blob: abbf3eeb16c35c64b11c3af2c1368c6dc6c454ac [file] [log] [blame]
/* bytes object implementation */
#define PY_SSIZE_T_CLEAN
#include "Python.h"
#include "pycore_abstract.h" // _PyIndex_Check()
#include "pycore_bytesobject.h" // _PyBytes_Find(), _PyBytes_Repeat()
#include "pycore_bytes_methods.h" // _Py_bytes_startswith()
#include "pycore_call.h" // _PyObject_CallNoArgs()
#include "pycore_format.h" // F_LJUST
#include "pycore_global_objects.h" // _Py_GET_GLOBAL_OBJECT()
#include "pycore_initconfig.h" // _PyStatus_OK()
#include "pycore_long.h" // _PyLong_DigitValue
#include "pycore_object.h" // _PyObject_GC_TRACK
#include "pycore_pymem.h" // PYMEM_CLEANBYTE
#include "pycore_strhex.h" // _Py_strhex_with_sep()
#include <stddef.h>
/*[clinic input]
class bytes "PyBytesObject *" "&PyBytes_Type"
[clinic start generated code]*/
/*[clinic end generated code: output=da39a3ee5e6b4b0d input=7a238f965d64892b]*/
#include "clinic/bytesobject.c.h"
/* PyBytesObject_SIZE gives the basic size of a bytes object; any memory allocation
for a bytes object of length n should request PyBytesObject_SIZE + n bytes.
Using PyBytesObject_SIZE instead of sizeof(PyBytesObject) saves
3 or 7 bytes per bytes object allocation on a typical system.
*/
#define PyBytesObject_SIZE (offsetof(PyBytesObject, ob_sval) + 1)
/* Forward declaration */
Py_LOCAL_INLINE(Py_ssize_t) _PyBytesWriter_GetSize(_PyBytesWriter *writer,
char *str);
#define CHARACTERS _Py_SINGLETON(bytes_characters)
#define CHARACTER(ch) \
((PyBytesObject *)&(CHARACTERS[ch]));
#define EMPTY (&_Py_SINGLETON(bytes_empty))
// Return a borrowed reference to the empty bytes string singleton.
static inline PyObject* bytes_get_empty(void)
{
return &EMPTY->ob_base.ob_base;
}
// Return a strong reference to the empty bytes string singleton.
static inline PyObject* bytes_new_empty(void)
{
return Py_NewRef(EMPTY);
}
/*
For PyBytes_FromString(), the parameter `str' points to a null-terminated
string containing exactly `size' bytes.
For PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(), the parameter `str' is
either NULL or else points to a string containing at least `size' bytes.
For PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(), the string in the `str' parameter does
not have to be null-terminated. (Therefore it is safe to construct a
substring by calling `PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(origstring, substrlen)'.)
If `str' is NULL then PyBytes_FromStringAndSize() will allocate `size+1'
bytes (setting the last byte to the null terminating character) and you can
fill in the data yourself. If `str' is non-NULL then the resulting
PyBytes object must be treated as immutable and you must not fill in nor
alter the data yourself, since the strings may be shared.
The PyObject member `op->ob_size', which denotes the number of "extra
items" in a variable-size object, will contain the number of bytes
allocated for string data, not counting the null terminating character.
It is therefore equal to the `size' parameter (for
PyBytes_FromStringAndSize()) or the length of the string in the `str'
parameter (for PyBytes_FromString()).
*/
static PyObject *
_PyBytes_FromSize(Py_ssize_t size, int use_calloc)
{
PyBytesObject *op;
assert(size >= 0);
if (size == 0) {
return bytes_new_empty();
}
if ((size_t)size > (size_t)PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - PyBytesObject_SIZE) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"byte string is too large");
return NULL;
}
/* Inline PyObject_NewVar */
if (use_calloc)
op = (PyBytesObject *)PyObject_Calloc(1, PyBytesObject_SIZE + size);
else
op = (PyBytesObject *)PyObject_Malloc(PyBytesObject_SIZE + size);
if (op == NULL) {
return PyErr_NoMemory();
}
_PyObject_InitVar((PyVarObject*)op, &PyBytes_Type, size);
_Py_COMP_DIAG_PUSH
_Py_COMP_DIAG_IGNORE_DEPR_DECLS
op->ob_shash = -1;
_Py_COMP_DIAG_POP
if (!use_calloc) {
op->ob_sval[size] = '\0';
}
return (PyObject *) op;
}
PyObject *
PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(const char *str, Py_ssize_t size)
{
PyBytesObject *op;
if (size < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_SystemError,
"Negative size passed to PyBytes_FromStringAndSize");
return NULL;
}
if (size == 1 && str != NULL) {
op = CHARACTER(*str & 255);
return Py_NewRef(op);
}
if (size == 0) {
return bytes_new_empty();
}
op = (PyBytesObject *)_PyBytes_FromSize(size, 0);
if (op == NULL)
return NULL;
if (str == NULL)
return (PyObject *) op;
memcpy(op->ob_sval, str, size);
return (PyObject *) op;
}
PyObject *
PyBytes_FromString(const char *str)
{
size_t size;
PyBytesObject *op;
assert(str != NULL);
size = strlen(str);
if (size > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - PyBytesObject_SIZE) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"byte string is too long");
return NULL;
}
if (size == 0) {
return bytes_new_empty();
}
else if (size == 1) {
op = CHARACTER(*str & 255);
return Py_NewRef(op);
}
/* Inline PyObject_NewVar */
op = (PyBytesObject *)PyObject_Malloc(PyBytesObject_SIZE + size);
if (op == NULL) {
return PyErr_NoMemory();
}
_PyObject_InitVar((PyVarObject*)op, &PyBytes_Type, size);
_Py_COMP_DIAG_PUSH
_Py_COMP_DIAG_IGNORE_DEPR_DECLS
op->ob_shash = -1;
_Py_COMP_DIAG_POP
memcpy(op->ob_sval, str, size+1);
return (PyObject *) op;
}
PyObject *
PyBytes_FromFormatV(const char *format, va_list vargs)
{
char *s;
const char *f;
const char *p;
Py_ssize_t prec;
int longflag;
int size_tflag;
/* Longest 64-bit formatted numbers:
- "18446744073709551615\0" (21 bytes)
- "-9223372036854775808\0" (21 bytes)
Decimal takes the most space (it isn't enough for octal.)
Longest 64-bit pointer representation:
"0xffffffffffffffff\0" (19 bytes). */
char buffer[21];
_PyBytesWriter writer;
_PyBytesWriter_Init(&writer);
s = _PyBytesWriter_Alloc(&writer, strlen(format));
if (s == NULL)
return NULL;
writer.overallocate = 1;
#define WRITE_BYTES(str) \
do { \
s = _PyBytesWriter_WriteBytes(&writer, s, (str), strlen(str)); \
if (s == NULL) \
goto error; \
} while (0)
for (f = format; *f; f++) {
if (*f != '%') {
*s++ = *f;
continue;
}
p = f++;
/* ignore the width (ex: 10 in "%10s") */
while (Py_ISDIGIT(*f))
f++;
/* parse the precision (ex: 10 in "%.10s") */
prec = 0;
if (*f == '.') {
f++;
for (; Py_ISDIGIT(*f); f++) {
prec = (prec * 10) + (*f - '0');
}
}
while (*f && *f != '%' && !Py_ISALPHA(*f))
f++;
/* handle the long flag ('l'), but only for %ld and %lu.
others can be added when necessary. */
longflag = 0;
if (*f == 'l' && (f[1] == 'd' || f[1] == 'u')) {
longflag = 1;
++f;
}
/* handle the size_t flag ('z'). */
size_tflag = 0;
if (*f == 'z' && (f[1] == 'd' || f[1] == 'u')) {
size_tflag = 1;
++f;
}
/* subtract bytes preallocated for the format string
(ex: 2 for "%s") */
writer.min_size -= (f - p + 1);
switch (*f) {
case 'c':
{
int c = va_arg(vargs, int);
if (c < 0 || c > 255) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"PyBytes_FromFormatV(): %c format "
"expects an integer in range [0; 255]");
goto error;
}
writer.min_size++;
*s++ = (unsigned char)c;
break;
}
case 'd':
if (longflag) {
sprintf(buffer, "%ld", va_arg(vargs, long));
}
else if (size_tflag) {
sprintf(buffer, "%zd", va_arg(vargs, Py_ssize_t));
}
else {
sprintf(buffer, "%d", va_arg(vargs, int));
}
assert(strlen(buffer) < sizeof(buffer));
WRITE_BYTES(buffer);
break;
case 'u':
if (longflag) {
sprintf(buffer, "%lu", va_arg(vargs, unsigned long));
}
else if (size_tflag) {
sprintf(buffer, "%zu", va_arg(vargs, size_t));
}
else {
sprintf(buffer, "%u", va_arg(vargs, unsigned int));
}
assert(strlen(buffer) < sizeof(buffer));
WRITE_BYTES(buffer);
break;
case 'i':
sprintf(buffer, "%i", va_arg(vargs, int));
assert(strlen(buffer) < sizeof(buffer));
WRITE_BYTES(buffer);
break;
case 'x':
sprintf(buffer, "%x", va_arg(vargs, int));
assert(strlen(buffer) < sizeof(buffer));
WRITE_BYTES(buffer);
break;
case 's':
{
Py_ssize_t i;
p = va_arg(vargs, const char*);
if (prec <= 0) {
i = strlen(p);
}
else {
i = 0;
while (i < prec && p[i]) {
i++;
}
}
s = _PyBytesWriter_WriteBytes(&writer, s, p, i);
if (s == NULL)
goto error;
break;
}
case 'p':
sprintf(buffer, "%p", va_arg(vargs, void*));
assert(strlen(buffer) < sizeof(buffer));
/* %p is ill-defined: ensure leading 0x. */
if (buffer[1] == 'X')
buffer[1] = 'x';
else if (buffer[1] != 'x') {
memmove(buffer+2, buffer, strlen(buffer)+1);
buffer[0] = '0';
buffer[1] = 'x';
}
WRITE_BYTES(buffer);
break;
case '%':
writer.min_size++;
*s++ = '%';
break;
default:
if (*f == 0) {
/* fix min_size if we reached the end of the format string */
writer.min_size++;
}
/* invalid format string: copy unformatted string and exit */
WRITE_BYTES(p);
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, s);
}
}
#undef WRITE_BYTES
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, s);
error:
_PyBytesWriter_Dealloc(&writer);
return NULL;
}
PyObject *
PyBytes_FromFormat(const char *format, ...)
