader.FormatIntPtr(target_address),
self.AddressTypeMarker(target_address))
def FindObjectPointers(self, start=0, end=0):
objects = set()
def find_object_in_region(reader, start, size, location):
for slot in range(start, start+size, self.reader.PointerSize()):
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(slot): break
# Collect only tagged pointers (object) to tagged pointers (map)
tagged_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
if not self.IsValidTaggedObjectAddress(tagged_address): continue
map_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(tagged_address - 1)
if not self.IsTaggedMapAddress(map_address): continue
objects.add(tagged_address)
if not start and not end:
self.reader.ForEachMemoryRegion(find_object_in_region)
else:
find_object_in_region(self.reader, start, end-start, None)
return objects
class KnownObject(HeapObject):
def __init__(self, heap, known_name):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, None, None)
self.known_name = known_name
def __str__(self):
return "<%s>" % self.known_name
class KnownMap(HeapObject):
def __init__(self, heap, known_name, instance_type):
HeapObject.__init__(self, heap, None, None)
self.instance_type = instance_type
self.known_name = known_name
def __str__(self):
return "<%s>" % self.known_name
COMMENT_RE = re.compile(r"^C (0x[0-9a-fA-F]+) (.*)$")
PAGEADDRESS_RE = re.compile(
r"^P (mappage|oldpage) (0x[0-9a-fA-F]+)$")
class InspectionInfo(object):
def __init__(self, minidump_name, reader):
self.comment_file = minidump_name + ".comments"
self.address_comments = {}
self.page_address = {}
if os.path.exists(self.comment_file):
with open(self.comment_file, "r") as f:
lines = f.readlines()
f.close()
for l in lines:
m = COMMENT_RE.match(l)
if m:
self.address_comments[int(m.group(1), 0)] = m.group(2)
m = PAGEADDRESS_RE.match(l)
if m:
self.page_address[m.group(1)] = int(m.group(2), 0)
self.reader = reader
self.styles = {}
self.color_addresses()
return
def get_page_address(self, page_kind):
return self.page_address.get(page_kind, 0)
def save_page_address(self, page_kind, address):
with open(self.comment_file, "a") as f:
f.write("P %s 0x%x\n" % (page_kind, address))
f.close()
def color_addresses(self):
# Color all stack addresses.
exception_thread = self.reader.thread_map[self.reader.exception.thread_id]
stack_top = self.reader.ExceptionSP()
stack_bottom = exception_thread.stack.start + \
exception_thread.stack.memory.data_size
frame_pointer = self.reader.ExceptionFP()
self.styles[frame_pointer] = "frame"
for slot in xrange(stack_top, stack_bottom, self.reader.PointerSize()):
# stack address
self.styles[slot] = "sa"
for slot in xrange(stack_top, stack_bottom, self.reader.PointerSize()):
maybe_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
# stack value
self.styles[maybe_address] = "sv"
if slot == frame_pointer:
self.styles[slot] = "frame"
frame_pointer = maybe_address
self.styles[self.reader.ExceptionIP()] = "pc"
def get_style_class(self, address):
return self.styles.get(address, None)
def get_style_class_string(self, address):
style = self.get_style_class(address)
if style != None:
return " class=%s " % style
else:
return ""
def set_comment(self, address, comment):
self.address_comments[address] = comment
with open(self.comment_file, "a") as f:
f.write("C 0x%x %s\n" % (address, comment))
f.close()
def get_comment(self, address):
return self.address_comments.get(address, "")
class InspectionPadawan(object):
"""The padawan can improve annotations by sensing well-known objects."""
def __init__(self, reader, heap):
self.reader = reader
self.heap = heap
self.known_first_map_page = 0
self.known_first_old_page = 0
self.context = None
def __getattr__(self, name):
"""An InspectionPadawan can be used instead of V8Heap, even though
it does not inherit from V8Heap (aka. mixin)."""
return getattr(self.heap, name)
def GetPageOffset(self, tagged_address):
return tagged_address & self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
def IsInKnownMapSpace(self, tagged_address):
page_address = tagged_address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
return page_address == self.known_first_map_page
def IsInKnownOldSpace(self, tagged_address):
page_address = tagged_address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
return page_address == self.known_first_old_page
def ContainingKnownOldSpaceName(self, tagged_address):
page_address = tagged_address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
if page_address == self.known_first_old_page: return "OLD_SPACE"
return None
def FrameMarkerName(self, value):
# The frame marker is Smi-tagged but not Smi encoded and 0 is not a valid
# frame type.
value = (value >> 1) - 1
if 0 <= value < len(FRAME_MARKERS):
return "Possibly %s frame marker" % FRAME_MARKERS[value]
return None
def IsFrameMarker(self, slot, address):
if not slot: return False
# Frame markers only occur directly after a frame pointer and only on the
# stack.
if not self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(slot): return False
next_slot = slot + self.reader.PointerSize()
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(next_slot): return False
next_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(next_slot)
return self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(next_address)
def FormatSmi(self, address):
value = self.heap.SmiUntag(address)
# On 32-bit systems almost everything looks like a Smi.
if not self.reader.Is64() or value == 0: return None
return "Smi(%d)" % value
def SenseObject(self, address, slot=None):
if self.IsFrameMarker(slot, address):
return self.FrameMarkerName(address)
if self.heap.IsSmi(address):
return self.FormatSmi(address)
if not self.heap.IsTaggedAddress(address): return None
tagged_address = address
if self.IsInKnownOldSpace(tagged_address):
offset = self.GetPageOffset(tagged_address)
lookup_key = (self.ContainingKnownOldSpaceName(tagged_address), offset)
known_obj_name = KNOWN_OBJECTS.get(lookup_key)
if known_obj_name:
return KnownObject(self, known_obj_name)
if self.IsInKnownMapSpace(tagged_address):
known_map = self.SenseMap(tagged_address)
if known_map:
return known_map
found_obj = self.heap.FindObject(tagged_address)
if found_obj: return found_obj
address = tagged_address - 1
if self.reader.IsValidAddress(address):
map_tagged_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(address)
map = self.SenseMap(map_tagged_address)
if map is None: return None
instance_type_name = INSTANCE_TYPES.get(map.instance_type)
if instance_type_name is None: return None
cls = V8Heap.CLASS_MAP.get(instance_type_name, HeapObject)
return cls(self, map, address)
return None
def SenseMap(self, tagged_address):
if self.IsInKnownMapSpace(tagged_address):
offset = self.GetPageOffset(tagged_address)
lookup_key = ("MAP_SPACE", offset)
known_map_info = KNOWN_MAPS.get(lookup_key)
if known_map_info:
known_map_type, known_map_name = known_map_info
return KnownMap(self, known_map_name, known_map_type)
found_map = self.heap.FindMap(tagged_address)
if found_map: return found_map
return None
def FindObjectOrSmi(self, tagged_address):
"""When used as a mixin in place of V8Heap."""
