blob: 2c5b354632426c38045251a36c1e35e591d83742 [file] [log] [blame]
# Copyright (c) 2011 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""Implements a simple "negative compile" test for C++ on linux.
Sometimes a C++ API needs to ensure that various usages cannot compile. To
enable unittesting of these assertions, we use this python script to
invoke gcc on a source file and assert that compilation fails.
For more info, see:
import ast
import locale
import os
import re
import select
import shlex
import subprocess
import sys
import time
# Matches lines that start with #if and have the substring TEST in the
# conditional. Also extracts the comment. This allows us to search for
# lines like the following:
# #ifdef NCTEST_NAME_OF_TEST // [r'expected output']
# #if defined(NCTEST_NAME_OF_TEST) // [r'expected output']
# #if NCTEST_NAME_OF_TEST // [r'expected output']
# #elif NCTEST_NAME_OF_TEST // [r'expected output']
# #elif DISABLED_NCTEST_NAME_OF_TEST // [r'expected output']
# inside the unittest file.
NCTEST_CONFIG_RE = re.compile(r'^#(?:el)?if.*\s+(\S*NCTEST\S*)\s*(//.*)?')
# Matches and removes the defined() preprocesor predicate. This is useful
# for test cases that use the preprocessor if-statement form:
# #if defined(NCTEST_NAME_OF_TEST)
# Should be used to post-process the results found by NCTEST_CONFIG_RE.
STRIP_DEFINED_RE = re.compile(r'defined\((.*)\)')
# Used to grab the expectation from comment at the end of an #ifdef. See
# NCTEST_CONFIG_RE's comment for examples of what the format should look like.
# The extracted substring should be a python array of regular expressions.
EXTRACT_EXPECTATION_RE = re.compile(r'//\s*(\[.*\])')
# The header for the result file so that it can be compiled.
// This file is generated by the no compile test from:
// %s
#include "base/logging.h"
#include "testing/gtest/include/gtest/gtest.h"
# The GUnit test function to output on a successful test completion.
TEST(%s, %s) {
LOG(INFO) << "Took %f secs. Started at %f, ended at %f";
# The GUnit test function to output for a disabled test.
TEST(%s, %s) { }
# Timeout constants.
def ValidateInput(parallelism, sourcefile_path, cflags, resultfile_path):
"""Make sure the arguments being passed in are sane."""
assert parallelism >= 1
assert type(sourcefile_path) is str
assert type(cflags) is str
assert type(resultfile_path) is str
def ParseExpectation(expectation_string):
"""Extracts expectation definition from the trailing comment on the ifdef.
See the comment on NCTEST_CONFIG_RE for examples of the format we are parsing.
expectation_string: A string like "// [r'some_regex']"
A list of compiled regular expressions indicating all possible valid
compiler outputs. If the list is empty, all outputs are considered valid.
assert expectation_string is not None
match = EXTRACT_EXPECTATION_RE.match(expectation_string)
assert match
raw_expectation = ast.literal_eval(
assert type(raw_expectation) is list
expectation = []
for regex_str in raw_expectation:
assert type(regex_str) is str
return expectation
def ExtractTestConfigs(sourcefile_path):
"""Parses the soruce file for test configurations.
Each no-compile test in the file is separated by an ifdef macro. We scan
the source file with the NCTEST_CONFIG_RE to find all ifdefs that look like
they demark one no-compile test and try to extract the test configuration
from that.
sourcefile_path: The path to the source file.
A list of test configurations. Each test configuration is a dictionary of
the form:
{ name: 'NCTEST_NAME'
suite_name: 'SOURCE_FILE_NAME'
expectations: [re.Pattern, re.Pattern] }
The |suite_name| is used to generate a pretty gtest output on successful
completion of the no compile test.
The compiled regexps in |expectations| define the valid outputs of the
compiler. If any one of the listed patterns matches either the stderr or
stdout from the compilation, and the compilation failed, then the test is
considered to have succeeded. If the list is empty, than we ignore the
compiler output and just check for failed compilation. If |expectations|
is actually None, then this specifies a compiler sanity check test, which
should expect a SUCCESSFUL compilation.
sourcefile = open(sourcefile_path, 'r')
# Convert filename from underscores to CamelCase.
words = os.path.splitext(os.path.basename(sourcefile_path))[0].split('_')
words = [w.capitalize() for w in words]
suite_name = 'NoCompile' + ''.join(words)
# Start with at least the compiler sanity test. You need to always have one
# sanity test to show that compiler flags and configuration are not just
# wrong. Otherwise, having a misconfigured compiler, or an error in the
# shared portions of the .nc file would cause all tests to erroneously pass.
test_configs = [{'name': 'NCTEST_SANITY',
'suite_name': suite_name,
'expectations': None}]
for line in sourcefile:
match_result = NCTEST_CONFIG_RE.match(line)
if not match_result:
groups = match_result.groups()
# Grab the name and remove the defined() predicate if there is one.
name = groups[0]
strip_result = STRIP_DEFINED_RE.match(name)
if strip_result:
name =
# Read expectations if there are any.
test_configs.append({'name': name,
'suite_name': suite_name,
'expectations': ParseExpectation(groups[1])})
return test_configs
def StartTest(sourcefile_path, cflags, config):
"""Start one negative compile test.