{
PyObject* ret;
va_list vargs;
va_start(vargs, format);
ret = PyBytes_FromFormatV(format, vargs);
va_end(vargs);
return ret;
}
/* Helpers for formatstring */
Py_LOCAL_INLINE(PyObject *)
getnextarg(PyObject *args, Py_ssize_t arglen, Py_ssize_t *p_argidx)
{
Py_ssize_t argidx = *p_argidx;
if (argidx < arglen) {
(*p_argidx)++;
if (arglen < 0)
return args;
else
return PyTuple_GetItem(args, argidx);
}
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"not enough arguments for format string");
return NULL;
}
/* Returns a new reference to a PyBytes object, or NULL on failure. */
static char*
formatfloat(PyObject *v, int flags, int prec, int type,
PyObject **p_result, _PyBytesWriter *writer, char *str)
{
char *p;
PyObject *result;
double x;
size_t len;
int dtoa_flags = 0;
x = PyFloat_AsDouble(v);
if (x == -1.0 && PyErr_Occurred()) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError, "float argument required, "
"not %.200s", Py_TYPE(v)->tp_name);
return NULL;
}
if (prec < 0)
prec = 6;
if (flags & F_ALT) {
dtoa_flags |= Py_DTSF_ALT;
}
p = PyOS_double_to_string(x, type, prec, dtoa_flags, NULL);
if (p == NULL)
return NULL;
len = strlen(p);
if (writer != NULL) {
str = _PyBytesWriter_Prepare(writer, str, len);
if (str == NULL) {
PyMem_Free(p);
return NULL;
}
memcpy(str, p, len);
PyMem_Free(p);
str += len;
return str;
}
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(p, len);
PyMem_Free(p);
*p_result = result;
return result != NULL ? str : NULL;
}
static PyObject *
formatlong(PyObject *v, int flags, int prec, int type)
{
PyObject *result, *iobj;
if (type == 'i')
type = 'd';
if (PyLong_Check(v))
return _PyUnicode_FormatLong(v, flags & F_ALT, prec, type);
if (PyNumber_Check(v)) {
/* make sure number is a type of integer for o, x, and X */
if (type == 'o' || type == 'x' || type == 'X')
iobj = _PyNumber_Index(v);
else
iobj = PyNumber_Long(v);
if (iobj != NULL) {
assert(PyLong_Check(iobj));
result = _PyUnicode_FormatLong(iobj, flags & F_ALT, prec, type);
Py_DECREF(iobj);
return result;
}
if (!PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_TypeError))
return NULL;
}
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"%%%c format: %s is required, not %.200s", type,
(type == 'o' || type == 'x' || type == 'X') ? "an integer"
: "a real number",
Py_TYPE(v)->tp_name);
return NULL;
}
static int
byte_converter(PyObject *arg, char *p)
{
if (PyBytes_Check(arg) && PyBytes_GET_SIZE(arg) == 1) {
*p = PyBytes_AS_STRING(arg)[0];
return 1;
}
else if (PyByteArray_Check(arg) && PyByteArray_GET_SIZE(arg) == 1) {
*p = PyByteArray_AS_STRING(arg)[0];
return 1;
}
else {
int overflow;
long ival = PyLong_AsLongAndOverflow(arg, &overflow);
if (ival == -1 && PyErr_Occurred()) {
if (PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_TypeError)) {
goto onError;
}
return 0;
}
if (!(0 <= ival && ival <= 255)) {
/* this includes an overflow in converting to C long */
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"%c arg not in range(256)");
return 0;
}
*p = (char)ival;
return 1;
}
onError:
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"%c requires an integer in range(256) or a single byte");
return 0;
}
static PyObject *_PyBytes_FromBuffer(PyObject *x);
static PyObject *
format_obj(PyObject *v, const char **pbuf, Py_ssize_t *plen)
{
PyObject *func, *result;
/* is it a bytes object? */
if (PyBytes_Check(v)) {
*pbuf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(v);
*plen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(v);
return Py_NewRef(v);
}
if (PyByteArray_Check(v)) {
*pbuf = PyByteArray_AS_STRING(v);
*plen = PyByteArray_GET_SIZE(v);
return Py_NewRef(v);
}
/* does it support __bytes__? */
func = _PyObject_LookupSpecial(v, &_Py_ID(__bytes__));
if (func != NULL) {
result = _PyObject_CallNoArgs(func);
Py_DECREF(func);
if (result == NULL)
return NULL;
if (!PyBytes_Check(result)) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"__bytes__ returned non-bytes (type %.200s)",
Py_TYPE(result)->tp_name);
Py_DECREF(result);
return NULL;
}
*pbuf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(result);
*plen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(result);
return result;
}
/* does it support buffer protocol? */
if (PyObject_CheckBuffer(v)) {
/* maybe we can avoid making a copy of the buffer object here? */
result = _PyBytes_FromBuffer(v);
if (result == NULL)
return NULL;
*pbuf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(result);
*plen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(result);
return result;
}
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"%%b requires a bytes-like object, "
"or an object that implements __bytes__, not '%.100s'",
Py_TYPE(v)->tp_name);
return NULL;
}
/* fmt%(v1,v2,...) is roughly equivalent to sprintf(fmt, v1, v2, ...) */
PyObject *
_PyBytes_FormatEx(const char *format, Py_ssize_t format_len,
PyObject *args, int use_bytearray)
{
const char *fmt;
char *res;
Py_ssize_t arglen, argidx;
Py_ssize_t fmtcnt;
int args_owned = 0;
PyObject *dict = NULL;
_PyBytesWriter writer;
if (args == NULL) {
PyErr_BadInternalCall();
return NULL;
}
fmt = format;
fmtcnt = format_len;
_PyBytesWriter_Init(&writer);
writer.use_bytearray = use_bytearray;
res = _PyBytesWriter_Alloc(&writer, fmtcnt);
if (res == NULL)
return NULL;
if (!use_bytearray)
writer.overallocate = 1;
if (PyTuple_Check(args)) {
arglen = PyTuple_GET_SIZE(args);
argidx = 0;
}
else {
arglen = -1;
argidx = -2;
}
if (Py_TYPE(args)->tp_as_mapping && Py_TYPE(args)->tp_as_mapping->mp_subscript &&
!PyTuple_Check(args) && !PyBytes_Check(args) && !PyUnicode_Check(args) &&
!PyByteArray_Check(args)) {
dict = args;
}
while (--fmtcnt >= 0) {
if (*fmt != '%') {
Py_ssize_t len;
char *pos;
pos = (char *)memchr(fmt + 1, '%', fmtcnt);
if (pos != NULL)
len = pos - fmt;
else
len = fmtcnt + 1;
assert(len != 0);
memcpy(res, fmt, len);
res += len;
fmt += len;
fmtcnt -= (len - 1);
}
else {
/* Got a format specifier */
int flags = 0;
Py_ssize_t width = -1;
int prec = -1;
int c = '\0';
int fill;
PyObject *v = NULL;
PyObject *temp = NULL;
const char *pbuf = NULL;
int sign;
Py_ssize_t len = 0;
char onechar; /* For byte_converter() */
Py_ssize_t alloc;
fmt++;
if (*fmt == '%') {
*res++ = '%';
fmt++;
fmtcnt--;
continue;
}
if (*fmt == '(') {
const char *keystart;
Py_ssize_t keylen;
PyObject *key;
int pcount = 1;
if (dict == NULL) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"format requires a mapping");
goto error;
}
++fmt;
--fmtcnt;
keystart = fmt;
/* Skip over balanced parentheses */
while (pcount > 0 && --fmtcnt >= 0) {
if (*fmt == ')')
--pcount;
else if (*fmt == '(')
++pcount;
fmt++;
}
keylen = fmt - keystart - 1;
if (fmtcnt < 0 || pcount > 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"incomplete format key");
goto error;
}
key = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(keystart,
keylen);
if (key == NULL)
goto error;
if (args_owned) {
Py_DECREF(args);
args_owned = 0;
}
args = PyObject_GetItem(dict, key);
Py_DECREF(key);
if (args == NULL) {
goto error;
}
args_owned = 1;
arglen = -1;
argidx = -2;
}
/* Parse flags. Example: "%+i" => flags=F_SIGN. */
while (--fmtcnt >= 0) {
switch (c = *fmt++) {
case '-': flags |= F_LJUST; continue;
case '+': flags |= F_SIGN; continue;
case ' ': flags |= F_BLANK; continue;
case '#': flags |= F_ALT; continue;
case '0': flags |= F_ZERO; continue;
}
break;
}
/* Parse width. Example: "%10s" => width=10 */
if (c == '*') {
v = getnextarg(args, arglen, &argidx);
if (v == NULL)
goto error;
if (!PyLong_Check(v)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"* wants int");
goto error;
}
width = PyLong_AsSsize_t(v);
if (width == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
goto error;
if (width < 0) {
flags |= F_LJUST;
width = -width;
}
if (--fmtcnt >= 0)
c = *fmt++;
}
else if (c >= 0 && isdigit(c)) {
width = c - '0';
while (--fmtcnt >= 0) {
c = Py_CHARMASK(*fmt++);
if (!isdigit(c))
break;
if (width > (PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - ((int)c - '0')) / 10) {
PyErr_SetString(
PyExc_ValueError,
"width too big");
goto error;
}
width = width*10 + (c - '0');