found_obj = self.SenseObject(tagged_address)
if found_obj: return found_obj
if self.IsSmi(tagged_address):
return self.FormatSmi(tagged_address)
else:
return "Unknown(%s)" % self.reader.FormatIntPtr(tagged_address)
def FindObject(self, tagged_address):
"""When used as a mixin in place of V8Heap."""
raise NotImplementedError
def FindMap(self, tagged_address):
"""When used as a mixin in place of V8Heap."""
raise NotImplementedError
def PrintKnowledge(self):
print " known_first_map_page = %s\n"\
" known_first_old_page = %s" % (
self.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.known_first_map_page),
self.reader.FormatIntPtr(self.known_first_old_page))
def FindFirstAsciiString(self, start, end=None, min_length=32):
""" Walk the memory until we find a large string """
if not end: end = start + 64
for slot in xrange(start, end):
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(slot): break
message = self.reader.ReadAsciiString(slot)
if len(message) > min_length:
return (slot, message)
return (None,None)
def PrintStackTraceMessage(self, start=None, print_message=True):
"""
Try to print a possible message from PushStackTraceAndDie.
Returns the first address where the normal stack starts again.
"""
# Only look at the first 1k words on the stack
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
if start is None: start = self.reader.ExceptionSP()
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(start): return start
end = start + ptr_size * 1024 * 4
magic1 = None
for slot in xrange(start, end, ptr_size):
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(slot + ptr_size): break
magic1 = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
magic2 = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot + ptr_size)
pair = (magic1 & 0xFFFFFFFF, magic2 & 0xFFFFFFFF)
if pair in MAGIC_MARKER_PAIRS:
return self.TryExtractOldStyleStackTrace(slot, start, end,
print_message)
if pair[0] == STACK_TRACE_MARKER:
return self.TryExtractStackTrace(slot, start, end, print_message)
elif pair[0] == ERROR_MESSAGE_MARKER:
return self.TryExtractErrorMessage(slot, start, end, print_message)
# Simple fallback in case not stack trace object was found
return self.TryExtractOldStyleStackTrace(0, start, end,
print_message)
def TryExtractStackTrace(self, slot, start, end, print_message):
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
assert self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot) & 0xFFFFFFFF == STACK_TRACE_MARKER
end_marker = STACK_TRACE_MARKER + 1;
header_size = 10
# Look for the end marker after the fields and the message buffer.
end_search = start + (32 * 1024) + (header_size * ptr_size);
end_slot = self.FindPtr(end_marker, end_search, end_search + ptr_size * 512)
if not end_slot: return start
print "Stack Message (start=%s):" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(slot)
slot += ptr_size
for name in ("isolate","ptr1", "ptr2", "ptr3", "ptr4", "codeObject1",
"codeObject2", "codeObject3", "codeObject4"):
value = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
print " %s: %s" % (name.rjust(14), self.heap.FormatIntPtr(value))
slot += ptr_size
print " message start: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(slot)
stack_start = end_slot + ptr_size
print " stack_start: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(stack_start)
(message_start, message) = self.FindFirstAsciiString(slot)
self.FormatStackTrace(message, print_message)
return stack_start
def FindPtr(self, expected_value, start, end):
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
for slot in xrange(start, end, ptr_size):
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(slot): return None
value = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
if value == expected_value: return slot
return None
def TryExtractErrorMessage(self, slot, start, end, print_message):
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
end_marker = ERROR_MESSAGE_MARKER + 1;
header_size = 1
end_search = start + 1024 + (header_size * ptr_size);
end_slot = self.FindPtr(end_marker, end_search, end_search + ptr_size * 512)
if not end_slot: return start
print "Error Message (start=%s):" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(slot)
slot += ptr_size
(message_start, message) = self.FindFirstAsciiString(slot)
self.FormatStackTrace(message, print_message)
stack_start = end_slot + ptr_size
return stack_start
def TryExtractOldStyleStackTrace(self, message_slot, start, end,
print_message):
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
if message_slot == 0:
"""
On Mac we don't always get proper magic markers, so just try printing
the first long ascii string found on the stack.
"""
magic1 = None
magic2 = None
message_start, message = self.FindFirstAsciiString(start, end, 128)
if message_start is None: return start
else:
message_start = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(message_slot + ptr_size * 4)
message = self.reader.ReadAsciiString(message_start)
stack_start = message_start + len(message) + 1
# Make sure the address is word aligned
stack_start = stack_start - (stack_start % ptr_size)
if magic1 is None:
print "Stack Message:"
print " message start: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(message_start)
print " stack_start: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(stack_start )
else:
ptr1 = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot + ptr_size * 2)
ptr2 = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot + ptr_size * 3)
print "Stack Message:"
print " magic1: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(magic1)
print " magic2: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(magic2)
print " ptr1: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(ptr1)
print " ptr2: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(ptr2)
print " message start: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(message_start)
print " stack_start: %s" % self.heap.FormatIntPtr(stack_start )
print ""
self.FormatStackTrace(message, print_message)
return stack_start
def FormatStackTrace(self, message, print_message):
if not print_message:
print " Use `dsa` to print the message with annotated addresses."
print ""
return
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
# Annotate all addresses in the dumped message
prog = re.compile("[0-9a-fA-F]{%s}" % ptr_size*2)
addresses = list(set(prog.findall(message)))
for i in range(len(addresses)):
address_org = addresses[i]
address = self.heap.FormatIntPtr(int(address_org, 16))
if address_org != address:
message = message.replace(address_org, address)
print "Message:"
print "="*80
print message
print "="*80
print ""
def TryInferFramePointer(self, slot, address):
""" Assume we have a framepointer if we find 4 consecutive links """
for i in range(0, 4):
if not self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(address): return 0
next_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(address)
if next_address == address: return 0
address = next_address
return slot
def TryInferContext(self, address):
if self.context: return
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
possible_context = dict()
count = 0
while self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(address):
prev_addr = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(address-ptr_size)
if self.heap.IsTaggedObjectAddress(prev_addr):
if prev_addr in possible_context:
possible_context[prev_addr] += 1
else:
possible_context[prev_addr] = 1
address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(address)
count += 1
if count <= 5 or len(possible_context) == 0: return
# Find entry with highest count
possible_context = possible_context.items()
possible_context.sort(key=lambda pair: pair[1])
address,count = possible_context[-1]
if count <= 4: return
self.context = address
def InterpretMemory(self, start, end):