sourcefile_path: The path to the source file.
cflags: A string with all the CFLAGS to give to gcc. This string will be
split by shelex so be careful with escaping.
config: A dictionary describing the test. See ExtractTestConfigs
for a description of the config format.
A dictionary containing all the information about the started test. The
fields in the dictionary are as follows:
{ 'proc': A subprocess object representing the compiler run.
'cmdline': The exectued command line.
'name': The name of the test.
'suite_name': The suite name to use when generating the gunit test
'terminate_timeout': The timestamp in seconds since the epoch after
which the test should be terminated.
'kill_timeout': The timestamp in seconds since the epoch after which
the test should be given a hard kill signal.
'started_at': A timestamp in seconds since the epoch for when this test
was started.
'aborted_at': A timestamp in seconds since the epoch for when this test
was aborted. If the test completed successfully,
this value is 0.
'finished_at': A timestamp in seconds since the epoch for when this
test was successfully complete. If the test is aborted,
or running, this value is 0.
'expectations': A dictionary with the test expectations. See
ParseExpectation() for the structure.
# TODO(ajwong): Get the compiler from gyp.
cmdline = ['g++']
name = config['name']
expectations = config['expectations']
if expectations is not None:
cmdline.append('-D%s' % name)
cmdline.extend(['-o', '/dev/null', '-c', '-x', 'c++', sourcefile_path])
process = subprocess.Popen(cmdline, stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
now = time.time()
return {'proc': process,
'cmdline': ' '.join(cmdline),
'name': name,
'suite_name': config['suite_name'],
'terminate_timeout': now + NCTEST_TERMINATE_TIMEOUT_SEC,
'kill_timeout': now + NCTEST_KILL_TIMEOUT_SEC,
'started_at': now,
'aborted_at': 0,
'finished_at': 0,
'expectations': expectations}
def PassTest(resultfile, test):
"""Logs the result of a test started by StartTest(), or a disabled test
resultfile: File object for .cc file that results are written to.
test: An instance of the dictionary returned by StartTest(), a
configuration from ExtractTestConfigs().
# The 'started_at' key is only added if a test has been started.
if 'started_at' in test:
resultfile.write(SUCCESS_GUNIT_TEMPLATE % (
test['suite_name'], test['name'],
test['finished_at'] - test['started_at'],
test['started_at'], test['finished_at']))
resultfile.write(DISABLED_GUNIT_TEMPLATE % (
test['suite_name'], test['name']))
def FailTest(resultfile, test, error, stdout=None, stderr=None):
"""Logs the result of a test started by StartTest()
resultfile: File object for .cc file that results are written to.
test: An instance of the dictionary returned by StartTest()
error: The printable reason for the failure.
stdout: The test's output to stdout.
stderr: The test's output to stderr.
resultfile.write('#error %s Failed: %s\n' % (test['name'], error))
resultfile.write('#error compile line: %s\n' % test['cmdline'])
if stdout and len(stdout) != 0:
resultfile.write('#error %s stdout:\n' % test['name'])
for line in stdout.split('\n'):
resultfile.write('#error %s\n' % line)
if stderr and len(stderr) != 0:
resultfile.write('#error %s stderr:\n' % test['name'])
for line in stderr.split('\n'):
resultfile.write('#error %s\n' % line)
def WriteStats(resultfile, suite_name, timings):
"""Logs the peformance timings for each stage of the script into a fake test.
resultfile: File object for .cc file that results are written to.
suite_name: The name of the GUnit suite this test belongs to.
timings: Dictionary with timestamps for each stage of the script run.
stats_template = ("Started %f, Ended %f, Total %fs, Extract %fs, "
"Compile %fs, Process %fs")
total_secs = timings['results_processed'] - timings['started']
extract_secs = timings['extract_done'] - timings['started']
compile_secs = timings['compile_done'] - timings['extract_done']
process_secs = timings['results_processed'] - timings['compile_done']
resultfile.write('TEST(%s, Stats) { LOG(INFO) << "%s"; }\n' % (
suite_name, stats_template % (
timings['started'], timings['results_processed'], total_secs,
extract_secs, compile_secs, process_secs)))
def ProcessTestResult(resultfile, test):
"""Interprets and logs the result of a test started by StartTest()
resultfile: File object for .cc file that results are written to.
test: The dictionary from StartTest() to process.
