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// Copyright 2013 The Chromium Authors
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#ifndef URL_URL_CANON_H_
#define URL_URL_CANON_H_
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <string_view>
#include "base/check_op.h"
#include "base/component_export.h"
#include "base/export_template.h"
#include "base/memory/raw_ptr_exclusion.h"
#include "base/memory/stack_allocated.h"
#include "base/numerics/clamped_math.h"
#include "url/third_party/mozilla/url_parse.h"
namespace url {
// Represents the different behavior between canonicalizing special URLs
// (https://url.spec.whatwg.org/#is-special) and canonicalizing URLs which are
// not special.
//
// Examples:
// - Special URLs: "https://host/path", "ftp://host/path"
// - Non Special URLs: "about:blank", "data:xxx", "git://host/path"
enum class CanonMode { kSpecialURL, kNonSpecialURL };
// Canonicalizer output
// -------------------------------------------------------
// Base class for the canonicalizer output, this maintains a buffer and
// supports simple resizing and append operations on it.
//
// It is VERY IMPORTANT that no virtual function calls be made on the common
// code path. We only have two virtual function calls, the destructor and a
// resize function that is called when the existing buffer is not big enough.
// The derived class is then in charge of setting up our buffer which we will
// manage.
template <typename T>
class CanonOutputT {
public:
CanonOutputT() = default;
virtual ~CanonOutputT() = default;
// Implemented to resize the buffer. This function should update the buffer
// pointer to point to the new buffer, and any old data up to |cur_len_| in
// the buffer must be copied over.
//
// The new size |sz| must be larger than buffer_len_.
virtual void Resize(size_t sz) = 0;
// Accessor for returning a character at a given position. The input offset
// must be in the valid range.
inline T at(size_t offset) const { return buffer_[offset]; }
// Sets the character at the given position. The given position MUST be less
// than the length().
inline void set(size_t offset, T ch) { buffer_[offset] = ch; }
// Returns the number of characters currently in the buffer.
inline size_t length() const { return cur_len_; }
// Returns the current capacity of the buffer. The length() is the number of
// characters that have been declared to be written, but the capacity() is
// the number that can be written without reallocation. If the caller must
// write many characters at once, it can make sure there is enough capacity,
// write the data, then use set_size() to declare the new length().
size_t capacity() const { return buffer_len_; }
// Returns the contents of the buffer as a string_view.
std::basic_string_view<T> view() const {
return std::basic_string_view<T>(data(), length());
}
// Called by the user of this class to get the output. The output will NOT
// be NULL-terminated. Call length() to get the
// length.
const T* data() const { return buffer_; }
T* data() { return buffer_; }
// Shortens the URL to the new length. Used for "backing up" when processing
// relative paths. This can also be used if an external function writes a lot
// of data to the buffer (when using the "Raw" version below) beyond the end,
// to declare the new length.
//
// This MUST NOT be used to expand the size of the buffer beyond capacity().
void set_length(size_t new_len) { cur_len_ = new_len; }
// This is the most performance critical function, since it is called for
// every character.
void push_back(T ch) {
// In VC2005, putting this common case first speeds up execution
// dramatically because this branch is predicted as taken.
if (cur_len_ < buffer_len_) {
buffer_[cur_len_] = ch;
cur_len_++;
return;
}
// Grow the buffer to hold at least one more item. Hopefully we won't have
// to do this very often.
if (!Grow(1))
return;
// Actually do the insertion.
buffer_[cur_len_] = ch;
cur_len_++;
}
// Appends the given string to the output.
void Append(const T* str, size_t str_len) {
if (str_len > buffer_len_ - cur_len_) {
if (!Grow(str_len - (buffer_len_ - cur_len_)))
return;
}
memcpy(buffer_ + cur_len_, str, str_len * sizeof(T));
cur_len_ += str_len;
}
void Append(std::basic_string_view<T> str) { Append(str.data(), str.size()); }
void ReserveSizeIfNeeded(size_t estimated_size) {
// Reserve a bit extra to account for escaped chars.
if (estimated_size > buffer_len_)
Resize((base::ClampedNumeric<size_t>(estimated_size) + 8).RawValue());
}
// Insert `str` at `pos`. Used for post-processing non-special URL's pathname.