}
}
/* Parse precision. Example: "%.3f" => prec=3 */
if (c == '.') {
prec = 0;
if (--fmtcnt >= 0)
c = *fmt++;
if (c == '*') {
v = getnextarg(args, arglen, &argidx);
if (v == NULL)
goto error;
if (!PyLong_Check(v)) {
PyErr_SetString(
PyExc_TypeError,
"* wants int");
goto error;
}
prec = _PyLong_AsInt(v);
if (prec == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
goto error;
if (prec < 0)
prec = 0;
if (--fmtcnt >= 0)
c = *fmt++;
}
else if (c >= 0 && isdigit(c)) {
prec = c - '0';
while (--fmtcnt >= 0) {
c = Py_CHARMASK(*fmt++);
if (!isdigit(c))
break;
if (prec > (INT_MAX - ((int)c - '0')) / 10) {
PyErr_SetString(
PyExc_ValueError,
"prec too big");
goto error;
}
prec = prec*10 + (c - '0');
}
}
} /* prec */
if (fmtcnt >= 0) {
if (c == 'h' || c == 'l' || c == 'L') {
if (--fmtcnt >= 0)
c = *fmt++;
}
}
if (fmtcnt < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"incomplete format");
goto error;
}
v = getnextarg(args, arglen, &argidx);
if (v == NULL)
goto error;
if (fmtcnt == 0) {
/* last write: disable writer overallocation */
writer.overallocate = 0;
}
sign = 0;
fill = ' ';
switch (c) {
case 'r':
// %r is only for 2/3 code; 3 only code should use %a
case 'a':
temp = PyObject_ASCII(v);
if (temp == NULL)
goto error;
assert(PyUnicode_IS_ASCII(temp));
pbuf = (const char *)PyUnicode_1BYTE_DATA(temp);
len = PyUnicode_GET_LENGTH(temp);
if (prec >= 0 && len > prec)
len = prec;
break;
case 's':
// %s is only for 2/3 code; 3 only code should use %b
case 'b':
temp = format_obj(v, &pbuf, &len);
if (temp == NULL)
goto error;
if (prec >= 0 && len > prec)
len = prec;
break;
case 'i':
case 'd':
case 'u':
case 'o':
case 'x':
case 'X':
if (PyLong_CheckExact(v)
&& width == -1 && prec == -1
&& !(flags & (F_SIGN | F_BLANK))
&& c != 'X')
{
/* Fast path */
int alternate = flags & F_ALT;
int base;
switch(c)
{
default:
Py_UNREACHABLE();
case 'd':
case 'i':
case 'u':
base = 10;
break;
case 'o':
base = 8;
break;
case 'x':
case 'X':
base = 16;
break;
}
/* Fast path */
writer.min_size -= 2; /* size preallocated for "%d" */
res = _PyLong_FormatBytesWriter(&writer, res,
v, base, alternate);
if (res == NULL)
goto error;
continue;
}
temp = formatlong(v, flags, prec, c);
if (!temp)
goto error;
assert(PyUnicode_IS_ASCII(temp));
pbuf = (const char *)PyUnicode_1BYTE_DATA(temp);
len = PyUnicode_GET_LENGTH(temp);
sign = 1;
if (flags & F_ZERO)
fill = '0';
break;
case 'e':
case 'E':
case 'f':
case 'F':
case 'g':
case 'G':
if (width == -1 && prec == -1
&& !(flags & (F_SIGN | F_BLANK)))
{
/* Fast path */
writer.min_size -= 2; /* size preallocated for "%f" */
res = formatfloat(v, flags, prec, c, NULL, &writer, res);
if (res == NULL)
goto error;
continue;
}
if (!formatfloat(v, flags, prec, c, &temp, NULL, res))
goto error;
pbuf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(temp);
len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(temp);
sign = 1;
if (flags & F_ZERO)
fill = '0';
break;
case 'c':
pbuf = &onechar;
len = byte_converter(v, &onechar);
if (!len)
goto error;
if (width == -1) {
/* Fast path */
*res++ = onechar;
continue;
}
break;
default:
PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"unsupported format character '%c' (0x%x) "
"at index %zd",
c, c,
(Py_ssize_t)(fmt - 1 - format));
goto error;
}
if (sign) {
if (*pbuf == '-' || *pbuf == '+') {
sign = *pbuf++;
len--;
}
else if (flags & F_SIGN)
sign = '+';
else if (flags & F_BLANK)
sign = ' ';
else
sign = 0;
}
if (width < len)
width = len;
alloc = width;
if (sign != 0 && len == width)
alloc++;
/* 2: size preallocated for %s */
if (alloc > 2) {
res = _PyBytesWriter_Prepare(&writer, res, alloc - 2);
if (res == NULL)
goto error;
}
#ifndef NDEBUG
char *before = res;
#endif
/* Write the sign if needed */
if (sign) {
if (fill != ' ')
*res++ = sign;
if (width > len)
width--;
}
/* Write the numeric prefix for "x", "X" and "o" formats
if the alternate form is used.
For example, write "0x" for the "%#x" format. */
if ((flags & F_ALT) && (c == 'o' || c == 'x' || c == 'X')) {
assert(pbuf[0] == '0');
assert(pbuf[1] == c);
if (fill != ' ') {
*res++ = *pbuf++;
*res++ = *pbuf++;
}
width -= 2;
if (width < 0)
width = 0;
len -= 2;
}
/* Pad left with the fill character if needed */
if (width > len && !(flags & F_LJUST)) {
memset(res, fill, width - len);
res += (width - len);
width = len;
}
/* If padding with spaces: write sign if needed and/or numeric
prefix if the alternate form is used */
if (fill == ' ') {
if (sign)
*res++ = sign;
if ((flags & F_ALT) && (c == 'o' || c == 'x' || c == 'X')) {
assert(pbuf[0] == '0');
assert(pbuf[1] == c);
*res++ = *pbuf++;
*res++ = *pbuf++;
}
}
/* Copy bytes */
memcpy(res, pbuf, len);
res += len;
/* Pad right with the fill character if needed */
if (width > len) {
memset(res, ' ', width - len);
res += (width - len);
}
if (dict && (argidx < arglen)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"not all arguments converted during bytes formatting");
Py_XDECREF(temp);
goto error;
}
Py_XDECREF(temp);
#ifndef NDEBUG
/* check that we computed the exact size for this write */
assert((res - before) == alloc);
#endif
} /* '%' */
/* If overallocation was disabled, ensure that it was the last
write. Otherwise, we missed an optimization */
assert(writer.overallocate || fmtcnt == 0 || use_bytearray);
} /* until end */
if (argidx < arglen && !dict) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"not all arguments converted during bytes formatting");
goto error;
}
if (args_owned) {
Py_DECREF(args);
}
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, res);
error:
_PyBytesWriter_Dealloc(&writer);
if (args_owned) {
Py_DECREF(args);
}
return NULL;
}
/* Unescape a backslash-escaped string. */
PyObject *_PyBytes_DecodeEscape(const char *s,
Py_ssize_t len,
const char *errors,
const char **first_invalid_escape)
{
int c;
char *p;
const char *end;
_PyBytesWriter writer;
_PyBytesWriter_Init(&writer);
p = _PyBytesWriter_Alloc(&writer, len);
if (p == NULL)
return NULL;
writer.overallocate = 1;
*first_invalid_escape = NULL;
end = s + len;
while (s < end) {
if (*s != '\\') {
*p++ = *s++;
continue;
}
s++;
if (s == end) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"Trailing \\ in string");
goto failed;
}
switch (*s++) {
/* XXX This assumes ASCII! */
case '\n': break;
case '\\': *p++ = '\\'; break;
case '\'': *p++ = '\''; break;
case '\"': *p++ = '\"'; break;
case 'b': *p++ = '\b'; break;
case 'f': *p++ = '\014'; break; /* FF */
case 't': *p++ = '\t'; break;
case 'n': *p++ = '\n'; break;
case 'r': *p++ = '\r'; break;
case 'v': *p++ = '\013'; break; /* VT */
case 'a': *p++ = '\007'; break; /* BEL, not classic C */
case '0': case '1': case '2': case '3':
case '4': case '5': case '6': case '7':
c = s[-1] - '0';
if (s < end && '0' <= *s && *s <= '7') {
c = (c<<3) + *s++ - '0';
if (s < end && '0' <= *s && *s <= '7')
c = (c<<3) + *s++ - '0';
}
if (c > 0377) {
if (*first_invalid_escape == NULL) {
*first_invalid_escape = s-3; /* Back up 3 chars, since we've
already incremented s. */
}
}
*p++ = c;
break;
case 'x':
if (s+1 < end) {
int digit1, digit2;
digit1 = _PyLong_DigitValue[Py_CHARMASK(s[0])];
digit2 = _PyLong_DigitValue[Py_CHARMASK(s[1])];
if (digit1 < 16 && digit2 < 16) {
*p++ = (unsigned char)((digit1 << 4) + digit2);
s += 2;
break;
}
}
/* invalid hexadecimal digits */
if (!errors || strcmp(errors, "strict") == 0) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"invalid \\x escape at position %zd",
s - 2 - (end - len));
goto failed;
}
if (strcmp(errors, "replace") == 0) {
*p++ = '?';
} else if (strcmp(errors, "ignore") == 0)
/* do nothing */;
else {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"decoding error; unknown "
"error handling code: %.400s",
errors);
goto failed;
}
/* skip \x */
if (s < end && Py_ISXDIGIT(s[0]))
s++; /* and a hexdigit */
break;
default:
if (*first_invalid_escape == NULL) {
*first_invalid_escape = s-1; /* Back up one char, since we've
already incremented s. */
}
*p++ = '\\';
s--;
}
}
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, p);
failed:
_PyBytesWriter_Dealloc(&writer);
return NULL;
}
PyObject *PyBytes_DecodeEscape(const char *s,