# Snap a copy of stdout and stderr into the test dictionary immediately
# cause we can only call this once on the Popen object, and lots of stuff
# below will want access to it.
proc = test['proc']
(stdout, stderr) = proc.communicate()
if test['aborted_at'] != 0:
FailTest(resultfile, test, "Compile timed out. Started %f ended %f." %
(test['started_at'], test['aborted_at']))
if test['expectations'] is None:
# This signals a compiler sanity check test. Fail iff compilation failed.
if proc.poll() == 0:
PassTest(resultfile, test)
FailTest(resultfile, test, 'Sanity compile failed. Is compiler borked?',
stdout, stderr)
elif proc.poll() == 0:
# Handle failure due to successful compile.
FailTest(resultfile, test,
'Unexpected successful compilation.',
stdout, stderr)
# Check the output has the right expectations. If there are no
# expectations, then we just consider the output "matched" by default.
if len(test['expectations']) == 0:
PassTest(resultfile, test)
# Otherwise test against all expectations.
for regexp in test['expectations']:
if ( is not None or is not None):
PassTest(resultfile, test)
expectation_str = ', '.join(
["r'%s'" % regexp.pattern for regexp in test['expectations']])
FailTest(resultfile, test,
'Expectations [%s] did not match output.' % expectation_str,
stdout, stderr)
def CompleteAtLeastOneTest(resultfile, executing_tests):
"""Blocks until at least one task is removed from executing_tests.
This function removes completed tests from executing_tests, logging failures
and output. If no tests can be removed, it will enter a poll-loop until one
test finishes or times out. On a timeout, this function is responsible for
terminating the process in the appropriate fashion.
executing_tests: A dict mapping a string containing the test name to the
test dict return from StartTest().
A list of tests that have finished.
finished_tests = []
busy_loop_timeout = time.time() + BUSY_LOOP_MAX_TIME_SEC
while len(finished_tests) == 0:
# If we don't make progress for too long, assume the code is just dead.
assert busy_loop_timeout > time.time()
# Select on the output pipes.
read_set = []
for test in executing_tests.values():
read_set.extend([test['proc'].stderr, test['proc'].stdout])
result =, [], read_set, NCTEST_TERMINATE_TIMEOUT_SEC)
# Now attempt to process results.
now = time.time()
for test in executing_tests.values():
proc = test['proc']
if proc.poll() is not None:
test['finished_at'] = now
elif test['terminate_timeout'] < now:
test['aborted_at'] = now
elif test['kill_timeout'] < now:
test['aborted_at'] = now
for test in finished_tests:
del executing_tests[test['name']]
return finished_tests
def main():
if len(sys.argv) != 5:
print ('Usage: %s <parallelism> <sourcefile> <cflags> <resultfile>' %
# Force us into the "C" locale so the compiler doesn't localize its output.
# In particular, this stops gcc from using smart quotes when in english UTF-8
# locales. This makes the expectation writing much easier.
os.environ['LC_ALL'] = 'C'
parallelism = int(sys.argv[1])
sourcefile_path = sys.argv[2]
cflags = sys.argv[3]
resultfile_path = sys.argv[4]
timings = {'started': time.time()}
ValidateInput(parallelism, sourcefile_path, cflags, resultfile_path)
test_configs = ExtractTestConfigs(sourcefile_path)
timings['extract_done'] = time.time()
resultfile = open(resultfile_path, 'w')
resultfile.write(RESULT_FILE_HEADER % sourcefile_path)
# Run the no-compile tests, but ensure we do not run more than |parallelism|
# tests at once.
timings['header_written'] = time.time()
executing_tests = {}
finished_tests = []
for config in test_configs:
# CompleteAtLeastOneTest blocks until at least one test finishes. Thus, this
# acts as a semaphore. We cannot use threads + a real semaphore because
# subprocess forks, which can cause all sorts of hilarity with threads.
if len(executing_tests) >= parallelism:
finished_tests.extend(CompleteAtLeastOneTest(resultfile, executing_tests))
if config['name'].startswith('DISABLED_'):
PassTest(resultfile, config)
test = StartTest(sourcefile_path, cflags, config)
assert test['name'] not in executing_tests
executing_tests[test['name']] = test
# If there are no more test to start, we still need to drain the running
# ones.
while len(executing_tests) > 0:
finished_tests.extend(CompleteAtLeastOneTest(resultfile, executing_tests))
timings['compile_done'] = time.time()
for test in finished_tests:
ProcessTestResult(resultfile, test)
timings['results_processed'] = time.time()
# We always know at least a sanity test was run.
WriteStats(resultfile, finished_tests[0]['suite_name'], timings)
if __name__ == '__main__':