tree: 6bee5425e0bf188f5bdc71629fbf8fd97f5babc4 [path history] [tgz]
  1. cast_streaming/
  2. common/
  3. runners/
  4. shell/
  5. webengine/
  6. webinstance_host/
  7. BUILD.gn
  8. DEPS
  9. DIR_METADATA
  10. OWNERS
  11. README.md
fuchsia_web/README.md

fuchsia.web - Fuchsia WebEngine and Runners

This directory contains code related to the fuchsia.web FIDL API. Specifically, it contains the implementation of Fuchsia WebEngine and code related to it, including the Runners that use it. Code in this directory must not be used outside it and its subdirectories.

General information about Chromium on Fuchsia is here.

Code organization

Each of the following subdirectories contain code for a specific Fuchsia service:

  • ./common contains code shared by both WebEngine and Runners.
  • ./runnerscontains implementations of Fuchsia sys.runner.
    • ./runners/cast Enables the Fuchsia system to launch Cast applications.
    • ./runners/web Enables the Fuchsia system to launch HTTP or HTTPS URLs.
  • ./shell contains WebEngineShell, a simple wrapper for launching URLs in WebEngine from the command line.
  • ./webengine contains the WebEngine implementation. WebEngine is an implementation of fuchsia.web that enables Fuchsia Components to render web content using Chrome's Content layer.
  • ./webinstance_host contains code for WebEngine clients to directly instantiate a WebInstance Component (web_instance.cm) using the WebEngine package.

Test code

There are 3 major types of tests within this directory:

  • Unit tests: Exercise a single class in isolation, allowing full control over the external environment of this class.
  • Browser tests: Spawn a full browser process and its child processes. The test code is run inside the browser process, allowing for full access to the browser code - but not other processes.
  • Integration tests: Exercise the published FIDL API of a Fuchsia Component. For instance, //fuchsia_web/webengine:web_engine_integration_tests make use of the //fuchsia_web/webengine:web_engine component. The test code runs in a separate process in a separate Fuchsia Component, allowing only access to the published API of the component under test.

Integration tests are more resource-intensive than browser tests, which are in turn more expensive than unit tests. Therefore, when writing new tests, it is preferred to write unit tests over browser tests over integration tests.

As a general rule, test-only code should live in the same directory as the code under test with an explicit file name, either fake_*, test_*, *_unittest.cc, *_ browsertest.cc or *_integration_test.cc.

Test code that is shared across Components should live in a dedicated ``test directory. For example, the //fuchsia_web/webengine/test directory, which contains code shared by all browser tests, and //fuchsia_web/common/test, which contains code shared by tests for both WebEngine and Runners.

Building and deploying the WebRunner service

When you build web_runner, Chromium will automatically generate scripts for you that will automatically provision a device with Fuchsia and then install web_runner and its dependencies.

To build and run web_runner, follow these steps:

  1. (Optional) Ensure that you have a device ready to boot into Fuchsia.

    If you wish to have web_runner manage the OS deployment process, then you should have the device booting into Zedboot.

  2. Build web_runner.

    $ autoninja -C out/fuchsia web_runner
    
  3. Install web_runner.

    • For devices running Zedboot:

      $ out/fuchsia/bin/install_web_runner -d
      
    • For devices already booted into Fuchsia:

      You will need to add command line flags specifying the device's IP address and the path to the ssh_config used by the device (located at $FUCHSIA_OUT_DIR/ssh-keys/ssh_config):

      $ out/fuchsia/bin/install_web_runner -d --ssh-config $PATH_TO_SSH_CONFIG
      
  4. Press Alt-Esc key on your device to switch back to terminal mode or run fx shell from the host.

  5. Launch a webpage.

    $ tiles_ctl add https://www.chromium.org/
    
  6. Press Alt-Esc to switch back to graphical view if needed. The browser window should be displayed and ready to use.

  7. You can deploy and run new versions of Chromium without needing to reboot.

    First kill any running processes:

    $ killall context_provider.cm; killall web_runner.cmx
    

    Then repeat steps 1 through 6 from the installation instructions, excluding step #3 (running Tiles).

Closing a webpage

  1. Press the Windows key to return to the terminal.

  2. Instruct tiles_ctl to remove the webpage‘s window tile. The tile’s number is reported by step 6, or it can be found by running tiles_ctl list and noting the ID of the “url” entry.

    $ tiles_ctl remove TILE_NUMBER