Py_ssize_t len,
const char *errors,
Py_ssize_t Py_UNUSED(unicode),
const char *Py_UNUSED(recode_encoding))
{
const char* first_invalid_escape;
PyObject *result = _PyBytes_DecodeEscape(s, len, errors,
&first_invalid_escape);
if (result == NULL)
return NULL;
if (first_invalid_escape != NULL) {
unsigned char c = *first_invalid_escape;
if ('4' <= c && c <= '7') {
if (PyErr_WarnFormat(PyExc_DeprecationWarning, 1,
"invalid octal escape sequence '\\%.3s'",
first_invalid_escape) < 0)
{
Py_DECREF(result);
return NULL;
}
}
else {
if (PyErr_WarnFormat(PyExc_DeprecationWarning, 1,
"invalid escape sequence '\\%c'",
c) < 0)
{
Py_DECREF(result);
return NULL;
}
}
}
return result;
}
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* object api */
Py_ssize_t
PyBytes_Size(PyObject *op)
{
if (!PyBytes_Check(op)) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"expected bytes, %.200s found", Py_TYPE(op)->tp_name);
return -1;
}
return Py_SIZE(op);
}
char *
PyBytes_AsString(PyObject *op)
{
if (!PyBytes_Check(op)) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"expected bytes, %.200s found", Py_TYPE(op)->tp_name);
return NULL;
}
return ((PyBytesObject *)op)->ob_sval;
}
int
PyBytes_AsStringAndSize(PyObject *obj,
char **s,
Py_ssize_t *len)
{
if (s == NULL) {
PyErr_BadInternalCall();
return -1;
}
if (!PyBytes_Check(obj)) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"expected bytes, %.200s found", Py_TYPE(obj)->tp_name);
return -1;
}
*s = PyBytes_AS_STRING(obj);
if (len != NULL)
*len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(obj);
else if (strlen(*s) != (size_t)PyBytes_GET_SIZE(obj)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"embedded null byte");
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
/* -------------------------------------------------------------------- */
/* Methods */
#define STRINGLIB_GET_EMPTY() bytes_get_empty()
#include "stringlib/stringdefs.h"
#define STRINGLIB_MUTABLE 0
#include "stringlib/fastsearch.h"
#include "stringlib/count.h"
#include "stringlib/find.h"
#include "stringlib/join.h"
#include "stringlib/partition.h"
#include "stringlib/split.h"
#include "stringlib/ctype.h"
#include "stringlib/transmogrify.h"
#undef STRINGLIB_GET_EMPTY
Py_ssize_t
_PyBytes_Find(const char *haystack, Py_ssize_t len_haystack,
const char *needle, Py_ssize_t len_needle,
Py_ssize_t offset)
{
return stringlib_find(haystack, len_haystack,
needle, len_needle, offset);
}
Py_ssize_t
_PyBytes_ReverseFind(const char *haystack, Py_ssize_t len_haystack,
const char *needle, Py_ssize_t len_needle,
Py_ssize_t offset)
{
return stringlib_rfind(haystack, len_haystack,
needle, len_needle, offset);
}
PyObject *
PyBytes_Repr(PyObject *obj, int smartquotes)
{
PyBytesObject* op = (PyBytesObject*) obj;
Py_ssize_t i, length = Py_SIZE(op);
Py_ssize_t newsize, squotes, dquotes;
PyObject *v;
unsigned char quote;
const unsigned char *s;
Py_UCS1 *p;
/* Compute size of output string */
squotes = dquotes = 0;
newsize = 3; /* b'' */
s = (const unsigned char*)op->ob_sval;
for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
Py_ssize_t incr = 1;
switch(s[i]) {
case '\'': squotes++; break;
case '"': dquotes++; break;
case '\\': case '\t': case '\n': case '\r':
incr = 2; break; /* \C */
default:
if (s[i] < ' ' || s[i] >= 0x7f)
incr = 4; /* \xHH */
}
if (newsize > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - incr)
goto overflow;
newsize += incr;
}
quote = '\'';
if (smartquotes && squotes && !dquotes)
quote = '"';
if (squotes && quote == '\'') {
if (newsize > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - squotes)
goto overflow;
newsize += squotes;
}
v = PyUnicode_New(newsize, 127);
if (v == NULL) {
return NULL;
}
p = PyUnicode_1BYTE_DATA(v);
*p++ = 'b', *p++ = quote;
for (i = 0; i < length; i++) {
unsigned char c = op->ob_sval[i];
if (c == quote || c == '\\')
*p++ = '\\', *p++ = c;
else if (c == '\t')
*p++ = '\\', *p++ = 't';
else if (c == '\n')
*p++ = '\\', *p++ = 'n';
else if (c == '\r')
*p++ = '\\', *p++ = 'r';
else if (c < ' ' || c >= 0x7f) {
*p++ = '\\';
*p++ = 'x';
*p++ = Py_hexdigits[(c & 0xf0) >> 4];
*p++ = Py_hexdigits[c & 0xf];
}
else
*p++ = c;
}
*p++ = quote;
assert(_PyUnicode_CheckConsistency(v, 1));
return v;
overflow:
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"bytes object is too large to make repr");
return NULL;
}
static PyObject *
bytes_repr(PyObject *op)
{
return PyBytes_Repr(op, 1);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_str(PyObject *op)
{
if (_Py_GetConfig()->bytes_warning) {
if (PyErr_WarnEx(PyExc_BytesWarning,
"str() on a bytes instance", 1)) {
return NULL;
}
}
return bytes_repr(op);
}
static Py_ssize_t
bytes_length(PyBytesObject *a)
{
return Py_SIZE(a);
}
/* This is also used by PyBytes_Concat() */
static PyObject *
bytes_concat(PyObject *a, PyObject *b)
{
Py_buffer va, vb;
PyObject *result = NULL;
va.len = -1;
vb.len = -1;
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(a, &va, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0 ||
PyObject_GetBuffer(b, &vb, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError, "can't concat %.100s to %.100s",
Py_TYPE(b)->tp_name, Py_TYPE(a)->tp_name);
goto done;
}
/* Optimize end cases */
if (va.len == 0 && PyBytes_CheckExact(b)) {
result = Py_NewRef(b);
goto done;
}
if (vb.len == 0 && PyBytes_CheckExact(a)) {
result = Py_NewRef(a);
goto done;
}
if (va.len > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - vb.len) {
PyErr_NoMemory();
goto done;
}
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(NULL, va.len + vb.len);
if (result != NULL) {
memcpy(PyBytes_AS_STRING(result), va.buf, va.len);
memcpy(PyBytes_AS_STRING(result) + va.len, vb.buf, vb.len);
}
done:
if (va.len != -1)
PyBuffer_Release(&va);
if (vb.len != -1)
PyBuffer_Release(&vb);
return result;
}
static PyObject *
bytes_repeat(PyBytesObject *a, Py_ssize_t n)
{
Py_ssize_t size;
PyBytesObject *op;
size_t nbytes;
if (n < 0)
n = 0;
/* watch out for overflows: the size can overflow int,
* and the # of bytes needed can overflow size_t
*/
if (n > 0 && Py_SIZE(a) > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX / n) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"repeated bytes are too long");
return NULL;
}
size = Py_SIZE(a) * n;
if (size == Py_SIZE(a) && PyBytes_CheckExact(a)) {
return Py_NewRef(a);
}
nbytes = (size_t)size;
if (nbytes + PyBytesObject_SIZE <= nbytes) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_OverflowError,
"repeated bytes are too long");
return NULL;
}
op = (PyBytesObject *)PyObject_Malloc(PyBytesObject_SIZE + nbytes);
if (op == NULL) {
return PyErr_NoMemory();
}
_PyObject_InitVar((PyVarObject*)op, &PyBytes_Type, size);
_Py_COMP_DIAG_PUSH
_Py_COMP_DIAG_IGNORE_DEPR_DECLS
op->ob_shash = -1;
_Py_COMP_DIAG_POP
op->ob_sval[size] = '\0';
_PyBytes_Repeat(op->ob_sval, size, a->ob_sval, Py_SIZE(a));
return (PyObject *) op;
}
static int
bytes_contains(PyObject *self, PyObject *arg)
{
return _Py_bytes_contains(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), arg);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_item(PyBytesObject *a, Py_ssize_t i)
{
if (i < 0 || i >= Py_SIZE(a)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError, "index out of range");
return NULL;
}
return _PyLong_FromUnsignedChar((unsigned char)a->ob_sval[i]);
}
static int
bytes_compare_eq(PyBytesObject *a, PyBytesObject *b)
{
int cmp;
Py_ssize_t len;
len = Py_SIZE(a);
if (Py_SIZE(b) != len)
return 0;
if (a->ob_sval[0] != b->ob_sval[0])
return 0;
cmp = memcmp(a->ob_sval, b->ob_sval, len);
return (cmp == 0);
}
static PyObject*
bytes_richcompare(PyBytesObject *a, PyBytesObject *b, int op)
{
int c;
Py_ssize_t len_a, len_b;
Py_ssize_t min_len;
/* Make sure both arguments are strings. */
if (!(PyBytes_Check(a) && PyBytes_Check(b))) {
if (_Py_GetConfig()->bytes_warning && (op == Py_EQ || op == Py_NE)) {
if (PyUnicode_Check(a) || PyUnicode_Check(b)) {
if (PyErr_WarnEx(PyExc_BytesWarning,
"Comparison between bytes and string", 1))
return NULL;
}
if (PyLong_Check(a) || PyLong_Check(b)) {
if (PyErr_WarnEx(PyExc_BytesWarning,