# On 64 bit we omit frame pointers, so we have to do some more guesswork.
frame_pointer = 0
if not self.reader.Is64():
frame_pointer = self.reader.ExceptionFP()
# Follow the framepointer into the address range
while frame_pointer and frame_pointer < start:
frame_pointer = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(frame_pointer)
if not self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(frame_pointer) or \
not frame_pointer:
frame_pointer = 0
break
in_oom_dump_area = False
is_stack = self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(start)
free_space_end = 0
ptr_size = self.reader.PointerSize()
for slot in xrange(start, end, ptr_size):
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(slot):
print "%s: Address is not contained within the minidump!" % slot
return
maybe_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
address_info = []
# Mark continuous free space objects
if slot == free_space_end:
address_info.append("+")
elif slot <= free_space_end:
address_info.append("|")
else:
free_space_end = 0
heap_object = self.SenseObject(maybe_address, slot)
if heap_object:
# Detect Free-space ranges
if isinstance(heap_object, KnownMap) and \
heap_object.known_name == "FreeSpaceMap":
# The free-space length is is stored as a Smi in the next slot.
length = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot + ptr_size)
if self.heap.IsSmi(length):
length = self.heap.SmiUntag(length)
free_space_end = slot + length - ptr_size
address_info.append(str(heap_object))
relative_offset = self.heap.RelativeOffset(slot, maybe_address)
if relative_offset:
address_info.append(relative_offset)
if maybe_address == self.context:
address_info.append("CONTEXT")
maybe_address_contents = None
if is_stack:
if self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(maybe_address):
maybe_address_contents = \
self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(maybe_address) & 0xFFFFFFFF
if maybe_address_contents == 0xdecade00:
in_oom_dump_area = True
if frame_pointer == 0:
frame_pointer = self.TryInferFramePointer(slot, maybe_address)
if frame_pointer != 0:
self.TryInferContext(slot)
maybe_symbol = self.reader.FindSymbol(maybe_address)
if in_oom_dump_area:
if maybe_address_contents == 0xdecade00:
address_info = ["<==== HeapStats start marker"]
elif maybe_address_contents == 0xdecade01:
address_info = ["<==== HeapStats end marker"]
elif maybe_address_contents is not None:
address_info = [" %d (%d Mbytes)" % (maybe_address_contents,
maybe_address_contents >> 20)]
if slot == frame_pointer:
if not self.reader.IsExceptionStackAddress(maybe_address):
address_info.append("<==== BAD frame pointer")
frame_pointer = 0
else:
address_info.append("<==== Frame pointer")
frame_pointer = maybe_address
address_type_marker = self.heap.AddressTypeMarker(maybe_address)
string_value = self.reader.ReadAsciiPtr(slot)
print "%s: %s %s %s %s" % (self.reader.FormatIntPtr(slot),
self.reader.FormatIntPtr(maybe_address),
address_type_marker,
string_value,
' | '.join(address_info))
if maybe_address_contents == 0xdecade01:
in_oom_dump_area = False
heap_object = self.heap.FindObject(maybe_address)
if heap_object:
heap_object.Print(Printer())
print ""
WEB_HEADER = """
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta content="text/html; charset=utf-8" http-equiv="content-type">
<style media="screen" type="text/css">
.code {
font-family: monospace;
}
.dmptable {
border-collapse : collapse;
border-spacing : 0px;
table-layout: fixed;
}
.codedump {
border-collapse : collapse;
border-spacing : 0px;
table-layout: fixed;
}
.addrcomments {
border : 0px;
}
.register {
padding-right : 1em;
}
.header {
clear : both;
}
.header .navigation {
float : left;
}
.header .dumpname {
float : right;
}
tr.highlight-line {
background-color : yellow;
}
.highlight {
background-color : magenta;
}
tr.inexact-highlight-line {
background-color : pink;
}
input {
background-color: inherit;
border: 1px solid LightGray;
}
.dumpcomments {
border : 1px solid LightGray;
width : 32em;
}
.regions td {
padding:0 15px 0 15px;
}
.stackframe td {
background-color : cyan;
}
.stackaddress, .sa {
background-color : LightGray;
}
.stackval, .sv {
background-color : LightCyan;
}
.frame {
background-color : cyan;
}
.commentinput, .ci {
width : 20em;
}
/* a.nodump */
a.nd:visited {
color : black;
text-decoration : none;
}
a.nd:link {
color : black;
text-decoration : none;
}
a:visited {
color : blueviolet;
}
a:link {
color : blue;
}
.disasmcomment {
color : DarkGreen;
}
</style>
<script type="application/javascript">
var address_str = "address-";
var address_len = address_str.length;
function comment() {
var s = event.srcElement.id;
var index = s.indexOf(address_str);
if (index >= 0) {
send_comment(s.substring(index + address_len), event.srcElement.value);
}
}
var c = comment;
function send_comment(address, comment) {
xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
address = encodeURIComponent(address)
comment = encodeURIComponent(comment)
xmlhttp.open("GET",
"setcomment?%(query_dump)s&address=" + address +
"&comment=" + comment, true);
xmlhttp.send();
}
var dump_str = "dump-";
var dump_len = dump_str.length;
function dump_comment() {
var s = event.srcElement.id;
var index = s.indexOf(dump_str);
if (index >= 0) {
send_dump_desc(s.substring(index + dump_len), event.srcElement.value);
}
}
function send_dump_desc(name, desc) {
xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
name = encodeURIComponent(name)
desc = encodeURIComponent(desc)
xmlhttp.open("GET",
"setdumpdesc?dump=" + name +
"&description=" + desc, true);
xmlhttp.send();
}
function onpage(kind, address) {
xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
kind = encodeURIComponent(kind)
address = encodeURIComponent(address)
xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
if (xmlhttp.readyState==4 && xmlhttp.status==200) {
location.reload(true)
}
};
xmlhttp.open("GET",
"setpageaddress?%(query_dump)s&kind=" + kind +
"&address=" + address);
xmlhttp.send();
}
</script>
<title>Dump %(dump_name)s</title>
</head>
<body>
<div class="header">
<form class="navigation" action="search.html">
<a href="summary.html?%(query_dump)s">Context info</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
<a href="info.html?%(query_dump)s">Dump info</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
<a href="modules.html?%(query_dump)s">Modules</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
&nbsp;
<input type="search" name="val">
<input type="submit" name="search" value="Search">
<input type="hidden" name="dump" value="%(dump_name)s">
</form>
<form class="navigation" action="disasm.html#highlight">