// Since this takes O(N), don't use this unless there is a strong reason.
void Insert(size_t pos, std::basic_string_view<T> str) {
DCHECK_LE(pos, cur_len_);
std::basic_string<T> copy(view().substr(pos));
set_length(pos);
Append(str);
Append(copy);
}
protected:
// Grows the given buffer so that it can fit at least |min_additional|
// characters. Returns true if the buffer could be resized, false on OOM.
bool Grow(size_t min_additional) {
static const size_t kMinBufferLen = 16;
size_t new_len = (buffer_len_ == 0) ? kMinBufferLen : buffer_len_;
do {
if (new_len >= (1 << 30)) // Prevent overflow below.
return false;
new_len *= 2;
} while (new_len < buffer_len_ + min_additional);
Resize(new_len);
return true;
}
// RAW_PTR_EXCLUSION: Performance (based on analysis of sampling profiler
// data).
RAW_PTR_EXCLUSION T* buffer_ = nullptr;
size_t buffer_len_ = 0;
// Used characters in the buffer.
size_t cur_len_ = 0;
};
// Simple implementation of the CanonOutput using new[]. This class
// also supports a static buffer so if it is allocated on the stack, most
// URLs can be canonicalized with no heap allocations.
template <typename T, int fixed_capacity = 1024>
class RawCanonOutputT : public CanonOutputT<T> {
public:
RawCanonOutputT() : CanonOutputT<T>() {
this->buffer_ = fixed_buffer_;
this->buffer_len_ = fixed_capacity;
}
~RawCanonOutputT() override {
if (this->buffer_ != fixed_buffer_)
delete[] this->buffer_;
}
void Resize(size_t sz) override {
T* new_buf = new T[sz];
memcpy(new_buf, this->buffer_,
sizeof(T) * (this->cur_len_ < sz ? this->cur_len_ : sz));
if (this->buffer_ != fixed_buffer_)
delete[] this->buffer_;
this->buffer_ = new_buf;
this->buffer_len_ = sz;
}
protected:
T fixed_buffer_[fixed_capacity];
};
// Explicitely instantiate commonly used instatiations.
extern template class EXPORT_TEMPLATE_DECLARE(COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL))
CanonOutputT<char>;
extern template class EXPORT_TEMPLATE_DECLARE(COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL))
CanonOutputT<char16_t>;
// Normally, all canonicalization output is in narrow characters. We support
// the templates so it can also be used internally if a wide buffer is
// required.
typedef CanonOutputT<char> CanonOutput;
typedef CanonOutputT<char16_t> CanonOutputW;
template <int fixed_capacity>
class RawCanonOutput : public RawCanonOutputT<char, fixed_capacity> {};
template <int fixed_capacity>
class RawCanonOutputW : public RawCanonOutputT<char16_t, fixed_capacity> {};
// Character set converter ----------------------------------------------------
//
// Converts query strings into a custom encoding. The embedder can supply an
// implementation of this class to interface with their own character set
// conversion libraries.
//
// Embedders will want to see the unit test for the ICU version.
class COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL) CharsetConverter {
public:
CharsetConverter() {}
virtual ~CharsetConverter() {}
// Converts the given input string from UTF-16 to whatever output format the
// converter supports. This is used only for the query encoding conversion,
// which does not fail. Instead, the converter should insert "invalid
// character" characters in the output for invalid sequences, and do the
// best it can.
//
// If the input contains a character not representable in the output
// character set, the converter should append the HTML entity sequence in
// decimal, (such as "&#20320;") with escaping of the ampersand, number
// sign, and semicolon (in the previous example it would be
// "%26%2320320%3B"). This rule is based on what IE does in this situation.
virtual void ConvertFromUTF16(const char16_t* input,
int input_len,
CanonOutput* output) = 0;
};
// Schemes --------------------------------------------------------------------
// Types of a scheme representing the requirements on the data represented by
// the authority component of a URL with the scheme.
enum SchemeType {
// The authority component of a URL with the scheme has the form
// "username:password@host:port". The username and password entries are
// optional; the host may not be empty. The default value of the port can be
// omitted in serialization. This type occurs with network schemes like http,
// https, and ftp.
SCHEME_WITH_HOST_PORT_AND_USER_INFORMATION,
// The authority component of a URL with the scheme has the form "host:port",
// and does not include username or password. The default value of the port
// can be omitted in serialization. Used by inner URLs of filesystem URLs of
// origins with network hosts, from which the username and password are
// stripped.
