blob: 0135c9bf3c84944fefa3d774ab2ee43d6c4e3985 [file] [log] [blame]
#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright (c) 2011 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
"""SiteCompare module for simulating keyboard input.
This module contains functions that can be used to simulate a user
pressing keys on a keyboard. Support is provided for formatted strings
including special characters to represent modifier keys like CTRL and ALT
import time # for sleep
import win32api # for keybd_event and VkKeyCode
import win32con # Windows constants
# TODO(jhaas): Ask the readability people if this would be acceptable:
# This is a violation of the style guide but having win32con. everywhere
# is just plain ugly, and win32con is a huge import for just a handful of
# constants
def PressKey(down, key):
"""Presses or unpresses a key.
Uses keybd_event to simulate either depressing or releasing
a key
down: Whether the key is to be pressed or released
key: Virtual key code of key to press or release
# keybd_event injects key events at a very low level (it's the
# Windows API keyboard device drivers call) so this is a very
# reliable way of simulating user input
win32api.keybd_event(key, 0, (not down) * win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP)
def TypeKey(key, keystroke_time=0):
"""Simulate a keypress of a virtual key.
key: which key to press
keystroke_time: length of time (in seconds) to "hold down" the key
Note that zero works just fine
# This just wraps a pair of PressKey calls with an intervening delay
PressKey(True, key)
PressKey(False, key)
def TypeString(string_to_type,
"""Simulate typing a string on the keyboard.
string_to_type: the string to print
use_modifiers: specifies whether the following modifier characters
should be active:
{abc}: type characters with ALT held down
[abc]: type characters with CTRL held down
\ escapes {}[] and treats these values as literal
standard escape sequences are valid even if use_modifiers is false
\p is "pause" for one second, useful when driving menus
\1-\9 is F-key, \0 is F10
TODO(jhaas): support for explicit control of SHIFT, support for
nonprintable keys (F-keys, ESC, arrow keys, etc),
support for explicit control of left vs. right ALT or SHIFT,
support for Windows key
keystroke_time: length of time (in secondes) to "hold down" the key
time_between_keystrokes: length of time (seconds) to pause between keys
shift_held = win32api.GetAsyncKeyState(win32con.VK_SHIFT ) < 0
ctrl_held = win32api.GetAsyncKeyState(win32con.VK_CONTROL) < 0
alt_held = win32api.GetAsyncKeyState(win32con.VK_MENU ) < 0
next_escaped = False
escape_chars = {
'a': '\a', 'b': '\b', 'f': '\f', 'n': '\n', 'r': '\r', 't': '\t', 'v': '\v'}
for char in string_to_type:
vk = None
handled = False
# Check to see if this is the start or end of a modified block (that is,
# {abc} for ALT-modified keys or [abc] for CTRL-modified keys
if use_modifiers and not next_escaped:
handled = True
if char == "{" and not alt_held:
alt_held = True
PressKey(True, win32con.VK_MENU)
elif char == "}" and alt_held:
alt_held = False
PressKey(False, win32con.VK_MENU)
elif char == "[" and not ctrl_held:
ctrl_held = True
PressKey(True, win32con.VK_CONTROL)
elif char == "]" and ctrl_held:
ctrl_held = False
PressKey(False, win32con.VK_CONTROL)
handled = False
# If this is an explicitly-escaped character, replace it with the
# appropriate code
if next_escaped and char in escape_chars: char = escape_chars[char]
# If this is \p, pause for one second.
if next_escaped and char == 'p':
next_escaped = False
handled = True
# If this is \(d), press F key
if next_escaped and char.isdigit():
fkey = int(char)
if not fkey: fkey = 10
next_escaped = False
vk = win32con.VK_F1 + fkey - 1
# If this is the backslash, the next character is escaped
if not next_escaped and char == "\\":
next_escaped = True
handled = True
# If we make it here, it's not a special character, or it's an
# escaped special character which should be treated as a literal
if not handled:
next_escaped = False
if not vk: vk = win32api.VkKeyScan(char)
# VkKeyScan() returns the scan code in the low byte. The upper
# byte specifies modifiers necessary to produce the given character
# from the given scan code. The only one we're concerned with at the
# moment is Shift. Determine the shift state and compare it to the
# current state... if it differs, press or release the shift key.
new_shift_held = bool(vk & (1<<8))
if new_shift_held != shift_held:
PressKey(new_shift_held, win32con.VK_SHIFT)
shift_held = new_shift_held
# Type the key with the specified length, then wait the specified delay
TypeKey(vk & 0xFF, keystroke_time)
# Release the modifier keys, if held
if shift_held: PressKey(False, win32con.VK_SHIFT)
if ctrl_held: PressKey(False, win32con.VK_CONTROL)
if alt_held: PressKey(False, win32con.VK_MENU)
def main():
# We're being invoked rather than imported. Let's do some tests
# Press command-R to bring up the Run dialog
PressKey(True, win32con.VK_LWIN)
PressKey(False, win32con.VK_LWIN)
# Wait a sec to make sure it comes up
# Invoke Notepad through the Run dialog
# Wait another sec, then start typing
TypeString("This is a test of SiteCompare's module.\n\n")
TypeString("There should be a blank line above and below this one.\n\n")
TypeString("This line has control characters to make "
"[b]boldface text[b] and [i]italic text[i] and normal text.\n\n",
TypeString(r"This line should be typed with a visible delay between "
"characters. When it ends, there should be a 3-second pause, "
"then the menu will select File/Exit, then another 3-second "
"pause, then No to exit without saving. Ready?\p\p\p{f}x\p\p\pn",
if __name__ == "__main__":