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
<input type="search" name="val">
<input type="submit" name="disasm" value="Disasm">
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
&nbsp;
<a href="dumps.html">Dumps...</a>
</form>
</div>
<br>
<hr>
"""
WEB_FOOTER = """
</body>
</html>
"""
class WebParameterError(Exception):
def __init__(self, message):
Exception.__init__(self, message)
class InspectionWebHandler(BaseHTTPServer.BaseHTTPRequestHandler):
def formatter(self, query_components):
name = query_components.get("dump", [None])[0]
return self.server.get_dump_formatter(name)
def send_success_html_headers(self):
self.send_response(200)
self.send_header("Cache-Control", "no-cache, no-store, must-revalidate")
self.send_header("Pragma", "no-cache")
self.send_header("Expires", "0")
self.send_header('Content-type','text/html')
self.end_headers()
return
def do_GET(self):
try:
parsedurl = urlparse.urlparse(self.path)
query_components = urlparse.parse_qs(parsedurl.query)
if parsedurl.path == "/dumps.html":
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.server.output_dumps(out_buffer)
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
elif parsedurl.path == "/summary.html":
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.formatter(query_components).output_summary(out_buffer)
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
elif parsedurl.path == "/info.html":
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.formatter(query_components).output_info(out_buffer)
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
elif parsedurl.path == "/modules.html":
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.formatter(query_components).output_modules(out_buffer)
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
elif parsedurl.path == "/search.html" or parsedurl.path == "/s":
address = query_components.get("val", [])
if len(address) != 1:
self.send_error(404, "Invalid params")
return
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.formatter(query_components).output_search_res(
out_buffer, address[0])
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
elif parsedurl.path == "/disasm.html":
address = query_components.get("val", [])
exact = query_components.get("exact", ["on"])
if len(address) != 1:
self.send_error(404, "Invalid params")
return
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.formatter(query_components).output_disasm(
out_buffer, address[0], exact[0])
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
elif parsedurl.path == "/data.html":
address = query_components.get("val", [])
datakind = query_components.get("type", ["address"])
if len(address) == 1 and len(datakind) == 1:
self.send_success_html_headers()
out_buffer = StringIO.StringIO()
self.formatter(query_components).output_data(
out_buffer, address[0], datakind[0])
self.wfile.write(out_buffer.getvalue())
else:
self.send_error(404,'Invalid params')
elif parsedurl.path == "/setdumpdesc":
name = query_components.get("dump", [""])
description = query_components.get("description", [""])
if len(name) == 1 and len(description) == 1:
name = name[0]
description = description[0]
if self.server.set_dump_desc(name, description):
self.send_success_html_headers()
self.wfile.write("OK")
return
self.send_error(404,'Invalid params')
elif parsedurl.path == "/setcomment":
address = query_components.get("address", [])
comment = query_components.get("comment", [""])
if len(address) == 1 and len(comment) == 1:
address = address[0]
comment = comment[0]
self.formatter(query_components).set_comment(address, comment)
self.send_success_html_headers()
self.wfile.write("OK")
else:
self.send_error(404,'Invalid params')
elif parsedurl.path == "/setpageaddress":
kind = query_components.get("kind", [])
address = query_components.get("address", [""])
if len(kind) == 1 and len(address) == 1:
kind = kind[0]
address = address[0]
self.formatter(query_components).set_page_address(kind, address)
self.send_success_html_headers()
self.wfile.write("OK")
else:
self.send_error(404,'Invalid params')
else:
self.send_error(404,'File Not Found: %s' % self.path)
except IOError:
self.send_error(404,'File Not Found: %s' % self.path)
except WebParameterError as e:
self.send_error(404, 'Web parameter error: %s' % e.message)
HTML_REG_FORMAT = "<span class=\"register\"><b>%s</b>:&nbsp;%s</span><br/>\n"
class InspectionWebFormatter(object):
CONTEXT_FULL = 0
CONTEXT_SHORT = 1
def __init__(self, switches, minidump_name, http_server):
self.dumpfilename = os.path.split(minidump_name)[1]
self.encfilename = urllib.urlencode({ 'dump' : self.dumpfilename })
self.reader = MinidumpReader(switches, minidump_name)
self.server = http_server
# Set up the heap
exception_thread = self.reader.thread_map[self.reader.exception.thread_id]
stack_top = self.reader.ExceptionSP()
stack_bottom = exception_thread.stack.start + \
exception_thread.stack.memory.data_size
stack_map = {self.reader.ExceptionIP(): -1}
for slot in xrange(stack_top, stack_bottom, self.reader.PointerSize()):
maybe_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
if not maybe_address in stack_map:
stack_map[maybe_address] = slot
self.heap = V8Heap(self.reader, stack_map)
self.padawan = InspectionPadawan(self.reader, self.heap)
self.comments = InspectionInfo(minidump_name, self.reader)
self.padawan.known_first_old_page = (
self.comments.get_page_address("oldpage"))
self.padawan.known_first_map_page = (
self.comments.get_page_address("mappage"))
def set_comment(self, straddress, comment):
try:
address = int(straddress, 0)
self.comments.set_comment(address, comment)
except ValueError:
print "Invalid address"
def set_page_address(self, kind, straddress):
try:
address = int(straddress, 0)
if kind == "oldpage":
self.padawan.known_first_old_page = address
elif kind == "mappage":
self.padawan.known_first_map_page = address
self.comments.save_page_address(kind, address)
except ValueError:
print "Invalid address"
def td_from_address(self, f, address):
f.write("<td %s>" % self.comments.get_style_class_string(address))
def format_address(self, maybeaddress, straddress = None):
if maybeaddress is None:
return "not in dump"
else:
if straddress is None:
straddress = "0x" + self.reader.FormatIntPtr(maybeaddress)
style_class = ""
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(maybeaddress):
style_class = "class=nd"
return ("<a %s href=s?%s&amp;val=%s>%s</a>" %
(style_class, self.encfilename, straddress, straddress))
def output_header(self, f):
f.write(WEB_HEADER %
{ "query_dump" : self.encfilename,
"dump_name" : cgi.escape(self.dumpfilename) })