SCHEME_WITH_HOST_AND_PORT,
// The authority component of an URL with the scheme has the form "host", and
// does not include port, username, or password. Used when the hosts are not
// network addresses; for example, schemes used internally by the browser.
SCHEME_WITH_HOST,
// A URL with the scheme doesn't have the authority component.
SCHEME_WITHOUT_AUTHORITY,
};
// Whitespace -----------------------------------------------------------------
// Searches for whitespace that should be removed from the middle of URLs, and
// removes it. Removed whitespace are tabs and newlines, but NOT spaces. Spaces
// are preserved, which is what most browsers do. A pointer to the output will
// be returned, and the length of that output will be in |output_len|.
//
// This should be called before parsing if whitespace removal is desired (which
// it normally is when you are canonicalizing).
//
// If no whitespace is removed, this function will not use the buffer and will
// return a pointer to the input, to avoid the extra copy. If modification is
// required, the given |buffer| will be used and the returned pointer will
// point to the beginning of the buffer.
//
// Therefore, callers should not use the buffer, since it may actually be empty,
// use the computed pointer and |*output_len| instead.
//
// If |input| contained both removable whitespace and a raw `<` character,
// |potentially_dangling_markup| will be set to `true`. Otherwise, it will be
// left untouched.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
const char* RemoveURLWhitespace(const char* input,
int input_len,
CanonOutputT<char>* buffer,
int* output_len,
bool* potentially_dangling_markup);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
const char16_t* RemoveURLWhitespace(const char16_t* input,
int input_len,
CanonOutputT<char16_t>* buffer,
int* output_len,
bool* potentially_dangling_markup);
// IDN ------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Converts the Unicode input representing a hostname to ASCII using IDN rules.
// The output must fall in the ASCII range, but will be encoded in UTF-16.
//
// On success, the output will be filled with the ASCII host name and it will
// return true. Unlike most other canonicalization functions, this assumes that
// the output is empty. The beginning of the host will be at offset 0, and
// the length of the output will be set to the length of the new host name.
//
// On error, returns false. The output in this case is undefined.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool IDNToASCII(std::u16string_view src, CanonOutputW* output);
// Piece-by-piece canonicalizers ----------------------------------------------
//
// These individual canonicalizers append the canonicalized versions of the
// corresponding URL component to the given CanonOutput. The spec and the
// previously-identified range of that component are the input. The range of
// the canonicalized component will be written to the output component.
//
// These functions all append to the output so they can be chained. Make sure
// the output is empty when you start.
//
// These functions returns boolean values indicating success. On failure, they
// will attempt to write something reasonable to the output so that, if
// displayed to the user, they will recognise it as something that's messed up.
// Nothing more should ever be done with these invalid URLs, however.
// Scheme: Appends the scheme and colon to the URL. The output component will
// indicate the range of characters up to but not including the colon.
//
// Canonical URLs always have a scheme. If the scheme is not present in the
// input, this will just write the colon to indicate an empty scheme. Does not
// append slashes which will be needed before any authority components for most
// URLs.
//
// The 8-bit version requires UTF-8 encoding.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeScheme(const char* spec,
const Component& scheme,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_scheme);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeScheme(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& scheme,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_scheme);
// User info: username/password. If present, this will add the delimiters so
// the output will be "<username>:<password>@" or "<username>@". Empty
// username/password pairs, or empty passwords, will get converted to
// nonexistent in the canonical version.
//
// The components for the username and password refer to ranges in the
// respective source strings. Usually, these will be the same string, which
// is legal as long as the two components don't overlap.
//
// The 8-bit version requires UTF-8 encoding.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeUserInfo(const char* username_source,
const Component& username,
const char* password_source,
const Component& password,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_username,
Component* out_password);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeUserInfo(const char16_t* username_source,
const Component& username,
const char16_t* password_source,
const Component& password,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_username,
Component* out_password);
// This structure holds detailed state exported from the IP/Host canonicalizers.
// Additional fields may be added as callers require them.
struct CanonHostInfo {
CanonHostInfo() : family(NEUTRAL), num_ipv4_components(0), out_host() {}
// Convenience function to test if family is an IP address.
bool IsIPAddress() const { return family == IPV4 || family == IPV6; }
// This field summarizes how the input was classified by the canonicalizer.
enum Family {
NEUTRAL, // - Doesn't resemble an IP address. As far as the IP
// canonicalizer is concerned, it should be treated as a
// hostname.