"Comparison between bytes and int", 1))
return NULL;
}
}
Py_RETURN_NOTIMPLEMENTED;
}
else if (a == b) {
switch (op) {
case Py_EQ:
case Py_LE:
case Py_GE:
/* a byte string is equal to itself */
Py_RETURN_TRUE;
case Py_NE:
case Py_LT:
case Py_GT:
Py_RETURN_FALSE;
default:
PyErr_BadArgument();
return NULL;
}
}
else if (op == Py_EQ || op == Py_NE) {
int eq = bytes_compare_eq(a, b);
eq ^= (op == Py_NE);
return PyBool_FromLong(eq);
}
else {
len_a = Py_SIZE(a);
len_b = Py_SIZE(b);
min_len = Py_MIN(len_a, len_b);
if (min_len > 0) {
c = Py_CHARMASK(*a->ob_sval) - Py_CHARMASK(*b->ob_sval);
if (c == 0)
c = memcmp(a->ob_sval, b->ob_sval, min_len);
}
else
c = 0;
if (c != 0)
Py_RETURN_RICHCOMPARE(c, 0, op);
Py_RETURN_RICHCOMPARE(len_a, len_b, op);
}
}
static Py_hash_t
bytes_hash(PyBytesObject *a)
{
_Py_COMP_DIAG_PUSH
_Py_COMP_DIAG_IGNORE_DEPR_DECLS
if (a->ob_shash == -1) {
/* Can't fail */
a->ob_shash = _Py_HashBytes(a->ob_sval, Py_SIZE(a));
}
return a->ob_shash;
_Py_COMP_DIAG_POP
}
static PyObject*
bytes_subscript(PyBytesObject* self, PyObject* item)
{
if (_PyIndex_Check(item)) {
Py_ssize_t i = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(item, PyExc_IndexError);
if (i == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
return NULL;
if (i < 0)
i += PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self);
if (i < 0 || i >= PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_IndexError,
"index out of range");
return NULL;
}
return _PyLong_FromUnsignedChar((unsigned char)self->ob_sval[i]);
}
else if (PySlice_Check(item)) {
Py_ssize_t start, stop, step, slicelength, i;
size_t cur;
const char* source_buf;
char* result_buf;
PyObject* result;
if (PySlice_Unpack(item, &start, &stop, &step) < 0) {
return NULL;
}
slicelength = PySlice_AdjustIndices(PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), &start,
&stop, step);
if (slicelength <= 0) {
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize("", 0);
}
else if (start == 0 && step == 1 &&
slicelength == PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self) &&
PyBytes_CheckExact(self)) {
return Py_NewRef(self);
}
else if (step == 1) {
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(
PyBytes_AS_STRING(self) + start,
slicelength);
}
else {
source_buf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self);
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(NULL, slicelength);
if (result == NULL)
return NULL;
result_buf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(result);
for (cur = start, i = 0; i < slicelength;
cur += step, i++) {
result_buf[i] = source_buf[cur];
}
return result;
}
}
else {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"byte indices must be integers or slices, not %.200s",
Py_TYPE(item)->tp_name);
return NULL;
}
}
static int
bytes_buffer_getbuffer(PyBytesObject *self, Py_buffer *view, int flags)
{
return PyBuffer_FillInfo(view, (PyObject*)self, (void *)self->ob_sval, Py_SIZE(self),
1, flags);
}
static PySequenceMethods bytes_as_sequence = {
(lenfunc)bytes_length, /*sq_length*/
(binaryfunc)bytes_concat, /*sq_concat*/
(ssizeargfunc)bytes_repeat, /*sq_repeat*/
(ssizeargfunc)bytes_item, /*sq_item*/
0, /*sq_slice*/
0, /*sq_ass_item*/
0, /*sq_ass_slice*/
(objobjproc)bytes_contains /*sq_contains*/
};
static PyMappingMethods bytes_as_mapping = {
(lenfunc)bytes_length,
(binaryfunc)bytes_subscript,
0,
};
static PyBufferProcs bytes_as_buffer = {
(getbufferproc)bytes_buffer_getbuffer,
NULL,
};
/*[clinic input]
bytes.__bytes__
Convert this value to exact type bytes.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes___bytes___impl(PyBytesObject *self)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=63a306a9bc0caac5 input=34ec5ddba98bd6bb]*/
{
if (PyBytes_CheckExact(self)) {
return Py_NewRef(self);
}
else {
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self->ob_sval, Py_SIZE(self));
}
}
#define LEFTSTRIP 0
#define RIGHTSTRIP 1
#define BOTHSTRIP 2
/*[clinic input]
bytes.split
sep: object = None
The delimiter according which to split the bytes.
None (the default value) means split on ASCII whitespace characters
(space, tab, return, newline, formfeed, vertical tab).
maxsplit: Py_ssize_t = -1
Maximum number of splits to do.
-1 (the default value) means no limit.
Return a list of the sections in the bytes, using sep as the delimiter.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_split_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *sep, Py_ssize_t maxsplit)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=52126b5844c1d8ef input=8b809b39074abbfa]*/
{
Py_ssize_t len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), n;
const char *s = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), *sub;
Py_buffer vsub;
PyObject *list;
if (maxsplit < 0)
maxsplit = PY_SSIZE_T_MAX;
if (sep == Py_None)
return stringlib_split_whitespace((PyObject*) self, s, len, maxsplit);
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(sep, &vsub, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0)
return NULL;
sub = vsub.buf;
n = vsub.len;
list = stringlib_split((PyObject*) self, s, len, sub, n, maxsplit);
PyBuffer_Release(&vsub);
return list;
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.partition
sep: Py_buffer
/
Partition the bytes into three parts using the given separator.
This will search for the separator sep in the bytes. If the separator is found,
returns a 3-tuple containing the part before the separator, the separator
itself, and the part after it.
If the separator is not found, returns a 3-tuple containing the original bytes
object and two empty bytes objects.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_partition_impl(PyBytesObject *self, Py_buffer *sep)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=f532b392a17ff695 input=61cca95519406099]*/
{
return stringlib_partition(
(PyObject*) self,
PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self),
sep->obj, (const char *)sep->buf, sep->len
);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.rpartition
sep: Py_buffer
/
Partition the bytes into three parts using the given separator.
This will search for the separator sep in the bytes, starting at the end. If
the separator is found, returns a 3-tuple containing the part before the
separator, the separator itself, and the part after it.
If the separator is not found, returns a 3-tuple containing two empty bytes
objects and the original bytes object.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_rpartition_impl(PyBytesObject *self, Py_buffer *sep)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=191b114cbb028e50 input=d78db010c8cfdbe1]*/
{
return stringlib_rpartition(
(PyObject*) self,
PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self),
sep->obj, (const char *)sep->buf, sep->len
);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.rsplit = bytes.split
Return a list of the sections in the bytes, using sep as the delimiter.
Splitting is done starting at the end of the bytes and working to the front.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_rsplit_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *sep, Py_ssize_t maxsplit)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=ba698d9ea01e1c8f input=0f86c9f28f7d7b7b]*/
{
Py_ssize_t len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), n;
const char *s = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), *sub;
Py_buffer vsub;
PyObject *list;
if (maxsplit < 0)
maxsplit = PY_SSIZE_T_MAX;
if (sep == Py_None)
return stringlib_rsplit_whitespace((PyObject*) self, s, len, maxsplit);
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(sep, &vsub, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0)
return NULL;
sub = vsub.buf;
n = vsub.len;
list = stringlib_rsplit((PyObject*) self, s, len, sub, n, maxsplit);
PyBuffer_Release(&vsub);
return list;
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.join
iterable_of_bytes: object
/
Concatenate any number of bytes objects.
The bytes whose method is called is inserted in between each pair.
The result is returned as a new bytes object.