def output_footer(self, f):
f.write(WEB_FOOTER)
MAX_CONTEXT_STACK = 2048
def output_summary(self, f):
self.output_header(f)
f.write('<div class="code">')
self.output_context(f, InspectionWebFormatter.CONTEXT_SHORT)
self.output_disasm_pc(f)
# Output stack
exception_thread = self.reader.thread_map[self.reader.exception.thread_id]
stack_top = self.reader.ExceptionSP()
stack_bottom = min(exception_thread.stack.start + \
exception_thread.stack.memory.data_size,
stack_top + self.MAX_CONTEXT_STACK)
self.output_words(f, stack_top - 16, stack_bottom, stack_top, "Stack")
f.write('</div>')
self.output_footer(f)
return
def output_info(self, f):
self.output_header(f)
f.write("<h3>Dump info</h3>")
f.write("Description: ")
self.server.output_dump_desc_field(f, self.dumpfilename)
f.write("<br>")
f.write("Filename: ")
f.write("<span class=\"code\">%s</span><br>" % (self.dumpfilename))
dt = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(self.reader.header.time_date_stampt)
f.write("Timestamp: %s<br>" % dt.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S'))
self.output_context(f, InspectionWebFormatter.CONTEXT_FULL)
self.output_address_ranges(f)
self.output_footer(f)
return
def output_address_ranges(self, f):
regions = {}
def print_region(_reader, start, size, _location):
regions[start] = size
self.reader.ForEachMemoryRegion(print_region)
f.write("<h3>Available memory regions</h3>")
f.write('<div class="code">')
f.write("<table class=\"regions\">")
f.write("<thead><tr>")
f.write("<th>Start address</th>")
f.write("<th>End address</th>")
f.write("<th>Number of bytes</th>")
f.write("</tr></thead>")
for start in sorted(regions):
size = regions[start]
f.write("<tr>")
f.write("<td>%s</td>" % self.format_address(start))
f.write("<td>&nbsp;%s</td>" % self.format_address(start + size))
f.write("<td>&nbsp;%d</td>" % size)
f.write("</tr>")
f.write("</table>")
f.write('</div>')
return
def output_module_details(self, f, module):
f.write("<b>%s</b>" % GetModuleName(self.reader, module))
file_version = GetVersionString(module.version_info.dwFileVersionMS,
module.version_info.dwFileVersionLS)
product_version = GetVersionString(module.version_info.dwProductVersionMS,
module.version_info.dwProductVersionLS)
f.write("<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;")
f.write("base: %s" % self.reader.FormatIntPtr(module.base_of_image))
f.write("<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;")
f.write(" end: %s" % self.reader.FormatIntPtr(module.base_of_image +
module.size_of_image))
f.write("<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;")
f.write(" file version: %s" % file_version)
f.write("<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;")
f.write(" product version: %s" % product_version)
f.write("<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;")
time_date_stamp = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(module.time_date_stamp)
f.write(" timestamp: %s" % time_date_stamp)
f.write("<br>");
def output_modules(self, f):
self.output_header(f)
f.write('<div class="code">')
for module in self.reader.module_list.modules:
self.output_module_details(f, module)
f.write("</div>")
self.output_footer(f)
return
def output_context(self, f, details):
exception_thread = self.reader.thread_map[self.reader.exception.thread_id]
f.write("<h3>Exception context</h3>")
f.write('<div class="code">')
f.write("Thread id: %d" % exception_thread.id)
f.write("&nbsp;&nbsp; Exception code: %08X<br/>" %
self.reader.exception.exception.code)
if details == InspectionWebFormatter.CONTEXT_FULL:
if self.reader.exception.exception.parameter_count > 0:
f.write("&nbsp;&nbsp; Exception parameters: ")
for i in xrange(0, self.reader.exception.exception.parameter_count):
f.write("%08x" % self.reader.exception.exception.information[i])
f.write("<br><br>")
for r in CONTEXT_FOR_ARCH[self.reader.arch]:
f.write(HTML_REG_FORMAT %
(r, self.format_address(self.reader.Register(r))))
# TODO(vitalyr): decode eflags.
if self.reader.arch in [MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM, MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_ARM64]:
f.write("<b>cpsr</b>: %s" % bin(self.reader.exception_context.cpsr)[2:])
else:
f.write("<b>eflags</b>: %s" %
bin(self.reader.exception_context.eflags)[2:])
f.write('</div>')
return
def align_down(self, a, size):
alignment_correction = a % size
return a - alignment_correction
def align_up(self, a, size):
alignment_correction = (size - 1) - ((a + size - 1) % size)
return a + alignment_correction
def format_object(self, address):
heap_object = self.padawan.SenseObject(address)
return cgi.escape(str(heap_object or ""))
def output_data(self, f, straddress, datakind):
try:
self.output_header(f)
address = int(straddress, 0)
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address):
f.write("<h3>Address 0x%x not found in the dump.</h3>" % address)
return
region = self.reader.FindRegion(address)
if datakind == "address":
self.output_words(f, region[0], region[0] + region[1], address, "Dump")
elif datakind == "ascii":
self.output_ascii(f, region[0], region[0] + region[1], address)
self.output_footer(f)
except ValueError:
f.write("<h3>Unrecognized address format \"%s\".</h3>" % straddress)
return
def output_words(self, f, start_address, end_address,
highlight_address, desc):
region = self.reader.FindRegion(highlight_address)
if region is None:
f.write("<h3>Address 0x%x not found in the dump.</h3>" %
(highlight_address))
return
size = self.heap.PointerSize()
start_address = self.align_down(start_address, size)
low = self.align_down(region[0], size)
high = self.align_up(region[0] + region[1], size)
if start_address < low:
start_address = low
end_address = self.align_up(end_address, size)
if end_address > high:
end_address = high
expand = ""
if start_address != low or end_address != high:
expand = ("(<a href=\"data.html?%s&amp;val=0x%x#highlight\">"
" more..."
" </a>)" %
(self.encfilename, highlight_address))
f.write("<h3>%s 0x%x - 0x%x, "
"highlighting <a href=\"#highlight\">0x%x</a> %s</h3>" %
(desc, start_address, end_address, highlight_address, expand))
f.write('<div class="code">')
f.write("<table class=codedump>")
for j in xrange(0, end_address - start_address, size):
slot = start_address + j
heap_object = ""
maybe_address = None
end_region = region[0] + region[1]
if slot < region[0] or slot + size > end_region:
straddress = "0x"
for i in xrange(end_region, slot + size):
straddress += "??"
for i in reversed(
xrange(max(slot, region[0]), min(slot + size, end_region))):
straddress += "%02x" % self.reader.ReadU8(i)
for i in xrange(slot, region[0]):
straddress += "??"