BROKEN, // - Almost an IP, but was not canonicalized. This could be an
// IPv4 address where truncation occurred, or something
// containing the special characters :[] which did not parse
// as an IPv6 address. Never attempt to connect to this
// address, because it might actually succeed!
IPV4, // - Successfully canonicalized as an IPv4 address.
IPV6, // - Successfully canonicalized as an IPv6 address.
};
Family family;
// If |family| is IPV4, then this is the number of nonempty dot-separated
// components in the input text, from 1 to 4. If |family| is not IPV4,
// this value is undefined.
int num_ipv4_components;
// Location of host within the canonicalized output.
// CanonicalizeIPAddress() only sets this field if |family| is IPV4 or IPV6.
// CanonicalizeHostVerbose() always sets it.
Component out_host;
// |address| contains the parsed IP Address (if any) in its first
// AddressLength() bytes, in network order. If IsIPAddress() is false
// AddressLength() will return zero and the content of |address| is undefined.
unsigned char address[16];
// Convenience function to calculate the length of an IP address corresponding
// to the current IP version in |family|, if any. For use with |address|.
int AddressLength() const {
return family == IPV4 ? 4 : (family == IPV6 ? 16 : 0);
}
};
// Deprecated. Please call either CanonicalizeSpecialHost or
// CanonicalizeNonSpecialHost.
//
// TODO(crbug.com/40063064): Check the callers of these functions.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeHost(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_host);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeHost(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_host);
// Host in special URLs.
//
// The 8-bit version requires UTF-8 encoding. Use this version when you only
// need to know whether canonicalization succeeded.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeSpecialHost(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
Component& out_host);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeSpecialHost(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
Component& out_host);
// Deprecated. Please call either CanonicalizeSpecialHostVerbose or
// CanonicalizeNonSpecialHostVerbose.
//
// TODO(crbug.com/40063064): Check the callers of these functions.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeHostVerbose(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output,
CanonHostInfo* host_info);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeHostVerbose(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output,
CanonHostInfo* host_info);
// Extended version of CanonicalizeSpecialHost, which returns additional
// information. Use this when you need to know whether the hostname was an IP
// address. A successful return is indicated by host_info->family != BROKEN. See
// the definition of CanonHostInfo above for details.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeSpecialHostVerbose(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
CanonHostInfo& host_info);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeSpecialHostVerbose(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
CanonHostInfo& host_info);
// Canonicalizes a string according to the host canonicalization rules. Unlike
// CanonicalizeHost, this will not check for IP addresses which can change the
// meaning (and canonicalization) of the components. This means it is possible
// to call this for sub-components of a host name without corruption.
//
// As an example, "01.02.03.04.com" is a canonical hostname. If you called
// CanonicalizeHost on the substring "01.02.03.04" it will get "fixed" to
// "1.2.3.4" which will produce an invalid host name when reassembled. This
// can happen more than one might think because all numbers by themselves are
// considered IP addresses; so "5" canonicalizes to "0.0.0.5".
//
// Be careful: Because Punycode works on each dot-separated substring as a
// unit, you should only pass this function substrings that represent complete
// dot-separated subcomponents of the original host. Even if you have ASCII
// input, percent-escaped characters will have different meanings if split in
// the middle.
//
// Returns true if the host was valid. This function will treat a 0-length
// host as valid (because it's designed to be used for substrings) while the
// full version above will mark empty hosts as broken.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeHostSubstring(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeHostSubstring(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output);
// Host in non-special URLs.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeNonSpecialHost(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
Component& out_host);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeNonSpecialHost(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
Component& out_host);
// Extended version of CanonicalizeNonSpecialHost, which returns additional
// information. See CanonicalizeSpecialHost for details.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeNonSpecialHostVerbose(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
CanonHostInfo& host_info);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeNonSpecialHostVerbose(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
CanonHostInfo& host_info);
// IP addresses.
//
// Tries to interpret the given host name as an IPv4 or IPv6 address. If it is
// an IP address, it will canonicalize it as such, appending it to |output|.
// Additional status information is returned via the |*host_info| parameter.
// See the definition of CanonHostInfo above for details.
