tree: 034ef796c7d75b21de10af7fe5e8599e6f5356bc [path history] [tgz]
  1. arm64_defconfig
  2. arm_defconfig
  3. BUILD.bazel
  4. exynos5_defconfig
  5. i386_defconfig
  6. mediatek_defconfig
  8. pistachio_defconfig
  9. qualcomm_defconfig
  11. rockchip64_defconfig
  12. rockchip_defconfig
  13. strip_splitdebug
  14. tegra_defconfig
  15. x86_64_defconfig

Chrome OS Kernel Configuration

The cros-kernel eclass supports automatically configuring and building a kernel for Chrome OS. It supports the following methods of retrieving the appropriate .config file:

  1. The “splitconfig” method, currently described in the docs. This mechanism is used when your kernel source tree has a chromeos/{scripts,config}/ directory structure. This is used for all supported Chrome OS kernels.
  2. Direct specification, via the CHROMEOS_KERNEL_CONFIG variable, described below. This method is used by some build targets that deviate significantly from a standard Chrome OS kernel (e.g., some embedded targets).
  3. The “fallback” method, described below. This method is used when your build does not use a Chrome-OS-flavored kernel source tree. This commonly occurs, for example, when building a “mainline” kernel released directly by Linus Torvalds. This mechanism generally should be used only for local development and testing, not for any official build overlays.


When set in your board overlay or in your environment, this variable specifies the .config to use, either as a path relative to the kernel source directory (e.g., arch/${arch}/configs/<foo>_defconfig) or as an absolute path within the SDK (e.g., /mnt/host/source/src/.../my_config). This variable overrides any other configuration mechanisms documented in this file.

Fallback kernel config

When looking for a kernel configuration, the cros-kernel_src_configure() function looks first for the Chrome OS configuration via the other two mechanisms (either in your kernel's chromeos/scripts/ directory, or via CHROMEOS_KERNEL_CONFIG). If these are not present, it “falls back” to a set of defconfigs provided in this directory.

Fallback config selection

The cros-kernel eclass tries to automatically determine an appropriate *_defconfig to use for your given ${BOARD}. e.g., for a Qualcomm platform, it should select qualcomm_defconfig, and for an Intel system, it should select x86_64_defconfig. These determinations are made (in get_build_arch()) based on the values of the ARCH and CHROMEOS_KERNEL_SPLITCONFIG variables. You can retrieve those values manually via the portageq tool (e.g., portageq-${BOARD} envvar CHROMEOS_KERNEL_SPLITCONFIG; portageq-${BOARD} envvar ARCH).

Modifying the defconfigs

  • Because these *_defconfig files are not used for any official builds, it's generally OK to add any additional CONFIG_* options that might be useful to you or others (e.g., additional hardware support or features).

    If you find that you need defconfig modifications to support the hardware present on your Chrome OS system on an upstream kernel please consider submitting a CL to update the defconfigs. Other developers will appreciate the time you‘ve saved them, when they don’t have to figure this out themselves!
  • Fallback *_defconfig files tend to be useful to developers over a range of recent kernels (e.g., latest kernel vX.Y, previous kernel v.X.(Y-1), etc.), so while Kconfig symbols may change in name or in default value, it is generally recommended to only add to the configs, rather than rename or delete entries. So for example, while CONFIG_MFD_CROS_EC_CHARDEV was renamed to CONFIG_MFD_CROS_EC_DEV (and enabled automatically via CONFIG_CROS_EC) upstream, this qualcomm_defconfig update did not delete CONFIG_MFD_CROS_EC_CHARDEV=y from qualcomm_defconfig. That way, cros_ec features would still work when built with both new and old kernels.

Example upstream kernel build

It is common for upstream Linux not to support (or, only have limited support for) hardware present on a given Chrome OS system, so there is no guarantee this approach will be effective for your hardware.

The fallback kernel config mechanism can make testing and developing on upstream kernels easy. The following is a quick walkthrough on one way to use that support.

  1. Locate your BOARD's existing kernel (e.g., sys-kernel/chromeos-kernel-X_Y, with source at src/third_party/kernel/vX.Y).

  2. Check out a mainline kernel at that location:

    cd .../src/third_party/kernel/vX.Y
    git fetch refs/tags/vN.M
    git checkout FETCH_HEAD
  3. Build your kernel as usual. e.g.:

    cros-workon-${BOARD} start chromeos-kernel-X_Y
    emerge-${BOARD} chromeos-kernel-X_Y

The resulting kernel can be deployed to your existing Chrome OS system as you would deploy any other Chrome OS kernel.