Example: b'.'.join([b'ab', b'pq', b'rs']) -> b'ab.pq.rs'.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_join(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *iterable_of_bytes)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=a046f379f626f6f8 input=7fe377b95bd549d2]*/
{
return stringlib_bytes_join((PyObject*)self, iterable_of_bytes);
}
PyObject *
_PyBytes_Join(PyObject *sep, PyObject *x)
{
assert(sep != NULL && PyBytes_Check(sep));
assert(x != NULL);
return bytes_join((PyBytesObject*)sep, x);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_find(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_find(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_index(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_index(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_rfind(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_rfind(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_rindex(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_rindex(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
Py_LOCAL_INLINE(PyObject *)
do_xstrip(PyBytesObject *self, int striptype, PyObject *sepobj)
{
Py_buffer vsep;
const char *s = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self);
Py_ssize_t len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self);
char *sep;
Py_ssize_t seplen;
Py_ssize_t i, j;
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(sepobj, &vsep, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0)
return NULL;
sep = vsep.buf;
seplen = vsep.len;
i = 0;
if (striptype != RIGHTSTRIP) {
while (i < len && memchr(sep, Py_CHARMASK(s[i]), seplen)) {
i++;
}
}
j = len;
if (striptype != LEFTSTRIP) {
do {
j--;
} while (j >= i && memchr(sep, Py_CHARMASK(s[j]), seplen));
j++;
}
PyBuffer_Release(&vsep);
if (i == 0 && j == len && PyBytes_CheckExact(self)) {
return Py_NewRef(self);
}
else
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(s+i, j-i);
}
Py_LOCAL_INLINE(PyObject *)
do_strip(PyBytesObject *self, int striptype)
{
const char *s = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self);
Py_ssize_t len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), i, j;
i = 0;
if (striptype != RIGHTSTRIP) {
while (i < len && Py_ISSPACE(s[i])) {
i++;
}
}
j = len;
if (striptype != LEFTSTRIP) {
do {
j--;
} while (j >= i && Py_ISSPACE(s[j]));
j++;
}
if (i == 0 && j == len && PyBytes_CheckExact(self)) {
return Py_NewRef(self);
}
else
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(s+i, j-i);
}
Py_LOCAL_INLINE(PyObject *)
do_argstrip(PyBytesObject *self, int striptype, PyObject *bytes)
{
if (bytes != Py_None) {
return do_xstrip(self, striptype, bytes);
}
return do_strip(self, striptype);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.strip
bytes: object = None
/
Strip leading and trailing bytes contained in the argument.
If the argument is omitted or None, strip leading and trailing ASCII whitespace.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_strip_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *bytes)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=c7c228d3bd104a1b input=8a354640e4e0b3ef]*/
{
return do_argstrip(self, BOTHSTRIP, bytes);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.lstrip
bytes: object = None
/
Strip leading bytes contained in the argument.
If the argument is omitted or None, strip leading ASCII whitespace.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_lstrip_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *bytes)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=28602e586f524e82 input=9baff4398c3f6857]*/
{
return do_argstrip(self, LEFTSTRIP, bytes);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.rstrip
bytes: object = None
/
Strip trailing bytes contained in the argument.
If the argument is omitted or None, strip trailing ASCII whitespace.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_rstrip_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *bytes)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=547e3815c95447da input=b78af445c727e32b]*/
{
return do_argstrip(self, RIGHTSTRIP, bytes);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_count(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_count(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.translate
table: object
Translation table, which must be a bytes object of length 256.
/
delete as deletechars: object(c_default="NULL") = b''
Return a copy with each character mapped by the given translation table.
All characters occurring in the optional argument delete are removed.
The remaining characters are mapped through the given translation table.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_translate_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *table,
PyObject *deletechars)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=43be3437f1956211 input=0ecdf159f654233c]*/
{
const char *input;
char *output;
Py_buffer table_view = {NULL, NULL};
Py_buffer del_table_view = {NULL, NULL};
const char *table_chars;
Py_ssize_t i, c, changed = 0;
PyObject *input_obj = (PyObject*)self;
const char *output_start, *del_table_chars=NULL;
Py_ssize_t inlen, tablen, dellen = 0;
PyObject *result;
int trans_table[256];
if (PyBytes_Check(table)) {
table_chars = PyBytes_AS_STRING(table);
tablen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(table);
}
else if (table == Py_None) {
table_chars = NULL;
tablen = 256;
}
else {
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(table, &table_view, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0)
return NULL;
table_chars = table_view.buf;
tablen = table_view.len;
}
if (tablen != 256) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"translation table must be 256 characters long");
PyBuffer_Release(&table_view);
return NULL;
}
if (deletechars != NULL) {
if (PyBytes_Check(deletechars)) {
del_table_chars = PyBytes_AS_STRING(deletechars);
dellen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(deletechars);
}
else {
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(deletechars, &del_table_view, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0) {
PyBuffer_Release(&table_view);
return NULL;
}
del_table_chars = del_table_view.buf;
dellen = del_table_view.len;
}
}
else {
del_table_chars = NULL;
dellen = 0;
}
inlen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(input_obj);
result = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize((char *)NULL, inlen);
if (result == NULL) {
PyBuffer_Release(&del_table_view);
PyBuffer_Release(&table_view);
return NULL;
}
output_start = output = PyBytes_AS_STRING(result);
input = PyBytes_AS_STRING(input_obj);
if (dellen == 0 && table_chars != NULL) {
/* If no deletions are required, use faster code */
for (i = inlen; --i >= 0; ) {
c = Py_CHARMASK(*input++);
if (Py_CHARMASK((*output++ = table_chars[c])) != c)
changed = 1;
}
if (!changed && PyBytes_CheckExact(input_obj)) {
Py_SETREF(result, Py_NewRef(input_obj));
}
PyBuffer_Release(&del_table_view);
PyBuffer_Release(&table_view);
return result;
}
if (table_chars == NULL) {
for (i = 0; i < 256; i++)
trans_table[i] = Py_CHARMASK(i);
} else {
for (i = 0; i < 256; i++)
trans_table[i] = Py_CHARMASK(table_chars[i]);
}
PyBuffer_Release(&table_view);
for (i = 0; i < dellen; i++)
trans_table[(int) Py_CHARMASK(del_table_chars[i])] = -1;
PyBuffer_Release(&del_table_view);
for (i = inlen; --i >= 0; ) {
c = Py_CHARMASK(*input++);
if (trans_table[c] != -1)
if (Py_CHARMASK(*output++ = (char)trans_table[c]) == c)
continue;
changed = 1;
}
if (!changed && PyBytes_CheckExact(input_obj)) {
Py_DECREF(result);
return Py_NewRef(input_obj);
}
/* Fix the size of the resulting byte string */
if (inlen > 0)
_PyBytes_Resize(&result, output - output_start);
return result;
}
/*[clinic input]
@staticmethod
bytes.maketrans
frm: Py_buffer
to: Py_buffer
/
Return a translation table useable for the bytes or bytearray translate method.
The returned table will be one where each byte in frm is mapped to the byte at
the same position in to.
The bytes objects frm and to must be of the same length.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_maketrans_impl(Py_buffer *frm, Py_buffer *to)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=a36f6399d4b77f6f input=de7a8fc5632bb8f1]*/
{
return _Py_bytes_maketrans(frm, to);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.replace
old: Py_buffer
new: Py_buffer
count: Py_ssize_t = -1
Maximum number of occurrences to replace.
-1 (the default value) means replace all occurrences.
/
Return a copy with all occurrences of substring old replaced by new.
If the optional argument count is given, only the first count occurrences are
replaced.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_replace_impl(PyBytesObject *self, Py_buffer *old, Py_buffer *new,
Py_ssize_t count)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=994fa588b6b9c104 input=b2fbbf0bf04de8e5]*/
{
return stringlib_replace((PyObject *)self,
(const char *)old->buf, old->len,
(const char *)new->buf, new->len, count);
}
/** End DALKE **/
/*[clinic input]
bytes.removeprefix as bytes_removeprefix
prefix: Py_buffer
/
Return a bytes object with the given prefix string removed if present.
If the bytes starts with the prefix string, return bytes[len(prefix):].
Otherwise, return a copy of the original bytes.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_removeprefix_impl(PyBytesObject *self, Py_buffer *prefix)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=f006865331a06ab6 input=0c93bac817a8502c]*/
{
const char *self_start = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self);
Py_ssize_t self_len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self);
const char *prefix_start = prefix->buf;
Py_ssize_t prefix_len = prefix->len;
if (self_len >= prefix_len
&& prefix_len > 0
&& memcmp(self_start, prefix_start, prefix_len) == 0)
{
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self_start + prefix_len,
self_len - prefix_len);
}
if (PyBytes_CheckExact(self)) {
return Py_NewRef(self);
}
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self_start, self_len);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.removesuffix as bytes_removesuffix
suffix: Py_buffer
/
Return a bytes object with the given suffix string removed if present.
If the bytes ends with the suffix string and that suffix is not empty,
return bytes[:-len(prefix)]. Otherwise, return a copy of the original
bytes.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_removesuffix_impl(PyBytesObject *self, Py_buffer *suffix)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=d887d308e3242eeb input=9f4e1da8c637bbf1]*/
{
const char *self_start = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self);
Py_ssize_t self_len = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self);
const char *suffix_start = suffix->buf;
Py_ssize_t suffix_len = suffix->len;
if (self_len >= suffix_len
&& suffix_len > 0
&& memcmp(self_start + self_len - suffix_len,
suffix_start, suffix_len) == 0)
{
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self_start,
self_len - suffix_len);
}
if (PyBytes_CheckExact(self)) {
return Py_NewRef(self);
}
return PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(self_start, self_len);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_startswith(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_startswith(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_endswith(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
return _Py_bytes_endswith(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), args);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.decode
encoding: str(c_default="NULL") = 'utf-8'
The encoding with which to decode the bytes.
errors: str(c_default="NULL") = 'strict'
The error handling scheme to use for the handling of decoding errors.
The default is 'strict' meaning that decoding errors raise a
UnicodeDecodeError. Other possible values are 'ignore' and 'replace'
as well as any other name registered with codecs.register_error that
can handle UnicodeDecodeErrors.
Decode the bytes using the codec registered for encoding.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_decode_impl(PyBytesObject *self, const char *encoding,
const char *errors)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=5649a53dde27b314 input=958174769d2a40ca]*/
{
return PyUnicode_FromEncodedObject((PyObject*)self, encoding, errors);
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.splitlines
keepends: bool = False
Return a list of the lines in the bytes, breaking at line boundaries.