//
// This is called AUTOMATICALLY from the host canonicalizer, which ensures that
// the input is unescaped and name-prepped, etc. It should not normally be
// necessary or wise to call this directly.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeIPAddress(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output,
CanonHostInfo* host_info);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeIPAddress(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput* output,
CanonHostInfo* host_info);
// Similar to CanonicalizeIPAddress, but supports only IPv6 address.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeIPv6Address(const char* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
CanonHostInfo& host_info);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeIPv6Address(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& host,
CanonOutput& output,
CanonHostInfo& host_info);
// Port: this function will add the colon for the port if a port is present.
// The caller can pass PORT_UNSPECIFIED as the
// default_port_for_scheme argument if there is no default port.
//
// The 8-bit version requires UTF-8 encoding.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePort(const char* spec,
const Component& port,
int default_port_for_scheme,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_port);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePort(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& port,
int default_port_for_scheme,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_port);
// Returns the default port for the given canonical scheme, or PORT_UNSPECIFIED
// if the scheme is unknown. Based on https://url.spec.whatwg.org/#default-port
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
int DefaultPortForScheme(const char* scheme, int scheme_len);
// Path. If the input does not begin in a slash (including if the input is
// empty), we'll prepend a slash to the path to make it canonical.
//
// The 8-bit version assumes UTF-8 encoding, but does not verify the validity
// of the UTF-8 (i.e., you can have invalid UTF-8 sequences, invalid
// characters, etc.). Normally, URLs will come in as UTF-16, so this isn't
// an issue. Somebody giving us an 8-bit path is responsible for generating
// the path that the server expects (we'll escape high-bit characters), so
// if something is invalid, it's their problem.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePath(const char* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonMode canon_mode,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePath(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonMode canon_mode,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
// Deprecated. Please pass CanonMode explicitly.
//
// These functions are also used in net/third_party code. So removing these
// functions requires several steps.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePath(const char* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePath(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
// Like CanonicalizePath(), but does not assume that its operating on the
// entire path. It therefore does not prepend a slash, etc.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePartialPath(const char* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePartialPath(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
// Canonicalizes the input as a file path. This is like CanonicalizePath except
// that it also handles Windows drive specs. For example, the path can begin
// with "c|\" and it will get properly canonicalized to "C:/".
// The string will be appended to |*output| and |*out_path| will be updated.
//
// The 8-bit version requires UTF-8 encoding.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool FileCanonicalizePath(const char* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool FileCanonicalizePath(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
// Query: Prepends the ? if needed.
//
// The 8-bit version requires the input to be UTF-8 encoding. Incorrectly
// encoded characters (in UTF-8 or UTF-16) will be replaced with the Unicode
// "invalid character." This function can not fail, we always just try to do
// our best for crazy input here since web pages can set it themselves.
//
// This will convert the given input into the output encoding that the given
// character set converter object provides. The converter will only be called
// if necessary, for ASCII input, no conversions are necessary.
//
// The converter can be NULL. In this case, the output encoding will be UTF-8.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeQuery(const char* spec,
const Component& query,
CharsetConverter* converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_query);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeQuery(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& query,
CharsetConverter* converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_query);
// Ref: Prepends the # if needed. The output will be UTF-8 (this is the only
// canonicalizer that does not produce ASCII output). The output is
// guaranteed to be valid UTF-8.
//
// This function will not fail. If the input is invalid UTF-8/UTF-16, we'll use
// the "Unicode replacement character" for the confusing bits and copy the rest.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeRef(const char* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizeRef(const char16_t* spec,
const Component& path,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* out_path);
// Full canonicalizer ---------------------------------------------------------
//
// These functions replace any string contents, rather than append as above.
// See the above piece-by-piece functions for information specific to
// canonicalizing individual components.
//
// The output will be ASCII except the reference fragment, which may be UTF-8.
//
// The 8-bit versions require UTF-8 encoding.