else:
maybe_address = self.reader.ReadUIntPtr(slot)
straddress = self.format_address(maybe_address)
if maybe_address:
heap_object = self.format_object(maybe_address)
address_fmt = "%s&nbsp;</td>"
if slot == highlight_address:
f.write("<tr class=highlight-line>")
address_fmt = "<a id=highlight></a>%s&nbsp;</td>"
elif slot < highlight_address and highlight_address < slot + size:
f.write("<tr class=inexact-highlight-line>")
address_fmt = "<a id=highlight></a>%s&nbsp;</td>"
else:
f.write("<tr>")
f.write("<td>")
self.output_comment_box(f, "da-", slot)
f.write("</td>")
self.td_from_address(f, slot)
f.write(address_fmt % self.format_address(slot))
self.td_from_address(f, maybe_address)
f.write(":&nbsp;%s&nbsp;</td>" % straddress)
f.write("<td>")
if maybe_address != None:
self.output_comment_box(
f, "sv-" + self.reader.FormatIntPtr(slot), maybe_address)
f.write("</td>")
f.write("<td>%s</td>" % (heap_object or ''))
f.write("</tr>")
f.write("</table>")
f.write("</div>")
return
def output_ascii(self, f, start_address, end_address, highlight_address):
region = self.reader.FindRegion(highlight_address)
if region is None:
f.write("<h3>Address %x not found in the dump.</h3>" %
highlight_address)
return
if start_address < region[0]:
start_address = region[0]
if end_address > region[0] + region[1]:
end_address = region[0] + region[1]
expand = ""
if start_address != region[0] or end_address != region[0] + region[1]:
link = ("data.html?%s&amp;val=0x%x&amp;type=ascii#highlight" %
(self.encfilename, highlight_address))
expand = "(<a href=\"%s\">more...</a>)" % link
f.write("<h3>ASCII dump 0x%x - 0x%x, highlighting 0x%x %s</h3>" %
(start_address, end_address, highlight_address, expand))
line_width = 64
f.write('<div class="code">')
start = self.align_down(start_address, line_width)
for i in xrange(end_address - start):
address = start + i
if address % 64 == 0:
if address != start:
f.write("<br>")
f.write("0x%08x:&nbsp;" % address)
if address < start_address:
f.write("&nbsp;")
else:
if address == highlight_address:
f.write("<span class=\"highlight\">")
code = self.reader.ReadU8(address)
if code < 127 and code >= 32:
f.write("&#")
f.write(str(code))
f.write(";")
else:
f.write("&middot;")
if address == highlight_address:
f.write("</span>")
f.write("</div>")
return
def output_disasm(self, f, straddress, strexact):
try:
self.output_header(f)
address = int(straddress, 0)
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address):
f.write("<h3>Address 0x%x not found in the dump.</h3>" % address)
return
region = self.reader.FindRegion(address)
self.output_disasm_range(
f, region[0], region[0] + region[1], address, strexact == "on")
self.output_footer(f)
except ValueError:
f.write("<h3>Unrecognized address format \"%s\".</h3>" % straddress)
return
def output_disasm_range(
self, f, start_address, end_address, highlight_address, exact):
region = self.reader.FindRegion(highlight_address)
if start_address < region[0]:
start_address = region[0]
if end_address > region[0] + region[1]:
end_address = region[0] + region[1]
count = end_address - start_address
lines = self.reader.GetDisasmLines(start_address, count)
found = False
if exact:
for line in lines:
if line[0] + start_address == highlight_address:
found = True
break
if not found:
start_address = highlight_address
count = end_address - start_address
lines = self.reader.GetDisasmLines(highlight_address, count)
expand = ""
if start_address != region[0] or end_address != region[0] + region[1]:
exactness = ""
if exact and not found and end_address == region[0] + region[1]:
exactness = "&amp;exact=off"
expand = ("(<a href=\"disasm.html?%s%s"
"&amp;val=0x%x#highlight\">more...</a>)" %
(self.encfilename, exactness, highlight_address))
f.write("<h3>Disassembling 0x%x - 0x%x, highlighting 0x%x %s</h3>" %
(start_address, end_address, highlight_address, expand))
f.write('<div class="code">')
f.write("<table class=\"codedump\">");
for i in xrange(len(lines)):
line = lines[i]
next_address = count
if i + 1 < len(lines):
next_line = lines[i + 1]
next_address = next_line[0]
self.format_disasm_line(
f, start_address, line, next_address, highlight_address)
f.write("</table>")
f.write("</div>")
return
def annotate_disasm_addresses(self, line):
extra = []
for m in ADDRESS_RE.finditer(line):
maybe_address = int(m.group(0), 16)
formatted_address = self.format_address(maybe_address, m.group(0))
line = line.replace(m.group(0), formatted_address)
object_info = self.padawan.SenseObject(maybe_address)
if not object_info:
continue
extra.append(cgi.escape(str(object_info)))
if len(extra) == 0:
return line
return ("%s <span class=disasmcomment>;; %s</span>" %
(line, ", ".join(extra)))
def format_disasm_line(
self, f, start, line, next_address, highlight_address):
line_address = start + line[0]
address_fmt = " <td>%s</td>"
if line_address == highlight_address:
f.write("<tr class=highlight-line>")
address_fmt = " <td><a id=highlight>%s</a></td>"
elif (line_address < highlight_address and
highlight_address < next_address + start):
f.write("<tr class=inexact-highlight-line>")
address_fmt = " <td><a id=highlight>%s</a></td>"
else:
f.write("<tr>")
num_bytes = next_address - line[0]
stack_slot = self.heap.stack_map.get(line_address)
marker = ""
if stack_slot:
marker = "=>"
code = line[1]
# Some disassemblers insert spaces between each byte,
# while some do not.
if code[2] == " ":
op_offset = 3 * num_bytes - 1
else:
op_offset = 2 * num_bytes
# Compute the actual call target which the disassembler is too stupid
# to figure out (it adds the call offset to the disassembly offset rather
# than the absolute instruction address).
if self.heap.reader.arch == MD_CPU_ARCHITECTURE_X86:
if code.startswith("e8"):
words = code.split()
if len(words) > 6 and words[5] == "call":
offset = int(words[4] + words[3] + words[2] + words[1], 16)
target = (line_address + offset + 5) & 0xFFFFFFFF
code = code.replace(words[6], "0x%08x" % target)
# TODO(jkummerow): port this hack to ARM and x64.
opcodes = code[:op_offset]
code = self.annotate_disasm_addresses(code[op_offset:])
f.write(" <td>")
self.output_comment_box(f, "codel-", line_address)
f.write("</td>")
f.write(address_fmt % marker)
f.write(" ")
self.td_from_address(f, line_address)
f.write(self.format_address(line_address))
f.write(" (+0x%x)</td>" % line[0])
f.write("<td>:&nbsp;%s&nbsp;</td>" % opcodes)
f.write("<td>%s</td>" % code)
f.write("</tr>")
def output_comment_box(self, f, prefix, address):
comment = self.comments.get_comment(address)
value = ""
if comment:
value = " value=\"%s\"" % cgi.escape(comment)
f.write("<input type=text class=ci "
"id=%s-address-0x%s onchange=c()%s>" %
(prefix,
self.reader.FormatIntPtr(address),
value))
MAX_FOUND_RESULTS = 100
def output_find_results(self, f, results):
f.write("Addresses")
toomany = len(results) > self.MAX_FOUND_RESULTS
if toomany:
f.write("(found %i results, displaying only first %i)" %
(len(results), self.MAX_FOUND_RESULTS))
f.write(": ")
results = sorted(results)
results = results[:min(len(results), self.MAX_FOUND_RESULTS)]
for address in results:
f.write("<span %s>%s</span>" %
(self.comments.get_style_class_string(address),
self.format_address(address)))
if toomany:
f.write("...")