Line breaks are not included in the resulting list unless keepends is given and
true.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_splitlines_impl(PyBytesObject *self, int keepends)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=3484149a5d880ffb input=5d7b898af2fe55c0]*/
{
return stringlib_splitlines(
(PyObject*) self, PyBytes_AS_STRING(self),
PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self), keepends
);
}
/*[clinic input]
@classmethod
bytes.fromhex
string: unicode
/
Create a bytes object from a string of hexadecimal numbers.
Spaces between two numbers are accepted.
Example: bytes.fromhex('B9 01EF') -> b'\\xb9\\x01\\xef'.
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_fromhex_impl(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *string)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=0973acc63661bb2e input=bf4d1c361670acd3]*/
{
PyObject *result = _PyBytes_FromHex(string, 0);
if (type != &PyBytes_Type && result != NULL) {
Py_SETREF(result, PyObject_CallOneArg((PyObject *)type, result));
}
return result;
}
PyObject*
_PyBytes_FromHex(PyObject *string, int use_bytearray)
{
char *buf;
Py_ssize_t hexlen, invalid_char;
unsigned int top, bot;
const Py_UCS1 *str, *end;
_PyBytesWriter writer;
_PyBytesWriter_Init(&writer);
writer.use_bytearray = use_bytearray;
assert(PyUnicode_Check(string));
if (PyUnicode_READY(string))
return NULL;
hexlen = PyUnicode_GET_LENGTH(string);
if (!PyUnicode_IS_ASCII(string)) {
const void *data = PyUnicode_DATA(string);
int kind = PyUnicode_KIND(string);
Py_ssize_t i;
/* search for the first non-ASCII character */
for (i = 0; i < hexlen; i++) {
if (PyUnicode_READ(kind, data, i) >= 128)
break;
}
invalid_char = i;
goto error;
}
assert(PyUnicode_KIND(string) == PyUnicode_1BYTE_KIND);
str = PyUnicode_1BYTE_DATA(string);
/* This overestimates if there are spaces */
buf = _PyBytesWriter_Alloc(&writer, hexlen / 2);
if (buf == NULL)
return NULL;
end = str + hexlen;
while (str < end) {
/* skip over spaces in the input */
if (Py_ISSPACE(*str)) {
do {
str++;
} while (Py_ISSPACE(*str));
if (str >= end)
break;
}
top = _PyLong_DigitValue[*str];
if (top >= 16) {
invalid_char = str - PyUnicode_1BYTE_DATA(string);
goto error;
}
str++;
bot = _PyLong_DigitValue[*str];
if (bot >= 16) {
invalid_char = str - PyUnicode_1BYTE_DATA(string);
goto error;
}
str++;
*buf++ = (unsigned char)((top << 4) + bot);
}
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, buf);
error:
PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
"non-hexadecimal number found in "
"fromhex() arg at position %zd", invalid_char);
_PyBytesWriter_Dealloc(&writer);
return NULL;
}
/*[clinic input]
bytes.hex
sep: object = NULL
An optional single character or byte to separate hex bytes.
bytes_per_sep: int = 1
How many bytes between separators. Positive values count from the
right, negative values count from the left.
Create a string of hexadecimal numbers from a bytes object.
Example:
>>> value = b'\xb9\x01\xef'
>>> value.hex()
'b901ef'
>>> value.hex(':')
'b9:01:ef'
>>> value.hex(':', 2)
'b9:01ef'
>>> value.hex(':', -2)
'b901:ef'
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_hex_impl(PyBytesObject *self, PyObject *sep, int bytes_per_sep)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=1f134da504064139 input=1a21282b1f1ae595]*/
{
const char *argbuf = PyBytes_AS_STRING(self);
Py_ssize_t arglen = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self);
return _Py_strhex_with_sep(argbuf, arglen, sep, bytes_per_sep);
}
static PyObject *
bytes_getnewargs(PyBytesObject *v, PyObject *Py_UNUSED(ignored))
{
return Py_BuildValue("(y#)", v->ob_sval, Py_SIZE(v));
}
static PyMethodDef
bytes_methods[] = {
{"__getnewargs__", (PyCFunction)bytes_getnewargs, METH_NOARGS},
BYTES___BYTES___METHODDEF
{"capitalize", stringlib_capitalize, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_capitalize__doc__},
STRINGLIB_CENTER_METHODDEF
{"count", (PyCFunction)bytes_count, METH_VARARGS,
_Py_count__doc__},
BYTES_DECODE_METHODDEF
{"endswith", (PyCFunction)bytes_endswith, METH_VARARGS,
_Py_endswith__doc__},
STRINGLIB_EXPANDTABS_METHODDEF
{"find", (PyCFunction)bytes_find, METH_VARARGS,
_Py_find__doc__},
BYTES_FROMHEX_METHODDEF
BYTES_HEX_METHODDEF
{"index", (PyCFunction)bytes_index, METH_VARARGS, _Py_index__doc__},
{"isalnum", stringlib_isalnum, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_isalnum__doc__},
{"isalpha", stringlib_isalpha, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_isalpha__doc__},
{"isascii", stringlib_isascii, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_isascii__doc__},
{"isdigit", stringlib_isdigit, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_isdigit__doc__},
{"islower", stringlib_islower, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_islower__doc__},
{"isspace", stringlib_isspace, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_isspace__doc__},
{"istitle", stringlib_istitle, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_istitle__doc__},
{"isupper", stringlib_isupper, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_isupper__doc__},
BYTES_JOIN_METHODDEF
STRINGLIB_LJUST_METHODDEF
{"lower", stringlib_lower, METH_NOARGS, _Py_lower__doc__},
BYTES_LSTRIP_METHODDEF
BYTES_MAKETRANS_METHODDEF
BYTES_PARTITION_METHODDEF
BYTES_REPLACE_METHODDEF
BYTES_REMOVEPREFIX_METHODDEF
BYTES_REMOVESUFFIX_METHODDEF
{"rfind", (PyCFunction)bytes_rfind, METH_VARARGS, _Py_rfind__doc__},
{"rindex", (PyCFunction)bytes_rindex, METH_VARARGS, _Py_rindex__doc__},
STRINGLIB_RJUST_METHODDEF
BYTES_RPARTITION_METHODDEF
BYTES_RSPLIT_METHODDEF
BYTES_RSTRIP_METHODDEF
BYTES_SPLIT_METHODDEF
BYTES_SPLITLINES_METHODDEF
{"startswith", (PyCFunction)bytes_startswith, METH_VARARGS,
_Py_startswith__doc__},
BYTES_STRIP_METHODDEF
{"swapcase", stringlib_swapcase, METH_NOARGS,
_Py_swapcase__doc__},
{"title", stringlib_title, METH_NOARGS, _Py_title__doc__},
BYTES_TRANSLATE_METHODDEF
{"upper", stringlib_upper, METH_NOARGS, _Py_upper__doc__},
STRINGLIB_ZFILL_METHODDEF
{NULL, NULL} /* sentinel */
};
static PyObject *
bytes_mod(PyObject *self, PyObject *arg)
{
if (!PyBytes_Check(self)) {
Py_RETURN_NOTIMPLEMENTED;
}
return _PyBytes_FormatEx(PyBytes_AS_STRING(self), PyBytes_GET_SIZE(self),
arg, 0);
}
static PyNumberMethods bytes_as_number = {
0, /*nb_add*/
0, /*nb_subtract*/
0, /*nb_multiply*/
bytes_mod, /*nb_remainder*/
};
static PyObject *
bytes_subtype_new(PyTypeObject *, PyObject *);
/*[clinic input]
@classmethod
bytes.__new__ as bytes_new
source as x: object = NULL
encoding: str = NULL
errors: str = NULL
[clinic start generated code]*/
static PyObject *
bytes_new_impl(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *x, const char *encoding,
const char *errors)
/*[clinic end generated code: output=1e0c471be311a425 input=f0a966d19b7262b4]*/
{
PyObject *bytes;
PyObject *func;
Py_ssize_t size;
if (x == NULL) {
if (encoding != NULL || errors != NULL) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
encoding != NULL ?
"encoding without a string argument" :
"errors without a string argument");
return NULL;
}
bytes = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(NULL, 0);
}
else if (encoding != NULL) {
/* Encode via the codec registry */
if (!PyUnicode_Check(x)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"encoding without a string argument");
return NULL;
}
bytes = PyUnicode_AsEncodedString(x, encoding, errors);
}
else if (errors != NULL) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
PyUnicode_Check(x) ?