// Use for standard URLs with authorities and paths.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeStandardURL(const char* spec,
const Parsed& parsed,
SchemeType scheme_type,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeStandardURL(const char16_t* spec,
const Parsed& parsed,
SchemeType scheme_type,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Use for non-special URLs.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeNonSpecialURL(const char* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput& output,
Parsed& new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeNonSpecialURL(const char16_t* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput& output,
Parsed& new_parsed);
// Use for file URLs.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeFileURL(const char* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeFileURL(const char16_t* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Use for filesystem URLs.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeFileSystemURL(const char* spec,
const Parsed& parsed,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeFileSystemURL(const char16_t* spec,
const Parsed& parsed,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Use for path URLs such as javascript. This does not modify the path in any
// way, for example, by escaping it.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePathURL(const char* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizePathURL(const char16_t* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Use to canonicalize just the path component of a "path" URL; e.g. the
// path of a javascript URL.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizePathURLPath(const char* source,
const Component& component,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* new_component);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
void CanonicalizePathURLPath(const char16_t* source,
const Component& component,
CanonOutput* output,
Component* new_component);
// Use for mailto URLs. This "canonicalizes" the URL into a path and query
// component. It does not attempt to merge "to" fields. It uses UTF-8 for
// the query encoding if there is a query. This is because a mailto URL is
// really intended for an external mail program, and the encoding of a page,
// etc. which would influence a query encoding normally are irrelevant.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeMailtoURL(const char* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool CanonicalizeMailtoURL(const char16_t* spec,
int spec_len,
const Parsed& parsed,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Part replacer --------------------------------------------------------------
// Internal structure used for storing separate strings for each component.
// The basic canonicalization functions use this structure internally so that
// component replacement (different strings for different components) can be
// treated on the same code path as regular canonicalization (the same string
// for each component).
//
// A Parsed structure usually goes along with this. Those components identify
// offsets within these strings, so that they can all be in the same string,
// or spread arbitrarily across different ones.
//
// This structures does not own any data. It is the caller's responsibility to
// ensure that the data the pointers point to stays in scope and is not
// modified.
template <typename CHAR>
struct URLComponentSource {
STACK_ALLOCATED();
public:
// Constructor normally used by callers wishing to replace components. This
// will make them all NULL, which is no replacement. The caller would then
// override the components they want to replace.
URLComponentSource()
: scheme(nullptr),
username(nullptr),
password(nullptr),
host(nullptr),
port(nullptr),
path(nullptr),
query(nullptr),
ref(nullptr) {}
// Constructor normally used internally to initialize all the components to
// point to the same spec.
explicit URLComponentSource(const CHAR* default_value)
: scheme(default_value),
username(default_value),
password(default_value),
host(default_value),
port(default_value),
path(default_value),
query(default_value),
ref(default_value) {}
const CHAR* scheme;
const CHAR* username;
const CHAR* password;
const CHAR* host;
const CHAR* port;
const CHAR* path;
const CHAR* query;
const CHAR* ref;
};
// This structure encapsulates information on modifying a URL. Each component
// may either be left unchanged, replaced, or deleted.
//
// By default, each component is unchanged. For those components that should be
// modified, call either Set* or Clear* to modify it.
//
// The string passed to Set* functions DOES NOT GET COPIED AND MUST BE KEPT
// IN SCOPE BY THE CALLER for as long as this object exists!
//
// Prefer the 8-bit replacement version if possible since it is more efficient.
template <typename CHAR>
class Replacements {
public:
Replacements() {}
// Scheme
void SetScheme(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.scheme = s;
components_.scheme = comp;
}
// Note: we don't have a ClearScheme since this doesn't make any sense.
bool IsSchemeOverridden() const { return sources_.scheme != NULL; }
// Username
void SetUsername(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.username = s;
components_.username = comp;
}
void ClearUsername() {
sources_.username = Placeholder();
components_.username = Component();
}
bool IsUsernameOverridden() const { return sources_.username != NULL; }
// Password
void SetPassword(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.password = s;
components_.password = comp;
}
void ClearPassword() {
sources_.password = Placeholder();
components_.password = Component();
}
bool IsPasswordOverridden() const { return sources_.password != NULL; }
// Host
void SetHost(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.host = s;
components_.host = comp;
}
void ClearHost() {
sources_.host = Placeholder();
components_.host = Component();
}
bool IsHostOverridden() const { return sources_.host != NULL; }
// Port
void SetPort(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.port = s;
components_.port = comp;
}
void ClearPort() {
sources_.port = Placeholder();
components_.port = Component();
}
bool IsPortOverridden() const { return sources_.port != NULL; }
// Path
void SetPath(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.path = s;
components_.path = comp;
}
void ClearPath() {
sources_.path = Placeholder();
components_.path = Component();
}
bool IsPathOverridden() const { return sources_.path != NULL; }
// Query
void SetQuery(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.query = s;
components_.query = comp;
}
void ClearQuery() {
sources_.query = Placeholder();
components_.query = Component();
}
bool IsQueryOverridden() const { return sources_.query != NULL; }
// Ref
void SetRef(const CHAR* s, const Component& comp) {
sources_.ref = s;
components_.ref = comp;
}
void ClearRef() {
sources_.ref = Placeholder();
components_.ref = Component();
}
bool IsRefOverridden() const { return sources_.ref != NULL; }
// Getters for the internal data. See the variables below for how the
// information is encoded.