def output_page_info(self, f, page_kind, page_address, my_page_address):
if my_page_address == page_address and page_address != 0:
f.write("Marked first %s page." % page_kind)
else:
f.write("<span id=\"%spage\" style=\"display:none\">" % page_kind)
f.write("Marked first %s page." % page_kind)
f.write("</span>\n")
f.write("<button onclick=\"onpage('%spage', '0x%x')\">" %
(page_kind, my_page_address))
f.write("Mark as first %s page</button>" % page_kind)
return
def output_search_res(self, f, straddress):
try:
self.output_header(f)
f.write("<h3>Search results for %s</h3>" % straddress)
address = int(straddress, 0)
f.write("Comment: ")
self.output_comment_box(f, "search-", address)
f.write("<br>")
page_address = address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
f.write("Page info: ")
self.output_page_info(f, "old", self.padawan.known_first_old_page, \
page_address)
self.output_page_info(f, "map", self.padawan.known_first_map_page, \
page_address)
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address):
f.write("<h3>The contents at address %s not found in the dump.</h3>" % \
straddress)
else:
# Print as words
self.output_words(f, address - 8, address + 32, address, "Dump")
# Print as ASCII
f.write("<hr>")
self.output_ascii(f, address, address + 256, address)
# Print as code
f.write("<hr>")
self.output_disasm_range(f, address - 16, address + 16, address, True)
aligned_res, unaligned_res = self.reader.FindWordList(address)
if len(aligned_res) > 0:
f.write("<h3>Occurrences of 0x%x at aligned addresses</h3>" %
address)
self.output_find_results(f, aligned_res)
if len(unaligned_res) > 0:
f.write("<h3>Occurrences of 0x%x at unaligned addresses</h3>" % \
address)
self.output_find_results(f, unaligned_res)
if len(aligned_res) + len(unaligned_res) == 0:
f.write("<h3>No occurrences of 0x%x found in the dump</h3>" % address)
self.output_footer(f)
except ValueError:
f.write("<h3>Unrecognized address format \"%s\".</h3>" % straddress)
return
def output_disasm_pc(self, f):
address = self.reader.ExceptionIP()
if not self.reader.IsValidAddress(address):
return
self.output_disasm_range(f, address - 16, address + 16, address, True)
WEB_DUMPS_HEADER = """
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta content="text/html; charset=utf-8" http-equiv="content-type">
<style media="screen" type="text/css">
.dumplist {
border-collapse : collapse;
border-spacing : 0px;
font-family: monospace;
}
.dumpcomments {
border : 1px solid LightGray;
width : 32em;
}
</style>
<script type="application/javascript">
var dump_str = "dump-";
var dump_len = dump_str.length;
function dump_comment() {
var s = event.srcElement.id;
var index = s.indexOf(dump_str);
if (index >= 0) {
send_dump_desc(s.substring(index + dump_len), event.srcElement.value);
}
}
function send_dump_desc(name, desc) {
xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
name = encodeURIComponent(name)
desc = encodeURIComponent(desc)
xmlhttp.open("GET",
"setdumpdesc?dump=" + name +
"&description=" + desc, true);
xmlhttp.send();
}
</script>
<title>Dump list</title>
</head>
<body>
"""
WEB_DUMPS_FOOTER = """
</body>
</html>
"""
DUMP_FILE_RE = re.compile(r"[-_0-9a-zA-Z][-\._0-9a-zA-Z]*\.dmp$")
class InspectionWebServer(BaseHTTPServer.HTTPServer):
def __init__(self, port_number, switches, minidump_name):
BaseHTTPServer.HTTPServer.__init__(
self, ('localhost', port_number), InspectionWebHandler)
splitpath = os.path.split(minidump_name)
self.dumppath = splitpath[0]
self.dumpfilename = splitpath[1]
self.default_formatter = InspectionWebFormatter(
switches, minidump_name, self)
self.formatters = { self.dumpfilename : self.default_formatter }
self.switches = switches
def output_dump_desc_field(self, f, name):
try:
descfile = open(os.path.join(self.dumppath, name + ".desc"), "r")
desc = descfile.readline()
descfile.close()
except IOError:
desc = ""
f.write("<input type=\"text\" class=\"dumpcomments\" "
"id=\"dump-%s\" onchange=\"dump_comment()\" value=\"%s\">\n" %
(cgi.escape(name), desc))
def set_dump_desc(self, name, description):
if not DUMP_FILE_RE.match(name):
return False
fname = os.path.join(self.dumppath, name)
if not os.path.isfile(fname):
return False
fname = fname + ".desc"
descfile = open(fname, "w")
descfile.write(description)
descfile.close()
return True
def get_dump_formatter(self, name):
if name is None:
return self.default_formatter
else:
if not DUMP_FILE_RE.match(name):
raise WebParameterError("Invalid name '%s'" % name)
formatter = self.formatters.get(name, None)
if formatter is None:
try:
formatter = InspectionWebFormatter(
self.switches, os.path.join(self.dumppath, name), self)
self.formatters[name] = formatter
except IOError:
raise WebParameterError("Could not open dump '%s'" % name)
return formatter
def output_dumps(self, f):
f.write(WEB_DUMPS_HEADER)
f.write("<h3>List of available dumps</h3>")
f.write("<table class=\"dumplist\">\n")
f.write("<thead><tr>")
f.write("<th>Name</th>")
f.write("<th>File time</th>")
f.write("<th>Comment</th>")
f.write("</tr></thead>")
dumps_by_time = {}
for fname in os.listdir(self.dumppath):
if DUMP_FILE_RE.match(fname):
mtime = os.stat(os.path.join(self.dumppath, fname)).st_mtime
fnames = dumps_by_time.get(mtime, [])
fnames.append(fname)
dumps_by_time[mtime] = fnames
for mtime in sorted(dumps_by_time, reverse=True):
fnames = dumps_by_time[mtime]
for fname in fnames:
f.write("<tr>\n")
f.write("<td><a href=\"summary.html?%s\">%s</a></td>\n" % (
(urllib.urlencode({ 'dump' : fname }), fname)))
f.write("<td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;")
f.write(datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(mtime))
f.write("</td>")
f.write("<td>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;")
self.output_dump_desc_field(f, fname)
f.write("</td>")
f.write("</tr>\n")
f.write("</table>\n")
f.write(WEB_DUMPS_FOOTER)
return
class InspectionShell(cmd.Cmd):
def __init__(self, reader, heap):
cmd.Cmd.__init__(self)
self.reader = reader
self.heap = heap
self.padawan = InspectionPadawan(reader, heap)
self.prompt = "(grok) "
self.dd_start = 0
self.dd_num = 0x10
self.u_start = 0
self.u_num = 0
def EvalExpression(self, expr):
# Auto convert hex numbers to a python compatible format
if expr[:2] == "00":
expr = "0x"+expr
result = None
try:
