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// Copyright 2012 Google Inc. All Rights Reserved.
//
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license
// that can be found in the COPYING file in the root of the source
// tree. An additional intellectual property rights grant can be found
// in the file PATENTS. All contributing project authors may
// be found in the AUTHORS file in the root of the source tree.
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Misc. common utility functions
//
// Authors: Skal (pascal.massimino@gmail.com)
// Urvang (urvang@google.com)
#ifndef WEBP_UTILS_UTILS_H_
#define WEBP_UTILS_UTILS_H_
#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "src/webp/config.h"
#endif
#include <assert.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include "src/dsp/dsp.h"
#include "src/webp/types.h"
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Memory allocation
// This is the maximum memory amount that libwebp will ever try to allocate.
#ifndef WEBP_MAX_ALLOCABLE_MEMORY
#if SIZE_MAX > (1ULL << 34)
#define WEBP_MAX_ALLOCABLE_MEMORY (1ULL << 34)
#else
// For 32-bit targets keep this below INT_MAX to avoid valgrind warnings.
#define WEBP_MAX_ALLOCABLE_MEMORY ((1ULL << 31) - (1 << 16))
#endif
#endif // WEBP_MAX_ALLOCABLE_MEMORY
// size-checking safe malloc/calloc: verify that the requested size is not too
// large, or return NULL. You don't need to call these for constructs like
// malloc(sizeof(foo)), but only if there's picture-dependent size involved
// somewhere (like: malloc(num_pixels * sizeof(*something))). That's why this
// safe malloc() borrows the signature from calloc(), pointing at the dangerous
// underlying multiply involved.
WEBP_EXTERN void* WebPSafeMalloc(uint64_t nmemb, size_t size);
// Note that WebPSafeCalloc() expects the second argument type to be 'size_t'
// in order to favor the "calloc(num_foo, sizeof(foo))" pattern.
WEBP_EXTERN void* WebPSafeCalloc(uint64_t nmemb, size_t size);
// Companion deallocation function to the above allocations.
WEBP_EXTERN void WebPSafeFree(void* const ptr);
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Alignment
#define WEBP_ALIGN_CST 31
#define WEBP_ALIGN(PTR) (((uintptr_t)(PTR) + WEBP_ALIGN_CST) & ~WEBP_ALIGN_CST)
#include <string.h>
// memcpy() is the safe way of moving potentially unaligned 32b memory.
static WEBP_INLINE uint32_t WebPMemToUint32(const uint8_t* const ptr) {
uint32_t A;
memcpy(&A, ptr, sizeof(A));
return A;
}
static WEBP_INLINE void WebPUint32ToMem(uint8_t* const ptr, uint32_t val) {
memcpy(ptr, &val, sizeof(val));
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Reading/writing data.
// Read 16, 24 or 32 bits stored in little-endian order.
static WEBP_INLINE int GetLE16(const uint8_t* const data) {
return (int)(data[0] << 0) | (data[1] << 8);
}
static WEBP_INLINE int GetLE24(const uint8_t* const data) {
return GetLE16(data) | (data[2] << 16);
}
static WEBP_INLINE uint32_t GetLE32(const uint8_t* const data) {
return GetLE16(data) | ((uint32_t)GetLE16(data + 2) << 16);
}
// Store 16, 24 or 32 bits in little-endian order.
static WEBP_INLINE void PutLE16(uint8_t* const data, int val) {
assert(val < (1 << 16));
data[0] = (val >> 0) & 0xff;
data[1] = (val >> 8) & 0xff;
}
static WEBP_INLINE void PutLE24(uint8_t* const data, int val) {
assert(val < (1 << 24));
PutLE16(data, val & 0xffff);
data[2] = (val >> 16) & 0xff;
}
static WEBP_INLINE void PutLE32(uint8_t* const data, uint32_t val) {
PutLE16(data, (int)(val & 0xffff));
PutLE16(data + 2, (int)(val >> 16));
}
// use GNU builtins where available.
#if defined(__GNUC__) && \
((__GNUC__ == 3 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 4) || __GNUC__ >= 4)
// Returns (int)floor(log2(n)). n must be > 0.
static WEBP_INLINE int BitsLog2Floor(uint32_t n) {
return 31 ^ __builtin_clz(n);
}
// counts the number of trailing zero
static WEBP_INLINE int BitsCtz(uint32_t n) { return __builtin_ctz(n); }
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER > 1310 && \
(defined(_M_X64) || defined(_M_IX86))
#include <intrin.h>
#pragma intrinsic(_BitScanReverse)
#pragma intrinsic(_BitScanForward)
static WEBP_INLINE int BitsLog2Floor(uint32_t n) {
unsigned long first_set_bit; // NOLINT (runtime/int)
_BitScanReverse(&first_set_bit, n);
return first_set_bit;
}
static WEBP_INLINE int BitsCtz(uint32_t n) {
unsigned long first_set_bit; // NOLINT (runtime/int)
_BitScanForward(&first_set_bit, n);
return first_set_bit;
}
#else // default: use the (slow) C-version.
#define WEBP_HAVE_SLOW_CLZ_CTZ // signal that the Clz/Ctz function are slow
// Returns 31 ^ clz(n) = log2(n). This is the default C-implementation, either
// based on table or not. Can be used as fallback if clz() is not available.
#define WEBP_NEED_LOG_TABLE_8BIT
extern const uint8_t WebPLogTable8bit[256];
static WEBP_INLINE int WebPLog2FloorC(uint32_t n) {
int log_value = 0;
while (n >= 256) {
log_value += 8;
n >>= 8;
}
return log_value + WebPLogTable8bit[n];
}
static WEBP_INLINE int BitsLog2Floor(uint32_t n) { return WebPLog2FloorC(n); }
static WEBP_INLINE int BitsCtz(uint32_t n) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < 32; ++i, n >>= 1) {
if (n & 1) return i;
}
return 32;
}
#endif
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Pixel copying.
struct WebPPicture;
// Copy width x height pixels from 'src' to 'dst' honoring the strides.
WEBP_EXTERN void WebPCopyPlane(const uint8_t* src, int src_stride,
uint8_t* dst, int dst_stride,
int width, int height);
// Copy ARGB pixels from 'src' to 'dst' honoring strides. 'src' and 'dst' are
// assumed to be already allocated and using ARGB data.
WEBP_EXTERN void WebPCopyPixels(const struct WebPPicture* const src,
struct WebPPicture* const dst);
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Unique colors.
// Returns count of unique colors in 'pic', assuming pic->use_argb is true.
// If the unique color count is more than MAX_PALETTE_SIZE, returns
// MAX_PALETTE_SIZE+1.
// If 'palette' is not NULL and number of unique colors is less than or equal to
// MAX_PALETTE_SIZE, also outputs the actual unique colors into 'palette'.
// Note: 'palette' is assumed to be an array already allocated with at least
// MAX_PALETTE_SIZE elements.
WEBP_EXTERN int WebPGetColorPalette(const struct WebPPicture* const pic,
uint32_t* const palette);
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#ifdef __cplusplus
} // extern "C"
#endif
#endif // WEBP_UTILS_UTILS_H_