const URLComponentSource<CHAR>& sources() const { return sources_; }
const Parsed& components() const { return components_; }
private:
// Returns a pointer to a static empty string that is used as a placeholder
// to indicate a component should be deleted (see below).
const CHAR* Placeholder() {
static const CHAR empty_cstr = 0;
return &empty_cstr;
}
// We support three states:
//
// Action | Source Component
// -----------------------+--------------------------------------------------
// Don't change component | NULL (unused)
// Replace component | (replacement string) (replacement component)
// Delete component | (non-NULL) (invalid component: (0,-1))
//
// We use a pointer to the empty string for the source when the component
// should be deleted.
URLComponentSource<CHAR> sources_;
Parsed components_;
};
// The base must be an 8-bit canonical URL.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceStandardURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char>& replacements,
SchemeType scheme_type,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceStandardURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char16_t>& replacements,
SchemeType scheme_type,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// For non-special URLs.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceNonSpecialURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char>& replacements,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput& output,
Parsed& new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceNonSpecialURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char16_t>& replacements,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput& output,
Parsed& new_parsed);
// Filesystem URLs can only have the path, query, or ref replaced.
// All other components will be ignored.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceFileSystemURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char>& replacements,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceFileSystemURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char16_t>& replacements,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Replacing some parts of a file URL is not permitted. Everything except
// the host, path, query, and ref will be ignored.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceFileURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char>& replacements,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceFileURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char16_t>& replacements,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Path URLs can only have the scheme and path replaced. All other components
// will be ignored.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplacePathURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char>& replacements,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplacePathURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char16_t>& replacements,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Mailto URLs can only have the scheme, path, and query replaced.
// All other components will be ignored.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceMailtoURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char>& replacements,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ReplaceMailtoURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const Replacements<char16_t>& replacements,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* new_parsed);
// Relative URL ---------------------------------------------------------------
// Given an input URL or URL fragment |fragment|, determines if it is a
// relative or absolute URL and places the result into |*is_relative|. If it is
// relative, the relevant portion of the URL will be placed into
// |*relative_component| (there may have been trimmed whitespace, for example).
// This value is passed to ResolveRelativeURL. If the input is not relative,
// this value is UNDEFINED (it may be changed by the function).
//
// Returns true on success (we successfully determined the URL is relative or
// not). Failure means that the combination of URLs doesn't make any sense.
//
// The base URL should always be canonical, therefore is ASCII.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool IsRelativeURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const char* fragment,
int fragment_len,
bool is_base_hierarchical,
bool* is_relative,
Component* relative_component);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool IsRelativeURL(const char* base,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
const char16_t* fragment,
int fragment_len,
bool is_base_hierarchical,
bool* is_relative,
Component* relative_component);
// Given a canonical parsed source URL, a URL fragment known to be relative,
// and the identified relevant portion of the relative URL (computed by
// IsRelativeURL), this produces a new parsed canonical URL in |output| and
// |out_parsed|.
//
// It also requires a flag indicating whether the base URL is a file: URL
// which triggers additional logic.
//
// The base URL should be canonical and have a host (may be empty for file
// URLs) and a path. If it doesn't have these, we can't resolve relative
// URLs off of it and will return the base as the output with an error flag.
// Because it is canonical is should also be ASCII.
//
// The query charset converter follows the same rules as CanonicalizeQuery.
//
// Returns true on success. On failure, the output will be "something
// reasonable" that will be consistent and valid, just probably not what
// was intended by the web page author or caller.
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ResolveRelativeURL(const char* base_url,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
bool base_is_file,
const char* relative_url,
const Component& relative_component,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* out_parsed);
COMPONENT_EXPORT(URL)
bool ResolveRelativeURL(const char* base_url,
const Parsed& base_parsed,
bool base_is_file,
const char16_t* relative_url,
const Component& relative_component,
CharsetConverter* query_converter,
CanonOutput* output,
Parsed* out_parsed);
} // namespace url
#endif // URL_URL_CANON_H_