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// Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#include <functional>
#include <iosfwd>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
class GURL;
// A pattern that can be used to match URLs. A URLPattern is a very restricted
// subset of URL syntax:
// <url-pattern> := <scheme>://<host><port><path> | '<all_urls>'
// <scheme> := '*' | 'http' | 'https' | 'file' | 'ftp' | 'chrome' |
// 'chrome-extension' | 'filesystem'
// <host> := '*' | '*.' <anychar except '/' and '*'>+
// <port> := [':' ('*' | <port number between 0 and 65535>)]
// <path> := '/' <any chars>
// * Host is not used when the scheme is 'file'.
// * The path can have embedded '*' characters which act as glob wildcards.
// * '<all_urls>' is a special pattern that matches any URL that contains a
// valid scheme (as specified by valid_schemes_).
// * The '*' scheme pattern excludes file URLs.
// Examples of valid patterns:
// - http://*/*
// - http://*/foo*
// - https://**bar
// - file://monkey*
// -*
// Examples of invalid patterns:
// - http://* -- path not specified
// - http://*foo/bar -- * not allowed as substring of host component
// - http://foo.*.bar/baz -- * must be first component
// - http:/bar -- scheme separator not found
// - foo://* -- invalid scheme
// - chrome:// -- we don't support chrome internal URLs
class URLPattern {
// A collection of scheme bitmasks for use with valid_schemes.
enum SchemeMasks {
SCHEME_HTTP = 1 << 0,
SCHEME_HTTPS = 1 << 1,
SCHEME_FILE = 1 << 2,
SCHEME_FTP = 1 << 3,
// SCHEME_ALL will match every scheme, including chrome://, chrome-
// extension://, about:, etc. Because this has lots of security
// implications, third-party extensions should usually not be able to get
// access to URL patterns initialized this way. If there is a reason
// for violating this general rule, document why this it safe.
// Error codes returned from Parse().
enum ParseResult {
// The <all_urls> string pattern.
static const char kAllUrlsPattern[];
// Returns true if the given |scheme| is considered valid for extensions.
static bool IsValidSchemeForExtensions(const std::string& scheme);
explicit URLPattern(int valid_schemes);
// Convenience to construct a URLPattern from a string. If the string is not
// known ahead of time, use Parse() instead, which returns success or failure.
URLPattern(int valid_schemes, const std::string& pattern);
bool operator<(const URLPattern& other) const;
bool operator>(const URLPattern& other) const;
bool operator==(const URLPattern& other) const;
// Initializes this instance by parsing the provided string. Returns
// URLPattern::PARSE_SUCCESS on success, or an error code otherwise. On
// failure, this instance will have some intermediate values and is in an
// invalid state.
ParseResult Parse(const std::string& pattern_str);
// Gets the bitmask of valid schemes.
int valid_schemes() const { return valid_schemes_; }
void SetValidSchemes(int valid_schemes);
// Gets the host the pattern matches. This can be an empty string if the
// pattern matches all hosts (the input was <scheme>://*/<whatever>).
const std::string& host() const { return host_; }
void SetHost(const std::string& host);
// Gets whether to match subdomains of host().
bool match_subdomains() const { return match_subdomains_; }
void SetMatchSubdomains(bool val);
// Gets the path the pattern matches with the leading slash. This can have
// embedded asterisks which are interpreted using glob rules.
const std::string& path() const { return path_; }
void SetPath(const std::string& path);
// Returns true if this pattern matches all urls.
bool match_all_urls() const { return match_all_urls_; }
void SetMatchAllURLs(bool val);
// Sets the scheme for pattern matches. This can be a single '*' if the
// pattern matches all valid schemes (as defined by the valid_schemes_
// property). Returns false on failure (if the scheme is not valid).
bool SetScheme(const std::string& scheme);
// Note: You should use MatchesScheme() instead of this getter unless you
// absolutely need the exact scheme. This is exposed for testing.
const std::string& scheme() const { return scheme_; }
// Returns true if the specified scheme can be used in this URL pattern, and
// false otherwise. Uses valid_schemes_ to determine validity.
bool IsValidScheme(const std::string& scheme) const;
// Returns true if this instance matches the specified URL.
bool MatchesURL(const GURL& test) const;
// Returns true if this instance matches the specified security origin.
bool MatchesSecurityOrigin(const GURL& test) const;
// Returns true if |test| matches our scheme.