# Ugly hack to patch in register values.
registers = [register
for register,value in self.reader.ContextDescriptor().fields]
registers.sort(key=lambda r: len(r))
registers.reverse()
for register in registers:
expr = expr.replace("$"+register, str(self.reader.Register(register)))
result = eval(expr)
except Exception as e:
print("**** Could not evaluate '%s': %s" % (expr, e))
raise e
return result
def ParseAddressExpr(self, expr):
address = 0;
try:
result = self.EvalExpression(expr)
except:
return 0
try:
address = int(result)
except Exception as e:
print("**** Could not convert '%s' => %s to valid address: %s" % (
expr, result , e))
return address
def do_help(self, cmd=None):
if len(cmd) == 0:
print "Available commands"
print "=" * 79
prefix = "do_"
methods = inspect.getmembers(InspectionShell, predicate=inspect.ismethod)
for name,method in methods:
if not name.startswith(prefix): continue
doc = inspect.getdoc(method)
if not doc: continue
name = prefix.join(name.split(prefix)[1:])
description = doc.splitlines()[0]
print (name + ": ").ljust(16) + description
print "=" * 79
else:
return super(InspectionShell, self).do_help(cmd)
def do_p(self, cmd):
""" see print """
return self.do_print(cmd)
def do_print(self, cmd):
"""
Evaluate an arbitrary python command.
"""
try:
print(self.EvalExpression(cmd))
except:
pass
def do_da(self, address):
""" see display_ascii"""
return self.do_display_ascii(address)
def do_display_ascii(self, address):
"""
Print ASCII string starting at specified address.
"""
address = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
string = self.reader.ReadAsciiString(address)
if string == "":
print "Not an ASCII string at %s" % self.reader.FormatIntPtr(address)
else:
print "%s\n" % string
def do_dsa(self, address):
""" see display_stack_ascii"""
return self.do_display_stack_ascii(address)
def do_display_stack_ascii(self, address):
"""
Print ASCII stack error message.
"""
if self.reader.exception is None:
print "Minidump has no exception info"
return
if len(address) == 0:
address = None
else:
address = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
self.padawan.PrintStackTraceMessage(address)
def do_dd(self, args):
"""
Interpret memory in the given region [address, address + num * word_size)
(if available) as a sequence of words. Automatic alignment is not performed.
If the num is not specified, a default value of 16 words is usif not self.Is
If no address is given, dd continues printing at the next word.
Synopsis: dd 0x<address>|$register [0x<num>]
"""
if len(args) != 0:
args = args.split(' ')
self.dd_start = self.ParseAddressExpr(args[0])
self.dd_num = int(args[1], 16) if len(args) > 1 else 0x10
else:
self.dd_start += self.dd_num * self.reader.PointerSize()
if not self.reader.IsAlignedAddress(self.dd_start):
print "Warning: Dumping un-aligned memory, is this what you had in mind?"
end = self.dd_start + self.reader.PointerSize() * self.dd_num
self.padawan.InterpretMemory(self.dd_start, end)
def do_do(self, address):
""" see display_object """
return self.do_display_object(address)
def do_display_object(self, address):
"""
Interpret memory at the given address as a V8 object.
Automatic alignment makes sure that you can pass tagged as well as
un-tagged addresses.
"""
address = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
if self.reader.IsAlignedAddress(address):
address = address + 1
elif not self.heap.IsTaggedObjectAddress(address):
print "Address doesn't look like a valid pointer!"
return
heap_object = self.padawan.SenseObject(address)
if heap_object:
heap_object.Print(Printer())
else:
print "Address cannot be interpreted as object!"
def do_dso(self, args):
""" see display_stack_objects """
return self.do_display_stack_objects(args)
def do_display_stack_objects(self, args):
"""
Find and Print object pointers in the given range.
Print all possible object pointers that are on the stack or in the given
address range.
Usage: dso [START_ADDR,[END_ADDR]]
"""
start = self.reader.StackTop()
end = self.reader.StackBottom()
if len(args) != 0:
args = args.split(' ')
start = self.ParseAddressExpr(args[0])
end = self.ParseAddressExpr(args[1]) if len(args) > 1 else end
objects = self.heap.FindObjectPointers(start, end)
for address in objects:
heap_object = self.padawan.SenseObject(address)
info = ""
if heap_object:
info = str(heap_object)
print("%s %s" % (self.padawan.FormatIntPtr(address), info))
def do_do_desc(self, address):
"""
Print a descriptor array in a readable format.
"""
start = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
if ((start & 1) == 1): start = start - 1
DescriptorArray(FixedArray(self.heap, None, start)).Print(Printer())
def do_do_map(self, address):
"""
Print a Map in a readable format.
"""
start = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
if ((start & 1) == 1): start = start - 1
Map(self.heap, None, start).Print(Printer())
def do_do_trans(self, address):
"""
Print a transition array in a readable format.
"""
start = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
if ((start & 1) == 1): start = start - 1
TransitionArray(FixedArray(self.heap, None, start)).Print(Printer())
def do_dp(self, address):
""" see display_page """
return self.do_display_page(address)
def do_display_page(self, address):
"""
Prints details about the V8 heap page of the given address.
Interpret memory at the given address as being on a V8 heap page
and print information about the page header (if available).
"""
address = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
page_address = address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
if self.reader.IsValidAddress(page_address):
print "**** Not Implemented"
return
else:
print "Page header is not available!"
def do_k(self, arguments):
"""
Teach V8 heap layout information to the inspector.
This increases the amount of annotations the inspector can produce while
dumping data. The first page of each heap space is of particular interest
because it contains known objects that do not move.
"""
self.padawan.PrintKnowledge()
def do_ko(self, address):
""" see known_oldspace """
return self.do_known_oldspace(address)
def do_known_oldspace(self, address):
"""
Teach V8 heap layout information to the inspector.
Set the first old space page by passing any pointer into that page.
"""
address = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
page_address = address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
self.padawan.known_first_old_page = page_address
def do_km(self, address):
""" see known_map """
return self.do_known_map(address)
def do_known_map(self, address):
"""
Teach V8 heap layout information to the inspector.
Set the first map-space page by passing any pointer into that page.
"""
address = self.ParseAddressExpr(address)
page_address = address & ~self.heap.PageAlignmentMask()
self.padawan.known_first_map_page = page_address
def do_list(self, smth):
"""
List all available memory regions.