"string argument without an encoding" :
"errors without a string argument");
return NULL;
}
/* We'd like to call PyObject_Bytes here, but we need to check for an
integer argument before deferring to PyBytes_FromObject, something
PyObject_Bytes doesn't do. */
else if ((func = _PyObject_LookupSpecial(x, &_Py_ID(__bytes__))) != NULL) {
bytes = _PyObject_CallNoArgs(func);
Py_DECREF(func);
if (bytes == NULL)
return NULL;
if (!PyBytes_Check(bytes)) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"__bytes__ returned non-bytes (type %.200s)",
Py_TYPE(bytes)->tp_name);
Py_DECREF(bytes);
return NULL;
}
}
else if (PyErr_Occurred())
return NULL;
else if (PyUnicode_Check(x)) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
"string argument without an encoding");
return NULL;
}
/* Is it an integer? */
else if (_PyIndex_Check(x)) {
size = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(x, PyExc_OverflowError);
if (size == -1 && PyErr_Occurred()) {
if (!PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_TypeError))
return NULL;
PyErr_Clear(); /* fall through */
bytes = PyBytes_FromObject(x);
}
else {
if (size < 0) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError, "negative count");
return NULL;
}
bytes = _PyBytes_FromSize(size, 1);
}
}
else {
bytes = PyBytes_FromObject(x);
}
if (bytes != NULL && type != &PyBytes_Type) {
Py_SETREF(bytes, bytes_subtype_new(type, bytes));
}
return bytes;
}
static PyObject*
_PyBytes_FromBuffer(PyObject *x)
{
PyObject *new;
Py_buffer view;
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(x, &view, PyBUF_FULL_RO) < 0)
return NULL;
new = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(NULL, view.len);
if (!new)
goto fail;
if (PyBuffer_ToContiguous(((PyBytesObject *)new)->ob_sval,
&view, view.len, 'C') < 0)
goto fail;
PyBuffer_Release(&view);
return new;
fail:
Py_XDECREF(new);
PyBuffer_Release(&view);
return NULL;
}
static PyObject*
_PyBytes_FromList(PyObject *x)
{
Py_ssize_t i, size = PyList_GET_SIZE(x);
Py_ssize_t value;
char *str;
PyObject *item;
_PyBytesWriter writer;
_PyBytesWriter_Init(&writer);
str = _PyBytesWriter_Alloc(&writer, size);
if (str == NULL)
return NULL;
writer.overallocate = 1;
size = writer.allocated;
for (i = 0; i < PyList_GET_SIZE(x); i++) {
item = PyList_GET_ITEM(x, i);
Py_INCREF(item);
value = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(item, NULL);
Py_DECREF(item);
if (value == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
goto error;
if (value < 0 || value >= 256) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"bytes must be in range(0, 256)");
goto error;
}
if (i >= size) {
str = _PyBytesWriter_Resize(&writer, str, size+1);
if (str == NULL)
return NULL;
size = writer.allocated;
}
*str++ = (char) value;
}
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, str);
error:
_PyBytesWriter_Dealloc(&writer);
return NULL;
}
static PyObject*
_PyBytes_FromTuple(PyObject *x)
{
PyObject *bytes;
Py_ssize_t i, size = PyTuple_GET_SIZE(x);
Py_ssize_t value;
char *str;
PyObject *item;
bytes = PyBytes_FromStringAndSize(NULL, size);
if (bytes == NULL)
return NULL;
str = ((PyBytesObject *)bytes)->ob_sval;
for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
item = PyTuple_GET_ITEM(x, i);
value = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(item, NULL);
if (value == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
goto error;
if (value < 0 || value >= 256) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"bytes must be in range(0, 256)");
goto error;
}
*str++ = (char) value;
}
return bytes;
error:
Py_DECREF(bytes);
return NULL;
}
static PyObject *
_PyBytes_FromIterator(PyObject *it, PyObject *x)
{
char *str;
Py_ssize_t i, size;
_PyBytesWriter writer;
/* For iterator version, create a bytes object and resize as needed */
size = PyObject_LengthHint(x, 64);
if (size == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
return NULL;
_PyBytesWriter_Init(&writer);
str = _PyBytesWriter_Alloc(&writer, size);
if (str == NULL)
return NULL;
writer.overallocate = 1;
size = writer.allocated;
/* Run the iterator to exhaustion */
for (i = 0; ; i++) {
PyObject *item;
Py_ssize_t value;
/* Get the next item */
item = PyIter_Next(it);
if (item == NULL) {
if (PyErr_Occurred())
goto error;
break;
}
/* Interpret it as an int (__index__) */
value = PyNumber_AsSsize_t(item, NULL);
Py_DECREF(item);
if (value == -1 && PyErr_Occurred())
goto error;
/* Range check */
if (value < 0 || value >= 256) {
PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
"bytes must be in range(0, 256)");
goto error;
}
/* Append the byte */
if (i >= size) {
str = _PyBytesWriter_Resize(&writer, str, size+1);
if (str == NULL)
return NULL;
size = writer.allocated;
}
*str++ = (char) value;
}
return _PyBytesWriter_Finish(&writer, str);
error:
_PyBytesWriter_Dealloc(&writer);
return NULL;
}
PyObject *
PyBytes_FromObject(PyObject *x)
{
PyObject *it, *result;
if (x == NULL) {
PyErr_BadInternalCall();
return NULL;
}
if (PyBytes_CheckExact(x)) {
return Py_NewRef(x);
}
/* Use the modern buffer interface */
if (PyObject_CheckBuffer(x))
return _PyBytes_FromBuffer(x);
if (PyList_CheckExact(x))
return _PyBytes_FromList(x);
if (PyTuple_CheckExact(x))
return _PyBytes_FromTuple(x);
if (!PyUnicode_Check(x)) {
it = PyObject_GetIter(x);
if (it != NULL) {
result = _PyBytes_FromIterator(it, x);
Py_DECREF(it);
return result;
}
if (!PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_TypeError)) {
return NULL;
}
}
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError,
"cannot convert '%.200s' object to bytes",
Py_TYPE(x)->tp_name);
return NULL;
}
/* This allocator is needed for subclasses don't want to use __new__.
* See https://github.com/python/cpython/issues/91020#issuecomment-1096793239
*
* This allocator will be removed when ob_shash is removed.
*/
static PyObject *
bytes_alloc(PyTypeObject *self, Py_ssize_t nitems)
{
PyBytesObject *obj = (PyBytesObject*)PyType_GenericAlloc(self, nitems);
if (obj == NULL) {
return NULL;
}
_Py_COMP_DIAG_PUSH
_Py_COMP_DIAG_IGNORE_DEPR_DECLS
obj->ob_shash = -1;
_Py_COMP_DIAG_POP
return (PyObject*)obj;
}
static PyObject *
bytes_subtype_new(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *tmp)
{
PyObject *pnew;
Py_ssize_t n;
assert(PyType_IsSubtype(type, &PyBytes_Type));
assert(PyBytes_Check(tmp));
n = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(tmp);
pnew = type->tp_alloc(type, n);
if (pnew != NULL) {
memcpy(PyBytes_AS_STRING(pnew),
PyBytes_AS_STRING(tmp), n+1);
_Py_COMP_DIAG_PUSH
_Py_COMP_DIAG_IGNORE_DEPR_DECLS
((PyBytesObject *)pnew)->ob_shash =
((PyBytesObject *)tmp)->ob_shash;
_Py_COMP_DIAG_POP
}
return pnew;
}
PyDoc_STRVAR(bytes_doc,
"bytes(iterable_of_ints) -> bytes\n\
bytes(string, encoding[, errors]) -> bytes\n\
bytes(bytes_or_buffer) -> immutable copy of bytes_or_buffer\n\
bytes(int) -> bytes object of size given by the parameter initialized with null bytes\n\
bytes() -> empty bytes object\n\
\n\
Construct an immutable array of bytes from:\n\
- an iterable yielding integers in range(256)\n\
- a text string encoded using the specified encoding\n\
- any object implementing the buffer API.\n\
- an integer");
static PyObject *bytes_iter(PyObject *seq);
PyTypeObject PyBytes_Type = {
PyVarObject_HEAD_INIT(&PyType_Type, 0)
"bytes",
PyBytesObject_SIZE,
sizeof(char),
0, /* tp_dealloc */
0, /* tp_vectorcall_offset */
0, /* tp_getattr */
0, /* tp_setattr */
0, /* tp_as_async */
(reprfunc)bytes_repr, /* tp_repr */
&bytes_as_number, /* tp_as_number */
&bytes_as_sequence, /* tp_as_sequence */
&bytes_as_mapping, /* tp_as_mapping */
(hashfunc)bytes_hash, /* tp_hash */
0, /* tp_call */
bytes_str, /* tp_str */
PyObject_GenericGetAttr, /* tp_getattro */
0, /* tp_setattro */
&bytes_as_buffer, /* tp_as_buffer */
Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT | Py_TPFLAGS_BASETYPE |
Py_TPFLAGS_BYTES_SUBCLASS |
_Py_TPFLAGS_MATCH_SELF, /* tp_flags */
bytes_doc, /* tp_doc */
0, /* tp_traverse */
0, /* tp_clear */
(richcmpfunc)bytes_richcompare, /* tp_richcompare */
0, /* tp_weaklistoffset */
bytes_iter, /* tp_iter */
0, /* tp_iternext */
bytes_methods, /* tp_methods */
0, /* tp_members */
0, /* tp_getset */
0, /* tp_base */
0, /* tp_dict */
0, /* tp_descr_get */
0, /* tp_descr_set */
0, /* tp_dictoffset */
0, /* tp_init */
bytes_alloc, /* tp_alloc */
bytes_new, /* tp_new */
PyObject_Del, /* tp_free */
};
void
PyBytes_Concat(PyObject **pv, PyObject *w)
{
assert(pv != NULL);
if (*pv == NULL)
return;
if (w == NULL) {
Py_CLEAR(*pv);
return;
}
if (Py_REFCNT(*pv) == 1 && PyBytes_CheckExact(*pv)) {
/* Only one reference, so we can resize in place */
Py_ssize_t oldsize;
Py_buffer wb;
if (PyObject_GetBuffer(w, &wb, PyBUF_SIMPLE) != 0) {
PyErr_Format(PyExc_TypeError, "can't concat %.100s to %.100s",
Py_TYPE(w)->tp_name, Py_TYPE(*pv)->tp_name);
Py_CLEAR(*pv);
return;
}
oldsize = PyBytes_GET_SIZE(*pv);
if (oldsize > PY_SSIZE_T_MAX - wb.len) {
PyErr_NoMemory();
goto error;
}
if (_PyBytes_Resize(pv, oldsize + wb.len) < 0)
goto error;
memcpy(PyBytes_AS_STRING(*pv) + oldsize, wb.buf, wb.len);
PyBuffer_Release(&wb);
return;