// Note that if test is "filesystem", this may fail whereas MatchesURL
// may succeed. MatchesURL is smart enough to look at the inner_url instead
// of the outer "filesystem:" part.
bool MatchesScheme(const std::string& test) const;
// Returns true if |test| matches our host.
bool MatchesHost(const std::string& test) const;
bool MatchesHost(const GURL& test) const;
// Returns true if |test| matches our path.
bool MatchesPath(const std::string& test) const;
// Returns true if the pattern is vague enough that it implies all hosts,
// such as *://*/*.
// This is an expensive method, and should be used sparingly!
// You should probably use URLPatternSet::ShouldWarnAllHosts(), which is
// cached.
bool ImpliesAllHosts() const;
// Returns true if the pattern only matches a single origin. The pattern may
// include a path.
bool MatchesSingleOrigin() const;
// Sets the port. Returns false if the port is invalid.
bool SetPort(const std::string& port);
const std::string& port() const { return port_; }
// Returns a string representing this instance.
const std::string& GetAsString() const;
// Determines whether there is a URL that would match this instance and
// another instance. This method is symmetrical: Calling
// other.OverlapsWith(this) would result in the same answer.
bool OverlapsWith(const URLPattern& other) const;
// Returns true if this pattern matches all possible URLs that |other| can
// match. For example, http://* encompasses
bool Contains(const URLPattern& other) const;
// Converts this URLPattern into an equivalent set of URLPatterns that don't
// use a wildcard in the scheme component. If this URLPattern doesn't use a
// wildcard scheme, then the returned set will contain one element that is
// equivalent to this instance.
std::vector<URLPattern> ConvertToExplicitSchemes() const;
static bool EffectiveHostCompare(const URLPattern& a, const URLPattern& b) {
if (a.match_all_urls_ && b.match_all_urls_)
return false;
return < 0;
// Used for origin comparisons in a std::set.
class EffectiveHostCompareFunctor {
bool operator()(const URLPattern& a, const URLPattern& b) const {
return EffectiveHostCompare(a, b);
// Get an error string for a ParseResult.
static const char* GetParseResultString(URLPattern::ParseResult parse_result);
// Returns true if any of the |schemes| items matches our scheme.
bool MatchesAnyScheme(const std::vector<std::string>& schemes) const;
// Returns true if all of the |schemes| items matches our scheme.
bool MatchesAllSchemes(const std::vector<std::string>& schemes) const;
bool MatchesSecurityOriginHelper(const GURL& test) const;
// Returns true if our port matches the |port| pattern (it may be "*").
bool MatchesPortPattern(const std::string& port) const;
// If the URLPattern contains a wildcard scheme, returns a list of
// equivalent literal schemes, otherwise returns the current scheme.
std::vector<std::string> GetExplicitSchemes() const;
// A bitmask containing the schemes which are considered valid for this
// pattern. Parse() uses this to decide whether a pattern contains a valid
// scheme.
int valid_schemes_;
// True if this is a special-case "<all_urls>" pattern.
bool match_all_urls_;
// The scheme for the pattern.
std::string scheme_;
// The host without any leading "*" components.
std::string host_;
// Whether we should match subdomains of the host. This is true if the first
// component of the pattern's host was "*".
bool match_subdomains_;
// The port.
std::string port_;
// The path to match. This is everything after the host of the URL, or
// everything after the scheme in the case of file:// URLs.
std::string path_;
// The path with "?" and "\" characters escaped for use with the
// MatchPattern() function.
std::string path_escaped_;
// A string representing this URLPattern.
mutable std::string spec_;
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& out, const URLPattern& url_pattern);
typedef std::vector<URLPattern> URLPatternList;